DEPARTMENT OF LICENSING AND REGULATORY AFFAIRS  
DIRECTOR’S OFFICE  
ELEVATORS  
(By authority conferred on the director of the department of licensing and regulatory  
affairs by section 8 of 1967 PA 227, MCL 408.808 and section 3 of 1976 PA 333, MCL  
338.2153, Executive Reorganization Order Nos. 1996-2 2003.1, 2008-4 and 2011-4,  
MCL 445.2001, 445.2011, 445.2025, and 445.2030)  
CHAPTER 1. GENERAL PROVISIONS  
R 408.7001 Scope.  
Rule 1. These rules establish administrative and operational procedures for  
implementation of the act and shall be known as the Michigan elevator rules. The rules  
establish, for protection of the general public, minimum safety requirements for  
inspection, construction, installation, alteration, maintenance, repair, and operation of  
elevators.  
History: 2003 AACS; 2014 AACS.  
R 408.7002 Definitions.  
Rule 2. (1) As used in these rules:  
(a) "Act" means elevator safety board, 1967 PA 227, MCL 408.801to 408.824.  
(b) "Belt manlift" means a power-driven endless belt which has steps and handholds  
and which is used to transport persons in a vertical direction through successive floors or  
levels of a building or structure.  
(c) "Department" means the department of licensing and regulatory affairs.  
(d) "Electrical-powered, 1-man elevator" means an elevator that has a car platform  
area of not more than 5 square feet, a rated load of not more than 300 pounds, and a rated  
speed of not more than 100 feet per minute. It is for the exclusive use of certain  
designated operating and maintenance employees and is installed in any of the following  
structures:  
(i) A grain or feed mill.  
(ii) A chemical or alcohol distillery.  
(iii) A cement storage tower.  
(iv) A radio tower.  
(v) A similar structure that is not accessible to the general public.  
(e) "Examination" means a survey of the design and construction of elevators or  
elevator equipment by a dealer in elevators or elevator equipment or an approved  
insurance company.  
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(f) "Hand-powered, 1-man elevator" means an elevator which has a car platform  
area of not more than 5 square feet, which has a rated load of not more than 300 pounds,  
and which is operated from the car only by pulling on a stationary rope that is located in  
the hoistway and passing through or adjacent to the car platform. The elevator is for the  
exclusive use of certain designated operating and maintenance employees and is installed  
in a grain or feed mill or a similar structure that is not accessible to the general public.  
(g) "Inspection" means the official determination by a general inspector of the  
condition of all parts of equipment on which the safe operation of an elevator depends.  
(h) "Private residence elevator" means any elevating device installed in or at a  
private residence or installed in a building as a means of access to a private residence  
within such building, provided the elevator is installed so that it is not accessible to the  
general public or to other occupants in the building. The use is restricted to the owner  
and the owner's immediate family and nonpaying guests. All other elevating device  
installations shall be classified as commercial.  
(i) “Private residential incline elevator” means a private residence inclined elevator  
for use on a property of a private residence or homeowners’ association in accordance  
with the act.  
(j) "Special elevating device" includes other lifting or lowering apparatus which is  
guided as provided in section 3 of the act.  
(k) "Temporary inspection" means the inspection of a permanent elevator that is to  
be used on a temporary basis.  
(2) Terms defined in the act have the same meanings when used in these rules.  
History: 2003 AACS; 2005 AACS; 2014 AACS.  
R 408.7003 Applicability of national standards.  
Rule 3. The following standards are adopted by reference.  
(a) The following standards are available from the American Society of Mechanical  
Engineers (ASME), 22 Law Drive, Box 2900, Fairfield, New Jersey 07007-2900, at a  
cost as of the time of adoption of these rules, as stated in this subrule:  
(i) ASME A17.1-2010 safety code for elevators and escalators, except for sections,  
2.5.1.5.3, 2.8.3.3.2, 2.8.6, 2.11.1.3, 2.11.1.4, 2.11.7.2, 2.11.7.2.1, 2.11.7.2.2, 2.11.7.2.3,  
2.11.7.2.4, 2.11.7.2.5, 2.14.2.2(f), 2.14.2.6, 2.14.5.8.2, 2.16.5.1.3, 2.22.2, 3.18.3.8.3,  
3.19.5.2, 3.22.1.6, 5.3.1.1.1, 5.3.1.1.2, 5.3.1.2.1, 5.3.1.14.3, 5.4.10.2, 8.6.5.8, 8.6.11.5 to  
8.6.11.5.6, 8.10.1.1.3, 8.11.1.1, 8.11.1.1.1, 8.11.1.1.2. Cost $310.00.  
(ii) ASME A17.2-2012 guide for inspection of elevators, escalators, and moving  
walks. Cost $180.00.  
(iii) ASME A17.6-2010 standard for elevator suspension, compensation, and  
governor systems. Cost $90.00.  
(iv) ASME A17.7-2007 performance-based safety code for elevators and escalators,  
except for where the Michigan elevator rules make an exception to, addition to, or an  
amendment of, an ASME A17.1/CA B44 code section the Michigan elevator rules shall  
govern over the corresponding section in ASME A17.7/CSA B44.7 and must obtain  
department approval. Cost $155.00.  
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(v) ASME A18.1-2011 safety code standard for platform lifts and stairway  
chairlifts, except for sections 2.1.2 to 2.1.2.8, 2.1.3 to 2.1.3.10, 3.10.2 to 3.10.2.4, 10.1.1,  
10.1.2 to 10.1.2.3, 10.1.3.3, 10.1.4, and 10.2.1. Cost $90.00.  
(vi) ASME A90.1-2009 safety standard for belt manlifts. Cost $59.00.  
(b) ANSI A10.4-2007, the American national standards institute (ANSI), safety  
requirements for personnel hoist and employee elevators for construction and demolition  
and operations, except for sections 24.1.2.1 and 26.4.8.1, is available from ANSI at 1430  
Broadway, New York, New York, 10018. Cost $74.00.  
(c) The following standards are available from American Society for Testing and  
Materials, (ASTM), 100 Bar Harbor Drive, 2 Conshohocken, PA 19428-2959, at a cost as  
of the time of adoption of these rules, as stated in this subrule:  
(i) ASTM D 2667-2008, ‘Standard test method for biodegradability of alkylbenzene  
sulfonates’. Cost $47.00.  
(ii) ASTM E 648-2010, standard test method for critical radiant flux of floor-  
covering systems using a radiant heat energy source. Cost $47.00.  
(ii) ASTM E 648-2010, standard test method for critical radiant flux of floor-  
covering systems using a radiant heat energy source. Cost $47.00.  
(iii) ASTM F 714-2012, standard specification for polyethylene (PE) plastic pipe  
(SDR-PR) based on outside diameter’. Cost $47.00.  
(d) The standards adopted in this subrule are also available for inspection at the  
Michigan Department of Licensing and Regulatory Affairs, Bureau of Construction  
Codes, 2501 Woodlake Circle, Okemos, Michigan 48864. Copies may be obtained from  
the bureau at the cost of the individual codes as noted in this subrule, plus the  
department's cost for shipping and handling.  
(e) All references to NFPA 70-2011 mean the Michigan electrical code. The  
Michigan electrical code is available for inspection or may be purchased from the  
Michigan Department of Licensing and Regulatory Affairs, Bureau of Construction  
Codes 2501 Woodlake Circle, Okemos, Michigan 48864, at a cost as of the time of  
adoption of these amendatory rules of $89.50.  
History: 2003 AACS; 2005 AACS; 2010 AACS; 2014 AACS. .  
R 408.7004 Registration of elevators.  
Rule 4. An elevator shall be registered by the owner or user stating the location,  
type, capacity, name of manufacturer, and purpose for which it is used. This registration  
shall be made on a form furnished by the department.  
History: 2003 AACS.  
R 408.7005 Identification plates and tags.  
Rule 5. (1) The holder of a certificate of operation shall permanently attach to the  
elevator in an approved area an identification plate showing the rated load and the serial  
number of each elevator.  
(2) One serial number tag shall be furnished and shall be permanently attached  
to the elevator machine controller.  
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(3) Identification plates and tags shall be furnished by the department and remain  
the property of the department.  
History: 2003 AACS.  
R 408.7006 Accident reports.  
Rule 6. The holder of a certificate of operation shall notify the department  
within 48 hours of every accident involving personal injury or damage to the elevator.  
The department may investigate all such accidents.  
History: 2003 AACS.  
R 408.7007 Responsibility for elevator operation and maintenance.  
Rule 7. (1) Responsibility for the operation and maintenance of elevators shall be  
as follows:  
(a) The person, firm, or corporation installing, repairing, relocating, or altering an  
elevator shall be responsible for its operation and maintenance until the certificate of  
operation is issued, except as provided for in R 408.7012 and shall be responsible for  
all tests of new, repaired, relocated, and altered equipment until the certificate of  
operation is issued.  
(b) The holder of a certificate of operation or duly appointed agent shall be  
responsible for the safe operation and proper maintenance of the elevator.  
The holder of the certificate of operation shall be responsible for all periodic  
inspections and tests, securing the renewal of the certificate of operation, and the  
compliance with correction orders.  
(c) The licensed contractor holding a temporary certificate of operation shall be  
responsible for the safe operation and maintenance of the elevator during the period that  
the temporary certificate is in force.  
(2) Safety tests shall be performed by personnel approved by the department.  
History: 2003 AACS.  
R 408.7008 Commissions of special elevator inspectors.  
Rule 8. (1) A commission to inspect elevators in accordance with section 11 of the  
act may be issued by the director to a designated holder of a special certificate of  
competency when the fee has been paid and a written request is received from a  
company authorized to insure elevators in this state. Such a commission shall not be  
transferable. The commission shall be retained by the company and a commission  
credential card shall be issued to the special inspector. The commission and  
commission credential card shall be returned when services of the inspector terminate.  
(2) A commission shall expire annually on December 31. A commission may be  
renewed by payment of a renewal fee and return of the expired card and commission  
renewal form.  
Page 4  
History: 2003 AACS.  
R 408.7009 Examinations by elevator and equipment dealers and insurance  
companies.  
Rule 9. Nothing in the act shall prevent the examination of elevators by dealers in  
elevators or elevator equipment or any approved insurance company.  
Such examination shall not be considered an inspection within the provisions of the  
act.  
History: 2003 AACS.  
R 408.7010 New, altered, or relocated elevators; use.  
Rule 10. A new, altered, or relocated elevator shall not be placed into service until  
it has been inspected by, and tested in the presence of, a general inspector, except as  
provided in section 15 of the act.  
History: 2003 AACS.  
R 408.7011 Frequency of inspections.  
Rule 11. All elevators shall be inspected by a general elevator inspector pursuant to  
the following schedule:  
(a) Passenger, freight, mine, inclined, limited-use/limited application, special  
purpose personnel, and rooftop elevators, material lifts, barrier free lifting devices,  
escalators, moving walks, belt manlifts, and special elevating devices shall be inspected  
at least once every 12 months.  
(b) Dumbwaiters, stairway chairlifts, 1-person elevators, hand-powered; 1-person  
elevators, electric-powered; platform lifts; and power sidewalk elevators shall be  
inspected at least once every 24 months.  
(c) Personnel hoists shall be inspected at least once every 30 days.  
(d) Elevating devices in private residences shall be inspected only at the discretion  
of the department or owner.  
(e) Private residence inclined elevators installed under the requirements of the act  
for use by multiple residences, shall be inspected at least once every 24 months.  
(f) More frequent inspections may be scheduled at the discretion of the department  
or owner.  
History: 2003 AACS; 2014 AACS.  
R 408.7012 Temporary use of permanent elevators during construction.  
Rule 12. (1) A licensed elevator contractor may request a temporary certificate  
of operation to permit the use of a passenger or freight elevator before its completion  
for carrying workers, authorized personnel, or materials. Such elevator shall not be  
used until it has been approved by a general inspector, the required fee has been  
Page 5  
paid, and a temporary certificate of operation has been obtained. Such certificate shall  
be issued for a period not to exceed 90 days. Renewals may be granted at the  
discretion of the department.  
(2) Permanent elevators used temporarily during construction shall be inspected  
every 30 days.  
History: 2003 AACS.  
R 408.7013 Discontinuance of operation.  
Rule 13. A general inspector may seal an elevator out of service and void the  
certificate of operation as provided in section 19 of the act or if any of the following  
conditions exist:  
(a) The holder of the certificate of operation fails to pay the required fee.  
(b) The holder of the certificate of operation fails to report an accident as required  
by these rules.  
(c) The elevator has been constructed, installed, altered, maintained, or repaired by  
a person, firm, or corporation not approved by the department.  
History: 2003 AACS.  
R 408.7014 Inspection reports and certificates of operation.  
Rule 14. (1) A general inspector shall forward to the department a report of each  
inspection stating the condition of the elevator. The inspection report shall be filed  
with the department within 10 days after the inspection has been completed.  
(2) A report indicating an elevator has been sealed out of service shall be  
forwarded to the department within 48 hours.  
(3) The director shall issue a certificate of operation for a capacity not to exceed  
that named in the inspection report.  
History: 2003 AACS.  
R 408.7015 Correction orders.  
Rule 15. (1) If upon inspection an elevator is determined to be in an unsafe  
condition, or if the owner or user has not complied with these rules, then the general  
inspector shall issue to the holder of the certificate of operation a written correction  
order stating corrections required and a time limit within which the correction order shall  
be complied with by the owner or user. The owner or user shall notify the department in  
writing as soon as full compliance is effected. Notification shall be on forms furnished  
by the department.  
(2) If in the judgment of the general inspector, failure to make such corrections  
would endanger human life, then compliance with the correction order may be required  
immediately.  
(3) Noncompliance with the correction order may subject the holder of the  
certificate of operation to the penalty provisions of the act.  
Page 6  
History: 2003 AACS.  
R 408.7016 Special elevating devices.  
Rule 16. (1) Special elevating devices within the scope of the act shall meet the  
requirements established by the department and the rules promulgated by the board.  
(2) The devices specified in subrule (1) of this rule shall receive special  
consideration from the department as to the safety features incorporated into them  
before they may be approved for installation. A permit to install a special elevating  
device shall be obtained from the department in accordance with section 15 of the act.  
(3) Stagelifts are special elevating devices and shall meet the requirements of  
this rule.  
History: 2003 AACS.  
R 408.7017 Examination for license or certificate of competency;  
journeyperson.  
Rule 17. The board may delegate to the elevator division the authority to  
administer the written or oral examinations, or both, required for a journeyperson's  
license. The minimum passing grade for an applicant for a license or a certificate of  
competency shall be 70%. An applicant who fails to attain the minimum passing grade  
is not eligible for reexamination for 60 days after the examination, except as otherwise  
required by the act or by special permission of the board. A new application form and  
payment of the prescribed fee is required each time an applicant is examined.  
History: 2003 AACS.  
R 408.7018 Elevator contractors' and journeypersons' licenses; type;  
classification.  
Rule 18. (1) Elevator contractors' licenses and elevator journeypersons' licenses  
are classified as follows:  
(a) Type A, which covers the construction, repair, installation, alteration, and  
maintenance of any type of elevating device within the scope of the act.  
(b) Type B, which covers the repair and maintenance of any type of elevating  
device within the scope of the act.  
(c) Type C, which covers specific installations designed for particular and special  
purposes for which the applicant proves that he or she is qualified.  
(2) More than 1 type of device may be combined or added to 1 Class C elevator  
contractor's license if the applicant has passed a written examination for each type  
of device.  
History: 2003 AACS.  
Page 7  
R 408.7019 Fees.  
Rule 19. (1) Fees shall be paid in accordance with the following schedule:  
Commissions to inspect elevators  
Commission ................................................................................................................... $50.00.  
Commission renewal...................................................................................................... $50.00.  
Examination for certificates of competency  
Certificate of competency examination (nonrefundable) .............................................. $50.00.  
Elevator contractors and journeyperson examination and licenses  
Elevator contractor’s license and renewal (nonrefundable)......................................... $100.00.  
Elevator contractor’s examination (nonrefundable) .................................................... $100.00.  
Elevator journeyperson license and renewal (nonrefundable)....................................... $40.00.  
Elevator journeyperson examination (nonrefundable)................................................. $100.00.  
Installation permits  
Elevator installation application fee (nontransferable and nonrefundable) ................... $60.00.  
Base permit fee for each of the following devices:...................................................... $200.00.  
Passenger elevator  
Freight elevator  
Mine elevator  
Inclined elevator  
Limited-use/limited application elevator  
Private residence elevator  
Private residence inclined elevator  
Special purpose personnel elevator  
Dumbwaiter  
Material lift  
Power sidewalk elevator  
Rooftop Elevator  
Belt manlift  
Special elevating device  
For the above installations, an additional $25.00 is charged for each hoistway opening  
and for each floor traveled without a hoistway opening.  
Escalator....................................................................................................................... $240.00.  
Moving walk................................................................................................................ $240.00.  
Personnel hoist, initial inspection ................................................................................ $340.00.  
Plus $25.00 for each hoistway opening and for each floor traveled without a hoistway  
opening.  
Private residence platform lift and private  
residence stairway chairlift .......................................................................................... $40.00.  
Platform lift and stairway chairlift in buildings other  
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than private residence .................................................................................................. $70.00.  
Major alteration permits  
Elevator alteration application fee (nontransferable and nonrefundable)...................... $60.00.  
First alteration (including 1 final inspection)................................................................. $90.00.  
Each additional alteration .............................................................................................. $65.00.  
Personnel hoist tower rise.............................................................................................. $90.00.  
Plus $25.00 for each added hoistway opening and for each floor traveled without a  
hoistway opening.  
Maximum alteration fee (includes $60.00 nontransferable and nonrefundable  
application fee)................................................................................................................... $395.00.  
(2) A final inspection fee is included in the installation and alteration permit fee. If  
a scheduled final inspection is canceled without 24 hours notice to the department, or if  
the elevator is not complete in the judgment of the general elevator inspector, then an  
additional fee shall be charged to the elevator contractor as follows:  
(a) $300.00 for private residence elevator, dumbwaiter, platform lift, or stairway  
chairlift.  
(b) $500.00 for all other devices.  
(3) A written request for a refund on a permit must be made within 1 year from the  
application date. An issued permit shall become invalid unless the work on the site  
authorized by such permit is commenced within 180 days after issuance, or if the work  
authorized on the site by such permit is suspended or abandoned for a period of 180 days  
after work is commenced. A 1-time 180-day permit extension shall automatically be  
granted when a building permit for the same project remains valid.  
Certificate of operation  
Biennial and annual certificate of operation .................................................................. $45.00.  
Temporary certificate of operation .............................................................................. $200.00.  
Inspection by general inspector  
Biennial inspection for devices complying with R 408.7011(b) ................................. $110.00.  
Annual and biennial inspection for all other devices .................................................. $125.00.  
Plus $5.00 for each hoistway opening and for each floor traveled without a hoistway  
opening.  
Temporary certificate of operation inspection ............................................................ $125.00.  
Plus $5.00 for each hoistway opening and for each floor traveled without a hoistway  
opening.  
Reinspection or correction order follow-up for devices complying with R 408.7011(b)$110.00.  
Reinspection or correction order follow-up for all other devices................................ $125.00.  
Page 9  
(4) The department may provide, upon written request, special services that are not  
otherwise covered in the fee structure. The charge for this service shall be at the rate of  
$100.00 per hour including travel time.  
Fees that are required pursuant to the provisions of the act shall be paid to the  
department. Checks or money orders shall be made payable to the "State of Michigan."  
History: 2003 AACS; 2005 AACS; 2008 AACS; 2014 AACS.  
R 408.7020 Supervising employees.  
Rule 20. (1) If a contractor’s license is based on the qualification of a supervising  
employee, then termination of employment of a supervising employee shall result in the  
suspension of the license 90 days after termination of employment and the license shall  
remain suspended until another supervising employee is certified for the employer by the  
board. The supervising employee and the employer shall each notify the department in  
writing when the termination of the employment of the former occurs.  
(2) A person serving as supervising employee of a contractor may not concurrently  
serve as supervising employee of another contractor. A supervising employee shall be  
employed on a full-time basis by the contractor.  
(3) The person, firm, or corporation and the elevator contractor license holder  
supervising employee shall be jointly and severally responsible for exercising the  
supervision and control of the elevator operations necessary to secure full compliance  
with the act, the rules promulgated under the act, and all other laws and rules related to  
elevating devices.  
History: 2003 AACS; 2014 AACS.  
R 408.7021 Renewal of contractor’s licenses and commissions.  
Rule 21. A contractor’s license and a commission which has expired may be  
renewed within 60 days after the date of expiration without examination upon payment of  
the required renewal fee and late fee of $20.00. A contractor’s license and a commission  
which is not so renewed is considered revoked. The revoked contractor’s license or  
commission may be reinstated if approved by the elevator safety board, and upon  
payment of the required renewal fee and reinstatement fee of $100.00.  
History: 2003 AACS; 2014 AACS.  
R 408.7022 Violations; penalties.  
Rule 22. Any person, firm, or corporation who shall refuse to comply with, or who  
shall assist in the violation of, any of the provisions of these rules, or who, in any  
manner hinders, obstructs, resists, prevents, causes unreasonable delay, or in any  
manner interferes with the inspectors in the performance of any duty herein imposed,  
or shall refuse to permit such inspectors to perform their duty by refusing them  
entrance at reasonable hours to buildings or places for the purpose of enforcement of  
these rules, shall be subject to the fines and penalties as provided by the act.  
Page 10  
History: 2003 AACS.  
R 408.7023 Appeals to the board.  
Rule 23. (1) Any person, firm, or corporation aggrieved by any decision, ruling, or  
order of the director or of the department may appeal within 15 days from date of mailing  
of the decision, ruling, or order to the board, for a hearing before the board in accordance  
with section 8(d) of the act. An appeal shall specify the reasons and the relief sought and  
shall be submitted to the director for presentation to the board.  
(2) A $200.00 non-refundable fee shall be made to the department at the time the  
appeal is filed. Checks or money orders shall be made payable to the "State of  
Michigan."  
(3) The board shall set a time for hearing of the appeal and provide written notice to  
the appellant at least 10 days before the date set for hearing.  
(4) A request for an adjournment shall be filed in writing at least 5 days before the  
date set for hearing. The board or the director may, for good cause, grant an  
adjournment.  
(5) If the appellant fails to appear at the time set for hearing, the board may proceed  
with the hearing and decide the case in the absence of the appellant. The board may  
affirm, modify, or set aside the ruling of the department and shall notify the director and  
the appellant in writing of its decision.  
History: 2003 AACS; 2014 AACS.  
R 408.7023a Variance requests.  
Rule 23a. (1) Any person, firm, or corporation upon application in specific cases,  
may request a variation of the requirements of the rules when it is clearly evident that  
exceptions or variations are necessary to prevent undue hardship or when existing  
conditions prevent compliance with the literal requirements. The request shall be on a  
form prescribed by the department and specify the reasons and the relief sought and shall  
be submitted to the department for review.  
(2) A $75.00 nonrefundable fee shall be made to the department at the time the  
variance request is filed. Checks or money orders shall be made payable to the “State of  
Michigan”.  
(3) The department may submit the variance request to the board for its action. The  
department shall set a time for reviewing a request submitted to the board and provide  
written notice to the appellant at least 10 days before the date set for the review.  
(4) A request for an adjournment shall be filed in writing by the appellant at least 5  
days before the date set for the review. The department or the board may, for good cause,  
grant an adjournment.  
(5) If the appellant fails to appear at the time set for the variance request, the action  
may proceed and the board may decide the request in the absence of the appellant. The  
request may be approved, denied, modified, or set aside. The department shall notify the  
appellant in writing of the decision.  
Page 11  
History: 2014 AACS.  
R 408.7023b Product approval.  
Rule 23b. (1) All elevating devices, equipment, systems, subsystems, components,  
and functions must be reviewed for compliance with the current elevator requirements  
and approved by the department prior to use in this state. An initial $75.00  
nonrefundable application fee shall be made to the department at the time of application.  
(2) All product approval requests shall be on a form prescribed by the department  
and accompanied by a compliance document which reflects compliance with the  
corresponding requirements and supporting documents such as drawings, wiring  
diagrams, factor of safety calculations, certifications, and any other information the  
department finds necessary for the specific review.  
(3) A rate of $75.00 per hour shall be charged for special services of a product  
review. The total charges shall be determined on an hourly basis for the review upon  
completion. An approval may not be granted until full payment of these services has  
been received.  
History: 2014 AACS.  
R 408.7024 Applicability of rules and manual.  
Rule 24. Elevators as defined in section 3 of the act installed before the effective  
date of this code edition shall comply with the Michigan elevator laws and rules in effect  
at the time of adoption of this code until the device is altered. All other approved existing  
features or components of the elevator shall comply with these rules and shall be  
maintained as described in the American society of mechanical engineers (ASME) guide  
for inspection of elevators, escalators, and moving walks ASME A17.2-2012, which is  
adopted by reference in R 408.7003.  
History: 2003 AACS; 2005 AACS; 2010 AACS; 2014 AACS.  
R 408.7025 Service and examination of power elevators; frequency; exceptions.  
Rule 25. A power elevator, except a private residence elevator, private residence  
inclined elevator, private residence platform lift, or private residence stairway chairlift,  
shall be serviced and examined for defects by a licensed elevator journeyperson at least  
once every 90 days, except for the following devices which shall be serviced and  
examined at least once every 180 days:  
(a) Dumbwaiters.  
(b) One-person elevators, electric and hand-powered.  
(c) Platform lifts and stairway chairlifts in buildings other than private residences.  
(d) Private residences inclined elevators installed under the requirements of the act  
for use by multiple residences.  
An accessible written record of all service and examination shall be maintained in  
the machine room or on-site if a machine room does not exist.  
Page 12  
History: 2003 AACS; 2014 AACS.  
CHAPTER 2. ALL ELEVATORS  
R 408.7026 Disconnecting means for new and altered elevators.  
Rule 26. The disconnecting means for all elevators and escalators that have 208  
volts alternating current (VAC) nominal, shall be a heavy-duty type means and feature a  
dual cover interlock or a circuit breaker capable of being locked in the open position.  
History: 2003 AACS; 2014 AACS.  
R 408.7027 Elevators operated from car only.  
Rule 27. All existing or new elevators operated from the car only shall be provided  
with an approved means of opening the landing door, from the landing side, when the car  
is in the unlocking zone.  
History: 2003 AACS.  
R 408.7028 Buffers and bumpers.  
Rule 28. Buffers of the spring, oil, or equivalent type shall be installed under cars  
and counterweights of all elevators. Bumpers or solid stops are prohibited.  
History: 2003 AACS.  
R 408.7029 Dormant elevators.  
Rule 29. (1) An elevator, escalator, or moving walk which is inactive for 1 year  
shall be classified as dormant and placed out of service in compliance with section  
8.11.1.4(b) of the ASME A17.1 code.  
(2) A platform lift or stairway chairlift which is inactive for 1 year shall be  
classified as dormant and placed out of service as follows:  
(a) The device shall be lowered and any suspension means removed.  
(b) The power feed lines shall be disconnected from the machine disconnect switch  
and taped in compliance with section 10.1.6 of the ASME A18.1 code.  
(c) All landing entrances shall be secured in a closed position from inside the  
runway or hoistway.  
(d) Folding type devices shall be secured against movement.  
(3) Before a dormant elevating device may be placed in service, it shall be inspected  
by the department and shall conform to these rules and the applicable section of the  
standard.  
History: 2003 AACS; 2014 AACS.  
Page 13  
R 408.7030 Elevator and escalator monitoring.  
Rule 30. All elevators and escalators may be monitored from a remote location.  
Monitoring shall consist of passing information from the elevator control to a remote  
location for the collection of information. A device shall not have the capability to  
adjust, alter, change or reset any switch, parameter, or system of the elevator control from  
any location except the corresponding car, hoistway, machine room, lobby panel, or fire  
command center. The device shall not be capable of bypassing or resetting any safety or  
electrical protective device. The monitoring means may be used to initiate car and hall  
landing calls or to secure floors from access. Information collected shall be made  
available to the department upon request.  
History: 2003 AACS; 2014 AACS.  
R 408.7031 Existing elevator and barrier free lifting device, door, and  
clearance requirements.  
Rule 31. Existing elevator and barrier free lifting devices shall comply with  
sections 2.11.4 and 2.14.4 of the ASME A17.1 code.  
History: 2003 AACS.  
CHAPTER 3. ASME A17.1 MODIFICATIONS  
R 408.7031a ASME A17.7/CSA B44.7.  
Rule 31a. Section 1.2.1 of the ASME A17.1/CSA B44 code is amended to read as  
follows:  
1.2.1 The purpose of this code is to provide for the safety of life and limb, and to  
promote the public welfare. Compliance with this code shall be achieved by either  
subdivisions (a), (b) and (d) or (c) and (d):  
(a) Conformance with the requirements in ASME A17.1/CSA B44.  
(b) Conformance with some of the requirements in ASME A17.1/CSA B44 and for  
systems, subsystems, components, or functions that do not conform with certain  
requirements in ASME A17.1/CSA B44, conform with the applicable requirements in  
ASME A17.7/CSA B44.7. Where the Michigan elevator rules make an exception to,  
addition to, or an amendment of, an ASME A17.1/CSA B44 code section the Michigan  
elevator rules shall govern over the corresponding section in ASME A17.7/CSA B44.7  
and shall also obtain department approval.  
(c) Conformance with the requirement in ASME A17.7/CSA B44.7. Where  
Michigan elevator rules make an exception to, addition to, or an amendment of, an  
ASME A17.1/CSA B44 code section the provisions of the Michigan elevator rules shall  
govern over the corresponding section in ASME A17.7/CSA B44.7 and shall also obtain  
department approval.  
Page 14  
(d) Any ASME A17.7/CSA B44.7 certifications that violate the Michigan elevator  
rules exceptions, additions, or modifications to ASME A17.1/CSA B44 shall require  
approval from the department.  
History: 2014 AACS.  
R 408.7032 Machinery space, machine rooms, control spaces, and control  
rooms.  
Rule 32. Section 2.7 of the ASME A17.1 code is amended to read as follows:  
2.7. A machinery space outside the hoistway containing an electric driving machine  
and an elevator controller shall be a machine room. The electric driving machine shall be  
located in a machinery space within the elevator hoistway or outside the hoistway in an  
elevator machine room. A controller shall be accessible only from a machinery space,  
machine room, control room, or hoistway.  
History: 2003 AACS; 2005 AACS; 2010 AACS; 2014 AACS.  
R 408.7033 Drains and sump pumps.  
Rule 33. Section 2.2.2.4 of the ASME A17.1 code is amended to read as follows:  
2.2.2.4 Drains and sump pumps, where provided, shall comply with the  
Michigan plumbing code, R 408.40701 et seq. and shall be provided with a positive  
means to prevent water, gases, and odors from entering the hoistway.  
Subsoil drains shall not be connected or discharged to elevator pits or sumps.  
History: 2003 AACS.  
R 408.7034 Enclosure of machine rooms and machinery spaces.  
Rule 34. Section 2.7.1 of the ASME A17.1 code is amended to read as follows:  
2.7.1. Machines, control equipment, sheaves, and other machinery shall not be  
exposed to the weather. Machine room, control room, and machinery-space enclosures  
shall conform to section 2.7.1.1 or 2.7.1.2, and shall also conform to 2.7.1.3 of the ASME  
A17.1 code, as applicable.  
Machine rooms and control rooms shall be located at a hoistway landing associated  
with the equipment within the room. Elevator machine and control rooms may be located  
overhead, adjacent to, underneath the hoistway, or at a remote location. The entrance to  
the machine room or control room shall be not more than 25 feet, clear unobstructed  
walking pathway from the elevator hoistway door. The distance from the machine room  
door to the hoistway door may be over 25 feet when the machine room is located directly  
above the hoistway in a conventional layout. Pit and hoistway access doors shall not be a  
direct access between a hoistway enclosure and machine room or control room.  
Elevators installed without a machine room or control room shall locate the required  
disconnecting means in a single machinery space or control space outside the hoistway  
located within 25 feet clear unobstructed walking pathway of the elevator hoistway door,  
inspection and test panel, and at the same hoistway landing.  
Page 15  
The disconnecting means shall be located in a single dedicated space, or dedicated  
room intended with or without full body entry, and shall be secured so only the elevator  
journeyperson or other qualified personnel may gain access.  
Access to machine rooms, control rooms, machine spaces, or control spaces shall  
not be through restrooms, lavatories, locker rooms, or associated vestibules. Where  
enclosed ceilings are required or provided they shall be of a solid type with no access  
panels. Drop type ceilings shall not be permitted. Machine rooms, control rooms,  
machinery spaces, and control spaces shall not be used as a pass through or for access to  
other areas. Building access panels or doors are prohibited in these areas.  
History: 2003 AACS; 2010 AACS; 2014 AACS.  
R 408.7034a Location of equipment.  
Rule 34a. Section 2.7.6.3.2 of the ASME A 17.1 code is amended to read as  
follows:  
2.7.6.3.2 The motor controller shall be located in a machinery space within the  
hoistway, a machine room, or control room. A motor controller shall not be located  
outside the specified spaces.  
History: 2010 AACS.  
R 408.7035 Rescinded.  
History: 2003 AACS; 2010 AACS; 2014 AACS.  
R 408.7036 Rescinded.  
History: 2003 AACS; 2010 AACS; 2014 AACS.  
R 408.7037 Rescinded.  
History: 2003 AACS; 2014 AACS.  
R 408.7037a Illumination of cars and lighting fixtures.  
Rule 37a. Section 2.14.7.1.4 of ASME A17.1 is amended to read as follows:  
2.14.7.1.4 Each elevator shall be provided with at least 2 electric light fixtures and  
a convenience outlet fixture on the car top. The 2 light fixtures combined shall  
provide an illumination level of not less than 10 fc at the car top. The light fixtures shall  
be permanent and be of the fixed or portable type and shall be equipped with guards.  
History: 2005 AACS.  
Page 16  
R 408.7038 Overloading of freight elevators.  
Rule 38. Section 2.16.6 of the ASME A17.1 code is amended to read as follows:  
2.16.6 Freight elevators shall not be loaded in excess of their rated load as specified  
on the capacity plate required by section 2.16.3 of the ASME A17.1 code.  
Exceptions:  
(a) Static loads on elevators loaded and unloaded by industrial trucks as noted on  
capacity or separate plate shall comply with sections 2.16.2.2.3 and 2.16.3.2.1(b) of the  
ASME A17.1 code.  
(b) Elevators designed and installed in compliance with section 2.16.7 of the  
ASME A17.1 code to carry 1-piece loads exceeding their rated load.  
If the department determines that safe operation requires it, a load-weighing  
device shall be installed. The load weighing device shall prevent operation of the  
elevator in the down direction only when the load on the platform is in excess of 125% of  
the rated load as determined by the requirements of section 2.16.3 of the ASME A17.1  
code. Such devices shall prevent operation of the elevator in the up direction when the  
load on the car is in excess of the rated load.  
History: 2003 AACS.  
R 408.7039 Rescinded.  
History: 2003 AACS; 2005 AACS.  
R 408.7040 Rescinded.  
History: 2003 AACS; 2010 AACS; 2014 AACS. .  
R 408.7041 Machinery spaces, machine rooms, control spaces, and control  
rooms.  
Rule 41. Sections 3.7 and 3.7.1 of the ASME A17.1 code is amended to read as  
follows:  
3.7. A machinery space outside the hoistway containing a hydraulic machine and an  
elevator controller shall be a machine room. The hydraulic machine shall be located in a  
machine space within the elevator hoistway or outside the hoistway in an elevator  
machine room. The elevator controller shall be accessible only from a machine room,  
control room, or hoistway.  
3.7.1. Hydraulic machines, control equipment, sheaves, and other machinery shall  
not be exposed to the weather. Machine room, control room, and machinery-space  
enclosures shall conform to the requirements of sections 2.7.1 to 2.7.7 and 2.7.9 of the  
ASME A17.1 code and the following:  
Machine rooms and control rooms shall be located at a hoistway landing associated  
with the equipment within the room. Elevator machine and control rooms may be located  
overhead, adjacent to, underneath the hoistway, or at a remote location. The entrance to  
Page 17  
the machine room or control room shall be not more than 25 feet, clear unobstructed  
walking pathway from the elevator hoistway door. The distance from the machine room  
door to the hoistway door may be over 25 feet when the machine room is located directly  
above the hoistway in a conventional layout. Pit and hoistway access doors shall not be  
for direct access between a hoistway enclosure and machine room or control room.  
Elevators installed without a machine room or control room shall locate the required  
disconnecting means in a single machinery space or control space outside the hoistway  
located within 25 feet clear unobstructed walking pathway of the elevator hoistway door,  
inspection and test panel, and at the same hoistway landing.  
The disconnecting means shall be located in a single dedicated space, or dedicated  
room intended with or without full body entry, and shall be secured so only the elevator  
journeyperson or other qualified personnel may gain access.  
Access to machine rooms, control rooms, machine spaces, or control spaces shall  
not be through restrooms, lavatories, locker rooms, or associated vestibules. Where  
enclosed ceilings are required or provided they shall be of a solid type with no access  
panels. Drop type ceilings shall not be permitted. Machine rooms, control rooms,  
machinery spaces, and control spaces shall not be used as a pass through or for access to  
other areas. Building access panels or doors are prohibited in these areas.  
History: 2003 AACS; 2010 AACS; 2014 AACS.  
R 408.7042 Car safeties.  
Rule 42. Section 3.17.1 of the ASME A17.1 code is amended to read as follows:  
3.17.1 Car safeties shall be provided for roped-hydraulic elevators and shall be  
permitted to be provided for direct-acting hydraulic elevators.  
When provided, car safeties shall comply with section 2.17 and sections 3.17.1.1  
to 3.17.1.3 of the ASME A17.1 code.  
Car safeties shall be installed if the department determines they are necessary for  
safe operation.  
History: 2003 AACS.  
R 408.7043 Cylinder protection.  
Rule 43. Section 3.18.3.8.1 of the ASME A17.1 code is amended to read as  
follows:  
3.18.3.8.1 Cylinders not completely exposed above ground shall be monitored  
by an approved means and protected from corrosion due to galvanic or electrolytic  
action, salt water, or other underground conditions. An outer protective cylinder  
casing of high density poly ethylene (HDPE) or poly vinyl chloride (PVC) is required on  
a new hydraulic elevator or where a cylinder is being replaced. PVC protective  
casings shall be a minimum of schedule 40 and comply with ASTM D 2667, HDPE  
casings shall be a minimum of DR 32.5 and comply with ASTM F 714. The bottom of  
the protective casing shall be sealed with a cap of the same material and schedule, and  
shall be properly installed, and water removed. The casing and monitoring system  
shall be installed by a licensed elevator journeyperson. The company installing the  
Page 18  
cylinder and monitoring system shall provide to the owner the specific monitoring  
procedures and log. A copy of the monitoring procedure and log shall be maintained in  
the elevator machine room. At any time it is determined the HDPE or PVC protective  
casing is damaged or leaking, it shall be removed and replaced.  
History: 2003 AACS; 2010 AACS.  
R 408.7043a Cylinders buried in the ground  
Rule 43a. Section 3.18.3.8.2 of the ASME A17.1 code is amended to read as  
follows:  
3.18.3.8.2 The methods specified in 3.18.3.8.1 shall be considered acceptable,  
provided that they meet all the following:  
(a) Are designed and installed with means for monitoring and maintaining them in  
accordance with recognized industry standards applicable to the methods.  
(b) Are effective for specific conditions where the cylinder is installed.  
(c) Provide means for checking ongoing compliance with 3.18.3.8.1.  
History: 2010 AACS.  
R 408.7044 Rescinded.  
History: 2003 AACS; 2014 AACS.  
R 408.7045 Shutoff valves; gauge snaps; underground piping; tags.  
Rule 45. Section 3.19.4.1 of the ASME A17.1 code is amended to read as  
follows:  
3.19.4.1 A shutoff valve shall be provided on a new or modernized hydraulic  
elevator and shall be installed in the cylinder supply line within the elevator machine  
room. If the hoistway is remotely located from the machine room, then a shutoff  
valve shall also be provided in the elevator pit.  
Where the hydraulic machine is located in the hoistway, the manually operated  
shutoff valve may be located inside the hoistway, provided that it is accessible from  
outside the hoistway to elevator personnel only.  
History: 2003 AACS; 2010 AACS.  
R 408.7046 Pressure gauge fittings.  
Rule 46. Section 3.19.4.5 of the ASME A17.1 code is amended to read as  
follows:  
3.19.4.5 A new hydraulic machine shall be provided with the necessary  
permanent pressure gauge snap-on fittings or permanent gauges, with a shut off valve  
to allow pressure readings at each pump for checking operating pressures. The gauge  
or fitting shall be located on the jack side of the check valve or immediately adjacent to  
Page 19  
the hydraulic control valve. Where the hydraulic machine is located in the hoistway,  
the pressure gauge fittings shall only be accessible to elevator personnel from outside the  
hoistway.  
History: 2003 AACS; 2010 AACS.  
R 408.7047 Underground piping.  
Rule 47. Section 3.19.5.1 of the ASME A17.1 code is amended to read as  
follows:  
3.19.5.1 Underground piping in connection with a new hydraulic elevator is  
prohibited. If a cylinder is replaced on an existing hydraulic elevator, then the  
corresponding piping, if underground, is prohibited unless approved by the department.  
History: 2003 AACS.  
R 408.7047a Car safeties.  
Rule 47a. Section 4.3.15 of the ASME A17.1 code is amended to read as  
follows:  
4.3.15 Elevators shall be provided with a car safety, attached to the underside of  
the car frame, capable of stopping and sustaining the car with rated load.  
The car safety device is not required to be operated by a speed governor, and may  
be of the instantaneous type operated as a result of the breaking or slackening of the  
suspension members.  
Where the rise exceeds 12.5m (40 ft), driving machines having hand-operated  
brakes shall also be equipped with an automatic speed retarder.  
History: 2010 AACS.  
R 408.7047b Capacity.  
Rule 47b. Section 5.3.1.10.1 of the ASME A17.1 is amended to read as follows:  
5.3.1.10.1. The maximum inside net platform area shall not exceed 1.7m2 (18 ft2).  
The minimum rated load shall be not less than the following:  
(a) For net platform areas up to and including 1.1 m2 (12 ft2), the rated load shall be  
not less than 195 kg/m2 (40 lb/ft2) or 159 kg (350 lb), whichever is greater.  
(b) For net platform areas greater than 1.1 m2 (12 ft2), the rated load shall be based  
upon 305 kg/m2 (62.5 lb/ft2).  
History: 2014 AACS.  
R 408.7048 Buffers and buffer supports.  
Rule 48. Section 5.3.1.14.1 of the ASME A17.1 code is amended to read as  
follows:  
Page 20  
5.3.1.14.1 The car and counterweight shall be provided with spring or equivalent  
type buffers. They shall be designed and installed so that they will not be fully  
compressed when struck by car with its rated load or by the counterweight traveling at  
125% of the rated speed, or at governor tripping speed where a governor-operated safety  
is used.  
History: 2003 AACS; 2010 AACS.  
R 408.7049 Buffers.  
Rule 49. Section 5.4.10.1 of the ASME A17.1 code is amended to read as  
follows:  
5.4.10.1 For rated speeds not exceeding 0.25 m/s (50 ft/min), spring or equivalent  
type buffers are required. Bumpers or solid stops shall not be permitted.  
History: 2003 AACS.  
R 408.7050 Rescinded.  
History: 2003 AACS; 2014 AACS.  
R 408.7051 Type of operation.  
Rule 51. Section 5.4.15.1 of the ASME A17.1 code is amended to read as follows:  
5.4.15.1. The inclined elevator shall be operated by weatherproof constant pressure  
key switches or constant pressure switch or button at each landing and on the car. Key-  
operated switches shall be of the spring-return type and shall be operated by a cylinder  
type lock having not less than 5-pin or 5-disk combination with the key removable only  
when the switch is in the off position. Constant pressure switches and buttons shall be  
hand operated and controlled by an adjacent on-off key switch with the key removable  
only when the key is in the off position. The key shall be group 4 security in compliance  
with section 8.1 of the ASME A17.1 code.  
History: 2003 AACS; 2014 AACS.  
R 408.7052 Electrical equipment and wiring requirements.  
Rule 52. Section 5.4.15.5.1 of the ASME A17.1 code is amended to read as follows:  
5.4.15.5.1. All electrical equipment and wiring shall conform to the requirements of  
the Michigan electrical code and ASME A17.1 sections 5.3.1.18.4, 5.3.1.18.5 and  
5.3.1.18.6. A fused disconnect switch or a circuit breaker shall be installed within the  
machine enclosure and connected to the power supply line to each electric motor. A  
hoisting motor shall have a manually reset type of electrical overload device.  
History: 2003 AACS; 2014 AACS.  
Page 21  
R 408.7053 Rescinded.  
History: 2003 AACS; 2010 AACS.  
R 408.7054 Skirt deflector devices.  
Rule 54. Section 6.1.3.3.10 of the ASME A17.1 code is amended to read as  
follows:  
6.1.3.3.10 Deflector devices shall be permitted. Where provided, deflector  
devices shall extend from skirt panels parallel to the escalator path of travel. Means to  
secure such deflector devices may be on the exposed surface of the skirt. All fasteners  
shall be of steel with machine screw threads. Any exposed fastener heads shall be of  
the tamper-resistant type and flush to within 1 mm (0.04 inch).  
(1) Rigid elements shall be in compliance with the following conditions:  
(a) Horizontal protrusions extending above the step shall be 18 mm (0.75 inch)  
maximum. Corners or changes in profile shall be rounded or beveled.  
The exposed surfaces of such elements shall be smooth and permanently treated with  
a low-friction material.  
(b) On the incline, the area of any protrusion shall lie entirely offset outward from  
a line beginning on the vertical portion of the skirt panel measured 25 mm (1 inch)  
vertically above the step nose line. The lower surface shall be beveled not less than  
10 degrees upward and the upper surface shall be beveled not less than 15 degrees  
downward in compliance with Figure 6.1.3.3.10 of the ASME A17.1 code.  
(c) At the upper and lower landing, any protrusion shall lie entirely above a line  
beginning on the vertical portion of the skirt panel 50 mm (2 inches) above the step  
nose line. The lower surface shall be beveled not less than 10 degrees upward and the  
upper surface shall be beveled not less than 15 degrees downward. Any rigid elements  
at the landings shall smoothly blend into the rigid elements along the incline in  
accordance with the radius of curvature of the transition zone.  
(d) If attached to the skirt, rigid elements shall withstand a force of 900 N (200  
lbf) perpendicular to the line of attachment of the element without detachment or  
permanent deformation. The force shall be applied to an area of 645 mm² (1 inch²).  
(2) Flexible elements shall be in compliance with the following conditions:  
(a) The horizontal protrusion extending from the skirt surface above the step shall  
be 50 mm (2 inches) maximum.  
(b) Shall be capable of deflecting to an angle of 10 degrees or greater above the  
horizontal protrusion.  
(c) Noncontinuous flexible elements shall be allowed to deflect to allow a  
maximum of 9.5 mm (0.375 inch) interference with any point on the step surface.  
(d) Continuous flexible elements shall not deflect such that they can contact the  
steps.  
History: 2003 AACS; 2005 AACS.  
R 408.7054a Code data plate.  
Page 22  
Rule 54a. Section 8.6.1.5.1 of the ASME A17.1 code is amended to read as  
follows:  
8.6.1.5.1 A data plate that indicates the code and edition in effect at the time of  
installation and any alteration as described in section 8.7.1.8 of the ASME A17.1 code  
may be provided. The data plate may also specify the code and edition in effect at the  
time of any alteration and the applicable requirements of section 8.7 of the ASME  
A17.1 code.  
History: 2005 AACS; 2010 AACS.  
R 408.7054b Listed and certified devices.  
Rule 54b. Section 8.6.3.7.2 is amended to the ASME A17.1 code to read as  
follows:  
8.6.3.7.2 Where a listed or certified device or component is replaced, the  
replacement shall be manufactured to the specifications at the time the device or  
component was originally certified, engineering tested or type tested in accordance  
with section 8.3 of the ASME A17-1 code. Upon request, the contractor shall provide  
the department supporting documentation of compliance with the original  
specifications. Documents shall be signed and sealed by a licensed professional  
engineer acting within his or her discipline.  
History: 2010 AACS.  
R 408.7055 Record of oil usage.  
Rule 55. Section 8.6.5.7 of the ASME A17.1 code is amended to read as follows:  
8.6.5.7. For systems where part of the cylinder or piping, or both, are not exposed  
for visible inspection, a written record shall be kept of the quantity of hydraulic fluid  
added to the system and emptied from leakage collection containers and pans. The  
written record shall be kept in the machine room. If the quantity of hydraulic fluid loss  
cannot be accounted for, then the test specified in section 8.6.5.15.3 of R 408.7060 shall  
be done.  
History: 2003 AACS; 2014 AACS.  
R 408.7055a Periodic test.  
Rule 55a. Section 8.6.7.4.1 of the ASME A17.1 code is amended to read as follows:  
8.6.7.4.1. (1) Private residence inclined elevators and lifts should be subject to the  
periodic tests specified in 8.6.4.19, 8.6.4.20, and 8.6.4.14 to 8.6.5.16. The test  
requirements shall apply to the corresponding requirements in 5.4. Any additional  
requirements for this equipment should also be checked during these tests.  
(2) Private residence inclined elevators installed under the requirements of the act  
for use by multiple, shall be subject to the periodic tests specified in 8.6.4.19, 8.6.4.20,  
and 8.6.5.14 to 8.6.5.16. The test requirements shall apply to the corresponding  
Page 23  
requirements in 5.4. Any additional requirements for this equipment shall also be  
checked during these tests.  
History: 2014 AACS.  
R 408.7056 Firefighters' emergency operation.  
Rule 56. Section 8.6.11.1 of the ASME A17.1 code is amended to read as follows:  
8.6.11.1. All elevators provided with firefighters' emergency operation shall be  
subjected quarterly to phase I recall by use of the key switch, and a minimum of 1-floor  
operation on phase II. Deficiencies shall be corrected. An accessible written record of  
test results shall be maintained in the machine room.  
History: 2003 AACS; 2010 AACS; 2014 AACS.  
R 408.7057 Applicability of alteration requirements.  
Rule 57. Section 8.7.1.1 of the ASME A17.1 code is amended to read as follows:  
8.7.1.1 (1) If any alteration is performed, regardless of any other requirements  
of section 8.7 of the ASME A17.1 code, then the installation, at a minimum, shall  
conform to both of the following requirements:  
(a) The Michigan elevator laws and rules at the time of installation.  
(b) The Michigan elevator laws and rules for the alteration at the time of any  
alteration.  
(2) A permit shall be obtained and the elevator shall not be placed into service  
until it has been inspected and tested in the presence of a general inspector, except as  
provided in section 15 of the act.  
History: 2003 AACS.  
R 408.7057a Code data plate.  
Rule 57a. Section 8.7.1.8 of the ASME A17.1 code is amended to read as  
follows:  
8.7.1.8. A data plate may be provided as required by section 8.6.1.5 of the ASME  
A17.1 code. In jurisdictions enforcing national building code of Canada, the data plate  
required by 8.9.1 shall include the code and edition in effect at the time of alteration and  
the requirements in section 8.7 of the ASME A17.1 code that were applicable to the  
alteration.  
History: 2010 AACS.  
R 408.7058 Cylinders.  
Rule 58. Section 8.7.3.23.3 of the ASME A17.1 code is amended to read as follows:  
8.7.3.23.3. Where a cylinder is installed, replaced, or altered, it shall conform to  
section 3.18.3 of the ASME A17.1 code. Sleeving of a cylinder shall not be permitted. If  
Page 24  
the plunger is not equipped with a stop ring conforming to section 3.18.4.1 of the ASME  
A17.1 code, the installation shall also conform to sections 3.18.1.2 and 3.18.2 of the  
ASME A17.1 code.  
History: 2003 AACS; 2005 AACS; 2010 AACS; 2014 AACS.  
R 408.7058a Escalators; general requirements.  
Rule 58a. Section 8.7.6.1.1 of the ASME A17.1 code is amended to read as  
follows:  
8.7.6.1.1 A change in component parts that are interchangeable in form, fit, and  
function is an alteration and shall comply with the requirements in this section as  
described in section 8.6.3.1 of the ASME A17.1 code.  
The addition of a component or a device that was not part of the original design is  
an alteration and shall conform to the requirements of section 8.7.6.1 of the ASME  
A17.1 code for that device or component.  
The requirements of section 6.1.3.6.5 of the ASME A17.1 code do not apply to  
existing escalators that were not required to comply with this requirement at the time of  
the original installation.  
History: 2010 AACS.  
R 408.7058b Moving walks; general requirements.  
Rule 58b. Section 8.7.6.2.1 of the ASME A17.1 code is amended to read as  
follows:  
8.7.6.2.1. A change in component parts that are interchangeable in form, fit, and  
function is an alteration and shall comply with the requirements in this section as  
described in section 8.6.3.1 of the ASME A17.1 code.  
The addition of a component or a device that was not part of the original design is  
an alteration and shall conform to the requirements of section 8.7.6.2 of the ASME  
A17.1 code for that device or component.  
When multiple driving machines per moving walk are utilized, operating and safety  
devices required by section 8.7.6.2 of the ASME A17.1 code shall simultaneously  
control all driving machines.  
History: 2010 AACS.  
R 408.7059 Acceptance inspection and tests.  
Rule 59. Section 8.10.1.1.1 of the ASME A17.1 code is amended to read as follows:  
8.10.1.1.1. The acceptance inspection shall be made by an inspector employed by  
the authority having jurisdiction. All parts of the installation shall be inspected for  
conformity with the requirements of the Michigan elevator laws and rules and section  
8.10 of the ASME A17.1 code. The American society of mechanical engineers A17.2-  
2012, guide for inspection of elevators, escalators, and moving walks, ASME, a copy of  
which is adopted by reference in R 408.7024, is recommended as a guide in making the  
Page 25  
inspection. Balance load and maximum normal speeds with maximum rated load and no  
load shall be determined and recorded on forms furnished by the department.  
History: 2003 AACS; 2010 AACS; 2014 AACS.  
R 408.7059a Periodic test tags.  
Rule 59a. Section 8.6.1.7.2 of the ASME A17.1 code is amended to read as follows:  
8.6.1.7.2. An approved paper tag with the applicable code requirement or  
requirements and date or dates performed, and the name of the person or firm performing  
the test, shall be installed in the machine room or machine space for all periodic tests.  
History: 2010 AACS; 2014 AACS.  
R 408.7060 Three-year inspection and test requirements.  
Rule 60. Section 8.6.5.15.3 is added to the ASME A17.1 code to read as follows:  
8.6.5.15.3. (1) Cylinders shall be tested at intervals of not more than 36 months.  
(2) Three-year inspection and test requirements.  
(a) The relief valve setting shall be in compliance with section 3.19.4.2 of the  
ASME A17.1 code. The relief valve shall be resealed if the relief valve setting is altered  
or if the seal is broken.  
(b) Test the relief valve setting by first inching the empty car upward to engage the  
plunger stop ring or to engage other suitable blocking provided and then apply pressure  
from the pump to check the setting.  
Procedures for set test are as follows:  
(i) Put rated load in the car and locate it at any convenient level.  
(ii) Open the disconnect switch and locate the elevation of the platform with respect  
to a convenient reference.  
(iii) For cylinders that are not completely exposed, after not less than 2 hours, note  
the position of the platform with respect to the chosen reference. For cylinders that are  
completely exposed, after not less than 30 minutes, note the position of the platform with  
respect to the chosen reference. A change in the car position during a cylinder test that  
cannot be accounted for by visible oil leakage or temperature change of the oil indicates a  
failure of some type requiring further inspections, tests, or repairs. An accessible written  
record of all oil levels and all oil added shall be maintained in the machine room.  
History: 2003 AACS; 2005 AACS; 2014 AACS.  
R 408.7060a Private residence elevators and private residence inclined  
elevators.  
Rule 60a. Section 8.11.5.2 of the ASME A17.1 code is amended to read as follows:  
8.11.5.2. (1) Private residence elevators should be subject to the periodic  
inspections specified in 8.11.2 and 8.11.3. The inspection requirements shall apply to the  
corresponding requirements in 5.3 and 5.4. Any additional requirements for this  
equipment should also be checked during these inspections.  
Page 26  
(2) Private residence inclined elevators installed under the requirements of the act  
for use by multiple residences, shall be subject to the periodic inspections specified in  
8.11.2 and 8.11.3. The inspection requirements shall apply to the corresponding  
requirements in 5.3 and 5.4. Any additional requirements for this equipment shall also be  
checked during these inspections.  
History: 2014 AACS.  
CHAPTER 4. ASME A18.1 MODIFICATIONS  
R 408.7061 Runway enclosure.  
Rule 61. Section 2.1.1.1 of the ASME A18.1 code is amended to read as follows:  
2.1.1.1 The runway shall be guarded by a solid enclosure extending from the  
lowest landing to a height at least equal to the height of the platform enclosure above the  
uppermost landing, in no case less than 42 inches (1067 mm) above the uppermost  
landing. The enclosure shall withstand, without permanent deformation, a force of  
125 lbf (556 n) applied on any 4 inch (102 mm) by 4 inch (102 mm) area. The interior  
of the runway enclosure shall present a smooth surface.  
History: 2003 AACS.  
R 408.7062 Runway entrance.  
Rule 62. Section 2.1.1.2 of the ASME A18.1 code is amended to read as follows:  
2.1.1.2 The runway entrance shall be guarded at the upper landing by a door of  
unperforated construction not wider than the platform plus 1 inch (25.4 mm). The door  
shall be self-closing and guard the entire opening to a height equal to or higher than the  
height of the platform enclosure. The openings created in the runway by these doors  
shall provide a minimum vertical clearance of 6 feet 8 inches. The doors shall guard  
the entire area of the openings except for space necessary for operation.  
Space  
necessary for operation shall reject a ball 12 mm (0.5 in.) in diameter. The lift side of the  
landing doors and sill shall present a smooth surface located not closer than 10 mm  
(0.375 in.) nor more than 20 mm (0.75 in.) from the platform floor.  
History: 2003 AACS; 2010 AACS.  
R 408.7062a Portable and temporary vertical platform lifts.  
Rule 62a. Section 2.1.3 of the ASME A18.1 code is amended to read as follows:  
2.1.3 Portable and temporary vertical platform lifts may only be installed for  
temporary use and shall meet all of the following conditions:  
(a) The portable or temporary platform lift may only be in place and in use for a  
maximum of 14 days. The 14 days begin on the date of the approval, which is given at  
the time of the installation inspection by the elevator safety division. The lift shall be  
Page 27  
removed from the site on or before the 16th day. In special situations a 1 time renewal  
may be granted by the department.  
(b) The lift shall be attendant-operated in accordance with the requirements  
of 2.10.2.  
(c) A key operated switch shall be provided at the operator station which will allow  
the up and down control switches to become effective only when the key is in the on  
position. The key operated switch shall be operated by a lock having 5-pin or 5-disk  
combination with a key removable only in the off position. Anytime the lift is not being  
operated, the key switch shall be in the off position and the key shall be removed.  
(d) The platform lift shall be positioned to prevent lateral movement during use.  
(e) Site specific drawings, which clearly show the location of the lift with regards  
to the area to be accessed, shall be submitted with the permit application.  
History: 2010 AACS.  
R 408.7063 Rescinded.  
History: 2003 AACS; 2014 AACS.  
R 408.7064 Rescinded.  
History: 2003 AACS; 2010 AACS; 2014 AACS.  
R 408.7065 Rescinded.  
History: 2003 AACS; 2010 AACS; 2014 AACS.  
R 408.7066 Guarding.  
Rule 66. Section 5.1.1.2 of the ASME A18.1 code is amended to read as follows:  
5.1.1.2 A smooth vertical fascia of unperforated construction shall be provided  
from the top terminal landing sill and any intermediate landing sill to the level of the  
bottom terminal landing sill. Openings necessary for operation shall reject a ball 12  
mm (0.5 in.) diameter. The fascia shall be equal to or stronger than 1.5 mm (0.0598 in.)  
sheet steel and guard the full width of the platform. The surface shall not be permanently  
deformed when a force of 550 N (125 lbf) is applied on any 100 mm (4 in.) by 100 mm  
(4 in.) area.  
History: 2003 AACS; 2010 AACS.  
R 408.7066a Rescinded.  
History: 2010 AACS; 2014 AACS.  
Page 28  
R 408.7067 Rescinded.  
History: 2003 AACS; 2010 AACS; 2014 AACS.  
R 408.7068 Inspection and test requirements for altered installations.  
Rule 68. Section 10.5 of the ASME A18.1 code is amended to read as follows:  
10.5 (1) If any alteration is performed, regardless of any other requirements  
of the standard, then the installation, at a minimum, shall conform to the requirements  
of the Michigan elevator laws and rules and the applicable code requirements.  
(2) The alteration shall not begin until a permit is obtained from the department  
and the elevator shall not be placed into service until it has been inspected and tested in  
the presence of a general elevator inspector, except as provided in section 15 of the act.  
History: 2003 AACS.  
CHAPTER 5. ASME A90-1 MODIFICATIONS  
R 408.7069 Applicability of national standard and rules of board.  
Rule 69. (1) This rule applies to manlifts, as described in the ASME A90.1-2009,  
which is adopted by reference in R 408.7003, that are used only to carry plant personnel  
in granaries, flour mills, parking garages, and similar buildings or occupancies. Belt  
manlifts shall not be used by the public and, if located in buildings to which the public  
has access, shall be located in an enclosure that is protected by self-closing, spring-locked  
doors. Keys to the doors shall be available to employees. The use of belt manlifts during  
construction is prohibited.  
(2) The hoistway enclosure shall comply with the Michigan building code, R  
408.30401 to R 408.30547, and shall maintain the fire rating of the structure.  
(3) The travel of any single belt manlift installed after February 14, 1968 shall not  
exceed 100 feet.  
History: 2003 AACS; 2005 AACS; 2010 AACS; 2014 AACS.  
CHAPTER 6. ANSI A10.4 MODIFICATIONS  
R 408.7070 Rescinded.  
History: 2003 AACS; 2005 AACS; 2010 AACS.  
R 408.7071 Location.  
Page 29  
Rule 71. Section 5.4.8 of the ANSI A10.4 standard is amended to read as follows:  
5.4.8. (1) A personnel hoist shall be installed not less than 10 feet from any other  
lifting or lowering apparatus except other personnel hoists.  
(2) A hoistway shall not be located either partially or wholly over sidewalks or  
passageways.  
(3) If tower cranes are installed such that the boom or trolley may go over or into  
the 10-foot restricted area, then the personnel hoist shall be unoccupied anytime the boom  
or trolley passes over the restricted area. The evacuation of the personnel hoist shall be  
the responsibility of the crane operator and the general contractor.  
History: 2003 AACS; 2010 AACS; 2014 AACS.  
R 408.7072 Hoistway doors and gates.  
Rule 72. Section 6.2.2 of the ANSI A10.4 standard is amended to read as follows:  
6.2.2 (1) Each hoistway door shall be equipped with an approved interlock.  
(2) Sliding doors and gates shall be constructed of metal and shall be of a design  
which will reject a ball 1-1/2 inches in diameter.  
History: 2003 AACS.  
R 408.7073 Rescinded.  
History: 2003 AACS; rescinded 2010 AACS.  
R 408.7074 Car enclosure tops.  
Rule 74. Section 17.7 of the ANSI A10.4 standard is amended to read as follows:  
17.7 Tops of car enclosures shall be so designed and installed to be capable of  
sustaining a load of 300 pounds (136 kg) on any square area 2 feet (0.6 m) on a side and  
100 pounds (45 kg) applied at any point. Simultaneous application of these loads is not  
required. The personnel hoist shall have overhead protection equivalent to 2-inch plank.  
The planks shall be secured.  
The exit cover shall be hinged and locked and open outward.  
History: 2003 AACS.  
R 408.7075 Use of winding drum machines.  
Rule 75. Section 22.2 of the ANSI A10.4 standard is amended to read as follows:  
22.2 Winding drum machines may be used irrespective of car travel if the drums  
are grooved for hoisting wire rope. Grooves shall be machine finished and shall be of  
the helical or parallel type. Only 1 layer of rope may be on the drum.  
History: 2003 AACS.  
Page 30  
R 408.7076 Car speed.  
Rule 76. Section 22.3 of the ANSI A10.4 standard is amended to read as follows:  
22.3 The rated speed shall not be more than 300 feet per minute.  
History: 2003 AACS.  
R 408.7077 Emergency stop switch.  
Rule 77. Section 24.2.4 of the ANSI A10.4 standard is amended to read as  
follows:  
24.2.4 An emergency stop switch shall be provided in the car and located in or  
adjacent to the car operating panel. When opened, the switch shall cause the electric  
power to be removed from the hoist driving-machine motor and brake. Emergency  
stop switches shall have all of the following characteristics:  
(1) Manually opened and closed type.  
(2) Red operating handles or buttons.  
(3) Conspicuously and permanently marked "stop."  
(4) Positively opened mechanically and the opening shall not be solely dependent  
on springs.  
(5) Capability of being locked out of use when the operator leaves the car.  
(6) Operation of the emergency stop switch shall not require manual resetting  
of the control panels.  
History: 2003 AACS.  
R 408.7078 Voltages permitted in hoistway or on car.  
Rule 78. Section 24.3.1 of the ANSI A10.4 standard is amended to read as  
follows:  
24.3.1 The maximum system or circuit potential permitted on any equipment in the  
hoistway or on the car shall be not more than 600 volts. If the potential exceeds 120  
volts, then either a grounding conductor shall be incorporated in the traveling cable or  
a separate grounding conductor shall be installed. A visual indicator shall be included  
in the grounding circuit, so arranged as to indicate continuously the continuity of the  
grounding conductor. The type and size of the grounding conductor and the grounding  
fastening means shall conform to the requirements of the Michigan electrical code. The  
grounding circuit shall include a device which will interrupt the electric circuit to the  
load if a ground fault occurs.  
History: 2003 AACS.  
R 408.7079 Rated load safety test.  
Rule 79. Section 26.4.8 of the ANSI A10.4 standard is amended to read as  
follows:  
Page 31  
26.4.8 A rated load safety test, as required by section 26.2.1.1 of the ANSI A10.4  
standard, shall be performed by a licensed elevator contractor in the presence of a  
general elevator inspector every 90 days.  
History: 2003 AACS.  
R 408.7080 Operation.  
Rule 80. Section 30 of the ANSI A10.4 standard is amended to read as follows:  
30 Hoists shall be operated in compliance with the manufacturing  
specifications, rules and recommendations, and with the governing authority. This shall  
consist of items, functions, and criteria pertaining to the hoist use and shall be a part of  
an operational maintenance and inspection log. Either of the following signal systems  
shall be provided:  
(a) An approved signal device to enable persons on each landing to signal the  
operator to stop and an emergency bell to signal the operator to return to the bottom  
landing.  
(b) An approved type voice communication system between the car and  
landings and the project manager or job site superintendent's office.  
History: 2003 AACS; 2010 AACS.  
R 408.7081 Authorized uses.  
Rule 81. Section 30.1 of the ANSI A10.4 standard is amended to read as follows:  
30.1 (1) Only workers and other authorized personnel associated with the work  
being done may ride on a personnel hoist.  
(2) A personnel hoist may be used for carrying materials if it is designed and  
installed for the type of load to be used and if no passengers are carried during the  
time materials are being carried except those necessary to handle the materials.  
(3) The load on a personnel hoist shall not exceed the maximum rated load  
established by the department.  
(4) Hoists shall be operated by competent, qualified, and authorized personnel  
using manual operating devices of the continuous pressure type located inside the  
hoist car only.  
History: 2003 AACS; 2010 AACS.  
R 408.7081a Operators.  
Rule 81a. Section 30.3 of the ANSI A10.4 standard is amended to read as follows:  
30.3 The user shall ensure that the operators are knowledgeable and capable of  
performing the duties outlined in the operating manual and are capable of recording  
such activity in their log.  
History: 2010 AACS.  
Page 32  
CHAPTER 7. SEWER LIFT STATION PERSONNEL ELEVATORS  
R 408.7082 Applicability.  
Rule 82. The rules in this subpart apply to electric powered elevators used in  
sewage lift stations.  
History: 2003 AACS.  
R 408.7083 Public access.  
Rule 83. A sewage lift station personnel elevator shall not be accessible to the  
general public and shall be limited to use by employees only.  
History: 2003 AACS.  
R 408.7084 Location, counterweights, and speed.  
Rule 84. (1) The elevator may be installed in the entrance well.  
(2) When counterweights and buffers are provided, the applicable rules shall  
apply.  
(3) The rated speed of a car shall not exceed 35 feet per minute.  
History: 2003 AACS.  
R 408.7085 Guarding exposed equipment.  
Rule 85. Exposed gears, sprockets, tape or rope sheaves, drums of selectors,  
floor controllers, signal machines and the ropes, chains or tapes for driving them shall be  
guarded to protect against accidental contact.  
History: 2003 AACS.  
R 408.7086 Supports and foundations.  
Rule 86. (1) Machines, machinery, and sheaves shall be supported and  
maintained in place so as to prevent any part from becoming loose or displaced.  
(2) Supporting beams shall be of steel. Beams are not required under machines,  
sheaves and machinery, or control equipment which are supported on floors provided  
that the floors are designed and installed to support the load imposed on the floor.  
History: 2003 AACS.  
R 408.7087 Distance from car platform to floor level.  
Page 33  
Rule 87. The distance from the top of a car platform at the lowest landing shall be  
not more than 20 inches above the floor level. The means of descent from the car  
platform shall not constitute a hazard.  
History: 2003 AACS.  
R 408.7088 Car and counterweight clearances.  
Rule 88. (1) If a car platform is level with the lowest landing, then the car buffer  
striker plates shall not be in contact with the buffers.  
(2) If the car is at its extreme limit of normal travel, then there shall be not less than  
6 inches between the top of the car crosshead and the nearest obstruction.  
(3) If the counterweights are resting on their buffers, then there shall be not less  
than 3 inches between the top of the car crosshead and the nearest obstruction.  
(4) If the car is resting on its buffers there shall be not less than 3 inches clearance  
between the top of the counterweights and the nearest obstruction.  
(5) The clearances between the car and the hoistway enclosure, hoistway sill, or  
any obstruction shall be not less than 3/4 inch.  
(6) The clearance between the car platform sill and hoistway edge shall be not more  
than 5 inches.  
(7) The underside of a projection into the hatch shall be beveled at an angle of not  
less than 75 degrees with the horizontal unless protected by a safety device to stop the  
ascending car.  
(8) The top of the lower landing entrance shall be provided with a safety device to  
stop the ascending car if for any reason an overhanging obstruction on the car comes in  
contact with a shear hazard.  
History: 2003 AACS.  
R 408.7089 Landing openings.  
Rule 89. (1) If an upper landing side entrance door is provided, then the entrance  
shall be not less than 6 1/2 feet in height.  
(2) The top of the hoistway shall be provided with an overlapping, self-locking  
hinged cover designed to lock the closed side entrance door when the lift station is  
unoccupied.  
History: 2003 AACS.  
R 408.7090 Locking devices.  
Rule 90. (1) The hinged cover and the upper landing side entrance door, when  
provided, shall be provided with a mechanical latch and an electrical contact designed  
to be operated from inside the hoistway.  
(2) A locking device shall be provided to prevent the top hinged cover from  
locking the upper landing side entrance door when the lift station is occupied.  
Page 34  
History: 2003 AACS.  
R 408.7091 Guide rails.  
Rule 91. (1) A car and counterweight shall be provided with guide rails of steel.  
(2) A guide rail shall be securely fastened with through bolts or clips of strength,  
design, and spacing as follows:  
(a) A guide rail and its fastenings shall not deflect more than 1/4 inch under  
normal operations.  
(b) A guide rail and its fastenings shall withstand the application of the safety when  
stopping the car with a rated load or when stopping the counterweights.  
(c) A guide rail shall rest on supports and extend at the top of the hoistway to  
prevent the guide shoes from running off the guide rail if the car or the counterweight  
travels beyond the terminal landings.  
History: 2003 AACS.  
R 408.7092 Frames, enclosures, platforms, capacity, and final limits.  
Rule 92. (1) A car frame and platform shall be of metal. Frame members shall be  
securely bolted and braced. The factor of safety shall not be less than 4 with a uniformly  
distributed rated load.  
(2) The car shall be enclosed to the extent necessary to afford reasonable protection.  
(3) The platform area shall not exceed 5 square feet.  
(4) The rated capacity shall be not less than 300 pounds.  
(5) The limit of travel for the elevator shall be not more than 50 feet.  
History: 2003 AACS; 2010 AACS.  
R 408.7093 Emergency exits.  
Rule 93. A car shall be provided with an emergency exit giving egress from the car  
to an emergency ladder from any location in the hoistway and shall be provided with  
electrical contacts to prevent movement of the car while the emergency exit is open.  
History: 2003 AACS.  
R 408.7094 Safeties and governors.  
Rule 94. (1) A car shall be provided with a car safety capable of stopping and  
sustaining the car with a rated load.  
(2) The car safety shall be of the inertia or other type approved by the board,  
operated as a result of the breakage of the hoisting mechanism or by a speed governor. A  
governor of the speed-governor type shall operate to set the safety at a speed of not  
more than 175 feet per minute and on breakage of the suspension means. The safety shall  
operate without appreciable delay and independently of the governor speed action.  
Page 35  
(3) If a speed governor is used, then it shall be located where there is sufficient  
space for full movement of the governor parts and where the governor cannot be  
struck by the car or counterweight in case of overtravel.  
(4) A safety operated switch shall be provided to open the motor-control circuit  
and the brake-control circuit before or at the time the safety applies.  
(5) A governor rope shall be of iron, steel, Monel Metal, or phosphor bronze not  
less than 1/4 inch in diameter. Tiller-rope construction shall not be used for a governor  
rope.  
(6) An elevator of the winding-drum type or roller chain drive type shall be  
provided with a slack-rope device of the manually reset type which will remove the  
power from the motor and brake if the car is obstructed in its descent and the hoisting  
chain or rope slackens.  
(7) A car safety device which depends upon completion of maintenance of an  
electric circuit for application of the safety shall not be used. A car safety shall be  
applied mechanically.  
(8) Cast iron shall not be used in construction of any part of a car safety, the  
breakage of which would result in failure of the safety to function to stop and sustain  
the car.  
(9) A test of a car safety shall be made with a rated load in the car before the  
elevator is put into service. Governor operation of an instantaneous-type safety  
shall be tested at rated speed by tripping the governor by hand. A safety operated as  
the result of the breaking of the hoisting mechanism shall be tested by obtaining the  
necessary slack rope to cause it to function.  
(10) An overspeed governor shall be provided for a traction machine.  
History: 2003 AACS.  
R 408.7095 Driving machines and sheaves.  
Rule 95. (1) A sprocket, winding drum, traction sheave and overhead and  
deflecting sheave shall be of cast iron or steel. The diameter of a sheave shall not be  
les