DEPARTMENT OF LICENSING AND REGULATORY AFFAIRS  
DIRECTOR'S OFFICE  
CONSTRUCTION SAFETY STANDARDS  
(By authority conferred on the director of the department of licensing and regulatory  
affairs by sections 19 and 21 of 1974 PA 154 and Executive Reorganization Order Nos.  
1996-2, 2003-1, 2008-4, and 2011-4, MCL 445.2001, 445.2011, 445.2025, and 445.2030)  
PART 17. ELECTRICAL INSTALLATIONS  
R 408.41701 Scope.  
Rule 1701. This part applies to the installation and use of temporary and  
permanent electrical systems for construction operations.  
History: 1979 AC.  
R 408.41717 Definitions; A to C.  
Rule 1717. (1) "Approved label" means a label or other identifying mark of a  
nationally recognized testing laboratory.  
(2) "Bonding" means the joining of metallic parts by pressure, fusing, or  
mechanical means to form an electrically conductive path which assures electric  
continuity and the capacity to conduct safely any current likely to be imposed.  
(3) "Branch circuit" means that portion of a wiring system extending beyond the  
final overload device and protecting the circuit and the outlets.  
(4) "Circuit breaker" means a device designed to open and close a circuit by  
manual means and to open a circuit automatically on a predetermined overload of  
current, without injury to itself, within the rating of the circuit breaker.  
(5) "Competent person" means an employer or employee who is capable of  
identifying an existing or predictable hazard in surroundings or under working  
conditions which are hazardous or dangerous to an employee, and who has the  
authority and knowledge to take prompt corrective measures to eliminate the hazards.  
History: 1979 AC.  
R 408.41718 Definitions; G to W.  
Rule 1718. (1) "Ground" means a conducting connection between an electrical  
circuit or equipment and earth or a conducting body which serves in place of the  
earth.  
(2) "Isolated" means not readily accessible to an employee unless special means  
of access are used.  
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(3) "Qualified employee" means an employee who has the training, experience,  
and technical knowledge necessary to install wiring and equipment in accordance  
with the standard rules and regulations governing such work.  
(4) "Weatherproof" means so constructed or protected that exposure to the weather  
does not interfere with successful operation.  
History: 1979 AC.  
R 408.41719. Adoption by reference.  
Rule 1719. (1) Electrical wiring, apparatus, and equipment shall be manufactured,  
installed, and maintained as prescribed in the National Fire Protection Association  
(NFPA) standard, No. 70, 1975 edition, “National Electrical Code”, which is adopted by  
reference. This standard may be purchased from, NFPA, 1 Batterymarch Park, Quincy,  
Massachusetts, USA, 02169-7471, telephone number: 1-617-770-3000 or via the internet  
(2) Section 210-8 of the code adopted by reference in subrule (1) of this rule is  
excepted. In lieu of this section, the employer shall conform to 1 of the following:  
(a) Install ground-fault circuit interrupters as prescribed in rule 1721.  
(b) Establish and implement an assured equipment grounding conductor program as  
prescribed in rule 1722.  
(3) The standard adopted in subrule (1) of this rule is also available for inspection at  
the Department of Licensing and Regulatory Affairs, MIOSHA Standards Section, 7150  
Harris Drive, P.O. Box 30643, Lansing, Michigan, 48909-8143.  
(4) Copies of the standard adopted in subrule (1) of this rule may be obtained from the  
publisher or may also be obtained from the Department of Licensing and Regulatory  
Affairs, MIOSHA Standards Section, 7150 Harris Drive, P.O. Box 30643, Lansing,  
Michigan, 48909-8143, at the cost charged in this rule, plus $20.00 for shipping and  
handling.  
History: 1979 AC; 2013 AACS.  
R 408.41721 Ground fault circuit interrupters.  
Rule 1721. All 120-volt, single-phase 15 and 20 ampere receptacle outlets used  
for construction operations, which are not a part of the permanent wiring of the  
building or structure and which are in use by an employee, shall have approved  
ground fault circuit interrupters for personnel protection. A receptacle on a 2-wire,  
single-phase portable or vehicle mounted generator rated at not more than 5 kilowatt,  
where the circuit conductors of the generator are insulated from the generator frame and  
all other grounded surfaces, need not be protected with ground fault interrupters.  
History: 1979 AC.  
R 408.41722 Assured equipment grounding conductor program.  
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Rule 1722. (1) The employer shall establish and implement an assured equipment  
grounding conductor program for construction operations. The program shall cover all  
extension cords, receptacles which are not a part of the permanent wiring of the  
building or structure, and equipment connected by cord and plug which are available  
for use or used by employees.  
(2) This program shall comply with the following minimum requirements:  
(a) A written description of the program, including the specific procedures  
adopted by the employer, shall be available at the jobsite for inspection and copying by  
the director, department representative, and any affected employee.  
(b) The employer shall designate 1 or more competent persons to implement  
the program.  
(c) Each extension cord, attachment cap, plug and receptacle of cord sets, and any  
equipment connected by cord and plug, except extension cords and receptacles which are  
fixed and not exposed to damage, shall be visually inspected before each day's use  
for external defects, such as deformed or missing pins or insulation damage, and for  
indications of possible internal damage. Equipment found damaged or defective shall  
not be used until repaired.  
(d) The following tests shall be performed on all extension cords, receptacles  
which are not a part of the permanent wiring of the building or structure, and cord and  
plug connected equipment required to be grounded:  
(i) All equipment grounding conductors shall be tested for electrical continuity.  
(ii) Each receptacle and attachment cap or plug shall be tested for correct  
attachment of the equipment grounding conductor. The equipment grounding  
conductor shall be connected to its proper terminal.  
(e) All required tests shall be performed at the following time:  
(i) Before first use.  
(ii) Before equipment is returned to service following any repairs.  
(iii) Before equipment is used after any incident which can be reasonably  
suspected to have caused damage, for example, when an extension cord is run over.  
(iv) At intervals not exceeding 3 months, except that extension cords and  
receptacles which are fixed and not exposed to damage shall be tested at intervals not  
exceeding 6 months.  
(f) The employer shall not make available, or permit the use by employees of,  
any equipment which does not meet the requirements of this rule.  
(g) Tests performed as required in this rule shall be recorded. The test record shall  
identify each receptacle, extension cord, and cord and plug connected equipment that  
passed the test, and shall indicate the last date it was tested or the interval for which it  
was tested. This record shall be kept by means of logs, color coding, or other effective  
means, and shall be maintained until replaced by a more current record. The record  
shall be made available at the jobsite for inspection by the director, department  
representative, and any affected employee.  
History: 1979 AC.  
R 408.41723 Employer responsibility.  
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Rule 1723. (1) An employer shall assure that an employee does not engage in the  
installation activities to which this part applies unless the employee is a licensed  
electrician, or the employee is working with, or under the supervision of, a licensed  
electrician. A qualified employee is not required to be licensed when working on  
utility installation or maintenance such as, but not limited to, substations, switch yards,  
and street or highway lighting.  
(2) The employer shall insure that all live parts of electrical equipment  
operating at 50 volts or more are properly guarded against accidental contact.  
(3) The employer shall do all of the following:  
(a) Limit access to energized electrical equipment such as, but not limited to,  
switch gear, transformers, and service panels, to qualified employees.  
(b) Provide, and insure the proper use of, an accident prevention sign on electric  
apparatus, equipment, and enclosures. The voltage shall be indicated.  
(c) Provide a conductor of an ampacity of not less than the rating of the circuit  
breaker or fuses protecting that circuit.  
(d) Insure that a bare conductor or earth return is not used for any temporary  
circuit.  
(e) Insure that all electrical wiring is protected from physical damage.  
History: 1979 AC.  
R 408.41724 Electrical installations.  
Rule 1724. (1) Electrical apparatus and equipment used for construction operations  
shall bear an approved label or marking.  
(2) Before work begins, a competent person shall ascertain by inquiry, observation,  
or instruments whether any part of an electric power circuit, exposed or concealed, is so  
located that, in performance of the work, contact by an employee, tool, or equipment  
can be made with the circuit.  
(3) Any employee shall not be permitted to be in proximity to any part of an  
electric power circuit that he may contact unless the employee is protected against  
electric shock by de-energizing the circuit and locking out and tagging it, or unless the  
employee working on an energized circuit is guarded by insulation, insulated tools, or  
insulating matting or blankets sufficient to protect against the voltage involved.  
(4) Where an electrical power circuit exists that can be contacted by an employee,  
the employer shall do both of the following:  
(a) Post and maintain accident prevention signs prescribed in Part 22. Signals,  
Signs, Tags, and Barricades, being R 408.42201 et seq. of the Michigan Administrative  
Code.  
(b) Advise the employee of the location of the lines, hazard involved, and  
protective measures taken or to be taken.  
(5) When an employee is using a jack hammer, bar, or other tool which could  
come in contact with an underground line, the energy source shall be de-energized.  
(6) A work space of not less than 3 feet wide and 6 1/2 feet high, in addition to  
space necessary to open equipment doors not less than 90 degrees, shall be provided  
and maintained in the area of electrical equipment.  
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(7) Barriers or other means shall be provided to ensure that the work space for  
electrical equipment is not used as a passageway during periods when energized parts of  
electrical equipment are exposed.  
History: 1979 AC.  
R 408.41725. Wiring; attachment plug receptacles; extension and trailing  
cords; handlamps; portable electric tools used in wet environment; convertor  
supplying equipment at more than 300 volts.  
Rule 1725. (1) When electrical wiring is used in a tank or other confined space, a  
properly identified disconnect switch shall be provided at the entrance.  
(2) A receptacle for an attachment plug shall meet all of the following requirements:  
(a) Be of the concealed contact type.  
(b) Have a contact for extending ground continuity.  
(c) Be designed and constructed so that the plug may be removed without leaving any  
live parts exposed to contact.  
(d) Not be capable of receiving attachment plugs for a voltage, frequency, or type of  
current different from that for which the receptacle is intended, nor shall a plug of a  
different style be forced into a receptacle.  
(3) An extension cord used with a portable electric tool or appliance shall be a 3-wire  
type.  
(4) Conductors supplying temporary wiring shall be the minimum protective qualities of  
type NM wire for use indoors, or type UF wire for use outdoors.  
(5) A brass shell, paper lined lamp holder and a pintype lampholder which damages the  
insulation shall not be used.  
(6) Wiring for temporary lighting in excess of 12 volts used on barricades, fences, and  
sidewalk coverings shall be protected against abrasion of accidental damage to the  
insulation.  
(7) Trailing cords and extension cords shall meet all of the following:  
(a) Be protected against damage.  
(b) Hung in a manner which does not damage the covering.  
(c) Retain their insulating value and dielectric and physical strength when spliced.  
(d) Be insulated to prevent shock or shorts.  
(e) Have a plug body or receptacle which is either molded to the cord or is equipped  
with a cord clamp to prevent strain on the terminal screws, or a receptacle installed in a  
steel box with a cover and cord clamp.  
(8) A portable handlamp shall be made of molded composition or other approved  
material and shall have a molded handle with bulb guard attached to it.  
(9) A portable light used in moist or other hazardous areas, such a drum, tank, or vessel,  
shall be operated at a maximum of 12 volts, or shall be protected by an approved  
ground-fault interrupter.  
(10) A portable electric tool used in a wet atmosphere or environment shall be protected  
by an approved ground-fault interrupter.  
(11) An attachment plug or other connector supplying equipment at more than 300 volts  
shall be of the skirted type or shall be otherwise designed to confine any arcs.  
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History: 1979 AC; 2013 AACS.  
R 408.41726 Exposure to energized conductors or switch gear of 440 volts  
between phases.  
Rule 1726. Where the work requires exposure to, or handling of, energized  
conductors or switch gear of 440 volts or more between phases, 2 or more qualified  
employees shall work together.  
History: 1979 AC.  
R 408.41727 Switches, circuit breakers, disconnectors, transformers, and  
boxes.  
Rule 1727. (1) Each switch, circuit breaker, and disconnector shall meet all of the  
following requirements:  
(a) Be marked to indicate its purpose unless it is so located that the purpose is  
evident and it is secured against displacement.  
(b) Be of the weatherproof type where damp or wet conditions exist.  
(2) A box for disconnecting means shall have dead fronts or covers, which shall  
be kept in place or closed when the panel is energized, or the requirements of R  
408.41723 and R 408.41724 shall be complied with.  
(3) An arc shield shall be provided on a disconnect of 60 ampere capacity or  
larger.  
(4) A disconnecting means shall be provided to disconnect all energized  
conductors in a building or structure from the service entrance conductors.  
(5) An energized transformer and other related energized equipment over 150 volts  
to ground shall be protected to prevent accidental contact. The protection shall be an  
individual housing or an electrical substation fence. A metallic enclosure shall be  
grounded. Access to this equipment shall require a key or tool. A transformer mounted  
on a utility pole at a height of more than 12 feet is excepted from the requirements of  
this subrule.  
History: 1979 AC.  
R 408.41728. Grounding and bonding.  
Rule 1728. (1) A grounding circuit shall be continuous, be capable of carrying the  
current imposed on it, and have a resistance low enough to permit sufficient current to  
flow to cause the fuse or circuit breaker to interrupt the current.  
(2) Non-electrical equipment. The metal parts of the following non-electrical equipment  
shall be grounded:  
(a) Frames and tracks of electrically operated cranes.  
(b) Frames of non-electrically driven elevator cars to which electric conductors are  
attached.  
(c) Hand-operated metal shifting ropes or cables of electric elevators.  
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(d) Metal partitions, grill work, and similar metal enclosures around equipment of  
over 1 kV between conductors.  
(3) Driven rod electrodes, either singly or connected, shall have a resistance to ground  
of not more than 25 ohms.  
(4) Conductors used for bonding shall be capable of carrying the imposed current. The  
bonding clamps shall have a secure and positive metal-to-metal contact.  
History: 1979 AC; 2013 AACS.  
Editor's Note: An obvious error in R 408.41728 was corrected at the request of the promulgating  
agency, pursuant to Section 56 of 1969 PA 306, as amended by 2000 PA 262, MCL 24.256. The rule  
containing the error was published in Michigan Register, 2013 MR 1. The memorandum requesting the  
correction was published in Michigan Register, 2013 MR 12.  
R 408.41729 Temporary lighting.  
Rule 1729. (1) A temporary light shall be equipped with a guard to prevent  
accidental contact with the bulb, except that a guard is not required when the bulb is  
fully recessed in the reflector.  
(2) A temporary light shall not be suspended by the electric cord unless the cord and  
light is designed for suspension.  
History: 1979 AC.  
R 408.41730 Circuit protection.  
Rule 1730. (1) Circuit protection shall be provided by fuses or circuit breakers for  
each feeder and branch circuit and shall be based on the current carrying capacity of  
the conductors and power load.  
(2) A fuse puller shall be used to install or remove a cartridge fuse when 1 or more  
terminals are energized.  
(3) A circuit protection device shall not be placed in a grounded circuit except  
where the device simultaneously opens both the ground and energized circuit.  
(4) Circuit protection in existing installations shall not be changed to increase the  
load in excess of the load rating of the conductor or equipment.  
History: 1979 AC.  
R 408.41731 Location and protection of electric lines.  
Rule 1731. (1) Electric lines crossing work areas, employee foot or vehicular  
traffic aisles, shall be fastened overhead or protected by a cover capable of  
withstanding the imposed loads without creating a tripping hazard.  
(2) All wiring installed above grade and used for construction operations shall  
be maintained at a height which provides safe clearance for all work operations.  
History: 1979 AC.  
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R 408.41732 Electrical equipment used in hazardous locations.  
Rule 1732. (1) Electrical components and equipment used in a hazardous location  
shall have an approved label for the specific hazardous location.  
(2) All screws, gaskets, and threaded connections shall maintain a vapor tight, dust  
tight, or fiber tight condition as required by the type of hazard class.  
History: 1979 AC.  
R 408.41733 Battery room; safety equipment; charging battery.  
Rule 1733. (1) When a battery room is used in conjunction with construction  
operations it shall meet all of the following requirements:  
(a) Be equipped with an exhaust system arranged to remove fumes and gases  
from any ignition source.  
(b) Have floor and racks protected from battery acid.  
(c) Have a means of flushing the eyes and body of an employee provided within 25  
feet of a battery room.  
(d) Have facilities provided for flushing and neutralizing spilled electrolyte.  
(e) Have fire protection as required by Part 18. Fire Protection and Prevention,  
being R 408.41801 et seq. of the Michigan Administrative Code.  
(f) Provide protection of charging apparatus from damage by trucks.  
(g) Be located in an area designated for that purpose.  
(2) An employer shall provide, and require the use of, face and eye protection  
and rubber gloves and aprons by an employee handling acids and batteries as prescribed  
in construction safety standard, Part 6. Personal Protective Equipment, being R  
408.40601 et seq. of the Michigan Administrative Code.  
(a) When charging a battery, the vent caps shall be kept in place and maintained  
operable.  
History: 1979 AC; 1982 AACS.  
R 408.41734 Inspection and repair of electrical equipment.  
Rule 1734. (1) Electrical equipment shall be inspected periodically. The inspection  
shall be made at reasonable intervals according to the equipment use and the  
severity of conditions under which it is used. Worn and frayed cable shall not be used.  
(2) Repairs of electrical equipment shall be made by a licensed electrician or  
an employee supervised by a licensed electrician except as provided in R 408.41723(1).  
History: 1979 AC.  
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