DEPARTMENT OF ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY  
ENVIRONMENTAL RESPONSE DIVISION  
GENERAL RULES  
(By authority conferred on the water resources commission by sections 2 and 5 of  
Act No. 245 of the Public Acts of 1929, as amended, sections 33 and 63 of Act No. 306  
of the Public Acts of 1969, as amended, and Executive Order No. 1976-8a, being  
§§323.2, 323.5, 24.233, and 24.263 of the Michigan Compiled Laws)  
PART 23. PRETREATMENT  
R 323.2301 Purpose and applicability.  
Rule 1. (1) These rules are promulgated to implement the pretreatment  
responsibilities under the clean water act and the act. These rules establish  
responsibilities of state and local government, industry, and the public to control  
pollutants which pass-through or interfere with treatment processes in publicly  
owned treatment works, which may contaminate sewage sludge, or which cause  
publicly owned treatment works' worker health and safety problems.  
(2) These rules apply to nondomestic users that discharge pollutants to a publicly  
owned treatment works either directly or indirectly, including by truck, rail, or any other  
means of discharge, and apply to publicly owned treatment works that receive  
pollutants from nondomestic users which are subject to pretreatment standards.  
History: 1995 AACS.  
R 323.2302 Definitions.  
Rule 2. As used in this part:  
(a) "Act" means sections 3101 to 3119 of Act No. 451 of the Public Actsof 1994, as  
amended, being §§324.3101 to 324.3119 of the Michigan CompiledLaws.  
(b) "Approval authority" means the department of natural resources.  
(c) "Approved program" or "approved pretreatment program" or "publicly owned  
treatment works' pretreatment program" means a program administered by a publicly  
owned treatment works which meets the criteria established in R 323.2306 and which  
has been approved by the approval authority in accordance with R 323.2308.  
(d) "Average daily flow" means a reasonable measure of the average daily flow for a  
30-day period.  
(e) "Bypass" means the intentional diversion of wastestreams from any portion of  
an industrial user's treatment facility needed for compliance with pretreatment  
standards.  
(f) "Categorical industrial user" means all nondomestic users subject to categorical  
pretreatment standards.  
Page 1  
(g) "Categorical pretreatment standard" or "categorical standard" means any  
regulation containing pollutant discharge limits promulgated by the E.P.A. in  
accordance with sections 307(b) and (c) of the clean water act, 33 U.S.C. §1317, which  
apply to a specific category of nondomestic users and which appear in 40 C.F.R.  
chapter I, subchapter N (1990), parts 405-471.  
(h) "Clean water act" means the federal water pollution control act, 33 U.S.C.  
§1251 et seq., as amended.  
(i) "Composite sample" means a collection of individual samples which are  
obtained at regular intervals, collected on a time-proportional or flow-proportional  
basis, over a specific time period and which provides a representative sample of the  
average stream during the sampling period.  
(j) "Control authority" means the publicly owned treatment works if it has an  
approved program or means the approval authority until the publicly owned treatment  
works' program is approved.  
(k) "Department" means the director of the department of natural resources or  
his or her designee.  
(l) "Discharge" means any direct or indirect discharge of any waste, waste  
effluent, wastewater, pollutant, or any combination into any of the waters of the state or  
upon the ground.  
(m) "E.P.A." means the United States environmental protection agency.  
(n) "Grab sample" means a sample is taken from a wastestream on a 1-time basis  
over a period of time of not more than 15 minutes without regard to the flow in the  
wastestream.  
(o) "Interference" means a discharge, alone or in conjunction with a discharge or  
discharges from other sources, to which both of the following provisions apply:  
(i) The discharge inhibits or disrupts the publicly owned treatment works, its  
treatment processes or operations, or its sludge processes, use, or disposal.  
(ii) Pursuant to paragraph (i) of this subdivision, the discharge is a cause of a  
violation of any requirement of the publicly owned treatment works' permit, including  
an increase in the magnitude or duration of a violation, or of the prevention of sewage  
sludge use or disposal in compliance with the following statutory provisions and  
regulations or permits issued thereunder, or more stringent state or local regulations:  
(A) Section 405 of the clean water act.  
(B) The solid waste disposal act, 42 U.S.C. §6901 et seq., including title II, more  
commonly referred to as the resource conservation and recovery act, and including  
state regulations contained in any state  
sludge management plan prepared pursuant to subtitle D of the solid waste disposal  
act.  
(C) The clean air act, 42 U.S.C. §7401 et seq.  
(D) The toxic substances control act, 15 U.S.C. §2601 et seq.  
(E) The marine protection, research, and sanctuaries act, 33 U.S.C. §1401 et seq.  
(p) "Local limit" means a specific prohibition or limit set by a publicly owned  
treatment works on discharges by a nondomestic user.  
(q) "Municipality" means a county, city, village, township, district, association, or  
other public body created by or under state law, or an agency or instrumentality of any  
of them, having jurisdiction over the disposal of wastewater.  
Page 2  
(r) "New source" means any building, structure, facility, or installation from  
which there is or may be a discharge and for which construction commenced after  
the publication of proposed pretreatment  
standards under section 307(c) of the clean water act will be applicable to the source  
if the standards are thereafter promulgated in accordance with section 307(c), and if any  
of the following provisions apply:  
(i) The building, structure, facility, or installation is constructed at a site at which no  
other source is located.  
(ii) The building, structure, facility, or installation totally replaces the process or  
production equipment that causes the discharge of pollutants at an existing source.  
(iii) The production of wastewater-generating processes of the building, structure,  
facility, or installation is substantially independent of an existing source at the same  
site. The extent to which the new facility is engaged in the same general type of activity  
as the existing source andthe extent of integration of the new facility with the  
existing plant should be considered in determining whether the process is substantially  
independent.  
(s) "Nondomestic user" means an industry, commercial establishment, or other  
entity that discharges wastewater to a publicly owned treatment works other than, or  
in addition to, sanitary sewage.  
(t) "Pass-through" means a discharge that exits a publicly owned treatment  
works into state waters in quantities or concentrations which, alone or in conjunction  
with a discharge or discharges from other sources, cause a violation of any requirement  
of the act.  
(u) "Permit" means an authorization, license, or equivalent control document and  
includes any of the following:  
(i) A nondomestic user permit, which is a control document issued by the publicly  
owned treatment works that controls the wastewater discharges from nondomestic  
users into the publicly owned treatment works.  
(ii) A national pollutant discharge elimination system, which is a permit issued  
pursuant to section 3112(1) of the act to control wastewater discharges to the surface  
waters.  
(iii) A state permit, which is a permit issued pursuant to section3112(1) of the  
act to control wastewater discharges of publicly owned treatment works to the  
groundwaters.  
(v) "Pollutant" means any of the following:  
(i) Substances regulated by categorical standards.  
(ii) Substances discharged to publicly owned treatment works that are required to  
be monitored, are limited in the publicly owned treatment works' permit, or are to be  
identified in the publicly owned treatment works' permit application.  
(iii) Substances for which control measures on nondomestic users are necessary  
to avoid restricting the publicly owned treatment works' approved residuals  
management program.  
(iv) Substances for which control measures on nondomestic users are necessary  
to avoid operational problems at the publicly owned treatment works.  
(v) Substances for which control measures on nondomestic sources are necessary  
to avoid worker health and safety problems in publicly owned treatment works.  
Page 3  
(w) "Pretreatment" means the reduction of the amount of pollutants, the elimination  
of pollutants, or the alteration of the nature of pollutant properties in wastewater before  
or instead of discharging or otherwise introducing the pollutants into a publicly  
owned treatment works. The reduction or alteration may be obtained by physical,  
chemical, or biological processes; process changes; or other means, except for the use of  
dilution, unless expressly authorized by an applicable pretreatment standard or  
requirement.  
(x) "Pretreatment program" means a nondomestic user waste control program  
which is required in a publicly owned treatment works' wastewater discharge permit or  
order of the department and which is developed in accordance with R 323.2306.  
(y) "Pretreatment requirements" means any substantive or procedural requirement  
related to pretreatment, other than a pretreatment standard, imposed on a nondomestic  
user.  
(z) "Pretreatment standard" means any regulation containing pollutant discharge  
limits promulgated in accordance with section 307(b) and (c) of the clean water act and  
the act. This term includes prohibited discharges and local limits defined in R 323.2303  
and categorical standards.  
(aa) "Publicly owned treatment works" means a treatment works that is owned by  
a municipality and includes any devices and systems used in the storage, treatment,  
recycling, and reclamation of municipal sewage or industrial wastes of a liquid  
nature. The term also includes sewers, pipes, and other conveyances if they convey  
wastewater to a publicly owned treatment works. The term also means the  
municipality that has jurisdiction over the indirect discharges to, and the discharges  
from, a treatment works.  
(bb) "Sanitary sewage" means water-carried wastes from toilet, kitchen, laundry,  
bathing, or other facilities used for household purposes.  
(cc) "Significant industrial user" means either of the following:  
(i) A nondomestic user subject to categorical pretreatment standards under 40  
C.F.R. §403 (1992) and 40 C.F.R. chapter I, subchapter N (1990).  
(ii) A nondomestic user to which 1 of the following provisions applies:  
(A) The user discharges an average of 25,000 gallons per day or more of process  
wastewater to the publicly owned treatment works, excluding sanitary, noncontact  
cooling, and boiler blowdown wastewater.  
(B) The user contributes a process wastestream that makes up 5% or more of the  
average dry weather hydraulic or organic capacity of the publicly owned treatment  
works.  
(C) The user is designated as a significant industrial user by the control authority  
on the basis that the user has a reasonable potential for adversely affecting the publicly  
owned treatment works' operation or  
for violating any pretreatment standard or requirement.  
(iii) Upon a finding that a nondomestic user meeting the criteria in paragraph (ii)  
of this subdivision has no reasonable potential for adversely affecting the publicly  
owned treatment works' operation or for violating any pretreatment standard or  
requirement, the control authority may, at any time, on its own initiative or in response  
to a petition received from a nondomestic user or publicly owned treatment works,  
determine that a nondomestic user is not a significant nondomestic user.  
Page 4  
(dd) "Significant noncompliance" means any of the following:  
(i) Chronic violations of wastewater discharge limits, defined as results of  
analyses in which 66% or more of all of the measurements taken during a 6-month  
period exceed, by any magnitude, the daily maximum limit or the average limit for the  
same pollutant parameter.  
(ii) Technical review criteria violations, defined as results of analyses in which  
33% or more of all of the measurements for each pollutant parameter taken during a  
6-month period equal or exceed the product of the daily maximum limit or the average  
limit multiplied by the applicable technical review criteria. Technical review criteria  
equals 1.4 for conventional pollutants and 1.2 for all other pollutants, except pH.  
(iii) Any other violation of a pretreatment effluent limit, daily maximum, or  
longer-term average that the control authority determines has caused, alone or in  
combination with other discharges, interference or pass-through, including  
endangering the health of publicly owned treatment works' personnel or the general  
public.  
(iv) Any discharge of a pollutant that has caused imminent endangerment to human  
health, welfare, or the environment or has resulted in the publicly owned treatment  
works' exercise of its emergency authority under R 323.2306(a)(vi) to halt or prevent the  
discharge.  
(v) Failure to meet, within 90 days after the schedule date, a compliance  
schedule milestone contained in a local control mechanism or enforcement order for  
starting construction, completing construction, or attaining final compliance.  
(vi) Failure to provide, within 30 days after the due date, required reports, such as  
baseline monitoring reports, 90-day compliance reports, periodic self-monitoring  
reports, and reports on compliance with compliance schedules.  
(vii) Failure to accurately report noncompliance.  
(viii) Any other violation or group of violations that the control authority  
determines will adversely affect the operation or implementation of the local pretreatment  
program.  
(ee) "Slug discharge" means any discharge of a nonroutine, episodic nature,  
including an accidental spill or noncustomary batch discharge.  
(ff) "Trade secret" means the whole or any portion or phase of any  
manufacturing proprietary process or method which is not patented, which is secret,  
which is useful in compounding an article of trade having a commercial value, and the  
secrecy of which the owner has taken reasonable measure to prevent from becoming  
available to persons other than those selected by the owner to have access for limited  
purposes. Trade secret shall not be construed, for purposes of these rules, to include  
any information regarding the quantum or character of waste products or their  
constituents discharged, or sought to be discharged, into the publicly owned treatment  
works.  
(gg) "Upset" means an exceptional incident in which there is unintentional  
and temporary noncompliance with categorical pretreatment standards because of  
factors beyond the reasonable control of the nondomestic user. An upset does not  
include noncompliance to the extent caused by operational error, improperly designed  
treatment facilities, inadequate treatment facilities, lack of preventive maintenance,  
or careless or improper operation.  
Page 5  
(hh) "Wastewater" means water resulting from industrial and commercial processes  
and municipal operations, including liquid or water-carried process waste, cooling and  
condensing waters, and sanitary sewage.  
History: 1995 AACS.  
R 323.2303 Pretreatment standards.  
Rule 3. (1) A nondomestic user may not introduce into any publicly owned  
treatment works any pollutant that causes pass-through or interference. The control  
authority shall investigate instances of pass-through or interference and take  
appropriate enforcement action and inform the responsible nondomestic user of the  
impact. The general prohibitions of this subrule and the specific prohibitions in subrule  
(2) of this rule apply to each nondomestic user introducing pollutants into a publicly  
owned treatment works whether or not the nondomestic user is subject to any other  
national, state, or local pretreatment standards or requirements.  
(2) In addition to the requirements of subrule (1) of this rule, the following  
substances shall not be introduced into a publicly owned treatment works:  
(a) Pollutants that create a fire or explosion hazard in the publicly owned treatment  
works, including wastestreams that have a closed cup flashpoint of less than 140  
degrees Fahrenheit or 60 degrees Centigrade using the test methods specified in 40  
C.F.R. §261.21 (1990).  
(b) Pollutants that will cause corrosive structural damage to the publicly owned  
treatment works. Discharges that have a pH lower than 5.0 shall not be discharged,  
unless the publicly owned treatment works is specifically designed to accommodate  
the discharges and has been approved by the approval authority.  
(c) Solid or viscous pollutants in amounts that will cause obstruction to the flow  
in the publicly owned treatment works resulting in interference.  
(d) Any pollutant, including oxygen-demanding pollutants, released in a discharge  
at a flow rate or pollutant concentration that will cause interference with the publicly  
owned treatment works.  
(e) Heat that will inhibit biological activity in the publicly owned treatment works  
resulting in interference, and in no case heat that produces a temperature at the  
publicly owned treatment works of more than 40 degrees Celsius (104 degrees  
Fahrenheit), unless the approval authority, at the request of the publicly owned  
treatment works, approves alternate temperature limits as part of the approved program.  
(f) Petroleum oil, nonbiodegradable cutting oil, or products of mineral oil origin in  
amounts that will cause interference or pass-through.  
(g) Pollutants that result in the presence of toxic gases, vapors, or fumes within the  
publicly owned treatment works in a quantity that may cause acute worker health or  
safety problems.  
(h) Any trucked or hauled pollutants, except at discharge points designated by  
the publicly owned treatment works, but only when trucked or hauled in compliance with  
the state and federal hazardous waste and liquid industrial waste laws.  
(3) A nondomestic user shall have an affirmative defense in any action brought  
against it alleging a violation of the general prohibitions established in subrule (1) of  
Page 6  
this rule and the specific prohibitions in subrule (2)(c), (d), (e), and (f) of this rule if the  
user can demonstrate both of the following:  
(a) It did not know or have reason to know that its discharge, alone or in  
conjunction with a discharge or discharges from other sources, would cause pass-  
through or interference.  
(b) A local limit designed to prevent pass-through or interference was developed in  
accordance with subrule (4) of this rule for each pollutant in the user's discharge that  
caused pass-through or interference, and the user was in compliance with each local limit  
directly before and during the pass-through or interference, or if a local limit designed  
to prevent pass-through or interference has not been developed in accordance with  
subrule (4) of this rule for the pollutant that caused the pass-through or interference, the  
user's discharge directly before and during the pass-through or interference did not  
change substantially in nature or constituents from the user's prior discharge activity  
when the publicly owned treatment works was regularly in compliance with its  
national pollutant discharge elimination system permit requirements and, in the case of  
interference, applicable requirements for sewage sludge use or disposal.  
(4) All of the following provisions apply to local limits:  
(a) Publicly owned treatment works required by permit to develop a pretreatment  
program shall develop and enforce local limits to implement the prohibitions listed in  
subrules (1) and (2) of this rule. Each publicly owned treatment works that has an  
approved pretreatment program shall review and update the local limits, as follows:  
(i) When new pollutants are introduced.  
(ii) When new pollutants that are previously unevaluated are identified.  
(iii) When substantial increases of pollutants are proposed as required in the  
notification of new or increased uses in accordance with the provisions of 40 C.F.R.  
§122.42 (1990).  
(iv) As required in a national pollutant discharge elimination system permit  
application in accordance with the provisions of 40 C.F.R. §122.21(j)(4) (1990).  
(b) In addition to the requirements of subdivision (a) of this subrule, each publicly  
owned treatment works shall evaluate the need for local limits for all pollutants of  
concern. At a minimum, the publicly owned treatment works shall evaluate the  
following parameters for local limits: arsenic, cadmium, chromium, copper, cyanide,  
lead, mercury, nickel, silver, and zinc. Sufficient representative data shall be obtained  
for determining the limits by performing any of the following monitoring plans:  
(i) One sample each per month for a year of wastewater treatment plant influent,  
effluent, sludge, discharges at other locations, as appropriate, and sanitary sewage, with  
not less than 2 separate sampling events each weekday, Monday to Friday.  
(ii) Six samples each taken over a 4-week period of wastewater treatment plant  
influent, effluent, sludge, discharges at other locations, as appropriate, and sanitary  
sewage, with at least 1 sampling event each weekday, Monday to Friday.  
(iii) An alternative plan, which may include historical data, which is approved by  
the approval authority.  
(c) Local limits shall not be adopted without public notice and an opportunity to  
respond.  
(d) Where local limits are developed by a publicly owned treatment works in  
accordance with this subrule, the limits shall be deemed pretreatment standards.  
Page 7  
(5) The department retains the right to issue orders or may take other direct  
enforcement action against nondomestic users. The department shall notify the control  
authority of any action.  
(6) The control authority or any agent duly appointed by the department shall have  
the right to enter the property of any nondomestic user at reasonable times for the  
purpose of inspection and sampling. The control authority or the agent shall be allowed  
access at reasonable times to facilities and records required to be kept by the  
nondomestic user for the purpose of gathering information to determine applicability,  
compliance, or noncompliance with these rules.  
History: 1995 AACS.  
R 323.2304 Effect of rules on local law.  
Rule 4. Nothing in these rules is intended to affect any pretreatment standards and  
requirements established by local law if the local standards and requirements are at  
least as stringent as any standards and requirements set forth in national pretreatment  
standards or any other requirements or prohibitions established under the clean water  
act or the act.  
History: 1995 AACS.  
R 323.2305 Pretreatment program applicability.  
Rule 5. (1) A state permit or national pollutant discharge elimination system permit  
issued to a publicly owned treatment works shall contain requirements for pretreatment  
program development and implementation when the department determines that it is  
necessary to control the introduction of pollutants into the publicly owned treatment  
works from nondomestic users.  
(2) A publicly owned treatment works shall develop and implement its  
pretreatment program according to the following criteria if required by order of the  
department or by its permit:  
(a) A publicly owned treatment works which has a total design flow of more than  
5 million gallons per day and which receives, from nondomestic users, pollutants that  
may pass-through or interfere with the operation of the publicly owned treatment works  
or are otherwise subject to categorical pretreatment standards is subject to the federal  
industrial pretreatment program as set forth in R 323.2306.  
(b) A publicly owned treatment works which has a total design flow of 5 million  
gallons per day or less and which receives from nondomestic users, pollutants that may  
pass-through or interfere with the operation of the publicly owned treatment works or  
are otherwise subject to categorical pretreatment standards is subject to the Michigan  
industrial pretreatment program, unless the department requires a federal industrial  
pretreatment program, as set forth in R 323.2306.  
(c) A publicly owned treatment works which has a state permit issued under the  
act to discharge to the groundwater and which has nondomestic users that may cause  
interference with the publicly owned treatment works or permit violations or has  
Page 8  
nondomestic users that are otherwise subject to categorical pretreatment standards is  
subject to the Michigan industrial pretreatment program as set forth in R 323.2306.  
(3) A publicly owned treatment works that is required by order of the department  
or discharge permit to develop an industrial pretreatment program shall submit an  
approvable program not later than 1 year after written notification.  
History: 1995 AACS.  
R 323.2306 Industrial pretreatment program requirements;  
authority.  
legal  
Rule 6. A publicly owned treatment works subject to industrial pretreatment  
program requirements in accordance with R 323.2305(2) shall develop a pretreatment  
program based, at a minimum, on the following legal authority and procedures:  
(a) The publicly owned treatment works shall operate pursuant to legal authority  
enforceable in federal or state courts that authorizes or enables the publicly owned  
treatment works to apply and to enforce the requirements of section 3109 of the act and  
sections 307(b) and (c) and 402(b)(8) of the clean water act and any rules or regulations  
implementing those sections within its service area. The authority may be contained in a  
statute, ordinance, or series of contracts or interjurisdictional agreements which the  
publicly owned treatment works is authorized to  
enact, enter into, or implement and which are authorized by state law. At a minimum,  
the legal authority shall enable the publicly owned treatment works to do all of the  
following:  
(i) Deny or condition new or increased contributions of pollutants, or changes in  
the nature of pollutants, to the publicly owned treatment works by nondomestic users  
where the contributions do not meet applicable pretreatment standards and  
requirements or where the contributions would cause the publicly owned treatment  
works to violate its national pollutant discharge elimination system permit.  
(ii) Require compliance with applicable pretreatment standards and requirements  
by nondomestic users.  
(iii) Control, through permit, the contribution to the publicly owned treatment  
works by each significant industrial user to ensure compliance with applicable  
pretreatment standards and requirements. Permits shall be enforceable and contain, at a  
minimum, the following conditions:  
(A) A statement of the duration of the permit, which shall not be more than 5 years.  
(B) A statement of permit nontransferability without prior notification to the  
publicly owned treatment works and provision of a copy of the existing permit to the  
new owner or operator.  
(C) Effluent limits based on applicable general pretreatment standards, categorical  
pretreatment standards, local limits, and state and local law.  
(D) Self-monitoring, sampling, reporting, notification, and recordkeeping  
requirements, including identification of the pollutants to be monitored, sampling  
location, sampling frequency, and sample type, based on the applicable general  
pretreatment standards, categorical pretreatment standards, local limits, and state and  
local law.  
Page 9  
(E) A statement of applicable civil and criminal penalties for violation of  
pretreatment standards and requirements and any applicable compliance schedule. The  
schedule may not extend the compliance date beyond applicable federal deadlines.  
(iv) Require the development of a compliance schedule by each nondomestic  
user for the installation of technology required to meet applicable pretreatment  
standards and requirements and require the submission of all notices and self-  
monitoring reports from nondomestic users that are necessary to assess and assure  
compliance by nondomestic users with pretreatment standards and requirements,  
including the reports required in R 323.2310.  
(v) Carry out all inspection, surveillance, and monitoring procedures necessary to  
determine, independent of information supplied by nondomestic users, compliance or  
noncompliance with applicable pretreatment standards and requirements by nondomestic  
users. Representatives of the publicly owned treatment works shall be authorized to  
enter any premises of any nondomestic user in which a discharge source or  
treatment system is located or in which records are required to be kept under R  
323.2310 to assure compliance with pretreatment standards. The authority shall be at  
least as extensive as the authority provided under section 308 of the clean water act  
and section 3105 of the act.  
(vi) Obtain remedies for noncompliance by any nondomestic user with any  
pretreatment standard and requirement. All publicly owned treatment works shall be able  
to seek injunctive relief for noncompliance by nondomestic users with pretreatment  
standards and requirements. All publicly owned treatment works shall also have  
authority to seek or assess civil or criminal penalties as authorized by state law for  
each violation by nondomestic users of pretreatment standards and requirements.  
Pretreatment requirements that will be enforced through the remedies in this subrule  
include the following:  
(A) The duty to allow or carry out inspections, entry, or monitoring activities.  
(B) Any rules, regulations, or orders issued by the publicly owned treatment  
works.  
(C) Any requirements set forth in permits issued by the publicly owned treatment  
works.  
(D) Any reporting requirements imposed by the publicly owned treatment works or  
these rules. The publicly owned treatment works shall have authority and procedures,  
after informal notice to the discharger, to immediately and effectively halt or prevent  
any discharge of pollutants to the publicly owned treatment works that reasonably  
appears to present an imminent endangerment to the health or welfare of persons.  
The publicly owned treatment works shall also have authority and procedures, which  
shall include notice to the affected nondomestic users and an opportunity to respond, to  
halt or prevent any discharge to the publicly owned treatment works which presents or  
may present an endangerment to the environment or which threatens to interfere with the  
operation of the publicly owned treatment works.  
(vii) Comply with the confidentiality requirements set forth in R 323.2314.  
(b) All local units of government that collect wastewater from nondomestic  
sources shall be responsible for the development and implementation of a  
pretreatment program that effectively controls the introduction of pollutants into the  
Page 10  
sewer system consistent with the program developed by the permittee where the  
permittee is required to develop or implement a pretreatment program by its permit.  
(c) The publicly owned treatment works shall develop and implement procedures  
to ensure compliance with the requirements of a pretreatment program. At a minimum,  
these procedures shall enable the publicly owned treatment works to do all of the  
following:  
(i) Identify and locate all possible nondomestic users that might be subject to the  
publicly owned treatment works' pretreatment program. Any compilation, index, or  
inventory of nondomestic users made under this paragraph shall be made available to  
the approval authority upon request.  
(ii) Identify the character and volume of pollutants contributed to the publicly  
owned treatment works by the nondomestic users identified under subdivision (b)(i) of  
this rule. The information shall be made available to the approval authority upon  
request.  
(iii) Notify nondomestic users identified under subdivision (b)(i) of this rule of  
applicable pretreatment standards and any applicable requirements under sections  
204(b) and 405 of the clean water act and subtitles C and D of the resource  
conservation and recovery act of 1976, as amended, 42 U.S.C. §6901 et seq. Publicly  
owned treatment works subject to a Michigan industrial pretreatment program are not  
required to inform nondomestic users of subtitles C and D of the resource conservation  
and recovery act requirements. Within 30 days of approval of a list of significant  
industrial users pursuant to subdivision (h) of this rule, the publicly owned treatment  
works shall notify each significant industrial user of its status and of all requirements  
applicable to the user as a result of its status.  
(iv) Receive and analyze self-monitoring reports and other notices submitted by  
nondomestic users in accordance with the self-monitoring requirements in R  
323.2310.  
(v) Randomly sample and analyze the effluent from nondomestic users and conduct  
surveillance activities to identify, independent of information supplied by  
nondomestic users, compliance or noncompliance with pretreatment standards.  
Inspect and sample the effluent from each significant industrial user at least once a  
year. Evaluate, at least once every 2 years, whether each significant industrial user needs  
a plan to control slug discharges. Publicly owned treatment works subject to a  
Michigan industrial pretreatment program are not required to evaluate whether  
significant industrial users need a plan to control slug discharges. The results of the  
activities shall be available to the approval authority upon request. If the publicly  
owned treatment works decides that a slug control plan is needed, the plan shall contain,  
at a minimum, the following elements:  
(A) A description of discharge practices, including nonroutine batch discharges.  
(B) A description of stored chemicals.  
(C) Procedures for immediately notifying the publicly owned treatment works of  
slug discharges, including any discharge that would violate a prohibition under R  
323.2303(2), with procedures for follow-up written notification within 5 days.  
(D) If necessary, procedures to prevent an adverse impact from accidental  
spills, including any of the following:  
(1) Inspection and maintenance of storage areas.  
Page 11  
(2) Handling and transfer of materials.  
(3) Loading and unloading operations.  
(4) Control of plant site runoff.  
(5) Worker training.  
(6) Building of containment structures or equipment.  
(7) Measures for containing toxic organic pollutants, including solvents.  
(8) Measures and equipment necessary for emergency response.  
(vi) Investigate instances of noncompliance with pretreatment standards and  
requirements as indicated in the reports and notices required under R 323.2310, or  
indicated by analysis, inspection, and surveillance activities described in subdivision  
(b)(v) of this rule. Sample taking and analysis and the collection of other information  
shall be performed with sufficient care to produce evidence admissible in enforcement  
proceedings or in judicial actions.  
(d) Publicly owned treatment works that have pretreatment programs required  
by these rules shall comply with public participation requirements. The public  
participation requirements shall include provision for at least annual public  
notification, in the largest newspaper circulated in the municipality in which the  
publicly owned treatment works is located, of nondomestic users that, at any time  
during the previous 12 months, were in significant noncompliance, as defined in R  
323.2302(dd), with applicable pretreatment requirements. However, publicly owned  
treatment works subject to a Michigan industrial pretreatment program shall annually  
publish only categorical industrial users that are in significant noncompliance.  
(e) The publicly owned treatment works shall have sufficient resources and  
qualified personnel to carry out the authorities and procedures described in subrules  
(a), (b), (c), and (d) of this rule.  
(f) The publicly owned treatment works shall develop local limits as required in R  
323.2303(4) or demonstrate that local limits are not necessary.  
(g) The publicly owned treatment works shall develop and implement an  
enforcement response plan. The plan shall contain detailed procedures indicating how  
a publicly owned treatment works will investigate and respond to instances of  
nondomestic user noncompliance. The plan shall, at a minimum, be in compliance with  
all of the following provisions:  
(i) Describe how the publicly owned treatment works will investigate instances of  
noncompliance.  
(ii) Describe the types of escalating enforcement responses the publicly owned  
treatment works will take in response to all anticipated types of nondomestic user  
violations and the time periods within which responses will take place.  
(iii) Identify, by title, the official responsible for each type of response.  
(iv) Adequately reflect the publicly owned treatment works' primary  
responsibility to enforce all applicable pretreatment requirements and standards.  
(h) The publicly owned treatment works shall prepare a list of its nondomestic  
users that meet the user criteria in R 323.2302(cc). The list shall identify the criteria in  
R 323.2302(cc) applicable to each nondomestic user and, for nondomestic users that  
meet the criteria in R 323.2302(cc)(ii), shall also indicate whether the publicly owned  
treatment works has made a determination pursuant to R 323.2302(cc)(iii) that the  
nondomestic user should not be considered a significant industrial user. The list and any  
Page 12  
subsequent modifications shall be submitted to the approval authority as a  
nonsubstantial program modification pursuant to R 323.2309. Discretionary designations  
or de-designations by the control authority shall be deemed to be approved by the  
approval authority 90 days after submission of the list or modifications, unless the  
approval authority determines that a modification is a substantial modification. Unless  
otherwise noted, the provisions specified in this rule apply to both the federal and the  
Michigan industrial pretreatment programs. Subdivisions (c)(iii) and (v) and (d) of this  
rule provide exceptions to program requirements for the Michigan industrial  
pretreatment program.  
History: 1995 AACS.  
R 323.2307 Publicly owned treatment works' pretreatment programs;  
submissions for approval.  
Rule 7. (1) A publicly owned treatment works shall submit  
a
complete  
pretreatment program to the approval authority as required by its permit or by order of  
the department. The pretreatment program shall contain all of the following information:  
(a) A statement from the municipal attorney or a city official acting in a comparable  
capacity, or the attorney for a publicly owned treatment works that has independent  
legal counsel, that the publicly owned treatment works has adequate authority to carry  
out the program described in R 323.2306. The statement shall identify all of the  
following:  
(i) The provision of legal authority under R 323.2306(a) that provides the basis for  
each procedure under R 323.2306(b).  
(ii) The manner in which the publicly owned treatment works will implement  
the program requirements set forth in R 323.2306(a), including the means by which  
pretreatment standards will be applied to individual nondomestic users by permit.  
(iii) How the publicly owned treatment works intends to ensure compliance  
with pretreatment standards and requirements and to enforce them in the event of  
noncompliance by nondomestic users.  
(b) A copy of any statutes, ordinances, regulations, agreements, or other  
authorities relied upon by the publicly owned treatment works for its administration of  
the program. The submission shall include a statement reflecting the endorsement or  
approval of the local boards or bodies responsible for supervising or funding the  
publicly owned treatment works' pretreatment program if approved.  
(c) A brief description, including organization charts, of the publicly owned  
treatment works' organization that will administer the pretreatment program. If more  
than 1 agency is responsible for administration of the program, the responsible agencies  
shall be identified, their respective responsibilities delineated, and their procedures for  
coordination set forth.  
(d) A description of the funding levels and full- and part-time manpower available to  
implement the program.  
(2) A request for authority to revise categorical pretreatment standards for removal  
credits shall contain the information required in R 323.2313(a).  
(3) Any publicly owned treatment works requesting publicly owned treatment  
works' pretreatment program approval shall submit to the approval authority 3 copies  
Page 13  
of the submission described in subrule (1) and, if appropriate, subrule (2) of this rule.  
Within 60 days after receiving the submission, the approval authority shall make a  
preliminary determination of whether the submission meets the requirements of subrule  
(1) and, if appropriate, subrule (2) of this rule. If the approval authority makes the  
preliminary determination that the submission meets these requirements, the approval  
authority shall do both of the following:  
(a) Notify the publicly owned treatment works that the submission has been  
received and is under review.  
(b) Commence the public notice and evaluation activities set forth in R 323.2308.  
(4) If, after review of the submission as provided for in subrule (3) of this rule, the  
approval authority determines that the submission does not comply with the  
requirements of subrule (1) and, if appropriate, subrule (2) of this rule, the approval  
authority shall provide notice, in writing, to the applying publicly owned treatment works  
and each person who has requested individual notice. The notification shall identify  
any defects in the submission and advise the publicly owned treatment works and each  
person who has requested individual notice of the means by which the publicly owned  
treatment works can comply with the applicable requirements of subrule (1) and, if  
appropriate, subrule (2) of this rule.  
History: 1995 AACS.  
R 323.2308 Approval procedures for publicly owned treatment works'  
pretreatment programs.  
Rule 8. (1) The following procedures shall apply to approvals or denials of publicly  
owned treatment works' pretreatment programs and applications for removal credit  
authorization:  
(a) The approval authority shall have 90 days from the date of public notice of any  
submission complying with the requirements of R 323.2307 and, where removal credit  
authorization is sought, complying with R 323.2307 and R 323.2313(a) to review  
the submission. The approval authority shall review the submission to determine  
compliance with the requirements of R 323.2306 and, where removal credit  
authorization is sought, with R 323.2313(a). The approval authority may have up to  
an additional 90 days to complete the evaluation of the submission if the public  
comment period provided for in this rule is extended beyond 30 days or if a public  
hearing is held as provided for in subdivision (b)(ii) of this subrule. The time for  
evaluation of the submission shall not be more than a total of 180 days from the date of  
public notice of a submission meeting the requirements of R 323.2307 and, in the  
case of a removal credit application, R 323.2307 and R 323.2313(a).  
(b) Upon receipt of a submission, the approval authority shall commence its review.  
Within 20 work days after making a determination that a submission meets the  
requirements of R 323.2307 and, where removal allowance approval is sought, R  
323.2307 and R 323.2313(a), the approval authority shall do both of the following:  
(i) Issue a public notice of request for approval of the submission. The public notice  
shall be circulated in a manner designed to inform interested and potentially  
interested persons of the submission.  
Procedures for the circulation of public notice shall include all of the following:  
Page 14  
(A) Mailing notices of the request for approval of the submission to any person or  
group who has requested individual notice, including those on appropriate mailing lists.  
(B) Publication of a notice of request for approval of the submission in a newspaper  
circulated within the jurisdiction served by the publicly owned treatment works.  
(C) The public notice shall provide a period of not less than 30 days following the  
date of the public notice during which interested persons may submit their written  
views on the submission.  
(D) All written comments submitted during the 30-day comment period shall be  
retained by the approval authority and considered in the decision on whether or not to  
approve the submission. The period for comment may be extended at the discretion of the  
approval authority.  
(ii) Provide an opportunity for the applicant, any interested state or federal agency,  
or person or group of persons to request a public hearing with respect to the submission.  
The request for public hearing shall be filed within the 30-day comment period or the  
extended comment period provided in this rule and shall indicate the interest of the  
person filing the request and the reasons why a hearing is warranted. The approval  
authority shall hold a hearing if the publicly owned treatment works requests a  
hearing. In addition, a hearing will be held if there is a significant public interest in  
issues relating to whether or not the submission should be approved and a request for  
a hearing has been made. Instances of doubt shall be resolved in favor of holding the  
hearing. Public notice of a hearing to consider a submission and sufficient to inform  
interested parties of the nature of the hearing and the right to participate shall be  
published in the same newspaper as the notice of the original request for approval of the  
submission under this rule. In addition, notice of the hearing shall be sent to persons  
who request individual notice.  
(2) At the end of the 30-day comment period or an extended comment period as  
specified in subrule (1)(b)(i)(C) and (D) of this rule and within the 90-day period or  
the extended comment period provided for in this rule, the approval authority shall  
approve or deny the submission based upon the evaluation in accordance with this rule  
and taking into consideration comments submitted during the comment period and the  
record of the public hearing, if held. Where the approval authority makes a  
determination to deny the request, the approval authority shall notify the publicly owned  
treatment works and each person who has requested individual notice of the denial.  
The notification shall include suggested modifications and the approval authority may  
allow the requestor additional time to bring the submission into compliance with  
applicable requirements.  
(3) The approval authority shall notify persons who submitted comments and  
participated in the public hearing, if held, of the approval or disapproval of the  
submission. In addition, the approval authority shall cause to be published a notice of its  
decision in a newspaper circulated within the jurisdiction served by the publicly owned  
treatment works and of incorporation of the approved pretreatment program into the  
publicly owned treatment works' permit. The approval authority shall identify, in any  
notice of a publicly owned treatment works' pretreatment program approval, any  
authorization to modify categorical pretreatment standards for removal credits in  
accordance with R 323.2313(a).  
History: 1995 AACS.  
Page 15  
R 323.2309 Modification of publicly owned treatment works' pretreatment  
programs.  
Rule 9. (1) Either the approval authority or a publicly owned treatment works that  
has an approved publicly owned treatment works' pretreatment program may initiate  
program modification at any time to reflect changes. Program modification is necessary  
when there is a significant change in the operation in the publicly owned treatment  
works' pretreatment program that differs from the information in the publicly owned  
treatment works' submission, as approved under R 323.2308.  
(2) Publicly owned treatment works' pretreatment program modifications shall be  
accomplished as follows:  
(a) For substantial modifications, as defined in subrule (3) of this rule, the  
following provisions shall be complied with:  
(i) The publicly owned treatment works shall submit, to the approval authority, a  
statement of the basis for the desired modification, a modified program description  
(see R 323.2307(1)), or other documents that the approval authority determines to be  
necessary under the circumstances.  
(ii) The approval authority shall approve or disapprove the federal industrial  
pretreatment program modification based on the requirements of R 323.2306 following  
the procedures in R 323.2308. The approval authority shall approve or disapprove the  
Michigan industrial pretreatment program modification.  
(iii) The federal industrial pretreatment program modification shall be incorporated  
into the publicly owned treatment works' national pollutant discharge elimination  
system permit after approval. The permit will be modified to incorporate the approved  
modification in accordance with 40 C.F.R. §122.63(g) (1990). Michigan industrial  
pretreatment  
program modifications will be incorporated at the time of permit  
reissuance or modification.  
(iv) The modification shall become effective upon approval by the approval  
authority. Notice of the federal industrial pretreatment program approval shall be  
published in the same newspaper as the notice of the original request for approval of  
the modification under R 323.2308(3).  
(b) The publicly owned treatment works shall notify, in a statement similar to  
that provided for in subdivision (a)(i) of this subrule, the approval authority of any  
other nonsubstantial modifications to its federal industrial pretreatment program not  
less than 30 days before they are to be implemented by the publicly owned treatment  
works. The nonsubstantial program modifications shall be deemed to be approved by the  
approval authority 90 days after the submission of the publicly owned treatment works'  
statement, unless the approval authority determines that a modification submitted is a  
substantial modification. Following approval by the approval authority, the modifications  
shall be incorporated into the publicly owned treatment works' permit in  
accordance with 40 C.F.R. §122.63(g) (1990). If the approval authority determines  
that a modification reported by a publicly owned treatment works in its statement is a  
substantial modification, the approval authority shall notify the publicly owned  
treatment works and initiate the procedures in subdivision (a) of this rule.  
(3) The following are substantial modifications for purposes of this section:  
Page 16  
(a) Changes to the publicly owned treatment works' legal authorities.  
(b) Changes to local limits that result in less stringent local limits.  
(c) Change to the publicly owned treatment works' nondomestic user permit  
procedure, as described in R 323.2306(a)(iii).  
(d) Changes to the publicly owned treatment works' method for implementing  
categorical pretreatment standards.  
(e) A decrease in the frequency of self-monitoring or reporting required of  
nondomestic users.  
(f) A decrease in the frequency of nondomestic user inspections or sampling by  
the publicly owned treatment works.  
(g) Changes to the publicly owned treatment works' confidentiality procedures.  
(h) Significant reductions in the publicly owned treatment works' pretreatment  
program resources, including personnel commitments, equipment, and funding  
levels.  
(i) Changes in the publicly owned treatment works' sludge disposal and  
management practices.  
(4) The approval authority may designate other specific modifications, in addition  
to those listed in subrule (3) of this rule, as substantial modifications.  
(5) A modification that is not included in subrule (3) of this rule is a substantial  
modification for purposes of this rule if any of the following provisions apply to the  
modification:  
(a) It would have a significant impact on the operation of the publicly owned  
treatment works' pretreatment program.  
(b) It would result in an increase in pollutant loadings at the publicly owned  
treatment works.  
(c) It would result in less stringent requirements being imposed on nondomestic  
users of the publicly owned treatment works.  
History: 1995 AACS.  
R 323.2310 Reporting requirements for publicly owned treatment works and  
nondomestic users.  
Rule 10. (1) The control authority may require the submission of data in a  
standardized format.  
(2) Within 180 days after the effective date of a categorical pretreatment  
standard, or 180 days after the final administrative decision made upon a category  
determination submission under  
R
323.2311(2), whichever is later, existing  
nondomestic users subject to the categorical pretreatment standards and currently  
discharging, or scheduled to discharge, to a publicly owned treatment works shall be  
required to submit, to the control authority, a report that contains all of the  
information listed in this rule. Where reports containing this information already have  
been submitted to the approval authority or E.P.A. in compliance with the  
requirements of 40 C.F.R. §128.140(b) (1977), the nondomestic user will not be  
required to submit the information again. Not less than 90 days before the  
commencement of a discharge, sources that become nondomestic users subsequent to  
the promulgation of an applicable categorical standard and new sources shall be  
Page 17  
required to submit, to the control authority, a report that contains the information  
listed in subdivisions (a) to (e) of this subrule. New sources shall also be required  
to include in this report information on the method of pretreatment the source  
intends to use to meet applicable pretreatment standards. New sources shall give  
estimates of the information requested in subdivisions (d) and (e) of this rule. All of the  
following information shall be submitted pursuant to this rule:  
(a) The nondomestic user shall submit the name and address of the facility  
including the name of the operator and owners.  
(b) The nondomestic user shall submit a list of any environmental control  
permits held by or for the facility.  
(c) The nondomestic user shall submit a brief description of the nature, average rate  
of production, and standard industrial classification of the operation or operations  
carried out by the nondomestic user. The description should include a facility  
drawing and schematic process diagram that indicates points of discharge to the  
publicly owned treatment works and from which processes the discharges originate.  
(d) The nondomestic user shall submit information showing the measured average  
daily and maximum daily flow, in gallons per day, to the publicly owned treatment  
works from each of the following:  
(i) Regulated process streams.  
(ii) Other streams as necessary to allow use of the combined wastestream formula  
specified in R 323.2311(6). The control authority may allow for verifiable estimates of  
these flows where justified by cost or feasibility considerations.  
(e) All of the following information shall be provided with respect to the  
measurement of pollutants:  
(i) The nondomestic user shall identify the pretreatment standards, including state  
or local standards, applicable to each regulated process.  
(ii) In addition, the nondomestic user shall submit the results of sampling and  
analysis identifying the nature and concentration or mass, where required by the  
standard or control authority, of regulated pollutants in the discharge from each  
regulated process. Both daily maximum and average concentration or mass, where  
required, shall be reported. The sample shall be representative of daily operations.  
(iii) A minimum of 4 grab samples shall be used for pH, cyanide, total phenols, oil  
and grease, sulfide, and volatile organics. For all other pollutants, 24-hour composite  
samples shall be  
techniques where feasible.  
obtained through flow-proportional composite sampling  
The control authority may waive flow-proportional  
composite sampling for any nondomestic user that demonstrates that flow-  
proportional sampling is infeasible. In such cases, samples may be obtained  
through time-proportional composite sampling techniques or through a minimum of 4  
grab samples where the user demonstrates that this will provide a representative  
sample of the effluent being discharged.  
(iv) With the exception of the pollutants specified in paragraph (iii) of this  
subdivision, the user shall take a minimum of 1 representative sample to compile the  
data necessary to comply with the requirements of this subrule.  
(v) Samples should be taken immediately downstream from pretreatment facilities  
if the facilities exist or immediately downstream from the regulated process if  
pretreatment facilities do not exist. If other wastewaters are mixed with the regulated  
Page 18  
wastewater before pretreatment, the nondomestic user should measure the flows and  
concentrations necessaryto allow use of the combined wastestream formula  
specified in R 323.2311(7) to evaluate compliance with the pretreatment standards.  
Where an alternate concentration or mass limit has been calculated in accordance with R  
323.2311(5), the adjusted limit and supporting data shall be submitted to the control  
authority.  
(vi) Sampling and analysis shall be performed in accordance with the techniques  
prescribed in 40 C.F.R. part 136 (1992). Where 40 C.F.R. part 136 (1992) does not  
contain sampling or analytical techniques for the pollutant in question, or where the  
E.P.A. determines that the part 136 (1992) sampling and analytical techniques are  
inappropriate for them pollutant in question, sampling and analysis shall be performed  
by using validated analytical methods or any other applicable sampling and  
analytical procedures, including procedures suggested by the publicly owned  
treatment works or other parties, approved by the E.P.A.  
(vii) The control authority may allow the submission of a baseline report that  
utilizes only historical data if the data provides information sufficient to determine the  
need for industrial pretreatment measures.  
(viii) The baseline report shall indicate the time, date, and place of sampling and  
the methods of analysis and shall certify that the sampling and analysis is  
representative of normal work cycles and expected  
pollutant discharges to the publicly owned treatment works.  
(f) A statement, reviewed by an authorized representative of the nondomestic  
user and certified to by a qualified professional, indicating whether pretreatment  
standards are being met on a consistent basis and, if not, whether additional operation  
and maintenance or additional pretreatment is required for the nondomestic user to  
meet the pretreatment standards and requirements.  
(g) If additional pretreatment or operation and maintenance will be required to  
meet the pretreatment standards, the shortest schedule by which the nondomestic user  
will provide such additional pretreatment or operation and maintenance. The  
completion date in the schedule shall not be later than the compliance date  
established for the applicable pretreatment standard. All of the following conditions  
shall apply to compliance schedules:  
(i) The schedule shall contain increments of progress in the form of dates for the  
commencement and completion of major events leading to the construction and  
operation of additional pretreatment required for the nondomestic user to meet the  
applicable categorical pretreatment standards. The events may include any of the  
following:  
(A) The hiring of an engineer.  
(B) Completing preliminary plans.  
(C) Completing final plans.  
(D) Executing contracts for major components.  
(E) Commencing construction.  
(F) Completing construction.  
(G) Other similar major events.  
(ii) An increment referred to in this subrule shall not be more than 9 months.  
Page 19  
(iii) Not later than 14 days following each date in the schedule and the final date for  
compliance, the nondomestic user shall submit a progress report to the control  
authority, including, at a minimum, whether or not the user complied with the increment  
of progress to be met on a particular date and, if not, the date on which the user expects to  
comply with the increment of progress, the reason for delay, and the steps being taken  
by the nondomestic user to return the construction to the schedule established. Not  
more than 9 months shall elapse between progress reports to the control authority.  
(h) Where the nondomestic user's categorical pretreatment standard has been  
modified by a removal allowance under R 323.2313(a), the combined wastestream  
formula under R 323.2311(7) or a fundamentally different factors variance under R  
323.2313(b) at the time the nondomestic user submits the report required by this rule,  
the information required by subdivisions (f) and (g) of this subrule shall pertain to the  
modified limits.  
(i) Any changes to information requested under subdivisions (a) to (e) of this  
subrule shall be submitted by the nondomestic user to the control authority within 60  
days.  
(3) Within 90 days following the date for final compliance with applicable  
categorical pretreatment standards or, in the case of a new source, following  
commencement of the introduction of wastewater into the publicly owned treatment  
works, any nondomestic user subject to pretreatment standards and requirements  
shall submit, to the control authority, a report containing the information described in  
subrule (2)(d) to (f) of this rule. For industrial users subject to equivalent mass or  
concentration limits established by the control authority in accordance with the  
procedures in R 323.2311(5), the report shall contain a reasonable measure of the  
nondomestic user's long-term production rate.For all other nondomestic users subject  
to categorical pretreatment standards expressed in terms of allowable pollutant  
discharge per unit of production, or other measure of operation, the report shall include  
the nondomestic user's actual production during the appropriate sampling period.  
(4) All of the following provisions apply to periodic reports on continued  
compliance:  
(a) Any nondomestic user subject to a categorical pretreatment standard after the  
compliance date of the pretreatment standard or, in the case of a new source, after  
commencement of the discharge into the publicly owned treatment works shall submit,  
to the control authority semiannually, unless required more frequently in the  
pretreatment standard or by the control authority or the approval authority, a report  
indicating the nature and concentration of pollutants in the effluent that are limited by  
the categorical pretreatment standards. In addition, the report shall include a record of  
measured or appropriately estimated average and maximum daily flows for the  
reporting period for the discharge reported in subrule (2)(d) of this rule, except that the  
control authority may require more detailed reporting of flows.  
(b) Where the control authority has imposed mass limitations on nondomestic  
users as provided for by R 323.2311(5), the report required by subdivision (a) of this  
subrule shall indicate the mass of pollutants regulated by pretreatment standards in the  
discharge from the nondomestic user.  
(c) For nondomestic users subject to equivalent mass or concentration limits  
established by the control authority in accordance with the procedures in R  
Page 20  
323.2311(5), the report required by subdivision (a) of this subrule shall contain a  
reasonable measure of the nondomestic user's long-term production rate. For all other  
nondomestic users subject to categorical pretreatment standards expressed only in  
terms of allowable pollutant discharge per unit of production, or other measure of  
operation, the report required by subdivision (a) of this subrule shall include the  
nondomestic user's actual average production rate for the reporting period.  
(5) All categorical and non-categorical nondomestic users shall notify the publicly  
owned treatment works immediately of all discharges that could cause problems to the  
publicly owned treatment works, including any slug loadings.  
(6) All of the following provisions apply to monitoring and analysis to demonstrate  
continued compliance:  
(a) The reports required in subrules (2), (3), and (4) of this rule shall contain the  
results of sampling and analysis of the discharge, including the flow and the nature  
and concentration, or production and  
mass where requested by the control authority, of pollutants contained in the  
discharge that are limited by the applicable pretreatment standards. The sampling and  
analysis may be performed by the control authority instead of the nondomestic user.  
Where the publicly owned treatment works elects to perform the required sampling and  
analysis instead of the nondomestic user, the nondomestic user will not be required to  
submit the compliance certification required under subrules (2)(f) and (3) of this rule.  
In addition, where the publicly owned treatment works collects all the information  
required for the report, including flow data, the nondomestic user will not be required  
to submit the report. The publicly owned treatment works shall provide, to the  
nondomestic user, within 10 days after the results are available, the results of any  
sampling the publicly owned treatment works performs for nondomestic user  
self-monitoring that show a violation of any pretreatment standard. Any certification  
required by a categorical pretreatment standard shall be included with the semiannual  
compliance reports.  
(b) If sampling performed by a nondomestic user indicates a violation of  
pretreatment standards, the nondomestic user shall notify the control authority within  
24 hours of becoming aware of the violation. The nondomestic user shall also repeat the  
sampling and analysis and submit the results of the repeat analysis to the control  
authority within 30 days after becoming aware of the violation; however, the  
nondomestic user is not required to resample if the control authority performs  
sampling at the nondomestic user at a frequency of at least once per month or if the  
control authority performs sampling at the nondomestic user between the time when  
the nondomestic user performs its initial sampling and the time when the nondomestic  
user receives the results of the sampling.  
(c) The reports required in subrule (4) of this rule shall be based upon data obtained  
through appropriate sampling and analysis performed during the period covered by the  
report, which data is representative of conditions occurring during the reporting  
period. The control authority shall require a frequency of monitoring that is necessary  
to assess and assure compliance by nondomestic users with applicable pretreatment  
standards and requirements.  
(d) All analyses shall be performed in accordance with procedures established  
by the E.P.A. pursuant to section 304(h) of the clean water act and contained in 40  
Page 21  
C.F.R. part 136 (1992) or with any other test procedures approved by the E.P.A.  
Sampling shall be performed in accordance with the techniques approved by the  
E.P.A. Where the provisions of 40 C.F.R. part 136 (1992) do not include sampling or  
analytical techniques for the pollutants in question, or where the United States E.P.A.  
determines that the part 136 (1992) sampling and analytical techniques are  
inappropriate for the pollutant in question, sampling and analyses shall be performed  
using validated analytical methods or any other sampling and analytical procedures,  
including procedures suggested by the publicly owned treatment works or other parties  
and approved by the E.P.A.  
(e) If a nondomestic user monitors any pollutant more frequently than required by  
the control authority using the procedures prescribed in subdivision (d) of this  
subrule, the results of the monitoring shall be included in the report.  
(7) The control authority shall require appropriate reporting from nondomestic  
users that have discharges which are not subject to categorical pretreatment  
standards. Significant noncategorical industrial users shall submit, to the control  
authority, at least semiannually, a description of the nature, concentration, and flow  
of the pollutants required to be reported by the control authority. The reports shall be  
based on sampling and analysis performed in the period covered by the report and  
performed in accordance with the techniques described in 40 C.F.R. part 136 (1992).  
Where the provisions of 40 C.F.R. part 136 (1992) do not contain sampling or analytical  
techniques for the pollutant in question, or where the E.P.A. determines that the part  
136 (1992) sampling and analytical techniques are inappropriate for the pollutant in  
question, sampling and analysis shall be performed by using validated analytical  
methods or any other applicable sampling and analytical procedures, including  
procedures suggested by the publicly owned treatment works or other persons and  
approved by the E.P.A. The sampling and analysis may be performed by the control  
authority instead of the significant noncategorical industrial user. Where the publicly  
owned treatment works collects all of the information required for the report, the  
noncategorical significant industrial user will not be required to submit the report. The  
publicly owned treatment works shall provide, to the nondomestic user, within 10 days  
after the results are available, the results of any sampling it performs for nondomestic  
user self-monitoring that show a violation of any pretreatment standard.  
(8) Publicly owned treatment works that have approved pretreatment programs  
shall provide the approval authority with a report that briefly describes the publicly  
owned treatment works' program activities, including activities of all participating  
agencies, if more than 1 jurisdiction is involved in the local program. The report  
required by this subrule shall be submitted not later than 1 year after approval of the  
publicly owned treatment works' pretreatment program and at least annually thereafter  
and shall include, at a minimum, the following information:  
(a) An updated list of the publicly owned treatment works' nondomestic users,  
including their names and addresses, or a list of deletions and additions keyed to a  
previously submitted list. The publicly owned treatment works shall provide a brief  
explanation of each deletion. The list shall identify which nondomestic users are  
subject to categorical pretreatment standards and specify which standards are applicable  
to each nondomestic user. The list shall indicate which nondomestic users are subject  
to local standards that are more stringent than the categorical pretreatment standards.  
Page 22  
The publicly owned treatment works shall also list the nondomestic users that are subject  
only to local requirements.  
(b) A summary of the status of nondomestic user compliance over the reporting  
period.  
(c) A summary of compliance and enforcement activities, including inspections,  
conducted by the publicly owned treatment works during the reporting period.  
(d) A summary of toxics monitored of influent, sludge, and effluent.  
(e) Any other relevant information requested by the approval authority.  
(9) Both of the following provisions apply to the notification of a changed  
discharge:  
(a) A nondomestic user shall promptly notify the publicly owned treatment  
works in advance of any substantial change in the volume or character of pollutants in  
its discharge, including all of the following, if applicable:  
(i) Groundwaters that are purged for remedial action programs.  
(ii) Groundwaters containing pollutants that infiltrate into the sewers.  
(iii) The listed or characteristic hazardous wastes for which the nondomestic  
user has submitted initial notification under subrule (15) of this rule.  
(b) Publicly owned treatment works shall evaluate all new or changed discharges  
with respect to general and specific prohibitions contained in R 323.2303 before  
acceptance by the publicly owned treatment works.  
(10) Publicly owned treatment works shall notify the approval authority of any  
substantial change in the volume or character of pollutants discharged to or from the  
publicly owned treatment works as required by 40 C.F.R. §122.42 (1990), or as contained  
in the notification requirements of the publicly owned treatment works' permit.  
(11) The reports required by subrules (2), (3), (4), and (7) of this rule shall  
include the certification statement as set forth in R 323.2311(2)(b)(ii) and shall be  
signed as follows:  
(a) By a responsible corporate officer if the industrial user submitting the reports  
required by subrules (2), (3), (4), and (7) of this rule is a corporation. For the purpose of  
this subrule, a responsible corporate officer means a president, secretary, treasurer, or  
vice-president of the corporation in charge of a principal business function or any other  
person who performs similar policy- or decision-making functions for  
the  
corporation or means the principal manager of 1 or more manufacturing, production, or  
operation facilities employing more than 250 persons or having gross annual sales or  
expenditures of more than $25,000,000.00, in second-quarter 1980 dollars, if authority to  
sign the documents has been assigned or delegated to the manager in accordance  
with corporate procedures.  
(b) By a general partner or proprietor if the industrial user submitting the reports  
required by subrules (2), (3), (4), and (7) of this rule is a partnership or sole  
proprietorship, respectively.  
(c) By a duly authorized representative of the individual designated in this subrule if  
all of the following provisions apply:  
(i) The authorization is made in writing by the individual described in subdivision  
(a) or (b) of this subrule.  
(ii) The authorization specifies either an individual or a position having  
responsibility for the overall operation of the facility from which the industrial discharge  
Page 23  
originates, such as the position of plant manager, operator of a well or well field, or  
superintendent or a position of equivalent responsibility or that has overall  
responsibility for environmental matters for the company.  
(iii) The written authorization is submitted to the control authority. If an  
authorization is no longer accurate because a different individual or position has  
responsibility for the overall operation of the facility or overall responsibility for  
environmental matters for the company, a new authorization satisfying the requirements  
of this subrule shall be submitted to the control authority before or together with any  
reports to be signed by an authorized representative.  
(12) Reports submitted to the approval authority by the publicly owned treatment  
works in accordance with subrule (8) of this rule shall be signed by a principal  
executive officer, ranking elected official, or other duly authorized employee if the  
employee is responsible for the overall operation of the publicly owned treatment  
works.  
(13) The reports and other documents required to be submitted or maintained  
under this rule shall be subject to all of the following provisions:  
(a) 18 U.S.C. section §1001 relating to fraud and false statements.  
(b) Section 309(c)(4) of the clean water act, as amended, governing false  
statements, representation or certification.  
(c) Section 309(c)(6) regarding responsible corporate officers.  
(d) Section 3115 of the act.  
(14) All of the following provisions apply to recordkeeping requirements:  
(a) A nondomestic user and publicly owned treatment works subject to the reporting  
requirements established in this rule shall maintain records of all information resulting  
from any monitoring activities required by this rule. The records shall include all of the  
following information for all samples:  
(i) The date, exact place, method, and time of sampling and the names of the person  
or persons taking the samples.  
(ii) The dates analyses were performed.  
(iii) Who performed the analyses.  
(iv) The analytical techniques and methods used.  
(v) The results of the analyses.  
(b) A nondomestic user or publicly owned treatment works subject to the reporting  
requirements established in this rule shall be required to retain, for a minimum of 3  
years, any records of monitoring activities and results, whether or not the monitoring  
activities are required by this rule, and shall make the records available for inspection  
and copying by the approval authority and the E.P.A. regional administrator and in the  
case of a nondomestic user, the publicly owned treatment works. The period of retention  
shall be extended during the course of any pending litigation regarding the nondomestic  
user or publicly owned treatment works or when requested by the approval authority or  
the E.P.A. regional administrator.  
(c) A publicly owned treatment works to which reports are submitted by a  
nondomestic user pursuant to subrules (2), (3), (4), and (7) of this rule shall retain the  
reports for a minimum of 3 years and shall make the reports available for inspection  
and copying by the approval authority and the E.P.A. regional administrator. The  
period of retention shall be extended during the course of any pending litigation  
Page 24  
regarding the discharge of pollutants by the nondomestic user or the operation of the  
publicly owned treatment works' pretreatment program or when requested by the  
approval authority or the regional administrator.  
(15) All of the following provisions apply to hazardous waste notification:  
(a) The nondomestic user shall notify the publicly owned treatment works, the  
E.P.A. regional waste management division chief, and the department, in writing, of  
any discharge into the publicly owned treatment works of a substance which, if otherwise  
disposed of, would be a hazardous waste under 40 C.F.R. part 261 (1990). The  
notification shall include the name of the hazardous waste as set forth in 40 C.F.R. part  
261 (1990), the E.P.A. hazardous waste number, and the type of discharge  
(continuous, batch, or other). If the nondomestic user discharges more than 100  
kilograms of the waste per calendar month to the publicly owned treatment works, the  
notification shall also contain all of the following information to the extent the  
information is known and readily available to the nondomestic user:  
(i) An identification of the hazardous constituents contained in the wastes.  
(ii) An estimation of the mass and concentration of the constituents in the  
wastestream discharged during that calendar month.  
(iii) An estimation of the mass of constituents in the wastestream expected to be  
discharged during the following 12 months. Nondomestic users who commence  
discharging after the effective date of this rule shall provide the notification not later than  
180 days after the discharge of the listed or characteristic hazardous waste. Any  
notification under this subdivision need be submitted only once for each hazardous  
waste discharged. However, notifications of changed discharges shall b submitted  
under subrule (9) of this rule. The notification requirement in this rule does not apply  
to pollutants already reported under the self-monitoring requirements of this rule.  
(b) Dischargers are exempt from the requirements of subdivision (a) of this subrule  
during a calendar month in which they discharge 15 kilograms or less of hazardous  
wastes, unless the wastes are acute hazardous wastes as specified in 40 C.F.R. 261.30(d)  
and 261.33(e) (1990). Discharge of more than 15 kilograms of nonacute hazardous  
wastes in a calendar month, or of any quantity of acute hazardous wastes as specified  
in 40 C.F.R. 261.30(d) and 261.33(e) (1990), requires a 1-time notification. Discharges  
in subsequent months of more than the quantities of any hazardous waste specified in  
this subdivision do not require additional notification.  
(c) If new regulations under section 3001 of the resource conservation recovery act  
of 42 U.S.C. §6901 et seq., identify additional characteristics of hazardous waste  
or list any additional substance as a hazardous waste, the nondomestic user shall notify  
the publicly owned treatment works, the E.P.A. regional waste management division  
chief, and state hazardous waste authorities of the discharge of the substance within 90  
days of the effective date of the regulations.  
(d) If notification is made under subdivision (a) of this subrule, the nondomestic  
user shall certify that it has a program in place to reduce the volume and toxicity of  
hazardous wastes generated to the degree it has determined to be economically practical.  
History: 1995 AACS.  
R 323.2311 National pretreatment standards; categorical standards.  
Page 25  
Rule 11. (1) National pretreatment standards  
specifying  
quantities  
or  
concentrations of pollutants or pollutant properties that may be discharged to a  
publicly owned treatment works by existing or new nondomestic users in specific  
industrial subcategories will be established by E.P.A. as separate regulations under the  
appropriate subpart of 40 C.F.R. chapter I, subchapter N (1990). The standards, unless  
specifically noted otherwise, shall be in addition to all applicable pretreatment  
standards and requirements set forth in these rules.  
(2) All of the following provisions apply to category determination request:  
(a) Within 60 days after the effective date of a pretreatment standard for a  
subcategory under which a nondomestic user may be included, the nondomestic user  
or publicly owned treatment works may request that the approval authority, as  
appropriate, provide written certification on whether the nondomestic user falls within  
that particular subcategory. If an existing nondomestic user adds or changes a process or  
operation that may be included in a subcategory, the existing nondomestic user shall  
request the certification before commencing to discharge from the added or changed  
processes or operation. A new source shall request the certification before  
commencing to discharge. Where a certification is submitted by a publicly owned  
treatment works, the publicly owned treatment works shall notify any affected  
nondomestic user of the submission. The nondomestic user may provide written  
comments on the publicly owned treatment works submission to the approval authority  
within 30 days of notification.  
(b) Each request shall contain both of the following:  
(i) A statement describing which subcategories might be applicable.  
(ii) A statement citing evidence and reasons why a particular subcategory is  
applicable and why others are not applicable. Any person signing the application  
statement submitted pursuant to this subdivision shall make the following certification: I  
certify under penalty of law that this document and all attachments were prepared under  
my direction or supervision in accordance with a system designed to assure that  
qualified personnel properly gather and evaluate the information submitted. Based on  
my inquiry of the person or persons who manage the system, or those persons directly  
responsible for gathering the information, the information submitted is, to the best of my  
knowledge and belief, true, accurate, and complete. I am aware that there are  
significant penalties for submitting false information, including the possibility of fine  
and imprisonment for knowing violations.  
(c) The approval authority will only act on written requests for determinations  
that contain all of the information required. Persons who have made incomplete  
submissions will be notified by the approval authority that their requests are deficient  
and, unless the time period is extended, will be given 30 days to correct the  
deficiency. If the deficiency is not corrected within 30 days or within an extended  
period allowed by the approval authority, the request for a determination shall be  
denied.  
(d) When the approval authority receives a submittal, the authority will, after  
determining that it contains all of the information required by subdivision (b) of this  
subrule, consider the submission, any additional evidence that may have been  
requested, and any other available information relevant to the request. The E.P.A. has  
the opportunity to review any information and make a final determination in  
Page 26  
accordance with 40 C.F.R. §403.6(a)(4) (1992). The approval authority will then make  
a written determination of the applicable subcategory and state the reasons for the  
determination. The approval authority shall send a copy of the determination to the  
affected nondomestic user and the publicly owned treatment works.  
(e) Within 30 days following the date of receipt of notice of the final determination  
as provided for by subdivision (d) of this subrule, the requester may submit a petition  
to reconsider or contest the decision to the E.P.A. regional administrator, who shall  
act on the petition expeditiously and state the reasons for his or her determination  
in writing.  
(3) Compliance by existing sources with categorical pretreatment standards  
shall be attained within 3 years of the date the standard is effective, unless a shorter  
compliance time is specified in the appropriate subpart of 40 C.F.R. chapter I,  
subchapter N (1990). Direct dischargers that have had national pollutant discharge  
elimination system permits modified or reissued to provide a variance pursuant to  
section 301(i)(2) of the clean water act shall be required to meet compliance dates set  
in any applicable categorical pretreatment standard. Existing sources that become  
nondomestic users subsequent to the promulgation of an applicable categorical  
pretreatment standard shall be considered existing nondomestic users, except where the  
sources meet the definition of a new source as defined in R 323.2302(r).  
(4) New sources shall install, have in operating condition, and start up all pollution  
control equipment required to meet applicable pretreatment standards before beginning  
to discharge. Within the shortest feasible time, but not more than 90 days, new sources  
shall meet all applicable pretreatment standards. Construction on a site at which an  
existing source is located results in a modification rather than a new source if the  
construction does not create a new building, structure, facility, or installation meeting  
the criteria of R 323.2302(r)(ii) or (iii), but otherwise alters, replaces, or adds to  
existing process or production equipment. Construction of a new source as defined in  
R 323.2302(r) has commenced if the owner or operator has done either of the following:  
(a) Begun, or caused to begin, as part of a continuous onsite construction  
program, either of the following:  
(i) Any placement, assembly, or installation of facilities or equipment.  
(ii) Significant site preparation work, including clearing, excavation, or removal of  
existing buildings, structures, or facilities that is necessary for the placement,  
assembly, or installation of new source facilities or equipment.  
(b) Entered into a binding contractual obligation for the purchase of facilities or  
equipment that is intended to be used in the operation within a reasonable time.  
Options to purchase or contracts that can be terminated or modified without  
substantial loss and contracts for feasibility, engineering, and design studies do not  
constitute a contractual obligation under this subdivision.  
(5) All of the following provisions apply to concentration and mass limits:  
(a) Pollutant discharge limits in categorical pretreatme