DEPARTMENT OF ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY  
AIR QUALITY DIVISION  
DRY CLEANING ESTABLISHMENTS  
UTILIZING CLASS I, II, III, AND IV SOLVENTS  
(By authority conferred on the department of environmental quality by section 33 of  
1969 PA 306, MCL 24.233; sections 2233 and 13322 of 1978 PA 368, MCL 333.2233  
and 333.13322; section 3c of 1941 PA 207, MCL 29.3c; and Executive Reorganization  
Order Nos. 1997-2 and 1998-2, MCL 29.451 and 29.461.)  
PART 1. GENERAL PROVISIONS  
R 325.17101 Scope and applicability.  
Rule 101. These rules apply to  
owners,  
operators, manufacturers,  
distributors, sellers, lessors, installers, assemblers, and other persons who possess or  
control dry cleaning equipment utilizing class I, II, III, and IV solvents in this state.  
History: 1981 AACS; 2004 AACS.  
R 325.17102 Definitions.  
Rule 102. (1) As used in these rules:  
(a) "Application" means a form and applicable fees submitted to the  
department by an owner or operator of a type I, II, III, and  
IV establishment, which provides information about the establishment  
and requests licensure thereof.  
(b) "Class I solvents" are liquids having a flashpoint below 100 degrees Fahrenheit  
(37.8 degrees Centigrade).  
(c) "Class II solvents" are liquids having a flashpoint at or above 100 degrees  
Fahrenheit (37.8 degrees Centigrade) and below 140 degrees Fahrenheit (60 degrees  
Centigrade).  
(d) "Class IIIA solvents" are liquids having a flashpoint at or above 140 degrees  
Fahrenheit (60 degrees Centigrade) and below 200 degrees Fahrenheit (93.4 degrees  
Centigrade).  
(e) "Class IIIB solvents" are liquids classified as having a flashpoint above  
200 degrees Fahrenheit (93.4 degrees Centigrade).  
(f) "Class IV solvents" are liquids classified as nonflammable.  
(g) "Department" means the department of environmental quality.  
(h) "Director" means the director of the department or his or her authorized  
representative.  
(i) "Dry cleaning establishment" means machines,  
equipment, controls,  
connections, rooms, buildings, or fixtures which are associated with the dry cleaning  
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process utilizing a class I, II, III, or IV solvent and the premises upon which they are  
located.  
(j) "Dry cleaning machine" means a device in which wearing apparel,  
textiles, fabrics and rugs, are immersed in a solution other than water and agitated for  
the purpose of removal of dirt or soil.  
(k) "Dry cleaning machine room" means a room in which the dry cleaning  
operations are conducted, including all additional areas containing solvent or solvent  
handling equipment in which dry cleaning solvents or vapors may accumulate.  
(l) "Dry cleaning system" means any equipment such as washers, dryers,  
filters, stills, vapor recovery units, waste water vaporizers, and storage tanks which  
contain a cleaning solvent.  
(m) "Emergency" means that, in the judgment of the director, there is a violation  
of the public health code or these rules which causes or may cause a condition at a  
type IV establishment requiring immediate action to prevent endangering the health or  
safety of a person or persons or a violation of the fire protection code or these rules  
which causes or may cause a condition at a type I, II, or III establishment  
requiring immediate action to prevent endangering the health or safety of a person  
or persons from the risk of a fire or explosion.  
(n) "Fire prevention code" means section 5i of 1941 PA 207, MCL  
29.34.  
29.1 to  
(o) "Licensee" means the owner of a dry cleaning establishment that has been  
issued a license or certificate.  
(p) "Make-up air" means outdoor air that replaces establishment air which is  
exhausted to the outside by a ventilation system.  
(q) "Modification" means a conversion, alteration, or change in the design,  
operation, or location of the equipment or a change in the class of solvent utilized at the  
dry cleaning establishment, including, but not limited to, dry cleaning equipment,  
fuel-fired equipment, ventilation equipment, and the building structure, or any of the  
items listed in  
R 335.17203. A modification does not include routine maintenance.  
(r) "Plans and specifications" means drawings, specifications, data, and a true  
description or representation of a type I, II, III, and  
IV installation, or a  
component thereof, as it exists or is to be constructed, installed, modified,  
converted, or remodeled.  
(s) "Public health code" means part 133 of article 12 of 1978 PA 368, MCL  
333.13301 to 333.13325, and only applies to  
establishments.  
type  
IV  
dry cleaning  
(t) "Public laundry" means a business where the public may launder wearing  
apparel, textiles, fabrics, and rugs by immersion in water.  
(u) "Type I establishment" is an establishment utilizing a class I solvent.  
(v) "Type II establishment" is an establishment utilizing a class II solvent.  
(w) "Type III establishment" is an establishment utilizing a class IIIA or class  
IIIB solvent.  
(x) "Type IV establishment" is an establishment utilizing a class IV solvent.  
(2) The terms defined in the public health code and the fire prevention code  
have the same meaning when used in these rules.  
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History: 1981 AACS; 2004 AACS.  
R 325.17103 Adoption by reference; purchase.  
Rule 103. The following standards are incorporated by reference in these rules:  
(a) The national fire protection association standard, NFPA No.32 entitled,  
"Drycleaning Plants 2000." The standard is available for inspection at the Lansing  
office of the Department  
of  
Environmental Quality, Air Quality Division,  
Constitution Hall, 525 West Allegan Street, P.O. Box 30260, Lansing, Michigan  
48909-7760, and may be purchased at a cost of $22.25, as of the time these rules  
were promulgated, from the National Fire Protection Association, 1 Battery March  
Park, P. O. Box 9101, Quincy, Massachusetts 02269-9101.  
(b) "National Perchloroethylene Air Emission Standards for Dry Cleaning  
Facilities," 40 C.F.R., part 63, subpart M (2002). A copy of these regulations may  
be inspected at the Lansing office of the air quality division of the department of  
environmental quality. Copies of 40 C.F.R., part 63, may be obtained from the  
Department of Environmental Quality, Air Quality Division, 525 West Allegan  
Street, P.O. Box 30260, Lansing, Michigan 48909-7760, at a cost as of the time of  
adoption of these rules of $56.00; from the Superintendent of Documents, P.O.  
Box 371954, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15250-7954, at a cost as of the time of adoption  
of these rules of $56.00; or on the United States government printing office internet  
(c) "Standards of Performance for Petroleum Dry Cleaners," 40 C.F.R., part 60,  
subpart JJJ. A copy of these regulations may be inspected at the Lansing office of the  
air quality division of the department of environmental quality. Copies of 40  
C.F.R., part 60, may be obtained from the Department of Environmental Quality, Air  
Quality Division, 525 West Allegan Street, P.O. Box 30260, Lansing, Michigan,  
48909-7760, at a cost as of the time of the adoption of these rules of $56.00; from the  
Superintendent of Documents, P.O. Box 371954, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15250-7954,  
at a cost as of the time of adoption of these rules of $56.00; or on the United States  
History: 1981 AACS; 2004 AACS.  
R 325.17104 Daily inspections; recordkeeping of dry cleaning machines and  
related equipment.  
Rule 104. The owner or operator shall conduct daily surveillance checks of each  
dry cleaning machine and related equipment  
and  
perform necessary  
maintenance in order to prevent unnecessary loss of dry cleaning solvent or solvent  
vapors. Owners or operators of type IV dry cleaning establishments shall maintain  
records  
according  
to  
the  
requirements defined under the "National  
Perchloroethylene Air Emission Standards for Dry Cleaning Facilities," 40 C.F.R.,  
Part 63, subpart M, adopted by reference in R 325.17103. Owners or operators of  
type I, II or III dry cleaning establishments shall maintain records according to the  
Page 3  
requirements defined under the " Standards of Performance for Petroleum Dry  
Cleaners," 40 C.F.R., Part 60, subpart JJJ, adopted by reference in R 325.17103.  
History: 1981 AACS; 2004 AACS.  
R 325.17105 Rescinded.  
History: 1981 AACS; 2004 AACS.  
R 325.17106 Dry cleaning solvent.  
Rule 106. The use of dry cleaning solvents, other than those specifically  
designated for a machine are prohibited, unless prior approval is obtained from the  
department.  
History: 1981 AACS; 2004 AACS.  
R 325.17107 Establishment requirements generally.  
Rule 107. A dry cleaning establishment shall comply with  
following provisions:  
all  
of the  
(a) Filter cartridges, filter residues, and other residues containing dry cleaning  
solvent shall be stored in a suitable covered container and properly disposed of so as  
to not create a hazard to the health or safety of a person or persons at a type IV dry  
cleaning establishment or by preventing the risk of a fire or explosion from occurring at  
a type I, II, or III dry cleaning establishment.  
(b) Dry cleaning, dry dyeing, waterproofing, and related  
immersion and agitation in vessels without covers are not permitted.  
processes by  
History: 1981 AACS; 2004 AACS.  
R 325.17108 Rescinded.  
History: 1981 AACS; 2004 AACS.  
R 325.17109 Operations vigilance; notification to department of threat or  
hazard to public health or safety; report.  
Rule 109. (1) An owner, operator, or employee of a type IV dry cleaning  
establishment shall maintain all dry cleaning operations and equipment to prevent  
threats or hazards to the public health and safety. An owner, operator, or  
employee of a type I, II or III dry cleaning establishment shall maintain all dry  
cleaning operations and equipment to prevent threats to the health or safety of a person  
or persons by preventing the risk of a fire or explosion from occurring.  
Page 4  
(2) If a condition or incident presents a threat or hazard as defined in R  
325.17109(1), then the owner or operator of dry cleaning establishment  
a
shall immediately initiate corrective actions and notify the department by not later than  
the next business day upon learning of the condition or incident. Within 30 days after  
the condition or incident, the owner or operator shall file a written report with the  
department outlining, in detail, discovery of the condition or incident, the cause, and the  
corrective actions taken.  
History: 1981 AACS; 2004 AACS.  
PART 2. PLANS AND SPECIFICATIONS  
R 325.17201 Rescinded.  
History: 1981 AACS; 2004 AACS.  
R 325.17202 Submission of plans and specifications for construction or  
modification of dry cleaning establishment.  
Rule 202. Before construction or modification of any dry cleaning  
establishment, or portion thereof, plans and specifications shall be submitted to  
the department by the owner, operator, or a designated agent for review and approval  
and shall meet all of the following requirements:  
(a) Be accompanied with a transmittal letter and  
application form as prescribed and provided by  
a
completed license  
the department. The  
transmittal letter shall identify and summarize the plans and specifications for the  
project and indicate the authorization of any designated agent for the owner or  
operator.  
(b) Be accompanied with the appropriate fee prescribed by the public health  
code for type IV dry cleaning establishments or the fire prevention code for type I, II  
or III dry cleaning establishments and made payable to "state of Michigan."  
(c) Be accompanied with proof of approval from the local governmental  
authority either by a form provided by the department or a building permit.  
History: 1981 AACS; 1987 AACS; 2004 AACS.  
R 325.17203 Construction details for plans and specifications; modifications.  
Rule 203. (1) Plans and specifications for a new dry cleaning establishment  
or modification of an existing dry cleaning establishment that are submitted to the  
department for approval shall include, at a minimum, the items specified in section  
13303 of the public health code and all of the following, where applicable:  
(a) Site plan.  
(b) Structural design.  
(c) Construction materials.  
Page 5  
(d) Construction and installation schedules and methods.  
(e) Water supply, waste water disposal, and floor drains.  
(f) Garbage and rubbish disposal facilities.  
(g) Ventilation and make-up air equipment, location, and airflow direction.  
(h) High-pressure steam boilers.  
(i) Water and space heating equipment.  
(j) Btu/hr. input ratings.  
(k) Type and model of proposed equipment.  
(l) Location, size, and type of combustion air openings.  
(m) Fire protection systems.  
(n) Permanently installed storage tanks.  
(2) Plans and specifications of a modification of an existing dry cleaning  
establishment submitted for approval shall show both the proposed modifications and  
the pertinent existing facilities.  
History: 1981 AACS; 2004 AACS.  
R 325.17203a. Compliance with state or local code requirements.  
Rule 203a. Compliance with these rules does not relieve an owner from  
complying with a state or local code or requirement that is not in conflict with these  
rules.  
History: 2004 AACS.  
R 325.17204 Review of plans and specifications by department.  
Rule 204. (1) Upon receipt of the transmittal  
letter,  
plans, and  
specifications, license or certificate application, appropriate fee, and proof of local  
approval, the department shall review the documents as soon as practical to determine  
their completeness with regard to the minimum requirements specified by these  
rules and to determine their adequacy. In making its review, the department shall  
not approve the plans and specifications for a type IV establishment unless it  
determines the dry cleaning establishment, or a portion thereof, is designed to  
protect the health or safety of a person or persons. The department shall not  
approve the plans and specifications for a type I, II or III establishment unless it  
determines the dry cleaning establishment, or a portion thereof, is designed to protect the  
health or safety of a person or persons by preventing the risk of a fire or explosion from  
occurring.  
(2) If the department determines that plans and specifications or other pertinent  
information are incomplete, inaccurate, or do not comply with these rules, it shall notify  
the applicant and may request the submission of revised plans and specifications with  
appropriate corrections or additions. The department shall not initiate the approval  
process under this part until the completed license or certificate application form and  
appropriate fee are received as well as the plans, specifications, and proof of local  
approval that comply with the public health code for type IV establishments or the fire  
prevention code for type I, II or III establishments and these rules.  
Page 6  
History: 1981 AACS; 2004 AACS.  
R 325.17205 Approval of plans and specifications; authorization for  
construction, installation, or modification of establishment.  
Rule 205. (1) Upon a determination that provisions of R 325.17204(1) are met  
and the plans and specifications for the construction, installation, or modification of a  
dry cleaning establishment, or portion thereof, are complete and in compliance  
with the public health code for type IV establishments or the fire prevention code  
for type I, II or III establishments, and these rules, the department shall mark the  
plans or drawings showing approval and the date of approval, shall notify the owner,  
operator, or designated agent thereof of the approval, and shall authorize construction,  
installation, or modification of the dry cleaning establishment.  
(2) The approval of plans and specifications  
and  
authorization for  
construction, installation, or modification of a dry cleaning establishment by the  
department pursuant to the public health code, for a type IV establishment, or the  
fire prevention code, for a type I, II or III establishment, and these rules shall expire  
within 1 year from the date of approval, unless the owner, operator, or designated  
agent of the dry cleaning establishment applies in writing to the department for an  
extension of the approval and construction authorization before its expiration. The  
request for extension shall identify the project for which the approval was issued and  
the reason for the delay in construction or initiation of the project. If an extension is  
granted, the department may require modification of the plans and specifications to  
incorporate updated dry cleaning practices where applicable.  
History: 1981 AACS; 2004 AACS.  
R 325.17206 Rescinded.  
History: 1981 AACS; 2004 AACS.  
R 325.17207 Approvals and authorizations; terms and conditions.  
Rule 207. An approval and authorization issued under  
R
325.17205 shall  
require that the project be constructed in accordance with the approved plans and  
specifications. The department may attach additional conditions to an approval and  
authorization if it determines the conditions are necessary to assure proper  
construction, installation, modification, or operation of the establishment, or portion  
thereof.  
History: 1981 AACS; 2004 AACS.  
R 325.17208 Deviations from approved plans and specifications; minor changes  
not affecting installation or operation; as-built plans.  
Page 7  
Rule 208. (1) Deviations from approved plans and  
specifications  
in the  
installation or operation of a dry cleaning establishment, or portion thereof, shall  
be submitted in writing to the department, before construction, installation, or  
modification is initiated.  
(2) Changes in the construction, installation or modification of the dry cleaning  
establishment that do not affect the health or safety of a person or persons at a type IV  
establishment or that do not affect the health or safety of a person or persons at a type I, II  
or III establishment from fire or explosion shall be allowed without first obtaining  
approval from the department.  
(3) As-built plans that clearly show the work as constructed or installed shall  
be submitted to the department upon request.  
History: 1981 AACS; 2004 AACS.  
R 325.17209 Approval and authorization; rescission; orders to stop  
construction.  
Rule 209. (1) The department may rescind its approval  
of  
plans and  
specifications and authorization for construction, installation, or modification of a  
dry cleaning establishment, if it determines that the owner, operator, or designated  
agent is not undertaking the work substantially in accordance with approved plans  
and specifications. The department shall notify the owner, operator, or designated agent  
before the rescission of authorization, shall afford him or her the opportunity to take any  
corrective action as may be required, and may pursue further remedies as authorized  
by the public health code or the fire prevention code and these rules.  
(2) If an owner, operator, or designated agent of  
establishment fails to submit plans and specifications for  
a
dry cleaning  
the construction,  
installation, or modification of the establishment; fails to construct, install, or modify  
a dry cleaning establishment in accordance with approved plans and specifications; or  
fails to take corrective actions as required under subrule (1) of this rule, then the  
department may issue a written stop work order to the owner, operator, or  
designated agent to halt any construction, installation, or modification activities and  
may pursue other remedies as provided by the public health code or the fire prevention  
code.  
History: 1981 AACS; 2004 AACS.  
R 325.17210 Inspection of dry cleaning establishment.  
Rule 210. (1) When the construction of a new dry cleaning establishment is  
completed, the owner, operator, or designated agent shall notify the department and  
arrange for an inspection of the establishment. The owner, operator, or designated  
agent shall not  
operate  
the  
dry cleaning establishment until an approved  
inspection is completed and is in compliance with part 3 of these rules.  
(2) When a modification of an existing dry cleaning  
establishment is  
completed, the owner, operator, or designated agent shall notify the department for  
approval. The department shall determine if an on-site inspection is necessary.  
Page 8  
History: 1981 AACS; 2004 AACS.  
R 325.17211 Storage tank installation, operation, and closure plan review and  
approval.  
Rule 211. The owner of a dry cleaning establishment shall obtain department  
approval for the installation, operation and closure of dry cleaning liquid storage  
tanks as follows:  
(a) A copy of the plans and specifications shall be submitted to the storage  
tank unit of the waste and hazardous materials division of the department for inside  
and outside above-ground storage tanks that exceed 1,100 gallons in capacity for  
class I, II and IIIA solvents. These plans and specifications shall be reviewed for  
compliance with the fire prevention code and R 29.5209 et seq.  
(b) A copy of the plans and specifications shall be submitted to the storage  
tank unit of the waste and hazardous materials division for underground tanks that  
meet the requirements of part 211 of 1994 PA 451, MCL 324.21101. These plans and  
specifications shall be reviewed for compliance with part 211 of 1994 PA 451, MCL  
324.21101, and R 29.2113 et seq.  
History: 2004 AACS.  
PART 3. LICENSURE  
R 325.17301 Applications for initial licenses; required information; fees; local  
approval.  
Rule 301. A completed license application form for an initial type I, II, III, or IV  
license and the applicable fee prescribed by R 325.17302 shall be submitted to the  
department. At the time an initial license application is submitted to the department,  
the owner or operator of a drycleaning establishment shall provide satisfactory evidence  
of local approval of the establishment. Evidence of local approval shall accompany  
the license application form. The initial license application and local approval forms  
shall be obtained from the department.  
History: 1981 AACS; 1987 AACS; 2004 AACS.  
R 325.17302 License applications; fees.  
Rule 302. (1) The owner or operator of a type I, II and/or III dry cleaning  
establishment shall submit the fee prescribed in section 5i of the fire prevention code  
together with the application.  
(2) The owner or operator of a type IV dry  
cleaning  
establishment shall  
submit the fee prescribed in section 13306 of the public health code together with the  
application.  
Page 9  
(3) Payment of the license application fee shall be by check or money order  
made payable to: "state of Michigan."  
(4) A dry cleaning establishment shall not be operated without a license  
issued pursuant to the public health code for type  
IV establishments or a  
certificate issued pursuant to the fire prevention code for type I, II or III establishments.  
History: 1987 AACS; 2004 AACS.  
R 325.17303 Application for annual license renewal; expiration.  
Rule 303. (1) An application for an annual renewal license for a dry cleaning  
establishment shall be made by the owner or operator of the establishment on  
forms provided by the department. The renewal application shall include all of the  
information required on the form, the signature of the owner or operator, and any other  
information which may be required by the department. Renewal license application  
forms shall be obtained from the department.  
(2) A dry cleaning establishment license shall expire on December 31 of each  
year.  
History: 1981 AACS; 2004 AACS.  
R 325.17304 Review of initial license application; pre-licensing inspection;  
issuance of license.  
Rule 304. (1) The department shall promptly review an application for initial  
licensure of a dry cleaning establishment to determine if the application is complete  
and accurate. The department may return an incomplete or inaccurate application to  
an owner or operator or  
may request any additional information determined  
necessary to assure completeness or accuracy of the application.  
(2) After the department determines that an application for licensure is complete  
and accurate, it shall inspect the dry cleaning establishment to determine compliance  
with the public health code for type IV establishments or the fire prevention  
code for type I, II or III establishments and these rules. The inspection shall be  
conducted by the department before issuance or denial of the initial license.  
(3) The department may attach any condition or restriction  
to  
an initial  
license, under subrule (1) of this rule, when determined necessary for  
compliance with the public health code for type IV establishments or the fire  
protection code for type I, II or III establishments.  
History: 1981 AACS; 2004 AACS.  
R 325.17305 Renewal of license; denial or revocation; conditions or  
restrictions.  
Rule 305. (1) After review of a renewal license application for a dry cleaning  
establishment and the latest annual inspection  
by  
the department under R  
Page 10  
325.17304(2), the department shall issue or deny the license renewal. The license, if  
issued, shall be sent directly to the owner or operator of the dry cleaning establishment.  
(2) The department may attach any condition or restriction to a renewal  
license, issued or renewed pursuant to subrule (1) of this rule when determined  
necessary for compliance with the public health code for type IV establishments or  
the fire prevention code for type I, II or III establishments.  
History: 1981 AACS; 2004 AACS.  
R 325.17306 Suspension and revocation of license.  
Rule 306. (1) If the department determines that a type IV dry cleaning  
establishment is not being operated in accordance with the requirements of the  
public health code and these rules or that a type  
I, II or III dry cleaning  
establishment is not being operated in accordance with the requirements of the  
fire prevention code and these rules, then the department shall notify the licensee and  
shall provide an opportunity for the licensee to take corrective action. If the licensee  
does not effect the corrections within the time prescribed by the department, the  
department may suspend, revoke, or deny the license of the establishment.  
Procedures for the suspension or revocation of a license shall be in accordance  
with, and subject to, part 10 of these rules.  
(2) If a license is suspended, revoked, or denied by the department, then the  
owner or operator of the dry cleaning establishment shall cease all dry cleaning  
operations until the expiration of the period of suspension or reinstatement of the  
license, whichever is applicable.  
(3) This rule does not apply to emergency procedures as prescribed by subsection  
(3) of section 13321 of the public health code.  
History: 1981 AACS; 2004 AACS.  
R 325.17307 Removal of suspension and reinstatement of license.  
Rule 307. A person whose license has been suspended by the department may, at  
any time, request the department to inspect the dry cleaning establishment for the  
purpose of reinstatement of the license. Based upon its inspection, if the department  
determines that the owner or operator of the establishment has taken steps to correct  
the violations or conditions prompting the suspension of the license and determines  
that a type IV establishment will be operated in compliance with the public health code  
and these rules, or that a type I, II or III establishment will be operated in compliance  
with the fire prevention code, these rules, and other applicable state laws, then the  
department shall reinstate the license. An owner or operator whose license has been  
suspended may apply for a new license in the same manner as an initial applicant.  
History: 1981 AACS; 2004 AACS.  
Page 11  
R 325.17308 Transfer of ownership or operation; application for license after  
construction, installation, or modification of establishment.  
Rule 308. (1) Before the transfer of ownership or operation of a dry cleaning  
establishment, the proposed licensee shall notify the department in writing, submit a  
completed application for a new license accompanied with the appropriate fee, and  
arrange for the department to conduct an inspection of the dry cleaning  
establishment. The department  
shall conduct an inspection of the dry cleaning  
establishment and shall notify the owner or operator in writing of its findings, and  
the prospective licensee shall be apprised of any deficiencies which shall be  
corrected as a condition of issuance of a license. The prospective licensee shall not  
operate the dry cleaning establishment until a final license approval is issued by  
the department.  
(2) If a license application is submitted to the department for operation after  
construction, installation, or modification of a dry cleaning system, then the  
application shall be accompanied by evidence of compliance with part 2 of these rules.  
(3) A license is not transferable upon change of ownership.  
History: 1981 AACS; 2004 AACS.  
R 325.17309 Rescinded.  
History: 1981 AACS; 2004 AACS.  
PART 4. DRY CLEANING MACHINE REQUIREMENTS  
R 325.17401 Dry cleaning machine exhaust systems.  
Rule 401. (1) A dry cleaning machine which uses a solvent and is designed to  
be installed and operated without a loading door exhaust system as specified in  
subrule (2) of this rule shall be approved for operation only if the machine is  
constructed and operated in a manner to limit the peak work area concentration of  
the solvent vapors.  
(2) Except as provided in subrule (1) of this rule, dry cleaning machines and  
recovery units or dryers shall be equipped with an exhaust system capable of  
providing an indraft velocity across the entire loading door opening which averages  
100 feet per minute. The exhaust from the blower shall be tightly piped to a point not  
less than 5 feet above the roof of the building, any adjacent parapet wall, or adjacent  
building, whichever is applicable, and a minimum of 25 feet away from any return air  
opening. The stack shall be soldered or taped to prevent vapors from entering the work  
area and shall be equipped with a vertical discharge cap.  
Exhaust ducts from dry  
cleaning machines and recovery units or dryers shall be sized and joined in a manner  
to maintain the required air flow from each unit.  
History: 1981 AACS; 2004 AACS.  
Page 12  
R 325.17402 Prevention of liquid solvent and solvent vapor loss; piping of  
recovered dry cleaning solvent.  
Rule 402. (1) A dry cleaning system shall be designed, installed,  
operated, and maintained in a manner to prevent the loss of liquid solvent or solvent  
vapor.  
(2) Recovered dry cleaning solvent from all types of recovery equipment  
shall be piped directly into an enclosed tank.  
(3) Pipe joint compounds and dry cleaning machine gasketing shall be made of  
a material which resists penetration and deterioration by solvents or solvent  
vapors.  
History: 1981 AACS; 2004 AACS.  
R 325.17403 Button and lint traps.  
Rule 403. (1) Button or lint traps on dry cleaning machines shall be designed  
so as to prevent loss of solvent or solvent vapor.  
(2) A solvent bypass arrangement shall be provided for the button or lint trap if  
overflow might occur due to partial or total blocking of the trap.  
(3) A button or lint trap cover shall be kept  
operations of the dry cleaning machine.  
closed  
during normal  
History: 1981 AACS; 2004 AACS.  
R 325.17404 Electrical components.  
Rule 404. The electrical wiring and electrical components associated with a type I,  
II, III, and IV dry cleaning machine shall be approved by a nationally- recognized  
electrical testing laboratory.  
History: 1981 AACS; 2004 AACS.  
R 325.17405 Exterior venting of solvent filters, stills, water separators, and  
sludge cookers.  
Rule 405. Solvent filters, solvent stills, solvent-water separators, sludge  
cookers, and any required pressure relief vents that are not designed and operated  
to limit the peak work area concentration of solvent vapors shall be vented to the  
exterior of the building.  
History: 1981 AACS; 2004 AACS.  
R 325.17406 Manuals for installation, operation, and maintenance.  
Rule 406. An applicant submitting plans and specifications pursuant to part 2 of  
these rules shall provide the installation, operation, and maintenance manuals, upon  
Page 13  
request of the department, which indicate the use of new or revised models of dry  
cleaning machines. The manuals shall include all of the following:  
(a) A complete description of the dry cleaning machine cycle, solvent loss and  
exposure safeguards, and machine performance.  
(b) The location and identification of all controls.  
(c) Routine maintenance procedures.  
History: 1981 AACS; 2004 AACS.  
R 325.17407 Rescinded.  
History: 1981 AACS; 2004 AACS.  
R 325.17408 Rescinded.  
History: 1981 AACS; 2004 AACS.  
R 325.17409 Rescinded.  
History: 1981 AACS; 2004 AACS.  
PART 5. BUILDING REQUIREMENTS  
R 325.17501 Location of establishments; approval by department.  
Rule 501. (1) The location and the type of building used for the dry cleaning  
establishment shall be approved by the department.  
(2) The department shall conduct an on-site evaluation of a new dry cleaning  
building location before the plans and  
specifications  
are submitted to the  
department for review and approval.  
The owner, operator, or designated agent  
shall be responsible for contacting the department to arrange an inspection to  
comply with this part.  
(3) The department shall not approve the location of  
a
dry cleaning  
building or dry cleaning establishment if the building or establishment does not  
comply with the public health code for type IV installations or the fire prevention  
code for type I, II or III installations.  
History: 1981 AACS; 2004 AACS.  
R 325.17502 Rescinded.  
History: 1981 AACS; 2004 AACS.  
Page 14  
R 325.17503 Approval of new dry cleaning establishment in building occupied  
in part as dwelling prohibited; exception.  
Rule 503. The department shall not grant approval of  
plans  
for the  
installation of a new dry cleaning establishment in a building which is occupied in part  
as a dwelling, except upon demonstration  
by  
the prospective owner and  
concurrence by the department that the dry  
cleaning establishment is specifically  
located or constructed, or both, in a manner that will not create a potential hazard to  
the occupants of the building or to the public.  
History: 1981 AACS; 2004 AACS.  
R 325.17504 Building requirements generally.  
Rule 504. (1) Buildings in which type I, II, III, and IV dry cleaning  
systems are installed shall be structures with concrete floors in good condition.  
(2) A dry cleaning establishment shall not be located in a basement or other  
location which is difficult to ventilate. An exception may be granted when, due to  
special construction, location, or use, the installation will not create a potential  
hazard to the occupants or the public, as determined by the department.  
History: 1981 AACS; 2004 AACS.  
R 325.17505 Compliance with building requirements of local governmental  
authorities.  
Rule 505. All new dry cleaning establishments shall comply with applicable  
requirements of local governmental authorities. The owner or operator of a dry cleaning  
establishment shall provide written evidence of this compliance on forms provided by  
the department. The written evidence shall accompany the plans and specifications  
submitted to the department for approval under part 2 of these rules.  
History: 1981 AACS; 2004 AACS.  
R 325.17506 Dry cleaning establishments with adjacent occupancies in same or  
adjoining building; vapor seal requirements.  
Rule 506. Any dry cleaning establishment with adjacent occupancies within  
the same building or in other adjoining buildings shall be provided with an effective  
vapor seal to prevent infiltration of dry cleaning solvent vapors into the adjacent  
occupancies or buildings. Porous walls, partitions, and roof-to-partition wall areas  
shall be effectively sealed in a manner approved by the department.  
History: 1981 AACS; 2004 AACS.  
R 325.17507 Rescinded.  
Page 15  
History: 1981 AACS; 2004 AACS.  
R 325.17508 Rescinded.  
History: 1981 AACS; 2004 AACS.  
R 325.17509 Boiler room construction and boiler location.  
Rule 509. Boiler room construction and the location of a boiler in a dry cleaning  
establishment shall comply with all applicable requirements of state and local  
governmental authorities, including the bureau of safety and regulation of the  
Michigan department of consumer and industry services.  
History: 1981 AACS; 2004 AACS.  
R 325.17510 Combustion air openings.  
Rule 510. (1) Nonpowered combustion air openings for fuel-fired unit space  
heaters, steam boilers, and water heaters shall be sized at ½ square inch of net free area  
per 1,000 Btu per hour input and 1 square inch net free area per 1,000 Btu per hour  
input for dryers.  
(2) If powered combustion air supply equipment is used as an alternate to subrule  
(1) of this rule for water heaters and boilers, then the powered combustion air  
supply equipment shall be selected to provide not less than 0.33 cubic feet per minute  
per 1,000 Btu per hour input and shall be electrically interlocked to the combustion  
controls of each unit.  
History: 1981 AACS; 2004 AACS.  
PART 7. INSTALLATION, OPERATION, AND VENTILATION  
R 325.17701 Control of solvent and solvent vapors; exhaust ventilation  
generally.  
Rule 701. (1) Dry cleaning systems in type I, II, III, and IV dry cleaning  
establishments shall be installed and maintained to prevent the unnecessary escape of  
solvents or solvent vapors into the dry cleaning machine room and public area  
atmospheres and so that the vapor concentration shall not exceed the allowable  
concentration in these areas for those compounds as specified in R 325.51101 et seq.  
(2) General mechanical exhaust ventilation shall be provided in a dry cleaning  
machine room to effectively control the buildup of dry cleaning solvent vapors. The  
exhaust ventilation system shall be designed and installed to have a minimum  
capacity of 1 complete change of air in the dry cleaning machine room each 5 minutes  
in order to control emergency spills or leaks.  
Page 16  
History: 1981 AACS; 2004 AACS.  
R 325.17702 Rescinded.  
History: 1981 AACS; 2004 AACS.  
R 325.17703 Rescinded.  
History: 1981 AACS; 2004 AACS.  
R 325.17704 Rescinded.  
History: 1981 AACS; 2004 AACS.  
R 325.17705 Dry cleaning equipment in public laundry establishments;  
ventilation of dry cleaning machine rooms and flow of air from user operator area.  
Rule 705. (1) If dry cleaning machines are located in public laundry  
facilities, then there shall be an operator on the premises when the dry cleaning  
machine is in operation.  
(2) Dry cleaning equipment in type I, II, III, or IV establishments also having  
a public laundry, shall have general mechanical exhaust ventilation in the dry  
cleaning machine room to create a continuous flow of air from the operator's area and  
the public laundry portion of the establishment to the outside of the building to  
prevent dry cleaning solvent vapor buildup.  
(3) General exhaust ventilation required by this rule shall be provided on a  
continuous basis while the dry cleaning establishment is open for business or while  
the dry cleaning equipment is being operated or serviced.  
History: 1981 AACS; 2004 AACS.  
R 325.17706 Make-up air requirements generally.  
Rule 706. (1) In addition to the exhaust ventilation systems required by these  
rules, a supply of make-up air which is equal to or greater than the total air being  
exhausted from the building shall be provided to all type I, II, III, and IV establishments.  
(2) Regardless of the type of make-up air system selected, sufficient  
replacement air shall be provided to prevent a negative pressure condition within the  
building.  
(3) Make-up air intakes shall be remotely located from the general exhaust  
location so as to provide maximum personnel protection from exposure to solvent  
vapors.  
Page 17  
(4) The location of all make-up air systems and the flow direction of powered  
make-up air systems shall be approved by the department before installation.  
History: 1981 AACS; 2004 AACS.  
R 325.17707 Rescinded.  
History: 1981 AACS; 2004 AACS.  
R 325.17708 Rescinded.  
History: 1981 AACS; 2004 AACS.  
R 325.17709 Ventilation exhaust ducts and deodorizing vents; size; sealing;  
discharge height.  
Rule 709. (1) Ventilation exhaust ducts and deodorizing vents in dry cleaning  
establishments shall be sized to maintain the required air flow. The joints of the ducts  
shall be effectively sealed, soldered, or taped. The ducts shall extend to a minimum  
height of 5 feet above the roofline and a minimum of 25 feet from any air intake unit or  
opening and shall extend above any adjacent parapet wall or above adjacent buildings,  
whichever is higher. The ducts shall be equipped with a vertical discharge cap.  
(2) Where deodorizing vents are connected to a common duct, the main duct  
shall be sized to maintain rated airflow from all the dry cleaning machines and shall  
be extended as required by subrule (1) of this rule. Backdraft dampers in individual  
deodorizing stacks may be required by the department.  
(3) The exit location of ventilation ducts and deodorizing system vents shall  
be installed so as to prevent the entry of solvent-contaminated air into the  
make-up air supply or other air intakes or combustion air systems in the dry cleaning  
establishment.  
History: 1981 AACS; 2004 AACS.  
R 325.17710 Rescinded.  
History: 1981 AACS; 2004 AACS.  
R 325.17711 Rescinded.  
History: 1981 AACS; 2004 AACS.  
R 325.17712 Rescinded.  
Page 18  
History: 1981 AACS; 2004 AACS.  
R 325.17713 Portable fire extinguisher requirement.  
Rule 713. Two portable fire extinguishers with at least  
a
2a,10bc rating are  
required and 1 shall be mounted near the dry cleaning machine in each dry cleaning  
establishment.  
History: 2004 AACS.  
R 325.17714 Organic vapor respirator requirement; selection.  
Rule 714. (1) An approved organic vapor respirator is required for each type  
IV dry cleaning establishment. The respirator shall be kept near the dry cleaning  
machine in a sealed container, shall be properly identified, shall be in good repair,  
and shall be available for immediate use. Chemical specific cartridges for the  
respirators shall be approved and used according to the manufacturer's specifications  
only. The wearer shall replace the cartridge immediately upon noticing an odor.  
(2) The respirator shall meet the requirements described in R 325.60051 et seq.  
History: 2004 AACS.  
PART 9. INSPECTIONS OF DRY CLEANING ESTABLISHMENTS  
R 325.17901 Evaluation of establishments generally.  
Rule 901. In accordance with the provisions of sections 13304 and 13307 of the  
code, the department shall make surveys, on-site inspections, surveillance  
observations, or special purpose investigations for the purpose of evaluating the  
construction, operation, adequacy, or condition of dry cleaning establishments.  
History: 1981 AACS; 2004 AACS.  
R 325.17902 On-site inspections and surveillance observations.  
Rule 902. On-site inspections and surveillance observations of dry cleaning  
establishments may include, but are not limited to, a review of all of the following:  
(a) Dry cleaning establishment physical facilities and equipment.  
(b) The maintenance program for the dry cleaning establishment.  
(c) Storage of chemicals and materials used in the  
establishment.  
(d) The design and operation of the dry cleaning establishment.  
(e) A cross connection control program to prevent  
dry cleaning  
contaminants from  
entering a public water supply system due to a reversal of flow.  
Page 19  
(f) Security measures provided to protect the public health and the operation  
of the dry cleaning establishment.  
History: 1981 AACS; 2004 AACS.  
R 325.17903 Access for inspections.  
Rule 903. An authorized representative of the  
department,  
after proper  
identification, may enter any dry cleaning establishment at any reasonable time for  
the purpose of making inspections and reviewing records of the establishment to  
determine compliance with the public health code for type IV installations or the fire  
prevention code for type I, II or III installations and these rules.  
History: 1981 AACS; 2004 AACS.  
R 325.17904 Inspection reports.  
Rule 904. A copy of the inspection report shall be furnished to the owner or  
operator of the dry cleaning establishment.  
History: 1981 AACS; 2004 AACS.  
R 325.17905 Correction of violations.  
Rule 905. If the violations identified from the inspection report are not corrected  
as required within the specified time period, then the department may issue an order  
to cease or modify operations  
at  
the dry cleaning establishment or the  
department may initiate license suspension, revocation, or denial proceedings in  
accordance with parts 3 and 10 of these rules.  
History: 1981 AACS; 2004 AACS.  
R 325.17906 Emergency orders to cease dry cleaning operations.  
Rule 906. (1) Upon a finding by the director of the department  
that an  
emergency, as defined in R 325.17102(h), exists, the director may issue a written order  
to the person in charge of the establishment to immediately cease or modify all  
dry cleaning operations or may take any other action permitted by law. Dry cleaning  
operations shall not resume until written authorization is received from the director.  
(2) If a dry cleaning establishment is ordered to cease or modify its dry cleaning  
operations under subrule (1) of this rule, then it shall not resume operations in  
violation of the order until the department determines, upon reinspection, that the  
conditions responsible for the order to cease operations no longer exist. An  
opportunity for reinspection shall be offered within a reasonable time or upon request of  
the owner or operator of the establishment.  
(3) A person who fails to comply with an order to cease  
or  
modify dry  
cleaning operations or who interferes with an authorized representative of the  
Page 20  
department in the proper conduct of his or her responsibilities shall be subject to  
revocation of his or her license or the remedies and penalties prescribed by the public  
health code or the fire prevention code, or both.  
History: 1981 AACS; 2004 AACS.  
PART 10. CONTESTED CASES  
R 325.18001 Rescinded.  
History: 1981 AACS; 2004 AACS.  
R 325.18002 Opportunity to show compliance.  
Rule 1002. Before commencing the proceedings for denial,  
suspension, or  
revocation of a license, the department shall give notice to the applicant or licensee,  
personally or by mail, of the facts or conduct which warrant the intended action and  
shall provide the applicant or licensee with an opportunity to show compliance with  
the public health code for type IV installations, or the fire prevention code for  
type I, II, or III installations and these rules. If, after an opportunity to show  
compliance, the department determines that the applicant or licensee has failed to  
show compliance with the applicable code and these rules, then the department may  
issue an order to deny, suspend, or revoke the license. An applicant or licensee who is  
aggrieved by a decision of the department to deny, suspend, or revoke a license is  
entitled to an administrative hearing under 1969 PA 306, MCL 24.201 et seq. This  
rule does not apply to emergency orders issued pursuant to subsection (3) of section  
13321 of the public health code.  
History: 1981 AACS; 2004 AACS.  
R 325.18003 Rescinded.  
History: 1981 AACS; 2004 AACS.  
R 325.18004 Rescinded.  
History: 1981 AACS; 2004 AACS.  
R 325.18005 Rescinded.  
History: 1981 AACS; 2004 AACS.  
Page 21  
R 325.18006 Rescinded.  
History: 1981 AACS; 2004 AACS.  
PART 11. TYPICAL DESIGN PRINTS AND DIAGRAMS  
R 325.18101 Rescinded.  
History: 1981 AACS; 2004 AACS.  
R 325.18102 Rescinded.  
History: 1981 AACS; 2004 AACS.  
R 325.18103 Rescinded.  
History: 1981 AACS; 2004 AACS.  
R 325.18104 Rescinded.  
History: 1981 AACS; 2004 AACS.  
Page 22