DEPARTMENT OF ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY  
AIR QUALITY DIVISION  
AIR POLLUTION CONTROL  
(By authority conferred on the director of the department of environmental quality  
by sections 5503 and 5512 of 1994 PA 451, MCL 324.5503 and 324.5512, and  
Executive Reorganization Order No. 1995-18, MCL 324.99903)  
PART 7. EMISSION LIMITATIONS AND PROHIBITIONS--  
NEW SOURCES OF VOLATILE ORGANIC COMPOUND EMISSIONS  
R 336.1701 "New source" defined.  
Rule 701. For the purpose of this part, a "new source" means any process or process  
equipment which is either placed into operation on or after July 1, 1979, or for which an  
application for a permit to install, pursuant to the provisions of Part 2 of these rules, is  
made to the department on or after July 1, 1979, or both, except for any process or  
process equipment which is defined as an "existing source" under R 336.1601.  
History: 1980 AACS; 1981 AACS; 2002 AACS.  
R 336.1702 New sources of volatile organic compound emissions generally.  
Rule 702. A person who is responsible for any new source of volatile organic  
compound emissions shall not cause or allow the emission of volatile organic compound  
emissions from the new source in excess of the lowest maximum allowable emission  
rate of the following:  
(a) The maximum allowable emission rate listed by the department on its own  
initiative or based upon the application of the best available control technology.  
(b) The maximum allowable emission rate specified by a new source  
performance standard promulgated by the United States environmental protection  
agency under authority enacted by title I, part A, section 111 of the clean air act, as  
amended, 42 U.S.C. ยง7413.  
(c) The maximum allowable emission rate specified as a condition of a permit to  
install or a permit to operate.  
(d) The maximum allowable emission rate specified in part 6 of these rules which  
would otherwise be applicable to the new source except for the date that the process or  
process equipment was placed into operation or for which an application for a permit to  
install, under the provisions of part 2 of these rules, was made to the department. If the  
part 6 allowable emission rate provides for a future compliance date, then the future  
compliance date shall also be applicable to a new source pursuant to this subdivision.  
History: 1980 AACS; 1993 AACS; 2002 AACS.  
Page 1  
R 336.1703 Loading gasoline into new stationary vessels of more than  
2,000-gallon capacity at dispensing facilities.  
Rule 703. (1) It is unlawful for a person to load or allow the loading of gasoline  
from a delivery vessel into any new stationary vessel of more than 2,000-gallon capacity  
located at any gasoline dispensing facility, unless such stationary vessel is equipped  
with a permanent submerged fill pipe.  
(2) It is unlawful for a person to load or allow the loading of gasoline from a  
delivery vessel into any new stationary vessel of more than 2,000-gallon capacity  
located at a new gasoline dispensing facility or an existing gasoline dispensing facility  
subject to R 336.1606(3) and (4) in any area listed in table 61, unless the stationary  
vessel is controlled by a vapor balance system or an equivalent control system  
approved by the department. The vapor balance system shall capture displaced gasoline  
vapor and air via a vaportight collection line and shall be designed to return not less than  
90% by weight of the displaced gasoline vapor from the sta-tionary vessel to the delivery  
vessel.  
(3) Any stationary vessel subject to subrule (2) of this rule shall be equipped,  
maintained, or controlled with both of the following:  
(a) An interlocking system or procedure to ensure that the vaportight collection  
line is connected before any gasoline can be loaded.  
(b) A device to ensure that the vaportight collection line shall close upon  
disconnection so as to prevent release of gasoline vapor.  
(4) Any delivery vessel subject to subrule (2) of this rule shall be vaportight  
and shall be filled only at a loading facility that is equipped with a system as required in  
R 336.1606(3) and (4), R 336.1609(2) and (3), R 336.1705(2) and (3), or R 336.1706(2)  
and (3).  
(5) A new stationary vessel at a gasoline dispensing facility that is not subject to  
the provisions of subrules (2) and (3) of this rule shall be constructed in a manner  
that will allow the vessel to be retrofitted according to subrules (2) and (3) of this  
rule.  
History: 1980 AACS; 2002 AACS.  
R 336.1704 Loading gasoline into new stationary vessels of more than  
2,000-gallon capacity at loading facilities.  
Rule 704. (1) It is unlawful for a person to load or allow the loading of gasoline  
from a delivery vessel into any new stationary vessel of more than 2,000-gallon capacity  
located at any gasoline loading facility, unless the stationary vessel is equipped with a  
permanent submerged fill pipe.  
(2) It is unlawful for a person to load or allow the loading of gasoline from a  
delivery vessel into any new stationary vessel of more than 2,000-gallon capacity  
located at any of the following loading facilities, unless the stationary vessel is  
controlled by a vapor balance system or an equiva-lent control system approved by the  
department:  
(a) A new loading facility located in any area listed in table 61.  
Page 2  
(b) A new loading facility located in any area not listed in table 61 that delivers  
gasoline to a gasoline-dispensing facility subject to the provi-sions of R  
336.1606(3) and (4) or R 336.1703(2) and (3).  
(c) An existing loading facility subject to the provisions of R 336.1607(3) and  
(4).The vapor balance system shall capture displaced gasoline vapor and air via a  
vaportight collection line and shall be designed to return not less than 90% by weight of  
the displaced gasoline vapor from the stationary vessel to the delivery vessel.  
(3) Any stationary vessel subject to subrule (2) of this rule shall be equipped,  
maintained, or controlled with all of the following:  
(a) An interlocking system or procedure to ensure that the vaportight collection  
line is connected before any gasoline can be loaded.  
(b) A device to ensure that the vaportight collection line shall close upon  
disconnection so as to prevent release of gasoline vapor.  
(c) Pressure-vacuum relief valves on aboveground stationary vessels that have a  
minimum pressure valve setting of 8 ounces, if such setting does not exceed the  
container's maximum pressure rating.  
(4) Any delivery vessel subject to subrule (2) of this rule shall be vaportight.  
(5) A person responsible for the operation of all control measures required by this  
rule shall develop written procedures for the operation of all control measures  
specified in subrule (3) of this rule, and the procedures shall be posted in an accessible,  
conspicuous location near the stationary vessel.  
(6) A new stationary vessel at a gasoline loading facility that is not subject to the  
provisions of subrules (2) and (3) of this rule shall be constructed in a manner that  
allows the vessel to be retrofitted according to subrules (2) and (3) of this rule.  
History: 1980 AACS; 2002 AACS.  
R 336.1705  
Loading gasoline into delivery vessels at new loading facilities  
handling less than 5,000,000 gallons per year.  
Rule 705. (1) It is unlawful for a person to load, or allow the loading of, gasoline  
from a stationary vessel into any delivery vessel at a new loading facility that has a  
throughput of less than 5,000,000 gallons per year, unless the delivery vessel is filled  
by a submerged fill pipe.  
(2) It is unlawful for a person to load, or allow the loading of, gasoline from a  
stationary vessel into any delivery vessel located at either of the following loading  
facilities that has a throughput of less than 5,000,000 gallons per year, unless the  
delivery vessel is controlled by a vapor balance system or an equivalent control system  
approved by the department:  
(a) A new loading facility located in any area listed in table 61.  
(b) A new loading facility located in any area which is not listed in table 61 that  
delivers gasoline to a gasoline-dispensing facility subject to R 336.1606 (3) and (4) or  
R 336.1703(2) and (3).The vapor balance system shall capture displaced gasoline vapor  
and air by means of a vaportight collection line and shall be designed to return not  
less than 90%, by weight, of the displaced gasoline vapor from the delivery vessel to the  
stationary vessel.  
Page 3  
(3) Any delivery vessel that is loaded at a facility subject to subrule (2) of this rule  
shall be equipped, maintained, or controlled with all of the following:  
(a) An interlocking system or procedure to ensure that the vaportight collection  
line is connected before any gasoline can be loaded.  
(b) A device to ensure that the vaportight collection line shall close upon  
disconnection so as to prevent the release of gasoline vapor.  
(c) A device or procedure to accomplish complete drainage before the loading  
device is disconnected, or a device or procedure to prevent liquid drainage from the  
loading device when not in use.  
(d) Pressure-vacuum relief valves that are vaportight and set to prevent the  
emission of displaced gasoline vapor during the loading of the delivery vessel, except  
under emergency conditions.  
(e) Hatch openings that are kept closed and vaportight during the loading of the  
delivery vessel.  
(4) Any stationary vessel at a facility subject to subrule (2) of this rule shall be  
vaportight.  
(5) A person who is responsible for the operation of all control measures required  
by this rule shall develop written procedures for the operation of all the control  
measures. The procedures shall be posted in an accessi-ble, conspicuous location near  
the loading device.  
History: 1980 AACS; 1989 AACS; 2002 AACS.  
R 336.1706  
Loading delivery vessels with organic compounds having a  
truevapor pressure of more than 1.5 psia at new loading facilities handling5,000,000  
or more gallons of such compounds per year.  
Rule 706. (1) It is unlawful for a person to load, or allow the loading of, any  
organic compound that has a true vapor pressure of more than 1.5 psia at actual  
conditions from any stationary vessel into any delivery vessel located at a new loading  
facility that has a throughput of 5,000,000 or more gallons of such compounds per year,  
unless such delivery vessel is filled by a submerged fill pipe.  
(2) It is unlawful for a person to load, or allow the loading of, any organic  
compound that has a true vapor pressure of more than 1.5 psia at actual conditions  
from any stationary vessel into any delivery vessel located at a new loading facility that  
has a throughput of 5,000,000 or more gallons of such compounds per year, unless such  
delivery vessel is controlled by a vapor recovery system that captures all displaced  
organic vapor and air by means of a vapor-tight collection line and recovers the  
organic vapor such that emissions to the atmosphere do not exceed 0.7 pounds of  
organic vapor per 1,000 gallons of organic compounds loaded.  
(3) Any delivery vessel at a facility that is subject to the provisions of subrule (2) of  
this rule shall be equipped, maintained, or controlled with all of the following:  
(a) An interlocking system or procedure to ensure that the vapor-tight collection  
line is connected before any organic compound can be loaded.  
(b) A device to ensure that the vapor-tight collection line shall close upon  
disconnection so as to prevent release of organic vapor.  
Page 4  
(c) A device to accomplish complete drainage before the loading device is  
disconnected, or a device to prevent liquid drainage from the loading device when not in  
use.  
(d) Pressure-vacuum relief valves that are vapor-tight and set to prevent the  
emission of displaced organic vapor during the loading of the delivery vessel, except  
under emergency conditions.  
(e) Hatch openings that are kept closed and vapor-tight during the loading of the  
delivery vessel.  
(4) A person who is responsible for the operation of all control measures required  
by this rule shall develop written procedures for the operation of all such control  
measures. Such procedures shall be posted in an accessible, conspicuous location near  
the loading device.  
(5) The provisions of this rule shall not apply to the loading of crude oil or  
condensate into delivery vessels at production facilities, if such loading is  
accomplished with a submerged fill pipe.  
History: 1980 AACS; 1989 AACS; 1997 AACS.  
R 336.1707 New cold cleaners.  
Rule 707. (1) It is unlawful for a person to operate a new cold cleaner unless all of  
the provisions of the following subrules are met or unless an equivalent control method  
is approved by the department.  
(2) It is unlawful for a person to operate a new cold cleaner using a solvent  
having a Reid vapor pressure of more than 0.6 psia or heated above 120 degrees  
Fahrenheit, unless at least 1 of the following conditions is met:  
(a) The cold cleaner is designed such that the ratio of the freeboard height to the  
width of the cleaner is equal to or greater than 0.7.  
(b) The solvent bath is covered with water if the solvent is insoluable and has a  
specific gravity of more than 1.0.  
(c) The cold cleaner is controlled by a carbon adsorption system, condensation  
system, or other method of equivalent control approved by the department.  
(3) It is unlawful for a person to operate a new cold cleaner unless all of the  
following conditions are met:  
(a) A cover shall be installed and the cover shall be closed whenever parts are  
not being handled in the cleaner. The cover shall be mechanically assisted in any of the  
following situations:  
(i) The Reid vapor pressure of the solvent is more than 0.3 psia.  
(ii) The solvent is agitated.  
(iii) The solvent is heated.  
(b) A device shall be available for draining cleaned parts, and the parts shall be  
drained not less than 15 seconds or until dripping ceases.  
(c) Waste solvent shall be stored only in closed containers, unless demonstrated  
to be a safety hazard and disposed of in a manner such that not more than 20% by weight  
is allowed to evaporate into the atmosphere.  
Page 5  
(4) A person responsible for the provisions of this rule shall develop written  
procedures for the operation of such provisions, and such procedures shall be posted in  
an accessible, conspicuous location near the cold cleaner.  
(5) The provisions of this rule do not apply to a new cold cleaner that is subject to  
the provisions of the halogenated solvent cleaner national emission standards for  
hazardous air pollutants (1995), which are adopted by reference in R 336.1651.  
History: 1980 AACS; 1997 AACS.  
R 336.1708 New open top vapor degreasers.  
Rule 708. (1) It is unlawful for a person to operate a new open top vapor degreaser  
unless all of the provisions of the following subrules are met or unless an equivalent  
control method is approved by the department.  
(2) It is unlawful for a person to operate a new open top vapor degreaser unless at  
least 1 of the following conditions is met:  
(a) The degreaser is designed such that the ratio of the freeboard height to the  
width of the degreaser is equal to or greater than 0.75.And if the degreaser opening is  
more than 10 square feet, the degreaser shall be designed with a powered or mechanically  
assisted cover.  
(b) The degreaser is equipped with a refrigerated freeboard device.  
(c) The degreaser is controlled by a carbon adsorption system with ventilation  
of more than 50 cubic feet per minute of air/vapor area when the cover is open and with  
exhaust of less than 25 parts of organic vapor per million parts of air averaged over 1  
complete adsorption cycle.  
(d) The degreaser is controlled by an equivalent control method approved by the  
department.  
(3) It is unlawful for a person to operate a new open top vapor degreaser unless all  
of the following conditions are met:  
(a) A cover shall be installed that is designed to be opened and closed easily  
without disturbing the vapor zone. The cover shall be closed at all times, except when  
processing workloads through the degreaser.  
(b) A procedure shall be developed to minimize solvent carryout by doing all of  
the following:  
(i) Racking parts to allow complete drainage.  
(ii) Moving parts in and out of the degreaser at a vertical speed of less than 11 feet  
per minute when a powered hoist is used to raise or lower the parts.  
(iii) Holding parts in the vapor zone not less than 30 seconds or until condensation  
ceases.  
(iv) Tipping or tumbling parts in a manner such that no pools of organic solvent  
remain on the cleaned parts before removal.  
(v) Allowing parts to dry within the degreaser for not less than 15 seconds or  
until visually dry.  
(c) The following control devices shall be installed:  
(i) A condenser flow switch and thermostat that shut off the sump heat if the  
condenser coolant is either not circulating or is too warm.  
Page 6  
(ii) If equipped with spray, a spray safety switch that shuts off the spray pump if  
the vapor level drops excessively.  
(iii) A vapor level control device that shuts off the sump heat if the solvent vapor  
level rises above the normal design level.  
(d) The total workload shall not occupy more than 1/2 of the degreaser's open top  
area.  
(e) Solvent shall not be sprayed above the vapor level.  
(f) Solvent leaks shall be repaired immediately.  
(g) The degreaser shall be operated in such a manner that no water is visibly  
detectable in solvent exiting the water separator.  
(h) Exhaust ventilation shall not exceed 65 cubic feet per minute per square foot  
of degreaser open area, unless necessary to meet OSHA requirements.  
(i) Waste solvent shall be stored only in closed containers, unless demonstrated  
to be a safety hazard and disposed of in a manner such that not more than 20% by weight  
is allowed to evaporate into the atmosphere.  
(4) A person responsible for the provisions of this rule shall develop written  
procedures for the operation of all such provisions, and such procedures shall be  
posted in an accessible, conspicuous location near the vapor degreaser.  
(5) The provisions of this rule shall not apply to an open top vapor degreaser  
having an air/vapor interface of less than 10 square feet, if the degreaser complies with  
the provisions of subrules (3) and (4) of this rule.  
(6) The provisions of this rule do not apply to a new open top vapor degreaser  
that is subject to the provisions of the halogenated solvent cleaner national emission  
standards for hazardous air pollutants (1995), which are adopted by reference in R  
336.1651.  
History: 1980 AACS; 1997 AACS.  
R 336.1709 New conveyorized cold cleaners.  
Rule 709. (1) It is unlawful for a person to operate a new conveyorized cold  
cleaner unless all of the provisions of the following subrules are met or unless an  
equivalent control method is approved by the department.  
(2) It is unlawful for a person to operate a new conveyorized cold cleaner unless at  
least 1 of the following conditions is met:  
(a) The cleaner is equipped with a refrigerated freeboard device.  
(b) The cleaner is controlled by a carbon adsorption system with ventilation  
of more than 50 cubic feet per minute of air/vapor area when the cover is open and with  
exhaust of less than 25 parts of organic vapor per million parts of air averaged over 1  
complete adsorption cycle.  
(c) The cleaner is controlled by an equivalent control method approved by the  
department.  
(3) It is unlawful for a person to operate a new conveyorized cold cleaner unless all  
of the following conditions are met:  
(a) Covers shall be provided for closing off the entrance and exit during shutdown  
hours.  
Page 7  
(b) A procedure shall be developed to minimize solvent carryout by racking parts  
for best drainage.  
(c) Openings shall be designed in a manner to be minimized during operation  
so that entrances and exits silhouette maximum size workloads with an average  
clearance between the parts and the edge of the cleaner opening of less than 4 inches or  
less than 10% of the width of the opening.  
(d) Solvent leaks shall be repaired immediately.  
(e) The cleaner shall be operated in a manner such that no water is visibly  
detectable in solvent exiting the water separator.  
(f) A downtime cover shall be placed over entrances and exits of the  
conveyorized cold cleaner immediately after the conveyors and exhausts are shut down  
and shall not be removed until just before start-up.  
(g) Waste solvent shall be stored only in closed containers, unless demonstrated  
to be a safety hazard and disposed of in a manner such that not more than 20% by weight  
is allowed to evaporate into the atmosphere.  
(4) A person responsible for the provisions of this rule shall develop written  
procedures for the operation of such provisions, and such procedures shall be posted in  
an accessible, conspicuous location near the conveyorized cold cleaner.  
(5) The provisions of this rule shall not apply to any new conveyorized cold  
cleaner having an air/vapor interface of less than 20 square feet, if the cleaner complies  
with the provisions of subrules (3) and (4) of this rule.  
(6) The provisions of this rule do not apply to a new conveyorized cold cleaner  
that is subject to the provisions of the halogenated solvent cleaner national emission  
standards for hazardous air pollutants (1995), which are adopted by reference in R  
336.1651.  
History: 1980 AACS; 1997 AACS.  
R 336.1710 New conveyorized vapor degreasers.  
Rule 710. (1) It is unlawful for a person to operate a new conveyorized vapor  
degreaser unless all of the provisions of the following subrules are met or unless an  
equivalent control method is approved by the department.  
(2) It is unlawful for a person to operate a new conveyorized vapor degreaser  
unless at least 1 of the following conditions is met:  
(a) The degreaser is equipped with a refrigerated freeboard device.  
(b) The degreaser is controlled by a carbon adsorption system with ventilation  
of more than 50 cubic feet per minute of air/vapor area when the cover is open and with  
exhaust of less than 25 parts of organic vapor per million parts of air averaged over 1  
complete adsorption cycle.  
(c) The cleaner is controlled by an equivalent control method approved by the  
department.  
(3) It is unlawful for a person to operate a new conveyorized vapor degreaser  
unless all of the following conditions are met:  
(a) Covers shall be provided for closing off the entrance and exit during shutdown  
hours.  
Page 8  
(b) A procedure shall be developed to minimize solvent carryout by doing both of  
the following:  
(i) Racking parts for best drainage.  
(ii) Moving parts in and out of the degreaser at a vertical speed of less than 11 feet  
per minute.  
(c) The following control devices shall be installed:  
(i) A condenser flow switch and thermostat that shut off the sump heat if the  
condenser coolant is either not circulating or is too warm.  
(ii) A spray safety switch that shuts off the spray pump or the conveyor if the vapor  
level drops excessively.  
(iii) A vapor level control device that shuts off the sump heat if the solvent vapor  
level rises above the normal design level.  
(d) Openings shall be designed in a manner to be minimized during operation  
so that entrances and exits silhouette maximum size workloads with an average  
clearance between the parts and the edge of the degreaser opening of less than 4 inches  
or less than 10% of the width of the opening.  
(e) Solvent leaks shall be repaired immediately.  
(f) The degreaser shall be operated in a manner such that no water is visibly  
detectable in solvent exiting the water separator.  
(g) A downtime cover shall be placed over entrances and exits of the  
conveyorized cold cleaner immediately after the conveyors and exhausts are shut down  
and shall not be removed until just before start-up.  
(h) Exhaust ventilation shall not exceed 65 cubic feet per minute per square foot  
of degreaser open area, unless necessary to meet OSHA requirements.  
(i) Waste solvent shall be stored only in closed containers, unless demonstrated  
to be a safety hazard and disposed of in a manner such that not more than 20% by weight  
is allowed to evaporate into the atmosphere.  
(4) A person responsible for the provisions of this rule shall develop written  
procedures for the operation of such provisions, and such procedures shall be posted in  
an accessible, conspicuous location near the conveyorized vapor degreaser.  
(5) The provisions of this rule shall not apply to any new conveyorized vapor  
degreaser having an air/vapor interface of less than 20 square feet, if the cleaner complies  
with the provisions of subrules (3) and (4) of this rule.  
(6) The provisions of this rule do not apply to any new conveyorized vapor  
degreaser that is subject to the provisions of the halogenated solvent cleaner national  
emission standards for hazardous air pollutants (1995), which are adopted by  
reference in R 336.1651.  
1. Parts per million, by volume 2. Averaging time period 3. This compound is  
a stabilizer  
History: 1980 AACS; 1997 AACS.  
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