(By authority conferred on the superintendent of public instruction by section 61a of  
1979 PA 94, MCL 388.1661a and Executive Reorganization Order No. 2007-1, MCL  
R 395.231 Definitions.  
Rule 1. As used in these rules:  
(a) "Added cost" means expenditures incurred by a public educational agency in the  
operation of a career and technical education program which exceed the expenditures  
required to operate non career and technical education programs.  
(b) "Career and technical education program" means an instructional program as  
defined under section 3 of 1976 PA 451, MCL 380.3.  
(c) "Career and technical education program of study" means a coherent, articulated  
sequence of rigorous academic and career-related courses, commencing in ninth  
grade and leading to an associate degree, an industry-recognized certificate of  
licensure, or a baccalaureate and beyond.  
(d) "Department" means the Michigan department of education. The office of career  
and technical education, within the department, shall implement these rules.  
(e) "Family and consumer science programs" means non-wage earning programs that  
are designed to assist students develop knowledge and skills, to become contributing  
members of society, and to function in multiple roles in day-to-day living and  
employment throughout their life. Family and consumer science education provides a  
foundation for achievement of life goals and assumption of future role responsibilities.  
(f) Parenthood education means teaching parenting skills via simulation, interaction  
with people who are parents or caregivers, and direct interaction with children. The  
preparation shall include practical experiences that develop the necessary knowledge  
to encourage children's development. This course examines personal readiness to  
become a parent and the issues important to raising healthy children with  
positive parent-child relationships.  
History: 1979 AC; 2010 AACS.  
R 395.232 Career and technical education administrators.  
Rule 2. (1) Titles of career and technical education administrators of public  
educational agencies may be director of career and technical education, career  
Page 1  
education planning district (CEPD) administrator, supervisor, or other administrator  
or consultant. Career and technical  
education administrators shall oversee career and technical education programs that  
are of sufficient size, scope, and quality. The size, scope, and quality of a career and  
technical education program shall contain the necessary elements to provide  
effective services, activities, and instructional program offerings so that students are  
successful as evidenced by performance indicators.  
(2) An administrator of career and technical education shall promote, organize,  
coordinate, supervise, evaluate, and give general direction to state-approved career  
and technical education programs.  
The administrator shall be responsible for  
determining the needs for career and technical education in the various occupational  
areas and the establishment of programs consistent with the employment needs of the  
state and region. The administrator shall be responsible for the preparation of periodic  
(3) A career and technical education administrator shall have the following  
(a) A graduate of a recognized college or university with a master's degree and have  
completed career and technical education courses in the administration, supervision,  
and organization of career and technical education programs.  
(b) Had at least 3 years of experience in administration and/or teaching in career and  
technical education programs.  
(c) If a candidate does not meet the qualifications under (3)(a) and (3)(b) of this  
rule, the department may waive the requirement(s) following a detailed review of the  
individual's credentials.  
(4) A career and technical education planning district (CEPD) administrator may  
provide input regarding decisions that affect career and technical education  
programs. Department decisions will be consistent with the state plan for career and  
technical education as required under Carl D. Perkins Career and Technical Education  
Act (Perkins Act), 20 U.S.C. 2301 et. seq. and section 61a of 1979 PA 94, MCL  
History: 2010 AACS.  
R 395.236 Career and technical education guidance counselors.  
Rule 6. (1) Duties of career and technical education guidance counselors shall be as  
(a) Provide adequate guidance and counseling designed to enable career and technical  
education students and potential career and technical education students to plan and  
participate in state-approved career and technical education programs of study.  
(b) Provide adequate guidance and counseling for students enrolled in and pursuing a  
state-approved career and technical education program of study.  
(c) Provide additional guidance and counseling services to assist students in their career  
and technical education program of study to benefit from their academic and technical  
(d) Provide information to students regarding career awareness and planning with  
respect to preparing for the student's future academic and career plans.  
Page 2  
(e) Provide information to students regarding career options, employment trends,  
financial aid, and postsecondary options.  
(f) Identify and encourage the appropriate placement of students in career and technical  
education, based on a review of the student's educational development plan.  
(2) A career and technical education guidance counselor shall comply with rules  
governing the certification and licensure of school counselors, pursuant to R  
390.1301 to R 390.1308.  
History: 1979 AC; 2010 AACS.  
R 395.241 State-approved career and technical education programs.  
Rule 11. (1) State-approved career and technical education wage-earning programs  
shall include all of the following:  
(a) A coherent sequence of courses so that students gain academic, technical, and  
work behavior skills.  
(b) Instruction that includes classroom, laboratory, work based learning, and leadership  
(c) Instruction that is supervised, directed, or coordinated by an appropriately  
certificated career and technical education teacher.  
(2) State-approved family and consumer science education programs shall include all  
of the following:  
(a) Instruction and activities in a sequence of courses determined by the department.  
(b) Coordinated related instruction with field, laboratory, or other experience  
appropriate to the content area of sufficient duration to develop necessary competencies.  
(c) Instruction that is supervised, directed, or coordinated by a certificated teacher  
of family and consumer science.  
(d) Parenthood education is a required course of a state-approved family and  
consumer science program and the only course eligible for reimbursement.  
History: 1979 AC; 2010 AACS.  
R 395.242 Persons to be served.  
Rule 12. Programs are for students attending high school that have indicated on  
their educational development plan an interest in enrolling in 1 of the state-approved  
career and technical education programs of study.  
History: 1979 AC; 2010 AACS.  
R 395.243 Career and technical education standards; career clusters.  
Page 3  
Rule 13. (1) Career and technical education standards shall align with the career  
clusters as approved by the state board of education. The career clusters as approved by  
the state board of education include all of the following:  
(a) Agriculture, food, and natural resources.  
(b) Architecture and construction.  
(c) Arts, audiovisual technology, and communications.  
(d) Business, management, and administration.  
(e) Education and training.  
(f) Finance.  
(g) Government and public administration.  
(h) Health science.  
(i) Hospitality and tourism.  
(j) Human services.  
(k) Information technology.  
(l) Law, public safety, corrections, and security.  
(m) Manufacturing.  
(n) Marketing, sales, and service.  
(o) Science, technology, engineering, and mathematics.  
(p) Transportation, distribution, and logistics.  
(2) "Career clusters" means an organizing tool defining career and technical  
education programs using 16 broad clusters of occupations and career cluster  
pathways with validated standards that ensure opportunities for all students.  
History: 1979 AC; 2010 AACS.  
R 395.244 Career and technical education program criteria.  
Rule 14. (1) Instruction shall meet the following criteria:  
(a) It is organized and operated under the direction of the department, intermediate  
school district, or a local educational agency responsible for expenditure of public  
education agency funds for career and technical education in the state or community.  
(b) The teachers are appropriately certified and are employed as public school  
teachers under the conditions generally applicable to the employment of other public  
school teachers employed by the department, intermediate school district, or local  
educational agency responsible for career and technical education.  
(2) Instruction under contract shall meet the following criteria:  
(a) Whenever any portion of the career and technical education program is being  
administered by a public or nonpublic agency or institution other than the department,  
intermediate school district, or local educational agency pursuant to an arrangement  
made with it by the department, intermediate school district, or local educational  
agency, there shall be a written agreement between the parties of such agreement.  
The agreement shall describe the portion of the career and technical education  
program to be administered by the agency or institution and incorporate those standards  
and requirements in these rules and prescribed by the department which are  
applicable to the portion. The agreement shall be reviewed annually by the parties  
Page 4  
(b) All written agreements shall include an assurance that federal, state, and local funds  
allocated to an agency or institution shall be used only to cover those additional costs  
which are necessary to administer that portion of the career and technical education  
program which the parties have agreed would be administered by an agency or  
institution, or to lower the rate of or eliminate tuition, fees, and other charges collected  
from persons benefiting from the portion of the program or both; and that federal, state,  
and local funds shall not be used to cover those costs which would otherwise be covered  
by the institution's own resources, thereby diverting those resources to other purposes.  
(c) The department, intermediate school district, or local educational agency may not  
enter into any agreement with an agency or institution which collects tuition, fees, and  
other charges, and which is able to cover with its own resources substantially all the  
necessary costs of administering that portion of the career and technical education  
program which the department,  
intermediate school district, or local educational agency desires to have carried out by  
an agency or institution, unless the agency or institution agrees to use federal, state,  
and local funds allocated to it to cover the cost of reducing the rate or eliminating  
tuition, fees, and other charges collected from those benefiting from such portion.  
(3) Instruction shall prepare students for occupations that lead to high skill, high  
wage and high demand careers and prepare students for postsecondary education.  
These occupations shall be identified by the department based on available  
employment and workforce data.  
(4) Instruction shall meet all of the following:  
(a) Contain a coherent and complete sequence of instruction, as determined by the  
department for the United States department of education classification of  
instruction (CIP) code area.  
(b) Be part of a high school program of study that includes a post high school  
(c) Teach content standards approved by the state board of education.  
(d) Use required assessments.  
(e) Contain criteria for state-approved career and technical education programs under  
subrule (9) of this rule.  
(5) Reimbursement for instruction costs shall comply with Part 4 of these rules.  
(6) Access to career and technical education instruction shall comply with the pupil  
accounting rules pursuant to R 340.1 to R 340.18.  
(a) All individuals residing in the state who are available and qualified to receive  
instruction will have access to programs being offered. If it is not economically or  
administratively feasible to provide each type of program in all areas and communities  
served by a local educational agency, individuals residing in an area served by 1 local  
educational agency will be permitted to enroll, in accordance with policies and  
procedures established by the department or by the local educational agencies involved,  
in a program of instruction offered by another local educational agency so long as the  
local educational agency serving the area in which the individual resides does not offer  
a reasonably comparable type of program, the student is otherwise available and  
qualified to receive such instruction, and facilities are reasonably available for additional  
enrollees in the program offered by the receiving local educational agency.  
Page 5  
(b) Access to career and technical education instruction offered within the area served  
by the department or local educational agency shall be provided to the extent that  
facilities are available so that each type of program of career and technical  
education instruction offered by the department will be made available to all  
individuals residing in the state, and each program of instruction offered by a local  
educational agency will be made available to all individuals residing in the district or  
community served by the local educational agency offering such instruction, if such  
individual is otherwise available and qualified to receive such instruction in accordance  
with the standards and requirements of the state plan. The fact that an individual  
resides in a certain attendance area within such district or community shall not  
preclude his access to a program of instruction available to other individuals residing  
in other attendance areas within the district or community, if access to a reasonably  
comparable program is not otherwise available to him. If a school district is the local  
educational agency offering career and technical education instruction, it must agree in  
writing to accept nonresident individuals if such career and technical education  
instruction is not available to such pupils and if such school has facilities available.  
(7) Students shall be admitted for enrollment in career and technical education  
programs and be provided career and technical education instruction for each type of  
occupation or occupational field on the basis of the individual being qualified and  
the facilities being reasonably available.  
(8) The criteria for continued state approval or development of a new state-approved  
career and technical education program shall include, but is not limited to, all of the  
(a) Teacher certification. A career and technical education teacher shall comply with  
the teacher certification code pursuant to R 390.1101 or R 390.1216.  
(b) Professional development.  
(c) Completer rates.  
(d) Use of advisory committees.  
(e) Facilities.  
(f) Classroom safety.  
(g) Implementation of program standards and course content.  
(h) Equipment.  
(i) Elimination of barriers to access.  
(j) Work based learning.  
(k) Accuracy of program and student data.  
(l) Alignment of programs of study to postsecondary education.  
(m) Opportunities for student leadership activities.  
(n) Administration of the required assessments.  
(9) Related career and technical education instruction may be appropriate for students  
prior to participation in an apprenticeship program. The term "apprentice" means a  
worker who is learning a recognized apprenticeable occupation in accordance with a  
written apprentice training agreement between the apprentice and an individual employer  
or group of employers which either provides for or makes reference to a document  
which provides for a given length of planned work experience through employment on  
the job, supplemented by appropriate related instruction, and other recognized  
Page 6  
standards and requirements of apprenticeship. Apprenticeship program oversight is  
provided by the United States department of labor.  
(10) Less-than-class-size programs are work based learning experiences that are  
contracted through a business or industry. These programs provide additional options  
for students to receive a career and technical education program using a business as the  
instructional site. Less-than-class-size programs shall comply with R 340.16.  
(11) Guidelines for facilities, equipment, and materials shall be determined by the  
department based on instructional safety and enrollment needs.  
(12) The program of instruction shall be conducted by qualified teachers meeting  
certification requirements.  
(13) When the activities of career and technical student organizations complement  
the career and technical education instruction offered, such activities shall be  
conducted by persons who are qualified as career and technical education teachers in  
the respective career and technical fields within the state or school personnel  
supervised by qualified career and technical education teachers.  
(14) A local school district shall comply with work-based learning experience  
requirements under R 340.16 when placing students into paid (capstone), unpaid, in-  
district, or less-than-class-size work-based learning experiences.  
Students who  
participate in these work-based learning experiences may generate added cost  
funding and may be counted in membership if the requirements are met.  
History: 1979 AC; 2010 AACS.  
R 395.251 Rescinded.  
History: 1979 AC; rescinded 2010 AACS.  
R 395.252 Rescinded.  
History: 1979 AC; rescinded 2010 AACS.  
R 395.253 Rescinded.  
History: 1979 AC; rescinded 2010 AACS.  
R 395.254 Rescinded.  
History: 1979 AC; rescinded 2010 AACS.  
R 395.261 Rescinded.  
History: 1979 AC; rescinded 2010 AACS.  
Page 7  
R 395.262 Rescinded.  
History: 1979 AC; rescinded 2010 AACS.  
R 395.271 Rescinded.  
History: 1979 AC; rescinded 2010 AACS.  
R 395.272 Rescinded.  
History: 1979 AC; rescinded 2010 AACS.  
R 395.281 Assurance of compliance.  
Rule 51. All public education agencies operating career and technical education  
programs in the state shall comply with these rules; the revised school code, 1976 PA  
451, MCL 380.1 et seq., section 61a of 1979 PA 94, MCL 388.1661a; all provisions of  
the state's application for federal funds under the career and technical education act, 20  
U.S.C. 2342; and the federal regulations governing education programs, 34 C.F.R.  
parts 76, 77, 80, 81, 82, 85 and 99, which are adopted by reference in these rules.  
History: 1979 AC; 2010 AACS.  
R 395.282 Source of funds.  
Rule 52. Funds for operating career and technical education programs and services by  
intermediate school districts, local school districts, and public school academies shall be  
derived from federal appropriations; general and categorical appropriations in the state  
school aid act, 1979 PA 94, MCL 388.1601 et seq., and local general and specific  
property taxes, gifts, grants, and bequests.  
History: 1979 AC; 2010 AACS.  
R 395.283 Rescinded.  
History: 1979 AC; rescinded 2010 AACS.  
R 395.284 Rescinded.  
Page 8  
History: 1979 AC; rescinded 2010 AACS.  
R 395.285 Rescinded.  
History: 1979 AC; rescinded 2010 AACS.  
R 395.286 Rescinded.  
History: 1979 AC; rescinded 2010 AACS.  
R 395.291 Rescinded.  
History: 1979 AC; rescinded 2010 AACS.  
Editor's Note: An obvious error in R 395.291 was corrected at the request of the promulgating agency,  
pursuant to Section 56 of 1969 PA 306, as amended by 2000 PA 262, MCL 24.256. The rule containing  
the error was published in Michigan Register, 2010 MR 9. The memorandum requesting the correction  
was published in Michigan Register, 2010 MR 12.  
R 395.301 Rescinded.  
History: 1979 AC; rescinded 2010 AACS.  
R 395.311 Rescinded.  
History: 1979 AC; rescinded 2010 AACS.  
R 395.312 Rescinded.  
History: 1979 AC; rescinded 2010 AACS.  
R 395.321 Rescinded.  
History: 1979 AC; rescinded 2010 AACS.  
R 395.322 Rescinded.  
History: 1979 AC; rescinded 2010 AACS.  
R 395.323 Rescinded.  
Page 9  
History: 1979 AC; rescinded 2010 AACS.  
R 395.331 Rescinded.  
History: 1979 AC; rescinded 2010 AACS.  
R 395.332 Rescinded.  
History: 1979 AC; rescinded 2010 AACS.  
R 395.333 Rescinded.  
History: 1954 ACS 50, Eff. May 15, 1967; rescinded 1954 ACS 74, Eff. Jan. 19, 1973.  
R 395.334 Rescinded.  
History: 1979 AC; rescinded 2010 AACS.  
R 395.335 Rescinded.  
History: 1979 AC; rescinded 2010 AACS.  
R 395.341 Rescinded.  
History: 1979 AC; rescinded 2010 AACS.  
R 395.351 Rescinded.  
History: 1979 AC; rescinded 2010 AACS.  
R 395.352 Rescinded.  
History: 1979 AC; rescinded 2010 AACS.  
R 395.353 Rescinded  
History: 1954 ACS 50, Eff. May 15, 1967; rescinded 1954 ACS 74, Eff. Jan. 19, 1973.  
Page 10  
R 395.354 Rescinded.  
History: 1954 ACS 50, Eff. May 15, 1967; rescinded 1954 ACS 74, Eff. Jan. 19, 1973.  
R 395.355 Rescinded.  
History: 1979 AC; rescinded 2010 AACS.  
R 395.361 Rescinded.  
History: 1979 AC; rescinded 2010 AACS.  
R 395.362 Rescinded.  
History: 1979 AC; rescinded 2010 AACS.  
R 395.363 Rescinded.  
History: 1954 ACS 50, Eff. May 15, 1967; rescinded 1954 ACS 74, Eff.  
Jan. 19, 1973.  
R 395.371 Exceptions to allowable expenses.  
Rule 141. Allowable expenses related to reimbursement for career and technical  
education on an added cost basis shall not include more than 10 percent of instructional  
support costs associated with providing activities, including, but not limited to, staff  
salaries, wages, and benefits, under section 7 of 1976 PA 451, MCL 380.7. In  
addition, allowable expenses shall not include acquisition and rental of real  
property, construction of buildings, maintenance, repair, and replacement of buildings,  
lands, and associated construction equipment, and building supplies. Reimbursable  
expenses shall apply to persons to be served under R 395.242.  
History: 1979 AC; 1988 AACS; 2010 AACS.  
R 395.372 Added cost determination.  
Rule 142. The distribution of added cost funding shall be determined by the  
department based on availability and eligibility for reimbursement under R 395.374.  
History: 1979 AC; 2010 AACS.  
Page 11  
R 395.373 Eligible agencies.  
Rule 143. Area career and technical education centers as well as local and intermediate  
school districts which are not area career and technical centers but which are operating  
in compliance with all applicable statutory provisions and administrative regulations  
are eligible agencies.  
History: 1979 AC; 2010 AACS.  
R 395.374 Availability and eligibility for reimbursement.  
Rule 144. Availability of grants shall be made public by the department.  
educational agency's career and technical education program shall be state approved and  
student enrollment data shall be reported as required on the department's career and  
technical education data collection system. Applications for funding are not required.  
History: 1979 AC; 2010 AACS.  
R 395.375 Approval.  
Rule 145. To be funded on an added cost basis, career and technical education  
programs shall be determined by the department to be in compliance with all applicable  
statutory provisions and administrative regulations.  
History: 1979 AC; 2010 AACS.  
R 395.376 Administration of funds.  
Rule 146. (1) The department shall disburse added cost monies annually to eligible  
agencies which operate secondary state-approved career and technical education  
programs which are in compliance with all applicable statutory provisions and  
administrative rules. The department shall determine priorities for funding  
programs after considering available funds and eligible requests.  
(2) The department shall annually determine career and technical education programs to  
be funded with 60% of the available added cost money. Programs to be funded with  
the remaining 40% of the available money shall be determined by career education  
planning districts. If available monies do not cover the added costs, the department  
shall determine the amount of fund distribution.  
(3) Any amounts not used shall be redistributed to eligible agencies as determined by  
the department based on availability and eligibility for reimbursement under R  
History: 1979 AC; 1982 AACS; 1988 AACS; 2010 AACS.  
Page 12