(By authority conferred on the department of commerce by section 41 of Act No.  
269 of the Public Acts of 1974, being S445.1541 of the Michigan Compiled Laws)  
R 445.101 Definitions and explanations of terms.  
Rule 101. (1) "Act" means Act No. 269 of the Public Acts of 1974, being  
S445.1501 et seq. of the Michigan Compiled Laws. Terms defined in the act have the  
same meanings when used in these rules. Terms defined and explained herein have  
the same meanings when used in either the act or these rules.  
(2) The words "fee or charge" as used in section 3(1) of the act include, but  
are not limited to:  
(a) Present payments, deferred payments, and royalty payments required of the  
franchisee by the franchisor arising from sales of goods or services offered by  
the franchisee or its agents or affiliates, or payments as a condition to maintaining  
the franchise relationship other than payment for goods at a bona fide wholesale  
(b) Payments for a lease or sale of real property in excess of  
fair rental or  
market value. Among the criteria for evaluation of fair rental or market value shall be  
the location of the property, the physical attributes of the property, and what other  
lessees or purchasers have paid for similar property in comparable locations.  
(c) Payments for services. These payments are presumed to be in part for the right  
granted to the franchisee to engage in the franchise business.Ideas, instruction, training,  
and other programs are services and not goods, irrespective of whether offered,  
distributed, or communicated by word of mouth, through instructions or lectures, in  
written or printed form, by record or tape recording, or any combination thereof.  
(d) Payments for ownership. These payments include transfer of a controlling  
interest in a business entity which holds a franchise, except those transfers where the  
franchise held is not the principal asset of the transferor and not part of a plan of  
distribution of franchises.  
(e) Minimum purchase or minimum inventory requirements other than at a bona  
fide wholesale price for which there is a well-established market in this state.  
(3) "Initial and deferred franchise fee" means the amount of the franchise fee  
charged at the time of entry into the business, whether paid in full upon commencement  
or paid on a deferred basis. For purposes of R 445.801, it does not include royalties  
or other franchise fees measured by the amount of goods or services sold during the  
operation of the franchise.  
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(4) "Prescribed in substantial part by the franchisor," as used in section 2(3)(a)  
of the act, shall be interpreted in light of the following:  
(a) A marketing plan may be determined to be prescribed if the franchise or other  
written or oral agreement, the nature of the franchise business, or other circumstances  
permit or require the franchisee to follow an operating plan or standard operating  
procedure, or their substantial equivalent, promulgated by or for the franchisor. An  
operating plan or standard operating procedure includes required procedures,  
prohibitions against certain business practices, or recommended or offered practices,  
whether or not enforceable with economic sanctions.  
(b) A marketing plan may be determined to be prescribed without regard to  
whether the franchisee is an independent contractor and not  
agent of the  
franchisor, and notwithstanding provisions of a franchise or other agreement  
purporting to grant the franchisee complete freedom in operating his business.  
(c) The presence of any of these factors, among others, indicates that a marketing  
plan or system is prescribed in substantial part by the franchisor:  
(i) Representations by, or requirements of, the franchisor that the franchisee  
operate a business which can purchase a substantial portion of its goods solely from  
sources designated or approved by the franchisor.  
(ii) Representations by, or requirements of, the franchisor that the franchisee  
follow an operating plan, standard procedure, training manual, or its substantial  
equivalent promulgated by the franchisor in the operation of the franchise,  
violations of which may, under the terms of the agreement, permit the franchisor to  
terminate or refuse to renew the agreement.  
(iii) Representations by, or requirements of, the franchisor that the franchisee is  
limited as to type, quantity, or quality of any product or service the franchisee may  
sell, or that limit the franchisee as to the persons or accounts to which he may sell  
the franchisor's product or service.  
(iv) Representations by, or requirements of, the franchisor that the franchisor aid  
or assist the franchisee in training or in obtaining locations or facilities for  
operation of the franchisee's business, or in marketing the franchisor's product or  
(5) A franchisee's business is "substantially associated," as used in section  
2(3)(b) of the act, with the franchisor's trademark, service mark, trade name, logotype,  
advertising, or other commercial symbol designating the franchisor or its affiliate if the  
franchise or other  
the nature of the franchise business, or other  
circumstances permit or require the franchisee to identify its business to its customers  
primarily under that trademark, service mark, trade name, logotype, advertising, or  
other commercial symbol, hereinafter referred to collectively as the "franchisor's  
mark," or to otherwise use the franchisor's mark in a manner likely to convey to the  
public that it is an outlet of or represents directly or indirectly the franchisor. The  
following factors, among others, indicate that the business of a franchisee is  
substantially associated with the franchisor's mark:  
(a) The identification of the franchisor's mark is utilized either by the franchisor  
or the franchisee to enhance the chances of the franchisee's success in respect to  
the franchisee's transactions with persons dealing in, or purchasing, the franchisor's  
products or services.  
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(b) An agreement or procedure providing for the franchisee to directly or indirectly  
contribute a portion of its operating revenue to the franchisor for advertising  
(6) "Bona fide wholesale price," as used in section 3(1)(a) of the act, refers to a  
price which constitutes a fair payment for goods purchased at a comparable level of  
distribution, and no part of which constitutes a payment for the right to enter into,  
or continue in, the franchise business. Goods sold at a bona fide wholesale price may  
include, but are not limited to, goods sold to the franchisee for resale, as well as  
fixtures, equipment, raw materials, supplies, and other goods used by the franchisee in  
the conduct of the franchise business. The price charged for a trademarked product does  
not exceed its bona fide wholesale price merely because the price exceeds the  
wholesale price of nontrademarked products of comparable quality and specifications.  
If the trademarked product commands a premium price by virtue of the trademark  
it carries, the premium does not necessarily constitute the payment of a franchise fee.  
A payment made directly or indirectly by the franchisee to or for the benefit of the  
franchisor in excess of the bona fide wholesale price constitutes a franchise fee.  
Services, rental payments, and the lease of real or personal property are not within  
the category of "goods," irrespective of whether payment for the services or property  
constitutes a fair payment for comparable services or property. In a determination as to  
whether the price of goods arising from a marketing plan or  
manufacturer, licensor, or a franchisor is a bona fide wholesale price, relevant cost,  
marketing, pricing, or payment information, among other factors, may be considered.  
(7) The existence of a "well-established market," as used in section 3(1)(a) of  
the act, is a question of fact determined by the presence, among other factors, of the  
(a) A number of presently existing wholesale and retail outlets of the franchisor  
or competitors in a similar line of business.  
(b) The quantity and price of like or similar products presently sold in an existing  
geographical area in Michigan.  
(c) The ability of the purchaser to resell at the suggested retail price of the  
manufacturer or wholesaler or at a reasonable markup over the purchaser's cost.  
(d) The ability of the purchaser to return any unsold portion of the product  
without penalty.  
(8) The existence of the following factors, among others, which shall be  
interpreted by considering the previous operating history of the franchisor and its  
existing franchisees, indicates an offer the  
"unreasonable risk" of loss of investment or failure of  
a franchisee's business as used in section 13(c) of the act to a prospective  
of which would create an  
(a) Offerings whereby a franchisor or an affiliated person has received, or will  
receive, a substantial portion of his income from the sale of franchises rather than  
from the sale of goods, services, or continuing royalties relating to the operation of  
the franchise, and it appears to the administrator that the success of the franchisor's  
program is based on the sale of franchises rather than the sale of goods and services  
by the franchisee.  
Page 3  
(b) Offerings where the natural person as a franchisor, or the officers, directors,  
partners, or affiliates of a franchisor, have received or will receive unreasonable front-  
end compensation from the payment of franchise fees in relation to the present and  
future services to be provided or  
establishment of the franchise.  
the value of the franchise right prior to the  
(c) Offerings which permit the franchisor to directly or indirectly convey,  
assign, or otherwise transfer its responsibility to fulfill contractual obligations to  
franchisees unless the commitments to establish the franchise have been met or  
provided for and adequate provision has been made for providing further required  
contractual services, and the agreement shall so state.  
(d) Offerings in which the franchisor is a shell or an undercapitalized corporation.  
(e) Offerings which provide excessive compensation to a franchisor in relation to  
the services, goods, or value provided and their likely profit to the franchisee.  
(f) Offerings which involve excessive sales commissions in relation to the likely  
profit to the franchisee.  
(g) Offerings which provide that a franchisor may unilaterally, during the term of  
the franchise agreement, require unlimited or excessive increases in a royalty  
payment or require increases in price of goods and services other than on a uniform  
basis to all persons similarly situated.  
(h) Offerings which permit or provide the opportunity for an excessive or improper  
conflict of interest between the franchisor and franchisee. Dual distribution systems  
shall not per se be construed as a conflict of interest.  
(i) Offerings which permit or provide that the franchisor may receive from the  
franchisee, or arrange for third parties to receive a note or series of notes, singularly  
or in combination, not exceeding $15,000.00, without reserving to the franchisee a  
defense arising out of a default by the franchisor.  
(j) Offerings which fail to provide that a franchisor shall, upon demand,  
furnish the franchisee an accurate annual financial statement, unless the franchisor is  
filing annual reports pursuant to the securities exchange act of 1934 or is registered  
under the Michigan franchise investment law.  
(9) "Material change," as used in section 19 of the act, includes, but is not limited  
(a) The termination, closing, or failure to renew, during a 3-month period, of  
the lesser of 10 or 10% of the franchises of  
franchisor, regardless of location,  
except that franchisors with an excess of 200 existing franchises shall file a report  
only upon the termination, closing, or nonrenewal of 5% or more of its  
franchises, or the termination, closing, or failure to renew, during a 3-month period,  
of the greater of 3 or 10% of the franchises of a franchisor located in the state.  
(b) A purchase of franchises by the franchisor in excess of 5% of its existing  
franchises during 6 consecutive months.  
(c) A change in the franchise fees charged by the franchisor.  
(d) A significant adverse change in any of the following:  
(i) The obligations of the franchisee to purchase items from the franchisor or  
its designated sources.  
(ii) The limitations or restrictions on the goods or services which the franchisee  
may offer to its customers.  
Page 4  
(iii) The obligations to be performed by the franchisor.  
(iv) The franchise contract or agreement, including amendments thereto.  
(v) The franchisor's accounting system resulting in a 5% or greater change in its  
net profit or loss in any 6-month period.  
(vi) The service, product, or model line.  
(10) "Net worth," as used in section 6(2)(a) of the act, means the excess of  
assets over liabilities, which is derived by the use of generally accepted  
accounting principles consistently applied and documented in the form of a balance  
sheet, with the exception that:  
(a) Intangible assets shall include only the liquidation value of the intangibles.  
(b) Receivables of a franchisor due from its franchisees shall be stated with an  
appropriate asset offset or reserve for losses.  
(c) Lump sum franchise fee receipts, or a portion thereof, shall be offset by a  
"liability" for accrued obligations to be performed in the future in consideration for  
receipt of the fees.  
(11) "Officer" means the president, vice president, secretary, or treasurer of a  
corporation, or a person occupying a similar status or performing similar functions.  
(12) "Specified number of days" means calendar days, including Saturdays,  
Sundays, and holidays, unless the act or rule specifically indicates that business days  
are intended.  
(13) Wherever the context of these rules requires, in order to conform to the intent  
of the act, the term "franchisor," as used herein, shall include subfranchisor.  
(14) "Administrator," as used in these rules, means the director of the department  
of commerce or the director of the corporation and securities bureau.  
(15) For the purposes of regulations, agents shall be divided into 2 categories:  
(a) Franchise agents who represent only 1 franchisor and who are regulated  
pursuant to part 6 of these rules.  
(b) Franchise agents who represent more than 1 franchisor or who employ persons  
to assist in the sale of a franchise and who are regulated pursuant to part 7 of these  
(c) A franchise agent does not include the following:  
(i) A person effecting transactions in a franchise exempted by sections 6(2)(c),  
(d), (e), (f), (g), (h), (j), or (k) of the act.  
(ii) A partner, officer, or director of a franchisor whose personal history is  
described in the prospectus and who represents the franchisor in  
effecting the offer or sale of a franchise.  
(iii) Other persons excluded by order in the discretion of the administrator  
from all or part of the requirements of part 6 or 7 of these rules if:  
(A) The contact of such person with prospective franchisees is minimal and does  
not involve a solicitation to purchase a franchise, or  
(B) The person is registered under the Michigan uniform securities act, acting  
with written approval of his registered broker-dealer.  
(d) A franchise agent may only be a natural person.  
History: 1979 AC.  
Page 5  
R 445.201 Documents accompanying application for  
notification of exemption.  
Rule 201. Without limiting the administrator's power to require additional  
information under section 8(t) of the act, an application for registration of a franchise,  
or a notification of an exemption pursuant to section 6(2)(a) or (b) of the act, shall be  
accompanied by:  
(a) Upon request of the administrator, a copy of the current articles of  
incorporation and annual reports and amendments thereto, except that in the case of a  
partnership, the certificate of co-partnership shall be submitted. In the case of doing  
business under an assumed name, the assumed name certificate shall be submitted.  
(b) A copy of any contractual agreement between the franchisor and franchise  
broker-agent relating to the sale of a franchise.  
(c) A copy of the typical current franchise contract.  
(d) A copy of the operations manual and policy manual, or their equivalent.  
The administrator shall, upon request, retain those portions of the document  
containing trade or business secrets as a confidential document.  
The administrator may, in its discretion, return an operations manual and policy  
manual, or their equivalent, if a determination is made that the document does not  
contain information necessary to establish legal or economic relationships between  
the franchisee and franchisor. The administrator may require delivery of portions  
to each prospective franchisee at least 1 week prior to sale. The franchisor may  
require execution by that prospective franchisee of  
confidentiality on a form acceptable to the administrator.  
(e) Other documents or information necessary to establish the legal and economic  
relationships to be created between the franchisee and franchisor.  
(f) Documents or information filed with the federal trade commission under its  
franchise disclosure requirements.  
(g) An irrevocable consent to service of process, pursuant to the act, in the  
prescribed form, or in  
uniform form satisfactory to the administrator  
containing substantially the same provisions.  
History: 1979 AC.  
R 445.202 Offering prospectus.  
Rule 202. The offering prospectus shall be in the format and contain the  
information prescribed by the administrator. The form shall be available to the applicant  
at the administrator's office.  
History: 1979 AC.  
R 445.203 Periodic reports of sales.  
Page 6  
Rule 203. When the administrator deems necessary to assure compliance with  
sections 5 or 6 of the act, it may by order require that a registrant or person exempt  
pursuant to section 6(2)(a) or (b) of the act file periodic reports of sales in a  
format prescribed by the administrator.  
History: 1979 AC.  
R 445.204 Conditions regarding sales.  
Rule 204. In lieu of entry of a stop order pursuant to section 13 of the act, the  
administrator may impose conditions regarding the sale of franchises as necessary  
for the protection of the public.  
History: 1979 AC.  
R 445.205 List of franchisees and current business addresses.  
Rule 205. The franchisor shall at all times maintain a list of franchisees with  
current business addresses and provide the list to the  
administrator promptly upon request.  
History: 1979 AC.  
R 445.206 Reports required.  
Rule 206. Pursuant to the authority granted by sections 8(g), (r), and (t) of the act,  
the administrator may require franchisors, directly or indirectly offering to sell or  
selling franchises in this state under section 6(1) of the act, to file with the  
administrator, within a period of 120 days from the last date of its fiscal year, both of  
the following:  
(a) A copy of their annual report, if any, and audited certified financial  
statements, or unaudited financial statements prepared by a certified public  
accountant if the requirement for audited financial statements has been waived by  
the administrator.  
(b) A graphic representation of specific geographical sites sold to franchisees in  
Michigan in the last fiscal year, either by the franchisor or with franchisor approval of  
History: 1979 AC.  
R 445.207 Failure to process application.  
Rule 207. For purposes of section 13(h) of the act, an applicant has failed to  
diligently process an application when 7 consecutive months have elapsed since the  
submission of an application that has not become effective.  
History: 1979 AC.  
Page 7  
R 445.208 Revising, amending, or supplementing prospectus or operations  
manual; review.  
Rule 208. (1) If the prospectus, operations manual, or a part thereof becomes  
misleading as to a material fact, or omits to state a material fact necessary in order to  
make the statement made, in the light of the circumstances under which they are  
made, not misleading, it shall be revised or supplemented, and the revision or  
supplement shall be submitted to the administrator prior to use.  
(2) The administrator shall promptly review the amendment and advise the  
registrant when the administrator's objection to the use of the amended prospectus  
ceases. An offer or sale shall not be made prior  
to notification by the  
(3) If the registration renewal statement, or an amendment to an application  
for registration or notification of an exemption, alters the text of the offering  
prospectus, or of an item, exhibit, or other document previously filed as a part of an  
application for registration, or notification of an exemption, the changes in the text  
shall be indicated by means of underscoring or in some other appropriate manner.  
History: 1979 AC.  
R 445.209 Permissible omissions.  
Rule 209. The administrator may permit the omission of an item of  
information or document from a registration statement.  
History: 1979 AC.  
R 445.210 Fees.  
Rule 210. (1) The fee for filing an application for registration with the  
department shall be $500.00. The annual renewal registration fee shall be $250.00. The  
payment shall be in the form of check or money order made payable to the "State of  
Michigan" and shall not be postdated.  
(2) The fee for filing a notification of exemption with the department for a  
transaction exempted from registration shall be $100.00 and shall be in the form of check  
or money order payable to the "State of Michigan" and shall not be postdated. The fee for  
filing a notification of exemption pursuant to section 6(2)(h), 6(2)(j), or 7 of the act  
shall be $10.00.  
(3) If a company offers 2 or more franchises which are sufficiently similar in  
nature that it is feasible, in the opinion of the administrator, to combine the  
required application document and prospectus in a single application for registration, it  
may, at the request of the franchisor, authorize the filing of a single application for  
registration covering the similar franchises and the payment of a single filing fee  
covering the franchises.  
(4) If a company offers 2 or more franchises which are sufficiently dissimilar  
that a single registration would tend  
prospective franchisees, the  
Page 8  
administrator may require separate registrations for each franchise and the payment of a  
separate fee for each franchise.  
History: 1979 AC.  
R 445.211 Effectiveness of first filings.  
Rule 211. (1) A franchise offering which becomes effective between January  
13, 1975, and June 30, 1975, shall be registered, unless the administrator approves a  
different period of registration, for period determined according to the following  
If the Franchisor's Name  
Commences With:  
The Franchise Offering is Registered  
or Exeempted for a Period of:  
A through H  
15 months from the effective date of  
registration or exemptions I through P  
14 months from the effective date of  
registration or exemptions Q through Z  
13 months from the effective date of  
registration or exemptions  
(2) This rule shall not be of force and effect on or after October 1, 1976.  
History: 1979 AC.  
R 445.301 Imposition of escrow.  
Rule 301. If the department finds that the applicant failed to demonstrate  
that adequate financial arrangements were made to fulfill obligations to provide real  
estate, improvements, equipment, inventory, training, or other items included in an  
offering, the administrator may impose, as a condition to registration or exemption,  
an escrow of not more than 100% of the franchise fees and other funds paid by the  
franchisee or subfranchisor until these obligations are fulfilled.  
History: 1979 AC.  
R 445.302 Escrow requirements.  
Rule 302. When an escrow is imposed in connection with the registration or  
exemption of a franchise offering, the account shall comply with the following  
(a) Checks shall be made payable to the depository approved by the  
Page 9  
(b) The account shall be established in a bank or trust company acceptable  
to the administrator, and the funds shall be kept and maintained in an account  
separate and apart from the franchisor's business and personal accounts.  
(c) All proceeds so deposited shall remain the property of the franchisee and  
shall not be subject to any liens or charges by the escrow agent, or judgments,  
garnishments, or creditor's claims against the franchisor until released to the  
franchisor as hereinafter provided. This escrow is for the benefit of each franchisee in  
the amount paid by each franchisee.  
(d) At the administrator's discretion, a statement indicating the status of the escrow  
shall be furnished by the bank or trust company to the administrator.  
(e) A trust or escrow agreement shall be entered into between the bank or trust  
company, and the franchisor, which shall state that its purpose is to protect the  
franchisee or subfranchisor and shall authorize the administrator to inspect the  
records of the bank or trust company, as trustee, relating thereto, and shall state  
that, upon order of the administrator or a court of competent jurisdiction, the  
trustee shall release and pay over the funds, or a portion thereof, to the franchisor,  
subfranchisor, or franchisee, as directed.  
(f) The department,  
acknowledgment on the face of each escrow or  
acknowledgment indicates approval on the form and content of the agreement,  
but shall not be construed to make the department a party thereto.  
History: 1979 AC.  
R 445.303 Purchase receipts.  
Rule 303. When an escrow is imposed, the franchisor shall deliver to each  
franchisee or subfranchisor a purchase receipt in a form approved by the administrator.  
Purchase receipts shall be consecutively numbered and prepared in quadruplicate:  
The original given to the franchisee or subfranchisor, the first copy to the  
depository together with the payment received, the second copy retained by the  
franchisor, and the third copy sent to the administrator.  
History: 1979 AC.  
R 445.304 Release of escrowed funds.  
Rule 304. (1) The administrator shall authorize the depository to release to the  
franchisor those amounts of the escrowed funds applicable to a specified franchisee or  
subfranchisor upon a showing satisfactory to the administrator that the franchisor has  
fulfilled its obligations under the franchise agreement to establish the franchise, or that  
the escrow is not required for the protection of the franchisee.  
(2) An application for an order of the administrator authorizing the release of  
escrowed funds to the franchisor shall be verified and shall contain:  
(a) A statement of the franchisor that required proceeds from the sale of franchises  
have been placed with the depository in accordance with the terms and conditions of the  
escrow agreement.  
Page 10  
(b) A franchisee's verified statement of completion of franchisor's obligations  
for release of funds from escrow.  
(c) A statement of the depository signed by an appropriate officer setting forth  
the aggregate amount of escrowed funds placed with the depository when required  
by the administrator.  
(d) The names of each franchisee or subfranchisor and the amount held in escrow  
for the account of the franchisee or subfranchisor.  
(e) A showing that the franchisor, with respect to a franchise, the funds for  
which are sought to be released, has completely performed obligations, cited by  
reference to the franchise agreement and its provisions, to provide real estate,  
improvements, equipment, inventory, training, or other items.  
(f) Other information the administrator may reasonably require.  
(3) If the administrator finds that any conditions of this agreement have not been  
satisfied or that any provisions of the Michigan franchise investment law or rules have  
not been complied with, or the registration of the franchises has been revoked, then the  
administrator may withhold such authorization for release of funds by the escrow  
agent to the franchisor and may direct the full return of funds by the escrow agent to  
the franchisees.  
History: 1979 AC.  
R 445.305 Surety bond in lieu of escrow.  
Rule 305. (1) In lieu of the imposition of an escrow, a franchisor at his option  
may post a surety bond of a surety company in the amount required by the  
administrator as protection of the franchisees requires.  
(2) The surety company must be authorized to transact business in Michigan.  
(3) The administrator shall take into consideration the amount of the franchise  
fees and other fees to be charged as well as the number of franchises to be offered,  
granted, or sold in determining the initial amount of the surety bond and shall amend  
the amount as public interest requires, using the same factors.  
(4) Should the franchisor fail to complete the obligations under the franchise  
contract to provide real estate, improvements, equipment, inventory, training, or  
other items included in the offering, the surety company may pay the appropriate  
money to the administrator or his designee, as obligee, for the benefit of all  
franchises in accordance with their contribution of franchise and other fees or amounts.  
(5) If the surety bond expires or is canceled and the franchisor is still under an  
obligation to provide real estate, improvements, equipment, inventory, training, or other  
items, the franchisor at his option may either post another surety bond or have an  
escrow of franchise and other fees imposed by the administrator. Until another surety  
bond acceptable to the administrator is purchased or escrow is imposed, the franchisor  
shall not make any new sales.  
(6) The state may be a party to the surety bond and shall,  
administrator, review its form and content.  
History: 1979 AC.  
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R 445.401 Exemptions based on franchisor's net worth or  
Rule 401. (1) Franchisors relying on the exemptions provided by section  
6(2)(a) or (b) of the act shall file the information required on the form  
and accompanying instructions currently prescribed by the administrator, as  
well as the documents listed in R 445.201.  
(2) A franchisor seeking to claim the exemption provided by section  
6(2)(a) or (b) of the act shall so state on the cover of its prospectus  
and agree to abide by the prospectus delivery requirements of section 16 of  
the act.  
History: 1979 AC.  
R 445.402 Exemptions based on limited number of offerees.  
Rule 402. The exemption provided by section 6(2)(k) of the act shall pertain to  
only those franchisors who:  
(a) Do not have more than 1 existing franchise within or without the state prior  
to the offer of a franchise under this part, and  
(b) Provide disclosure to the franchisee offeree as required in sections 5(1)(b) and  
5(2) of the act.  
History: 1979 AC.  
R 445.403 Reports to be filed.  
Rule 403. (1) Franchisors, directly or indirectly offering to sell or selling  
franchises in this state under section 6(2)(a) or (b) of the act, shall file with the  
administrator, within a period of 120 days from the  
last day of its fiscal year, a copy of their annual report, if any, and an audited  
certified financial statement or unaudited financial statement prepared by a  
certified public accountant if the requirement  
for submission of an audited  
financial statement has been waived by the administrator.  
(2) A franchisor, directly or indirectly offering to sell or selling franchises in  
this state under section 6(2)(a), (b), or (j) of the act, shall file with the administrator,  
within a period of 120 days from the last day of its fiscal year, graphic representations  
of the geographical locations sold to the franchisees in the state in the last fiscal year.  
History: 1979 AC.  
R 445.404 Material changes to be reported.  
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Rule 404. Franchisors whose franchises are exempted under section 6(2)(a) or  
(b) of the act shall be required, as a condition of maintenance of the exemption after  
confirmation thereof as required by the act, to notify the administrator, in writing,  
within 30 days after the occurrence of any material fact or material change affecting the  
History: 1979 AC.  
R 445.405 Sales and offers by existing franchisees.  
Rule 405. (1) A franchisee seeking to offer or sell a franchise for his own account,  
whose franchisor is currently registered or exempted under section 6(2)(a) or (b) of  
the act, shall comply with the following disclosure requirements by providing:  
(a) The offeree with a copy of the franchisor's current prospectus.  
(b) Full access to the books and records of the franchise in the actual or constructive  
possession of the franchisee.  
(c) Full disclosure relating to the risks of the franchise of which the selling  
franchisee knows and which are not readily apparent to an offeree considering the  
purchase of that franchise.  
(d) Additional material information relating to the franchisor known to the present  
(2) A franchisee seeking to offer or sell a franchise for his own account,  
whose franchisor is not currently registered under the act but was so registered or  
exempted under section 6(2)(a) or (b) of the act in the past, shall comply with the  
following disclosure requirements by providing:  
(a) The offeree with the most recent prospectus of the franchisor used in this state  
or elsewhere.  
(b) The offeree with access to the material reports and correspondence in the actual  
or constructive possession of the franchisee, from the franchisor, relating to the  
economic or legal relationship between the franchisee and the franchisor, from the  
date of the last prospectus to the present.  
(c) Additional material information relating to the franchisor known to the present  
(d) Full access to the books and records of the franchise in the actual or constructive  
possession of the franchisee.  
(e) Full disclosure relating to the risks of the franchise of which the selling  
franchisee knows and which are not readily apparent to an offeree considering  
purchase of that franchise.  
(3) A franchisee seeking to offer or sell a franchise for his own account,  
whose franchisor is not now and has not been registered or exempted under section  
(6)(2)(a) or (b) of the act, shall comply with the following disclosure requirements by  
(a) Full access to the books and records of the franchise in the actual or constructive  
possession of the franchisee.  
(b) Full disclosure relating to the risks of the franchise of which the selling  
franchisee knows and which are readily apparent to an offeree considering purchase  
of that franchise.  
Page 13  
(c) Additional material information relating to the franchisor known to the present  
(4) The franchisee shall, if requested by the franchisor, furnish an affidavit that  
he has complied with the above disclosure requirements.  
(5) The exemptions provided by this section shall not be available to a franchisee  
who wishes to divide or subdivide his territory, exclusive or otherwise, and sell more  
than 1 portion or division, except upon written authorization of the administrator.  
History: 1979 AC.  
R 445.501 Accounting principles.  
Rule 501. A financial statement required to be filed in connection with an  
application for registration under section 6(1) of the act or for an exemption under  
section 6(2)(a) or (b) of the act shall be prepared in accordance with generally  
accepted accounting principles.  
financial statement shall be audited by an  
independent certified public accountant, except when the particular form or these  
rules permit the use of an unaudited statement for an interim period or generally.  
History: 1979 AC.  
R 445.502 Balance sheet; profit and loss statement; audit; auditor's opinion.  
Rule 502. (1) The financial statement required to be filed by a franchisor  
refers to:  
(a) A balance sheet as of a date within 90 days prior to the date of the application.  
(b) A profit and loss statement for each of the 3 fiscal years preceding the date of  
the balance sheet and for the period, if any, between the close of the last of the fiscal  
years and the date of the balance sheet, unless this requirement is waived or modified  
by the administrator.  
(2) If the balance sheet referred to in subrule (1)(a) is not audited, there shall be  
filed, in addition, an audited balance sheet as of the end of the franchisor's last fiscal  
year, unless such last fiscal year ended within 90 days of the date of the application,  
in which case there shall be  
filed an audited balance sheet as of the end of the franchisor's next preceding  
fiscal year.  
(3) The profit and loss statement shall be audited up to the date of the last audited  
balance sheet filed, if any, unless this requirement is waived or modified by the  
(4) The auditor's opinion shall be filed with the statement when an audited  
financial statement filing is required.  
History: 1979 AC.  
Page 14  
R 445.503 Waiver of audit; conditions and restrictions.  
Rule 503. (1) The administrator may, in his discretion, waive the requirement  
of audited statements:  
(a) For small franchisors when a certified financial statement is not required for  
protection of the public, and the franchisor agrees to furnish a certified audit within  
a reasonable time.  
(b) In extraordinary cases, if the statements have been prepared  
independent certified public accountant, and the administrator  
is otherwise  
satisfied as to the reliability of the statements and as to the ability of the franchisor to  
perform future commitments.  
(2) A waiver shall ordinarily be granted only upon a showing that the franchisor  
has not had prior audited statements; that the close of the most recent or current fiscal  
year is so near the time of filing of the application that it would be unreasonably  
costly or impractical to provide audited statements with the application; and that  
audited statements shall be furnished within a reasonable time after the end of the most  
recent or current fiscal year. In those cases, the administrator may impose an  
impound condition and other conditions and restrictions, as in his discretion, he  
deems appropriate.  
(3) The use of an unaudited financial statement as provided herein does not  
relieve the applicant or any person from liability for false and misleading statements  
contained in a financial statement.  
(4) In all instances in which the requirement for audited financial statements  
has been waived for a specified period of time,  
franchisee who purchases a  
franchise during that period shall be entitled to damages or rescission under the same  
terms as provided under section 31 of the act if, upon availability of audited financial  
statements or any other valid basis, it is revealed that material adverse financial  
conditions existed at the time of the purchase which were not disclosed, and the  
prospectus shall so state.  
History: 1979 AC.  
R 445.504 Exempt franchisor.  
Rule 504. A financial statement of a franchisor exempt from registration under  
section 6(2)(a), (b), or (j) of the act shall be certified and audited by an  
independent certified public accountant, unless that requirement is waived by the  
administrator as not in the public interest or for the protection of investors.  
History: 1979 AC.  
R 445.505 Disclosure.  
Rule 505. (1) Whenever an unaudited financial statement is utilized pursuant to  
this rule, it shall be accompanied by the following written disclosure or a substantially  
equivalent statement, immediately adjacent thereto, in 10-point type:  
Page 15  
"This financial statement is prepared without an audit. Investors in or sellers of  
franchises should be advised that a certified public accountant has not audited these  
figures or expressed his opinion with regard to their contents or form."  
(2) If an unaudited financial statement is referred to orally, it shall be accompanied  
by an oral statement containing a caveat approximating the language in subrule (1).  
History: 1979 AC.  
R 445.506 Delays; updated statement or information.  
Rule 506. (1) If amendments or other delays cause a financial statement to become  
more than 4 months old as of the effective date of the registration statement:  
(a) An updated financial statement, as of a date within 4 months of the effective  
date, shall be filed if the franchisor fails to have an established record of earnings  
or is currently showing losses or a weak financial condition.  
(b) A paragraph containing later information as to sales, net income, and  
financial condition may be added in lieu of updating the financial statement, in the  
discretion of the administrator, when the franchisor has an established record of earnings  
and is in sound financial condition.  
(2) A financial statement shall be not more than 6 months old as of the effective  
date of the registration statement.  
(3) If a delay carries the effective date beyond the end of the franchisor's  
fiscal year, and by applying due diligence the registrant and accountant may complete  
the audit prior to the effective date, a certified statement shall be filed as of the end of  
the fiscal year.  
History: 1979 AC.  
R 445.507 Certified public accountant's opinion.  
Rule 507. The certified public accountant's opinion shall comply with the  
following requirements:  
(a) The opinion filed with the administrator shall be dated and manually signed,  
and shall identify the financial statement covered by the opinion.  
(b) The opinion shall state whether the audit was made in accordance with  
generally accepted auditing standards, and  
auditing procedures  
generally recognized as normal or deemed necessary under the circumstances of the  
particular case which have been omitted, and the reasons for the omission.  
(c) The opinion shall state clearly:  
(i) The opinion of the accountant with respect to the financial statement  
covered by the report and the accounting principles and practices reflected therein.  
(ii) The opinion of the accountant as to any changes in accounting principles or  
practices which have a material effect on the financial statement.  
(d) The opinion shall state, specifically and clearly, matters to  
which the  
accountant takes exception, and, to the extent practicable, the effect of each exception on  
Page 16  
the related financial statement, given either in the auditor's opinion or in a footnote to  
the financial statement.  
History: 1979 AC.  
R 445.508 Certified public accountant's statement.  
Rule 508. A financial statement filed with the administrator shall include a  
manually signed and dated statement of the certified public accounting firm  
approving the use of its name and its opinion in the prospectus and registration  
History: 1979 AC.  
R 445.509 Change in accountants.  
Rule 509. If the independent certified public accountant who has been engaged  
as the principal accountant to audit the franchisor's financial statements was not the  
principal accountant for the franchisor's most recently filed certified financial  
(a) The franchisor shall furnish the administrator with a statement of the date  
when the current independent accountant was engaged and whether, in the 18 months  
preceding the engagement, there were any disagreements with the former principal  
accountant on a matter of accounting principals or practices, financial statement  
disclosure, or auditing procedure, which, if not resolved to the satisfaction of the  
former accountant, would have caused that accountant to make reference in  
connection with its opinion to the subject matter of the disagreement.  
(b) The franchisor shall request the former accountant to furnish the franchisor  
with a letter stating whether it agrees with statements contained in the letter of  
the franchisor and, if not, stating the respects in which it does not agree.  
(c) The franchisor shall furnish such a letter to the administrator, together with  
its own.  
History: 1979 AC.  
R 445.510 Disclosure of accountant's interest.  
Rule 510. When a report pursuant to this act or these rules is prepared by an  
independent public accountant or certified public accountant who holds, or intends  
to acquire, a position or interest in the applicant or registrant covered by the report,  
full disclosure thereof shall be made to the administrator and, where appropriate, full  
disclosure shall be made in the prospectus.  
History: 1979 AC.  
R 445.511 Consolidated and separate statements.  
Page 17  
Rule 511. (1) When a franchisor owns, directly or beneficially, a controlling  
financial interest in another corporation, the financial statement required to be filed  
shall reflect, on a consolidated basis, the financial condition of the franchisor and each  
of its subsidiaries.  
(2) A separate financial statement shall be required for each franchisor or  
subfranchisor filing for registration or exemption in this state.  
(3) A company controlling 80% or more of a franchisor shall be required to file its  
financial statement for review by the administrator, and the financial statement shall  
not be included as part of the prospectus except as provided by R 445.512.  
(4) A consolidated and separate financial statement shall be prepared in  
accordance with generally accepted accounting principles.  
History: 1979 AC.  
R 445.512 Statement of controlling company.  
Rule 512. A complete financial statement of a  
company controlling  
franchisor shall be required when the controlling company guarantees to assume the  
duties and obligations of the franchisor under the franchise agreement. If the  
franchisor wishes to file  
controlling company financial statement, the  
controlling company shall guarantee the obligations of the franchisor or post an  
acceptable surety bond at the discretion of the franchisor. Such surety bond must be  
purchased from a surety company authorized to transact business in the state of  
Michigan and in an amount required by the administrator as protection of the public  
requires. The amount may be amended by the administrator on the basis of the amount  
of fees and the number of franchises sold. If the surety bond is terminated or canceled  
while the franchisor is still under an obligation to provide real estate,  
improvements, equipment, inventory, training or other items, another surety bond  
acceptable to the administrator must be purchased or a guarantee acceptable to  
the administrator of the franchisor's obligations must be given before additional  
sales can be made.  
History: 1979 AC.  
R 445.513 Books and records.  
Rule 513. (1) The franchisor, unless exempt pursuant to section 6(2)(e) or (k) of the  
act, shall make and keep current the following books and records relating to the  
purchase or sale of franchises:  
(a) Records of original entry containing an itemized daily record of purchases  
and sales of franchises, receipts of cash, other debits and credits.  
(b) Copies of contracts of purchase or sale.  
(c) Records of payments made to persons, directly or indirectly, in connection  
with the offer, sale, or purchase of a franchise, itemizing the persons to whom payments  
were made, the date and amount of each payment, the reason for the payment, and the  
transaction from which payment arose.  
Page 18  
(d) Individual registration records for each franchisee, with name and address,  
aggregate amount to be paid, and terms of the payments.  
(2) A franchisor shall preserve these records for not less than 6 years.  
History: 1979 AC.  
R 445.514 Special financial reports.  
Rule 514. The administrator may at any time require the filing of a special  
financial report by a franchisor currently registered under section 6(1) of the act or  
exempt under section 6(2)(a) or (b) of the act if it finds that the filing is in the public  
History: 1979 AC.  
R 445.601 Registration required; limitation on representation; agent as  
natural person.  
Rule 601. (1) A franchise agent may not participate in the offer or sale of a franchise  
currently registered or exempted under section 6(1) or 6(2)(a) or (b) of the act,  
unless the franchise agent is registered with the administrator on the appropriate forms  
filed by the franchisor or a franchise agent. A franchise agent, except an agent  
working exclusively for another franchise agent pursuant to part 7, may not represent  
more than 1 franchisor, unless the administrator specifically authorized by order the  
multiple employment on terms and conditions as are appropriate to the public interest.  
(2) A franchise agent may only be a natural person.  
History: 1979 AC.  
R 445.602 Application for registration; examination; registration order.  
Rule 602. (1) An application for franchise agent registration shall be on the form  
and contain the information specified by the administrator. In the alternative,  
uniform form, with any necessary supplement satisfactory to the administrator,  
may be submitted.  
(2) An application for franchise agent registration shall be accompanied by a  
completed fingerprint record on a form prescribed by the administrator, unless  
this requirement is waived by the administrator.  
(3) An applicant for registration as a franchise agent may be required to pass a  
written examination, testing his knowledge of the franchise investment law and  
other appropriate laws or rules. This examination and the minimum passing grade may  
be varied for any class of applicants.  
Page 19  
(4) A registration order shall be issued to the franchisor or franchise agent  
registered pursuant to part 7. Upon termination of employment for any cause, the  
order shall promptly be returned to the administrator for cancellation.  
History: 1979 AC.  
R 445.603 Failure to complete, or withdrawal of, application.  
Rule 603. If an applicant for agent registration fails to complete, or withdraw, an  
application within 3 months of the date of filing, the administrator may deny the  
application. The administrator may deny a request to withdraw an application.  
History: 1979 AC.  
Agent registration or application; denial, suspension, or  
Rule 604. The administrator may, by order, deny, suspend, or revoke an agent  
registration or application if it finds that the applicant or franchise agent has  
engaged in conduct set forth in R 445.704.  
History: 1979 AC.  
R 445.605 Effective date of registration; expiration; renewal.  
Rule 605. (1) A franchise agent's registration may become effective on any date  
during the year.  
(2) A franchise agent's registration expires on the date of the expiration of  
the registration or exemption of the franchisor, or on the date of the expiration of the  
franchise agent registration pursuant to part 7, whichever is applicable.  
(3) An agent's registration may be renewed if the franchisor or subfranchisor  
provides to the administrator, on the form prescribed by the administrator, a list of all  
franchise agents, including therewith current home and business addresses and  
telephone numbers, or may be renewed by a franchise agent as provided in R 445.705.  
History: 1979 AC.  
R 445.606 Sales on behalf of multiple franchisors.  
Rule 606. In the event that a company controls more than 1 franchisor, franchise  
agents of these companies may offer franchises on behalf of each franchisor if the  
agent files an application for franchise agent registration to act on behalf of each  
History: 1979 AC.  
Page 20  
R 445.607 Concurrent registration.  
Rule 607. A franchise agent may not be concurrently registered with a franchisor  
or subfranchisor and a franchise agent pursuant to part 7 except as provided herein.  
History: 1979 AC.  
R 445.608 Franchise compliance officer.  
Rule 608. (1) A franchisor, subfranchisor, or franchise agent employing franchise  
agents shall designate a franchise compliance officer, whose responsibility it shall be  
(a) Determine that the activities of its franchise agents are in compliance with  
the statutes and rules of the state.  
(b) Prepare and forward to the administrator a compliance manual which shall  
thereafter be distributed to each franchise agent.  
(c) Insure that each agent is at all times familiar with the act and rules  
thereunder, and the compliance manual.  
(2) The compliance manual shall consist of a copy of the act, rules, and  
instructions necessary to relate the statutes and rules to the franchise being offered and  
the procedures of the offering.  
(3) Should an agent be terminated by a franchisor, or voluntarily terminate his  
employment due to actions involving a violation of the franchise investment law or  
rules thereunder,  
compliance officer shall promptly report the  
termination and the cause therefor on the form prescribed by the administrator.  
History: 1979 AC.  
R 445.701 Registration order as condition to commencing activities;  
expiration of registration; effective date of renewal registration.  
Rule 701. A franchise agent pursuant to this part shall receive a registration  
order from the administrator prior to commencing those activities which  
constitute that person to be a franchise agent. Registrations expire on March 31,  
following effectiveness, unless otherwise ordered by the administrator. A renewal  
registration is effective on the date prescribed by the administrator by order.  
History: 1979 AC.  
R 445.702 Initial or renewal registration; filing and contents of  
Rule 702. (1) A franchise agent may obtain an initial or renewal registration  
by filing with the administrator an application, together with a consent to service of  
Page 21  
process on the form prescribed by the administrator. This application shall  
contain the information the administrator requires relating to the following:  
(a) The qualifications and business history of the applicant and its partners,  
officers, directors, or other persons occupying similar status or performing similar  
functions or a person, directly or indirectly, controlling the franchise agent.  
(b) The applicant's financial condition.  
(c) The applicant's proposed form of doing business.  
(d) Past misconduct on the part of the applicant or its partners, officers, or  
(e) Other information necessary for the protection of the public.  
(2) An application for franchise agent registration shall be accompanied by a  
complete fingerprint record of the partners, officers, and directors of the franchise  
agent who shall be engaged in offers or sales of franchises in this state, the  
principal officer of the franchise agent, and the compliance officer on a form  
prescribed by the administrator, unless this requirement is waived or modified by the  
History: 1979 AC.  
R 445.703 Failure to complete, or withdrawal of, application.  
Rule 703. If an applicant for franchise agent registration fails to complete, or  
withdraws, an application within 3 months of the date of filing, the administrator  
may deny the application. The administrator may deny a request to withdraw an  
History: 1979 AC.  
R 445.704 Denial, suspension, or revocation of registration.  
Rule 704. The administrator may, by order, deny, suspend, or revoke  
registration of a franchise agent if the administrator finds that the order is in the  
public interest and the applicant or registrant or a person directly or indirectly  
controlling the applicant or registrant:  
(a) Has filed an application for registration which, as of its effective date or as of  
any date after filing in the case of an order denying effectiveness, was incomplete  
in a material respect or contained a statement which was, in light of the  
circumstances under which it was made, false or misleading with respect to a  
material fact.  
(b) Has violated or failed to comply with the act, or a rule or an order under the  
(c) Has been convicted of a misdemeanor involving moral turpitude, or of a felony.  
(d) Is the subject of a final administrative order of a state or federal agency relating  
to, or is permanently or temporarily enjoined by a court of competent jurisdiction from  
engaging in or continuing any conduct or practice involving any aspect of, the  
securities, franchise, real estate, or insurance business.  
Page 22  
(e) Is the subject of an order of the administrator denying, suspending, or revoking  
registration as a broker-dealer, agent, investment advisor, or franchise agent under  
part 6 or 7 of these rules or other similar registration.  
(f) Is the subject of an order entered by the securities or franchise administrator  
of another state, or by the securities and exchange commission, denying or  
revoking registration as a broker-dealer, agent, or investment advisor, or the substantial  
equivalent of these terms, or is the subject of an order of the securities and  
exchange commission suspending or expelling that person from a national securities  
exchange or national securities association registered under the securities exchange  
act of 1934, or is the subject of a United States post office fraud order.  
(g) Has engaged in dishonest or unethical business practices, including, but not  
limited to, the following practices:  
(i) Recommending to a franchisee the purchase, sale, or exchange of a franchise  
without reasonable grounds to believe that the recommendation is suitable for the  
(ii) Acting as agent for both buyer and seller without fully disclosing the  
relationship to both parties.  
(iii) Charging the franchisee or franchisor more than a reasonable commission  
in connection with the sale.  
(iv) Personally borrowing money from a present or prospective franchisee.  
(v) Effecting transactions not reported to the franchisor.  
(vi) Operating an account under a name not registered with the  
(vii) Representing to a franchisee that, as a condition of realizing significant  
earnings from the franchise, the franchisee may have to recruit others who may  
likewise invest in a franchise or distributorship, or require that the franchisee shall so  
(h) Is insolvent, either because liabilities exceed assets or because obligations  
cannot be met as they mature.  
(i) Is not qualified on the basis of factors such as training, experience, or  
knowledge of the franchise business.  
(j) Has failed to supervise franchise agents in its employment as defined in  
part 6 to insure that sales are made only to persons for whom the franchise is a suitable  
(k) Has failed to pay the proper filing fee. The administrator may enter only a  
denial order under this subdivision, and it shall vacate the order when the deficiency  
has been corrected.  
History: 1979 AC.  
R 445.705 Renewal of registration.  
Rule 705. A franchise agent pursuant to this part may apply for renewal of its  
registration by filing with the administrator a complete list of franchise agents  
pursuant to part 6 employed, including therewith current home and business addresses  
and telephone numbers, a report of activities in the form designated by the  
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administrator, and a statement of financial condition prepared in accordance with  
generally accepted accounting principles.  
History: 1979 AC.  
R 445.706 Records.  
Rule 706. Every franchise agent pursuant to this part shall make and keep  
current the following books and records relating to his business:  
(a) Records of original entry detailing the sale of the franchise, to whom sold,  
the aggregate price, the initial payment, the installment payments, if any, and the  
commission paid to the franchise agent or its employees.  
(b) An individual registration record for each franchisee, including name, home  
and business address, telephone numbers, occupation, aggregate amount paid, terms of  
payment, and the name of its selling franchise agent employee.  
(c) A copy of advertising used by the agent in the offer of franchises, including,  
but not limited to, radio, newspapers, TV, letters and brochures.  
(d) The records, books, and memoranda that relate to a franchise sale, and the  
records required to be kept under the act and rules, for a period of not less than 6 years  
after the sale.  
History: 1979 AC.  
R 445.707 Special financial reports.  
Rule 707. The administrator may, at any time, require the filing of a special  
financial report by a franchise agent if it finds that the filing is in the public interest.  
History: 1979 AC.  
R 445.708 Surety bond.  
Rule 708. (1) A franchise agent whose net worth, derived by the use of generally  
accepted accounting principles, does not exceed $100,000.00 shall file with the  
administrator a surety bond in the amount of $25,000.00 on a form provided by the  
administrator, and shall maintain the bond in that amount at all times while registered  
as a franchise agent.  
(2) If a franchise agent fails to maintain the minimum  
$100,000.00, or fails to file or to maintain its bond, the franchise agent shall  
immediately cease business and notify the administrator of this failure.  
(3) If a suit is brought to enforce liability on the bond, the franchise agent shall  
promptly notify the administrator thereof. If the bond principal amount is reduced  
by any recovery against it, the bond shall be immediately restored to $25,000.00.  
(4) Prior to the disbursement of funds, a court shall require a claimant to publicize  
the claim against the franchise agent's bond in a manner reasonably calculated to  
inform other franchisees of the pendency of the action and to permit intervention and  
filing of claims.  
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(5) The bond shall also be for the use and benefit of persons who may have a  
cause of action in this state by reason of embezzlement, defalcation, or  
misappropriation of securities or funds by the principal, its agents, and employees.  
(6) The administrator may exempt a registered franchise agent from this bond  
requirement, or may vary its terms, only if justified and appropriate under special  
History: 1979 AC.  
R 445.709 Notification of agent's termination.  
Rule 709. Within 7 days after an agent for a franchise agent terminates his  
employment or is terminated, notice of termination shall be filed by the franchise  
agent on a form prescribed by the administrator, setting forth fully the reasons for  
termination. If an agent is terminated for cause, including a violation of the act or  
rules, the notice shall set forth the cause of termination.  
History: 1979 AC.  
R 445.710 Escrow account.  
Rule 710. The franchise agent shall not receive funds from franchise sales or  
other business conducted on behalf of the franchisor or subfranchisor. Payments  
from the sale of a franchise shall be made only to an escrow account designated by the  
franchisor or the subfranchisor for deposit.  
History: 1979 AC.  
R 445.801 Contents of advertisement.  
Rule 801. (1) Pursuant to section 24 of the act, advertising, as defined in section 2(1)  
of the act, to be used to offer a franchise shall be filed in the office of the administrator  
in duplicate not less than 10 business days prior to the publication.  
(2) An advertisement shall not contain a statement or inference that a purchase of  
a franchise is a safe investment or that failure, loss, or default is impossible or  
unlikely, or that earnings or profits are assured.  
(3) An advertisement, other than the offering prospectus used pursuant to section  
6(1) or 6(2)(a) or (b) of the act, shall not contain a projection of future  
franchisee earnings, unless the projection is:  
(a) Based on a past earning record, over a reasonable period of time, of all  
franchisees operating under conditions, including location, substantially similar  
to conditions affecting the franchise being offered, including terminations,  
Page 25  
cancellations, reacquisitions, nonrenewals, and other operational failures, together  
with existing operational franchise data.  
(b) For a reasonable period only.  
(c) Substantiated by data which clearly supports the projection.  
(d) Accompanied by a chart showing the estimated break-even point of the  
franchise operation.  
(e) Accompanied by appropriate caveats relating to the projection.  
(f) Based upon reasonable assumptions clearly set out immediately adjacent to  
the projection.  
(4) An advertisement shall contain the name and address  
responsible for sponsoring or placing the advertisement, and shall identify the  
(5) If the advertisement contains an indorsement or recommendation of the  
franchise by a public figure, whether express or implied, the advertisement shall  
state that the celebrity has received, or shall receive, consideration to indorse this  
franchise, unless the name of the celebrity appears in the title of the franchise and  
the title is prominently disclosed.  
(6) An advertisement of a franchise offered pursuant to exemptions under section  
6(2)(c), (d), (e), (f), (g), (h), (j), or (k) of the act shall disclose fairly and accurately  
the relevant facts concerning the liabilities created thereunder as are necessary to  
make the advertisement not misleading in light of the advertising and other material  
to be furnished by the franchisor to the franchisee prior to the sale of the franchise.  
(7) An advertisement which refers to a registered franchise under section 6(1),  
or to an exempted franchise under section 6(2)(a) or (b) of the act, shall contain, in  
letters of not less than 8-point type, the following legend:  
(8) The franchisor shall disclose in any advertising  
communications media the required total initial and deferred franchise fee, or range  
of fees.  
History: 1979 AC.  
R 445.802 Exempt communications; contents.  
Rule 802. (1) A notice, circular, or other communication which is published or  
transmitted only after a registration or exemption pursuant to section 6(2)(a) or (b) of  
the act need not be filed with the administrator if the franchise is effective and the  
notice, circular, or communication contains only the statements required or permitted  
to be included therein by the following provisions of this rule.  
Page 26  
(2) A communication shall include, subject to the requirements of these rules, the  
following items of information which need not follow the numerical sequence of  
this subrule:  
(a) The name of the franchisor.  
(b) An identification of the type of business to be conducted by the franchisee.  
(c) The total initial and deferred franchise fee required to be made on a franchise  
purchase or, if the amount of the fee varies, the method of its determination or the  
probable price range.  
(d) The name and address of the sender of the communication.  
(e) The logotype or symbol of the franchisor, if desired by the franchisor.  
(f) A statement, in letters of not less than 8-point type, that:  
(g) The correct legal name and address of the individual or organization from  
whom an offering prospectus may be obtained.  
(3) A franchisor making an offer in reliance upon the exemptions of section  
6(2)(e) or (f) of the act need not file advertising with the administrator unless this  
exemption is revoked by order of the administrator.  
History: 1979 AC.  
R 445.803 False, fraudulent, misleading, and deceptive advertising.  
Rule 803. (1) The following practices shall constitute, without limitation,  
false, fraudulent, misleading, and deceptive advertising in connection with the offer  
or sale of a franchise:  
(a) Failure to disclose in any communications media advertising the required  
total initial and deferred franchise fee for the franchise, or misrepresent, in any way,  
the fee.  
(b) Misrepresentation of the training or management assistance available to the  
franchisee. The failure to disclose that little or none is provided, unless this  
requirement is waived by the administrator, constitutes a misrepresentation.  
(c) Misrepresentation or causing confusion or misunderstanding regarding the  
source, sponsorship, approval, or certification of franchised goods or services.  
(d) Dissemination of an advertisement in a language other than English without  
including therein the required disclosures or limitations on the offer advertised in the  
language principally used in the advertisement.  
(e) Obtaining leads to prospective franchisees  
advertisements designated or captioned "men wanted to train for . . . ," "help wanted,"  
"employment," "business opportunities," or by words or terms of similar import, so  
as to represent directly or by implication that employment is being offered when, in  
fact, it is not.  
(f) Designation or reference to sale representatives as "registrars," "counselors,"  
"advisors," or words of similar import that misrepresent, in any manner, the titles,  
Page 27  
qualifications, training, experience, or status of salesmen, agents, employees, or other  
(g) Representation in an advertisement that a person receive goods or services  
"free," "without charge," or any other term of similar import when the product or  
service is not, in fact, free.  
(2) An advertisement of a guarantee or warranty relating to the sale of franchised  
goods and services to the franchisee, or relating to the repurchase of the goods,  
shall clearly and conspicuously disclose the following:  
(a) The nature and extent of the guarantee, including disclosure of the following:  
(i) The product or service being guaranteed.  
(ii) The characteristics or properties of the designated product or service  
covered by or excluded from the guarantee.  
(iii) The conditions one claiming under the guarantee shall meet before the  
guarantor will fulfill its obligation under the guarantee.  
(b) The manner in which the guarantor will perform.  
(c) The identify of the guarantor.  
(3) A franchisor shall not advertise or represent that a product is guaranteed, or  
that it shall repurchase the product for a specified price, when it cannot promptly fulfill  
its obligations under the guarantee.  
(4) Deceptive price advertising in connection with the offer or sale of a franchise  
includes, among other practices, the following:  
(a) Falsely representing, in any manner, that goods or services are offered for  
sale at a reduction.  
(b) Representing that prices being charged are a reduction by "comparing"  
prices of goods of like kind and quality, where the comparison being made is not with  
other goods of essentially similar quality, obtainable in the area, and at an  
established price.  
(c) Advertising a special price or limited offer to persons when, in fact, the offer  
is not limited and is being made to many persons on a mass advertising or marketing  
basis, or when the price is the same as that charged to those occupying a status similar  
to that of a franchisee.  
History: 1979 AC.  
R 445.804 Modification and republication of advertisement.  
Rule 804. The administrator may, by order, require  
advertisement deemed false, fraudulent, misleading, or deceptive, and may require,  
prior to publication of a subsequent advertisement, publication of an advertisement in  
all media previously used by the franchisor, retracting the prior advertisement. A  
retraction, in language approved by the administrator, shall be in an advertisement at  
least as large as that originally used, and shall be as prominently displayed in the  
media as previously advertised.  
History: 1979 AC.  
Page 28  
R 445.901 Enumeration of deceptive or fraudulent practices.  
Rule 901. Deceptive or fraudulent practices committed, directly or indirectly,  
in connection with the offer, sale, or purchase of a franchise include, but are not limited  
to, the following practices:  
(a) Misrepresentation of, or failure to disclose, the required total initial and  
deferred franchise fee for the franchise.  
(b) Misrepresentation of the training and management assistance available to  
the franchisee, or failure to disclose that little or none is available.  
(c) Misrepresentation or failure to disclose that the franchisor does not have  
significant experience in the sale of the franchised product or service in this state.  
(d) Failure to disclose that the franchisor does not have material information  
about the existence of a market for the product or service, if such is the case, or  
misrepresentation of that information.  
(e) Misrepresentation of, or failure to disclose, the franchisor's efforts to sell or  
establish more franchises than it is reasonable to expect the market or market area  
for the particular franchise to sustain.  
(f) Misrepresentation of the quantity or quality of the products or services to be  
sold or distributed through the franchise.  
(g) Misrepresentation, or causing confusion or misunderstanding, regarding  
the source, sponsorship, approval, or certification of franchised goods or services.  
(h) Representation that goods are new if they are deteriorated, altered,  
reconditioned, used, or secondhand, or failure to disclose such a condition.  
(i) Misrepresentation of the number of franchisees the franchisor shall appoint or  
designate to operate within a given territory or shall locate within a given territory, or  
representation that a franchisee shall be or is the only franchisee appointed or located  
within a specified franchise territory when, in fact, the franchisee is not.  
(j) Misrepresentation by failure to disclose, or otherwise, the termination,  
cancellation, reacquisition, transfer, or renewal provisions of a franchise agreement.  
(k) Falsely claiming or inferring that a primary marketer, other than franchisor of  
trademark products or <