DEPARTMENT OF STATE
BUREAU OF ELECTIONS
ONLINE ABSENT VOTER BALLOT APPLICATION
Filed with the secretary of state on December 19, 2022
These rules take effect immediately upon filing with the secretary of state unless adopted
under section 33, 44, or 45a(9) of the administrative procedures act of 1969, 1969 PA
306, MCL 24.233, 24.244, or 24.245a. Rules adopted under these sections become
effective 7 days after filing with the secretary of state.
(By authority conferred on the secretary of state by section 31 of the Michigan election
law, 1954 PA 116, MCL 168.31)
R 168.31, R 168.32, R 168.33, R 168.34, and R 168.35 are added to the Michigan
Administrative Code, as follows: o
R 168.31 Definitions.
Rule 1. As used in these rules:
(a) “Absent voter ballot application” means the paper application developed by the
secretary of state or the online application described in R. 168.32.
(b) “Jurisdiction” means the city or township in which the voter is registered.
(c) “Manual digital signature” means a digitally captured image of a registered voter’s
(d) “Qualified Voter File” means the voter registration database maintained by the
secretary of state.
(e) “Stored digital signature” means the image of the registered voter’s signature
captured by the department of state and maintained in the department of state’s
motor vehicle database.
R 168.32 Maintenance of online absent voter ballot application; form.
Rule 2. (1) The secretary of state shall maintain an online absent voter ballot
(2) This online absent voter ballot application must provide an option that allows
qualified and registered voters to request an absentee ballot for an election occurring in
(3) The online absent voter ballot application must be in substantially the same form as
the absent voter ballot application developed by the secretary of state under section 759
of the Michigan election law, 1954 PA 116, MCL 168.759.
R 168.33 Use of digital signature on online absent voter ballot applications.
August 30, 2021