DEPARTMENT OF TREASURY  
MICHIGAN GAMING CONTROL BOARD (MGCB)  
OFFICE OF THE EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR  
HORSE RACING GENERAL RULES  
Filed with the secretary of state on March 26, 2021  
These rules take effect immediately upon filing with the secretary of state unless adopted  
under section 33, 44, or 45a(6) of the administrative procedures act of 1969, 1969 PA  
306, MCL 24.233, 24.244, or 24.245a. Rules adopted under these sections become  
effective 7 days after filing with the secretary of state.  
(By authority conferred on the office of the executive director by section 7 of the horse  
racing law of 1995, 1995 PA 279, MCL 431.307)  
R 431.1001, R 431.1005, R 431.1010, R 431.1015, R 431.1020, R 431.1025, R 431.1030,  
R 431.1035, R 431.1045, R 431.1060, R 431.1065, R 431.1070, R 431.1085, R 431.1095,  
R 431.1101, R 431.1105, R 431.1110, R 431.1115, R 431.1120, R 431.1125, R 431.1130,  
R 431.1140, R 431.1145, R 431.1150, R 431.1155, R 431.1160, R 431.1165, R 431.1175,  
R 431.1200, R 431.1205, R 431.1210, R 431.1215, R 431.1220, R 431.1230, R 431.1235,  
R 431.1240, R 431.1245, R 431.1250, R 431.1255, R 431.1260, R 431.1265, R 431.1270,  
R 431.1275, R 431.1280, R 431.1295, R 431.1301, R 431.1325, R 431.1330, R 431.1335,  
R 431.1340, R 431.2001, R 431.2010, R 431.2015, R 431.2020, R 431.2025, R 431.2030,  
R 431.2035, R 431.2050, R 431.2055, R 431.2060, R 431.2070, R 431.2075, R 431.2090,  
R 431.2120, R 431.3001, R 431.3005, R 431.3010, R 431.3020, R 431.3025, R 431.3030,  
R 431.3035, R 431.3040, R 431.3045, R 431.3055, R 431.3060, R 431.3065, R 431.3070,  
R 431.3075, R 431.3080, R 431.3090, R 431.3095, R 431.3101, R 431.3105, R 431.3110,  
R 431.3115, R 431.3120, R 431.3125, R 431.3130, R 431.3140, R 431.3145, R 431.3155,  
R 431.3160, R 431.3165, R 431.3170, R 431.3175, R 431.3180, R 431.3201, R 431.3205,  
R 431.3210, R 431.3215, R 431.3220, R 431.3225, R 431.3230, R 431.3235, R 431.3245,  
R 431.3250, R 431.3255, R 431.3260, R 431.3265, R 431.3270, R 431.3275, R 431.3290,  
R 431.3295, R 431.3301, R 431.3305, R 431.3310, R 431.4001, R 431.4005, R 431.4010,  
R 431.4015, R 431.4020, R 431.4025, R 431.4030, R 431.4035, R 431.4040, R 431.4045,  
R 431.4050, R 431.4055, R 431.4060, R 431.4070, R 431.4075, R 431.4080, R 431.4085,  
R 431.4090, R 431.4095, R 431.4100, R 431.4105, R 431.4110, R 431.4115, R 431.4125,  
R 431.4130, R 431.4135, R 431.4140, R 431.4145, R 431.4150, R 431.4155, R 431.4160,  
R 431.4170, R 431.4175, R 431.4180, R 431.4185, R 431.4190, R 431.4195, R 431.4200,  
R 431.4210, R 431.4215, R 431.4220, R 431.4225, R 431.4230, R 431.4240, R 431.4255,  
R 431.4260, R 431.4265, R 431.4270, R 431.4275, R 431.4280, R 431.4285, and R  
431.4290 of the Michigan Administrative Code are amended, R 431.1047, R 431.1052, R  
431.1261, R 431.1302, R 431.1303, R 431.1304, R 431.2036, R 431.2094, R 431.2096, R  
431.3300, R 431.5001, R 431.5005, R 431.5010, R 431.5015, R 431.5020, R 431.5025, R  
431.5030, R 431.5035, and R 431.5040 are added to the Code, and R 431.1050, R  
December 21, 2020  
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431.1055, R 431.1075, R 431.1080, R 431.1090, R 431.1135, R 431.1180, R 431.1185, R  
431.1190, R 431.1195, R 431.1285, R 431.1290, R 431.1999, R 431.2005, R 431.2040, R  
431.2045, R 431.2061, R 431.2080, R 431.2095, R 431.2100, R 431.2105, R 431.2110, R  
431.2115, R 431.3015, R 431.3050, R 431.3085, R 431.3240, R 431.4165, and R 431.4205  
of the Code are rescinded, as follows:  
PART 1. GENERAL PROVISIONS  
R 431.1001 Definitions; A to C.  
Rule 1001. As used in these rules:  
(a) “Act” means the horse racing law of 1995, 1995 PA 279, MCL 431.301 to 431.336.  
(b) “Age” means the number of years since a horse was foaled. Age is determined as if  
the horse were foaled on January 1 of the year in which the horse was foaled.  
(c) “Appeal” means a written application to the executive director for review of any  
decision, order, or ruling of the stewards or for review of any administrative action by the  
executive director.  
(d) “Arrears” means all sums that are due from a licensee, as reflected by the records of  
the executive director or association, for any of the following:  
(i) Fines or forfeitures.  
(ii) Subscriptions.  
(iii) Entrance money.  
(iv) Jockey or driver fees.  
(v) Any default incident to these rules.  
(e) “Associated person” is the spouse of a disqualified person, or a companion, family  
member, employer, employee, partner, corporation, or other entity whose financial  
relationship with a disqualified person would give the appearance that the other person or  
entity would care for or train a racing animal or perform veterinary services on a racing  
animal for the benefit, credit, reputation, or satisfaction of the disqualified person.  
(f) “Association” means a legal entity that is licensed by the executive director to  
conduct a race meeting.  
(g) “Authorized agent” means a person who is licensed by the executive director to act  
on behalf of a licensed owner and whose authority to act for and on behalf of the owner  
is evidenced by an authorized agent application filed with and approved by the executive  
director. An authorized agent shall not represent more than two owners at any one time.  
(h) “Bleeder” means a horse that is determined, by a gross or endoscopic examination  
that is conducted by a licensed veterinarian or official veterinarian, to have hemorrhaged  
from within the respiratory tract during a race or workout.  
(i) “Claiming race” means a race in which a horse may be claimed pursuant to the rules  
promulgated under the act.  
(j) “Closing” means a designated time when all entries in a race shall be and remain in  
the race, unless excused by the stewards.  
(k) “Coggins test” means a blood test to determine the presence of equine infectious  
anemia in a horse.  
(l) “Complaint” means a written or verbal statement submitted to the stewards or  
executive director about an issue relating to the conduct of racing.  
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R 431.1005 Definitions; D to F.  
Rule 1005. As used in these rules:  
(a) “Day” means a period of 24 hours beginning at 12:01 a.m. and ending at midnight.  
(b) “Disciplinary action” means an action taken by the stewards or executive director for  
violation of the act or these rules and may include any of the following:  
(i) Suspension of license.  
(ii) Revocation of license.  
(iii) Ruling off.  
(iv) Expulsion.  
(v) The assessment of a fine.  
(vi) Reprimand.  
(vii) Any combination of paragraphs (i) to (vi) of this subdivision.  
(c) “Disqualification” means an order of the stewards or executive director which revises  
the order of finish of a race.  
(d) “Disqualified person” means a person who is ineligible for licensing under the act or  
a person whose licensed status is such that he or she is temporarily ineligible to  
participate in racing under these rules or those of any other racing jurisdiction.  
(e) “Driver” means a person licensed by the executive director to drive a standardbred  
horse in harness.  
(f) “Entered in a race” means a horse that has been drawn into a specific race.  
(g) “Entry” means any of the following:  
(i) The act of nominating a horse for a race.  
(ii) A horse entered in a race.  
(iii) Two or more horses which are entered in a race and which are coupled as a mutuel  
entry or joined in the mutuel field pursuant to rules promulgated under the act.  
(h) “Executive director” means the executive director of the Michigan gaming control  
board under the authority granted in Executive Reorganization Order No. 2009-31, MCL  
324.99919.  
(i) “Expulsion” means the exclusion from any participation, either directly or indirectly,  
in the privileges and uses of the grounds.  
(j) “Forfeit” means any of the following:  
(i) Money due from a licensee because of his or her error, fault, neglect of duty, or  
breach of contract.  
(ii) The loss or return of purse money resulting from a ruling of the stewards or  
executive director.  
(iii) A fine assessed a licensee by the stewards or executive director.  
(k) “Futurity” means a stake in which the dam of the competing horse is nominated  
either when in foal or during the year of foaling.  
R 431.1010 Definitions; G to N.  
Rule 1010. As used in these rules:  
(a) “Grounds” means the entire premises under the control of an association, including  
appurtenant parking areas and spectator areas.  
(b) “Horse” means an equine belonging to a breed eligible to race under these rules and,  
when used in this part, designates any equine irrespective of these rules and irrespective  
of age or sex.  
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(c) “In harness” means a race in which performances shall be to a sulky.  
(d) “Inquiry” means an investigation into the conduct of a race which is initiated and  
conducted by the stewards before making a race official.  
(e) “Intended to be entered” means a horse that has its name put into the draw for a  
specific race.  
(f) “Jockey” means a person licensed by the executive director to ride thoroughbred  
horses, quarter horses, Appaloosa horses, American paint, or Arabian horses in races.  
(g) “Legal entity” means a lawful or legally standing association, corporation,  
partnership, proprietorship, trust, or individual.  
(h) “Lessee” means a legal entity who is licensed by the executive director as a horse  
owner and whose interest in a horse is a leasehold.  
(i) “Licensee” means a legal entity holding a currently valid license to participate in or  
conduct horse racing in this state.  
(j) “Michigan-bred preferred race” means a race where Michigan-bred horses have  
priority for entry and horses that are not Michigan-bred are allowed to enter only if the  
race does not fill with Michigan-bred horses.  
(k) “Michigan gaming control board” or “MGCB” means the Michigan gaming control  
board that was created under section 4 of the Michigan Gaming Control and Revenue  
Act, 1996 IL 1, MCL 432.204, and that operates under the direction of the executive  
director of the Michigan gaming control board, to which Executive Reorganization Order  
No. 2009-31, MCL 324.99919, transferred all of the authority, powers, duties, functions,  
records, personnel, property, unexpended balances of appropriations, allocations, or other  
funds of the office of racing commissioner that previously existed under the act and that  
was abolished by that executive reorganization order.  
(l) “Month” means a calendar month.  
(m) “Mutuel entry” means 2 or more horses entered in a race which are coupled as a  
single betting interest because the horses are owned wholly or in part by the same owners  
or are trained by the same trainer.  
(n) “No contest” means a race that was cancelled by the stewards in the best  
interest of racing due to an unforeseen event.  
(o) “Nomination” means the naming of a horse or, in the event of a futurity, the  
naming of a foal in utero to a certain race or series of races, eligibility of which is  
conditioned on the payment of a fee at the time of naming and the payment of  
subsequent sustaining fees or starting fees.  
(p) “Nominator” means the person in whose name a horse is nominated for a  
sweepstakes, futurity, or produce race.  
R 431.1015 Definitions; O, P.  
Rule 1015. As used in these rules:  
(a) “Objection” means a complaint filed by an owner, trainer, jockey, driver, or  
authorized agent against a horse, jockey, or driver in the race before the result of a race  
has been made official.  
(b) “Official veterinarian” means a veterinarian employed by the executive director with  
powers and duties as specified in the act and the rules promulgated under the act and  
other powers and duties as delegated by the executive director, deputy director, and  
racing manager.  
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(c) “Overnight race” means a race for which entries close not more than 4 days nor less  
than 1 day before the race is to be held. In the absence of conditions or notice to the  
contrary, all entries in overnight races shall close not later than noon the day preceding  
the race.  
(d) “Owner,” for purposes of these rules and in furtherance of promoting the safety,  
security, growth, and integrity of all horse racing, means a legal entity with an interest in  
a horse or horses.  
(e) “Place,” when used in the context of a single position in the order of finish in a race,  
means second. When used in the context of pari-mutuel wagering, a “place” wager is one  
involving a payoff on a betting interest which finished first or second in a race. When  
used in the context of multiple positions in the order of finish in a race, “place” or  
“placing” means finishing first, second, or third.  
(f) “Post” means a station on the race course from which a race is started. In harness  
racing, the post is where the horses line up behind the mobile starting gate.  
(g) “Post position” means a position assigned to a horse for the start of a race.  
(h) “Post time” means the time set for the arrival of the horses in a race at the starting  
post.  
(i) “Prize” means the combined total of any cash, premium, trophy, and any other object  
of value which is awarded to the owners of horses according to the order of finish in a  
race.  
(j) “Protest” means a written statement filed before a race objecting to the eligibility of a  
horse or person to participate in the race.  
(k) “Purse” means the gross cash portion of the prize for which a race is run.  
R 431.1020 Definitions; R, S.  
Rule 1020. As used in these rules:  
(a) “Race” means a contest of speed among horses for a prize.  
(b) “Race meeting” means the entire period of consecutive days which is granted by the  
executive director to an association for the conduct of racing.  
(c) “Racing official” means all personnel, other than licensed participants, having a  
direct connection with the running of a race.  
(d) “Recognized meeting” means any race meet with regularly scheduled races which is  
licensed by, and conducted under rules promulgated by, a governmental regulatory body,  
including race meets in foreign countries held under the sanction of a turf authority  
whose jurisdiction is acknowledged by the executive director.  
(e) “Restricted area” means designated locations on the grounds where admission is  
limited to persons having a valid occupational license or restricted area pass.  
(f) “Ruling off” or “ruled off” means barring a person from the grounds by written order  
of the executive director pursuant to the act and these rules.  
(g) “Scratch” means the withdrawal of a horse entered for a race after the time of  
closing.  
(h) “Scratch time” means a time set by the stewards as a deadline for horsemen to  
scratch out of a race.  
(i) “Stake” means a race in which owners or nominators, or both, of horses entered or  
engaged for the race contribute to a purse to which money or any other prize may be  
added.  
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(j) “Starter” means a horse in front of which the stall doors of the starting gate open  
when the official starter dispatches the field or, if a starting gate is not used or a mobile  
starting gate is used, when the official starter gives the word “go.”  
(k) “Suspension” means a form of disciplinary action where a licensee is considered  
temporarily ineligible for participation in racing.  
R 431.1025 Definitions; T, W.  
Rule 1025. As used in these rules:  
(a) “Trainer” means a person licensed by the executive director who shall be responsible  
for, and the absolute insurer of, the proper care, health, training condition, safety, and  
protection of horses in his or her charge.  
(b) “Winner” means a horse whose nose reaches the wire first carrying its jockey or  
driver, a horse whose nose reaches the wire at the same instant as the nose of a horse  
sharing first place carrying its jockey or driver, or a horse awarded first place by the  
stewards or executive director because of the disqualification of an actual first-place  
finisher.  
(c) “Wire” means a surveyed point crossing and at right angles to the race course at  
which all races conclude.  
(d) “Workout” means the training of a horse on a race course during which the horse  
may merely be exercised or may be tested for speed over a specified distance and the  
results recorded.  
R 431.1030 Licensure.  
Rule 1030. The executive director may delegate the responsibility of approving or  
denying occupational licensing to his or her authorized representatives.  
R 431.1035 Occupational licensing.  
Rule 1035. (1) Pari-mutuel horse racing and participation therein in this state are  
privileges, not rights, granted only by the executive director by license subject to the  
conditions set forth in subrule (3) of this rule.  
(2) The executive director may consider the following in granting, denying, suspending,  
or revoking, an occupational license or taking disciplinary action against an occupational  
licensee:  
(a) The person's financial history, including, but not limited to, court-imposed financial  
judgments, failure to honor financial obligations, or the issuance of bank instruments  
without having sufficient funds on deposit.  
(b) The person's current financial status, including, but not limited to, outstanding  
indebtedness to service and supply vendors in the racing industry.  
(c) The person's experience in the racing industry in capacities related to the  
occupational license sought.  
(d) The person’s history of licensure in any other racing jurisdiction.  
(e) The person's competence to hold the occupational license sought measured by  
standardized written and practical testing and peer review, as required by the executive  
director.  
(f) The person’s general fitness in terms of mental stability, use of drugs, and record of  
racing violations.  
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(g) The person's record of criminal convictions, including, but not limited to, offenses  
related to the integrity and safety of racing and its participants.  
(h) Any other information the executive director considers necessary.  
(3) Application for an occupational license means consent and agreement by the  
applicant, upon application and for the duration of the occupational license, if issued, to  
all of the following conditions:  
(a) That all representations on the application filed are complete and correct and are  
accompanied by fingerprint identification, proof of worker's compensation insurance, or  
certification of professional licensing when required, and any other information the  
executive director considers necessary.  
(b) That he or she shall abide by all orders of racing officials, rulings and decisions of  
the stewards, unless reversed or modified by the executive director upon proper appeal,  
and all rules, regulations, and orders of the executive director, subject to review pursuant  
to these rules and the act.  
(c) That when responsibility is placed upon a licensee, other than a trainer, by the act or  
these rules, the licensee shall bear the burden of proof to show freedom from negligence  
in the exercise of a high degree of care in safeguarding horses from tampering.  
(d) That he or she shall conduct himself or herself and his or her business at all times in  
a manner befitting the best interests of racing and shall cooperate in every way with the  
executive director or his or her authorized representatives during the conduct of an  
investigation, including responding correctly, to the best of his or her knowledge, to all  
questions pertaining to racing matters.  
(e) That he or she shall disclose to the executive director or his or her authorized  
representative, in writing, if he or she has been arrested, charged, or convicted of any  
misdemeanor or felony offenses, not including traffic offenses.  
(f) That he or she shall report to the executive director or his or her authorized  
representative when he or she has been prescribed or is taking any medication that may  
impair the person’s ability to perform tasks that require a license or that carry this or a  
similar warning: Do not operate heavy machinery while taking this medication.  
(g) That he or she is under a continuing duty to provide any information requested by  
the executive director or his or her authorized representative.  
(h) That he or she shall not interfere with or use abusive or disrespectful language or  
conduct when addressing a steward, authorized representative of the executive director,  
racing official, or person serving under a racing official.  
(i) That he or she shall not, at any time or place, commit an assault, an assault and  
battery, threaten bodily injury, or do bodily injury to any person involved in racing.  
(4) The executive director may require a person who has been denied a license or has  
had a license suspended or revoked by another racing jurisdiction to seek reinstatement in  
the jurisdiction where the license was denied, revoked, or suspended.  
(5) A person whose license has been revoked or suspended, whether in this jurisdiction  
or any other jurisdiction and whether temporarily for investigation or otherwise, for the  
duration of his or her revocation or suspension, is not permitted, whether acting as an  
agent or otherwise, to subscribe, enter, or race any horse, either in his or her own name or  
in the name of another person.  
(6) Trainers and vendors operating within restricted areas of the grounds shall ensure  
that they and their employees are licensed. Additionally, a trainer shall ensure that each  
8
owner for whom he or she trains is properly licensed. A horse in a trainer's care shall not  
be programmed in a race unless at least an application for the owner's license is on file  
with the executive director.  
(7) A person under the age of 18 shall not be granted an occupational license, except  
upon presentation of proof of age and, if employed by anyone other than a parent or legal  
guardian, submission of working papers as required by law. The minor child of an owner  
may, without working papers, be granted an owner's license by the executive director if  
the parent who is an owner files with the minor's license application an agreement  
assuming responsibility for all financial, contractual, or other obligations of the minor  
child relating to racing.  
(8) A person under the age of 16 shall not be licensed as a jockey or driver.  
(9) The license applications of stable employees, association employees, and employees  
of vendors operating within restricted areas of the grounds shall be endorsed by their  
employers.  
(10) Exercise riders, pony riders, and any person intending to exercise a horse upon a  
race course during a race meeting may be required by the stewards to demonstrate their  
horsemanship.  
(11) The trainer shall maintain on file with the executive director an up-to-date stable  
roster of owners, employees, and any others having access to the trainer's assigned  
premises. The stable roster shall contain all information considered necessary by the  
executive director.  
(12) Except when a trainer has a 50% or greater ownership interest in his or her horse,  
there must be a mutually agreed upon written contract between the trainer and owner.  
This contract must include, but is not limited to, at least the following terms and  
conditions:  
(a) The financial responsibility of each party.  
(b) Specific horse health care requirements.  
(c) Potential claiming status.  
(13) An individual, other than a licensee, seeking entry into a restricted area shall apply  
for a restricted area pass from the executive director. A restricted area pass is valid only  
for the time and place designated on the pass. The stewards shall review and approve or  
deny all applications for restricted area admission. Restricted area passes shall not be  
issued for admission to the paddock at a race meeting. However, a spouse of an owner or  
trainer may have his or her restricted area pass endorsed to permit him or her into the  
paddock when accompanied by the licensed spouse. Restricted area passes shall not be  
issued to anyone who would usually require a license.  
(14) Each applicant for an occupational license as an owner may be issued only one  
provisional license good for 1 race day or 2 adjacent days.  
(15) In the event of an owner’s death, the trainer may continue to race the horse if a  
person designated as executor supplies the executive director or his or her authorized  
representative with verification of his or her status as executor and applies for an owner’s  
license.  
R 431.1045 Separate licensure.  
Rule 1045. Each type of racing permitted by the act requires a separate and distinct  
occupational license for participation.  
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R 431.1047 Certified Horsemen's Organizations (CHO).  
Rule 1047. (1) A horsemen's organization must annually register in a manner and form  
prescribed by the executive director.  
(2) Unless otherwise directed by the executive director, a horsemen's organization must  
file its registration and all supporting materials no later than September 1 of the year  
preceding the calendar year in which the race meeting would be conducted.  
(3) The registration of a horsemen's organization for a calendar year becomes effective  
upon the approval of the executive director, not upon the filing of the registration.  
(4) The registration for an upcoming calendar year must be approved by the executive  
director before a CHO is entitled to receive or distribute any simulcast purse pool funds,  
live racing funds, or funds paid into the pari-mutuel horse racing disbursement account.  
R 431.1050 Rescinded.  
R 431.1052 Authorization of workouts or qualifying races at training centers.  
Rule 1052. (1) Before authorizing workouts or qualifying races at a training center, a  
legal entity must submit information in a manner and form prescribed by the executive  
director.  
(2) If workouts or qualifying races are authorized by the executive director, the training  
center agrees to the following terms and conditions:  
(a) To be bound by and comply with the act, these rules, executive director orders,  
public policy of this state, and any other local, state, and federal law.  
(b) To conduct timed workouts and qualifier races to the same standards and  
requirements governing those activities in this state at pari-mutuel race meetings.  
(c) To not allow any wagering at the training center and promptly report to the  
executive director or his or her authorized representative any person who is found to be  
wagering.  
(d) To maintain records regarding the management and operation of the training facility  
and make the records available to the executive director or his or her authorized  
representative upon request.  
(e) To allow inspections by an authorized representative of the executive director at any  
time.  
(f) To ensure all participants at the training center are licensed under the act and these  
rules.  
(g) To maintain its facility by making necessary improvements, additions, or  
corrections to the facility, fixtures, equipment, or procedures as required by the  
executive director.  
(3) Failure to comply with the conditions set forth in subrule (2) of this rule may result  
in withdrawal of authorization to conduct timed workouts and qualifying races.  
R 431.1055 Rescinded.  
R 431.1060 Occupational license fees.  
Rule 1060. (1) Occupational license fees shall be set by the executive director.  
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(2) A license fee receipt admits an applicant to restricted areas only during the period  
designated by the executive director on the face of the receipt.  
R 431.1065 Ownership.  
Rule 1065. (1) Every legal entity having an ownership interest in a horse must be  
licensed as an owner.  
(2) If a legal entity with more than 4 individuals owns interest in a single horse, each  
individual holding a 5% or greater beneficial interest must be licensed as an owner  
Individuals owning less than 5% must be eligible for licensure as an owner.  
(3) A joint ownership agreement or lease shall accompany the application for an owner's  
license.  
(4) The executive director may deny, suspend, or revoke the license of any owner  
whose ownership of a horse is qualified or limited in part by the rights or an interest in  
such horse being held or controlled by any other person or persons who would be  
ineligible for licensing under these rules.  
(5) A corporate or syndicate name, if any, is considered a stable name for the purpose of  
these rules. The executive director reserves the right to refuse registration of any  
corporate or syndicate name.  
(6) The stewards may grant an owner with less than a 5%ownership or beneficial interest  
in a horse a license if the owner can establish a bona fide need for the license.  
R 431.1070 Leases; validity; terms.  
Rule 1070. (1) Horses may be raced under a lease if the lease agreement is submitted in  
a manner and form prescribed by the executive director and is approved by the stewards.  
For the purposes of racing a horse in this state, the stewards may at any time suspend or  
revoke their approval of a lease upon a determination that the lease is not in the best  
interest of racing.  
(2) For racing purposes, a lease must not be approved by the stewards unless all of the  
following provisions are complied with:  
(a) The lessee and lessor are licensed as owners.  
(b) Each of the signatures of the lessor and lessees on the lease agreement are  
subscribed and sworn to before a notary public.  
(c) A horse is not leased more than once per calendar year without approval of the  
stewards.  
(d) Conditions of the lease specify, as to parties to the lease, whether the subject horse  
may be entered to be claimed. If the lessor agrees that the subject horse may be entered  
to be claimed, conditions of the lease shall specify the minimum price for which the  
subject horse can be entered and to whom the claiming price is payable.  
(e) Conditions of the lease specify that upon claim of the subject horse, the lease  
terminates and all rights in and to such horse pass to the claimant as a bona fide  
purchaser.  
(f) The lease completely divests the lessors of further control or direction of the racing  
performance of such horse while under lease, and the lease ensures that the resultant  
program listing of the lessee will not mislead the betting public by reason of the absence  
in the program listing of the name of a person or persons who possess a beneficial  
interest in such leased horse.  
11  
R 431.1075 Rescinded.  
R 431.1080 Rescinded.  
R 431.1085 Waiver of rules.  
Rule 1085. The executive director may waive these rules with respect to any 1 horse  
owned by any legal entity to permit the horse to participate in a specific race of special  
interest to the sport and this state.  
R 431.1090 Rescinded.  
R 431.1095 Associations; duties.  
Rule 1095. (1) Each association licensed by the executive director, and each licensed  
association's officers, directors, officials, and employees, shall observe and enforce the  
laws of this state, the rules promulgated under the act, and orders of the executive  
director at and during race meetings conducted by the association. Each association, and  
its officers, directors, and employees, shall also honor all written orders of expulsion or  
ruling off issued by the executive director, and pursuant thereto shall immediately eject  
and exclude from the grounds any person whom the association, or its officers, directors,  
or employees, knows to be under expulsion and ruled off pursuant to the written order of  
the executive director.  
(2) Each association shall provide a competent and adequate security force, night and  
day, in and about the grounds and shall police and maintain order on its grounds so as to  
reasonably insure the safety of all persons on its grounds and protect and preserve the  
integrity of racing and pari-mutuel wagering conducted on its grounds.  
(3) Each association shall exclude all of the following from its grounds:  
(a) Upon written notification of the executive director, all persons whom it knows have  
been designated by written order of the recognized racing authority in another  
recognized racing jurisdiction to be under expulsion, ruled off, or otherwise excluded  
from grounds in such other racing jurisdiction.  
(b) All persons whom it knows to be engaged in activities on the grounds to avoid, or  
aid others in avoiding, compliance with federal or state income tax laws or rules  
pertaining to gambling winnings derived from pari-mutuel wagering.  
(c) All persons whom it knows to be engaged in bookmaking or other illegal wagering  
or gambling activities on the grounds.  
(d) All persons whom it knows to be engaged in touting or the illegal solicitation of  
bets on the grounds.  
(e) All persons whom it knows to be engaged in activities to unlawfully influence or fix  
the results or outcome of a race conducted on the grounds.  
(f) All persons whom it knows have been convicted of crimes involving fraud or  
deception in the conduct of racing or pari-mutuel wagering.  
(g) All persons whose presence and conduct on the grounds reasonably threatens the  
health and safety of other persons on the grounds or reasonably threatens or undermines  
public confidence in the integrity of racing or pari-mutuel wagering conducted on the  
grounds.  
12  
(4) Each association shall eject and exclude, from its stable areas, paddock, and other  
restricted areas, any person not authorized for admission to such areas under these rules.  
(5) Each association may, in its sole discretion and on its own volition, eject or exclude  
from its grounds, or any part thereof, any person, licensed or unlicensed, for any reason it  
considers appropriate and without giving any reason or cause therefor, if, however, such  
ejection or exclusion is not based in any way upon the person's sex, race, color, creed, or  
national origin and is not otherwise in violation of state or federal law.  
(6) When any association ejects or excludes any person from its grounds, it shall  
promptly report such action to the executive director in writing.  
(7) The association shall provide the executive director with copies of available police  
reports pertaining to conduct on the grounds.  
(8) The stable area of each licensed track shall be enclosed by a fence or other barrier of  
reasonable height that will deter entry of unauthorized persons.  
(9) The association shall maintain a 24-hour guard at any entrance to the stable area  
30 days before and during the live race meeting if horses are stabled on the grounds.  
(10) The stable area shall be patrolled by track security officers, who shall pay special  
attention to the presence of unauthorized personnel, to the enforcement of fire prevention  
measures, and to the inspection of tack rooms and living quarters for fire hazards and  
contraband.  
(11) An association shall take prompt corrective action on all fire safety deficiencies  
noted in inspections by local and state fire marshals.  
(12) An association shall provide protected sheds for the storage of hay, straw, feed, and  
other flammable materials.  
(13) An association shall at all times maintain its grounds and facilities so as to be neat  
and clean, painted, and in good repair, with special consideration for the comfort, health,  
and safety of patrons, employees, and other persons whose business requires attendance,  
and with special consideration for the health and safety of horses stabled, exercising,  
entered to race, or racing, at the association's facilities.  
(14) An association shall provide and maintain lighting to ensure illumination in the  
stable, spectator, and parking areas.  
(15) An association shall provide and maintain facilities for drivers and jockeys.  
Separate toilet and dressing facilities shall be provided for female and male drivers and  
jockeys.  
(16) An association shall provide all of the following:  
(a) Training and race course surfaces that are safe and humane.  
(b) Proper equipment to maintain race course surfaces.  
(c) Sufficient trained personnel to properly operate maintenance equipment and to  
assess needs in race course maintenance on a day-to-day basis.  
(d) Daily records must be kept on the condition and maintenance of each training and  
racing surface. The records shall be available and submitted to the stewards upon  
request.  
(17) An association shall have in attendance, during all live racing and morning training  
hours, at least 1 ambulance and 1 horse ambulance with personnel to render first aid and  
transport injured persons or horses to the most suitable place available for medical or  
veterinary treatment. A licensed paramedic or licensed EMT may be substituted for an  
13  
ambulance during training hours with prior approval of the executive director.  
Ambulances shall be stationed near an entrance to the racing surface.  
(18) An association shall equip and maintain adequate first aid facilities with medical  
personnel in attendance.  
(19) An association shall install and maintain in good service a communication system  
between the stewards' stand and all of the following persons or places:  
(a) Pari-mutuel department.  
(b) Starting gate.  
(c) Clerk of scales.  
(d) Clerk of course.  
(e) Paddock judge.  
(f) Patrol judges.  
(g) Official veterinarian.  
(h) Detention barn.  
(20) For pari-mutuel wagering, an association shall use either a totalisator or another  
mechanical device which is equal in accuracy and clearness to the totalisator and which is  
approved by the executive director. No other place or method of betting, pool making,  
wagering, or gaming shall be used or permitted without the executive director’s approval.  
(21) An association conducting racing shall provide photo finish service of a type and  
quality approved by the executive director as an aid to the stewards, in determining the  
order of finish. When a photo finish picture is used to determine the order of finish, the  
picture, or true copies or projections thereof, shall be posted or projected for public  
inspection as required by the stewards or executive director. Film strips shall be  
preserved by the association for 1 year.  
(22) An association conducting racing shall install an automatic electric timing device in  
conjunction with the photo finish camera or independent of the photo finish camera for  
the purpose of accurately recording the timing of all races. This time shall be considered  
as the official time of each race.  
(23) The association shall designate an approved racing official as timer. The final time  
recorded by the timer on a hand-held watch or device of similar accuracy shall be the  
official time of a race if the electric timer fails.  
(24) An association shall make a visual recording of each race including qualifying  
races. The recording shall be by videotape or other means approved by the executive  
director. The equipment necessary to promptly show the recordings to the stewards to  
assist them in determining questions pertaining to a race shall be provided by the  
association. The recordings shall in all cases be considered only as aids to the stewards. A  
visual recording of all views of each race shall be preserved by the association in a secure  
manner for 90 days after the close of a meeting or for a longer period set by the stewards  
or executive director. Specific recordings shall be shown to the stewards at any time  
during the meeting or shall be delivered to the executive director or his or her authorized  
representative at any time upon request. As the stewards consider necessary, and for the  
purpose of educating jockeys, drivers, and racing officials, the association may show  
visual recordings of races to jockeys, drivers, and racing officials on the racing day  
following the races in question.  
14  
(25) The association shall display post time a reasonable time before a race on a clock  
device provided for that purpose, on the infield results board, or on another prominent  
structure which is clearly readable from the spectator areas.  
(26) An association conducting racing shall maintain a paddock that secures horses  
preparing to race in the daily program. The paddock shall be entirely enclosed and the  
gate or gates into the enclosure shall be controlled to exclude unauthorized persons.  
(27) During racing hours, the association shall provide the services of a blacksmith and  
extra equipment in or adjacent to the paddock to ensure the proper conduct of racing  
without unnecessary delay.  
(28) An association shall provide necessary office space with proper conveniences and  
adequate parking spaces for the executive director and his or her authorized  
representatives. Identification signifying the bearer as a representative of the executive  
director shall be honored for entrance to all points on the grounds.  
(29) The names and addresses of the racing officials with at least 1 back up for each  
position shall be submitted to the executive director not less than 30 days before the start  
of the race meeting and shall thereafter be approved or disapproved by the executive  
director.  
(30) Racing officials subject to the approval of the executive director shall not hold more  
than 1 official position during a race meeting unless approved by the executive director.  
R 431.1101 Admissions.  
Rule 1101. (1) A person required to be licensed by these rules shall not be admitted to  
the stables or other restricted area of the grounds without a current valid license or  
restricted area pass in his or her possession. An association may permit a person to enter  
restricted areas for a period of not more than 10 days after the filing of a license  
application if the applicant possesses a license fee receipt.  
(2) Policemen, firemen, inspectors, and other public officials acting in the performance  
of their duties; employees of utility firms; or employees of companies doing construction  
in restricted areas are exempt from the provisions of this rule. However, any exempted  
person shall identify himself or herself and explain the purpose of his or her visit before  
admission.  
R 431.1105 Entering and departing restricted areas; sign in and sign out.  
Rule 1105. All licensed persons entering restricted areas of the grounds during other  
than normal racing and training hours shall sign in upon arrival and check out upon  
departure. The person's name, occupation, and license plate number shall be recorded.  
Exempt persons, other than policemen and firemen in the performance of their duties,  
shall sign in and out at all times during a race meeting.  
R 431.1110 Logging entry and departure of horses.  
Rule 1110. (1) The identity of all horses entering and leaving the stable area of an  
association conducting a race meeting shall be logged in and out at the stable area gate.  
(2) The log book entry shall include all of the following information:  
(a) The date and time in or out.  
(b) Name of horse.  
(c) Driver and all occupants of the transporting vehicle.  
15  
(3) A dead horse shall not be removed from the grounds without prior notification of the  
official veterinarian or the stewards.  
(4) Confirmation of a current negative Coggins test and required vaccinations shall be  
provided for all horses entering the grounds. For horses from another state, a current  
health certificate is also required.  
R 431.1115 Reporting violations.  
Rule 1115. (1) If a person who is licensed as a participant in racing is approached with  
any of the following, that person shall report the offer, request, or suggestion to the  
executive director:  
(a) An offer or promise of a gratuity  
(b) A request or suggestion of any of the following:  
(i) A bribe.  
(ii) Any improper, corrupt, or fraudulent act or practice in relation to a race or racing.  
(iii) That any race be conducted other than in a fair manner and pursuant to the rules.  
(2) Failure to report the offer, request, or suggestion under subrule (1) of this rule may  
result in disciplinary action, which may include suspension or revocation of the person's  
license.  
R 431.1120 False statements.  
Rule 1120. A licensed person who gives false or misleading statements to the executive  
director or his or her authorized representative in connection with any investigation  
pertaining to racing or any person who refuses to appear or testify after proper notice  
shall be subject to disciplinary action or criminal prosecution, or both.  
R 431.1125 Best efforts to win.  
Rule 1125. A licensee is expected to give his or her best effort to win in all races in  
which he or she participates. Any instruction or advice to a jockey or driver or any  
handling of a jockey's or driver's horse other than for the purpose of winning is  
prohibited. If the stewards are satisfied that a race was ridden or driven in a fraudulent  
manner or that the jockey or driver was instructed or induced to ride or drive in a  
fraudulent manner, all persons guilty of connivance in the offense shall be subject to  
disciplinary action or criminal prosecution, or both.  
R 431.1130 Expulsion and ruling off by executive director.  
Rule 1130. (1) The executive director, deputies, or authorized representative of the  
executive director may order any person, whether licensed or unlicensed, to be  
immediately ejected, ruled off, and excluded from the grounds, or any part thereof, by  
written order of expulsion or ruling off, for any of the following reasons:  
(a) The person's violation of the rules promulgated under the act or the act or any  
successor racing laws enacted after the effective date of these rules.  
(b) The person's participation in touting, the illegal solicitation of bets or wagers,  
bookmaking, or any other illegal wagering or gambling activity.  
(c) The person's participation in any plan, scheme, or activity to avoid, or aid another in  
avoiding compliance with federal or state income tax laws.  
16  
(d) The person's conviction for any crime involving fraud or deception in the conduct of  
racing or pari-mutuel wagering or in the reporting of pari-mutuel gambling winnings to  
federal or state government tax authorities.  
(e) The person's participation in any plan, scheme, or activity to unlawfully influence or  
fix the results or outcome of a race.  
(f) The person's participation in any plan, scheme, or activity to misrepresent the true  
age, pedigree, identity, ownership, or eligibility of a horse to any of the following:  
(i) The jockey club.  
(ii) United States Trotting Association.  
(iii) American Quarter Horse Association.  
(iv) Appaloosa Horse Club.  
(v) Arabian breed registry.  
(vi) The executive director.  
(vii) Any racing official.  
(g) The person's participation in any disorderly conduct or public disturbance on the  
grounds which reasonably threatens the health and safety of other persons or horses.  
(h) The person's participation in any plan, scheme, or activity to willfully and  
knowingly enter or start an unqualified or ineligible horse in a race.  
(i) The person's participation in any plan, scheme, or activity to offer or receive any  
money, benefit, or other consideration for scratching an entry from a race.  
(j) The person's participation in any plan, scheme, or activity to offer, promise, or give  
any gift, gratuity, money, property, or other valuable thing or benefit to any person  
having official duties in relation to the conduct of racing or pari-mutuel wagering with  
the intent or purpose of thereby influencing the action, judgment, or decision of such  
person with respect to any matter or question which may be brought before such person  
in his or her official capacity. Any person who has official duties in relation to the  
conduct of racing or pari-mutuel wagering who requests, accepts, or receives, or agrees  
to accept and receive, any gift, gratuity, money, property, or other valuable thing or  
benefit as consideration for acting, judging, or deciding a matter or question which is  
brought before him or her in his or her official capacity shall be ruled off the grounds  
and removed from his or her official position.  
(k) The person's participation in any plan, scheme, or activity involving fraudulent  
practices in the conduct of racing or pari-mutuel wagering in this or any other country.  
(l) The making of a bet with, or on behalf of, any jockey or driver, unless the bet is on a  
horse the jockey or driver is riding or driving.  
(m) If the person is a jockey or driver, the acceptance of a ticket or the making of a bet  
on any horse other than the one he or she rides or drives; however, a jockey or driver  
may make a multiple wager if his or her horse is selected to finish first in all instances.  
(n) The person's participation in any other activity or conduct which reasonably  
threatens the health and safety of other persons on the grounds or reasonably threatens or  
undermines public confidence in the integrity of racing or pari-mutuel wagering in this  
state.  
(2) In all cases where the executive director, deputies, or authorized representatives of  
the executive director order a person to be ejected, ruled off, and excluded from the  
grounds, or any part thereof, a written order of expulsion or ruling off shall be issued and  
17  
served on the person, giving the person notice of his or her expulsion and ruling off from  
the grounds and the reason for the expulsion or ruling off.  
R 431.1135 Rescinded.  
R 431.1140 Electrical devices.  
Rule 1140. A person who is on the grounds under the jurisdiction of the executive  
director or on the grounds where horses which are eligible to race at the licensed track are  
kept shall not have in his or her possession, in his or her personal effects or vehicle, or in  
or on premises he or she occupies or controls, a battery, buzzer, prod, or other appliance,  
either electrical or mechanical, other than the ordinary whip, which is capable of  
affecting the speed or racing condition of a horse.  
R 431.1145 Wagering by racing officials or association employees.  
Rule 1145. A racing official or association employee or agent who has a direct  
connection with the running of a race shall not wager money or any other thing of value  
on the result of a race, and shall not solicit a stake or present from any person racing at  
the meeting. For the purpose of this subrule, the following persons are also included:  
(a) Assistant starters.  
(b) Jockeys' or drivers' room custodians.  
(c) Jockeys' or drivers' room employees.  
(d) Outriders, pony riders, and parade marshals.  
(e) Paddock employees.  
(f) Workout clockers.  
(g) An employee of an auditing firm present on behalf of this state.  
R 431.1150 Ownership prohibition.  
Rule 1150. A person approved by the executive director as a racing official, employee  
of a racing official, or an association employee directly connected with the running of a  
race or the classification of horses shall not be the owner or part owner of a horse racing  
at the meeting and shall not participate financially, directly or indirectly, in the purchase  
or sale of a horse racing at the meeting. Association employees not directly connected  
with the running of a race may be the owner or part owner of a horse racing at the  
meeting with the approval of the executive director.  
R 431.1155 Bookmaking prohibited.  
Rule 1155. Bookmaking or betting of any kind, other than through the pari-mutuel  
system, is prohibited. Any person licensed under this act who wagers in any but the  
prescribed manner faces disciplinary action up to and including license revocation and  
exclusion from all tracks under the jurisdiction of the executive director.  
R 431.1160 Dissemination of information.  
Rule 1160. An association employee or person licensed by the executive director shall  
not knowingly permit the dissemination of racing information that might be of benefit to  
bookmakers or others engaged in illegal betting activities. This does not prevent the  
prompt reporting of racing news by accredited members of the press.  
18  
R 431.1165 Financial responsibility.  
Rule 1165. A licensee shall not willfully and deliberately fail or refuse to pay any  
monies due and owing for any services or supplies connected with his or her operations  
as a licensee. Presentation of a legal monetary judgment related to racing operations  
against a licensee may be a basis for immediate suspension, license denial, or other  
disciplinary action.  
R 431.1175 Prohibited acts; breathalyzer and drug testing.  
Rule 1175. (1) Smoking is prohibited in or around the barn or area where horses are  
kept  
.
(2) Possession of or use of controlled substances or concealed weapons in the stable area  
of any grounds during a live race meeting is prohibited.  
(3) A licensee is prohibited from possessing or using alcohol while performing duties  
licensed under the act.  
(4) A person in the stable area who smokes in or around the barn or area where horses  
are kept, who is in possession of controlled substances, alcohol, or concealed weapons, or  
who is under the influence of intoxicating liquor or any drug is subject to disciplinary  
action.  
(5) The personal use by licensees of any controlled substance or excessive amount of  
medicant, stimulant, depressant, narcotic, or hypnotic is prohibited.  
(6) Drivers, jockeys, stewards, racing officials, starting gate crew, and outriders that test  
positive on a breathalyzer test at or below .05% of alcohol in the blood may be relieved  
of their commitments at the discretion of the stewards.  
R 431.1180 Rescinded  
R 431.1185 Rescinded.  
R 431.1190 Rescinded.  
R 431.1195 Rescinded  
.
R 431.1200 Horses ruled ineligible; forfeiture of money and prizes.  
Rule 1200. (1) Every horse trained or owned wholly or partly by disqualified person or  
a person who has been expelled or ruled off is ineligible to race unless authorized by the  
stewards.  
(2) If an entry is received from any disqualified person or a person who has been  
expelled or ruled off or for any ineligible horse, that entry is void and the money paid for  
the entry, if any, shall be refunded. Any money or prize won by the entry shall be  
forfeited by the disqualified person or person who has been expelled or ruled off.  
(3) A horse or stable entry that is ordered refused at any recognized meeting because of  
inconsistent racing or other cause shall not be permitted to race at a race meeting under  
the jurisdiction of the executive director during the continuance of the ruling.  
R 431.1205 Objections, protests, and complaints.  
19  
Rule 1205. (1) Objections or protests against a horse, jockey, or driver participating in a  
race shall be received only when duly lodged by the owner, trainer, jockey, driver,  
authorized agent, or the jockey or driver of another horse engaged in the same race whose  
horse suffered or could suffer because of an alleged rules violation. An objection or  
protest also may be made by a racing official.  
(2) Objections by a jockey or driver to alleged interference or fouls occurring during the  
running of the race shall be lodged orally with the clerk of scales or patrol judge before  
dismounting, shall be relayed immediately to the stewards, and shall then be lodged  
directly with the stewards.  
(3) Complaints lodged during a race meeting shall be addressed to the stewards.  
Complaints lodged after the termination of a race meeting shall be addressed to the  
executive director.  
R 431.1210 Protests, objections, or complaints; time.  
Rule 1210. (1) Protests, objections, or complaints based on the following rule violations  
shall be lodged by persons aggrieved within the times prescribed:  
(a) At least 1 hour before post time if the protest is based on incorrect weight  
allowance claimed for a horse entered to race.  
(b) Before the race has been posted as official if the objection is based on interference  
by a horse, improper course covered by a horse, foul riding or driving, or any other  
matter occurring during or incidental to the running of a race.  
(c) Not later than 48 hours after the race was run if the complaint is based on  
fraudulent or willful misstatement in entry under which a horse has run or any other  
rule violation.  
(2) Licensees who make unreasonable, unwarranted, or frivolous complaints,  
objections, or protests may be subject to disciplinary action including a fine in an amount  
offsetting expenses incurred in determining the complaint, objection, or protest.  
R 431.1215 Disputed races.  
Rule 1215. If, after a race has been declared official, the result of a race is placed in  
dispute by the lodging of a complaint or appeal or by discovery of an alleged violation of  
the act or rules, all of the following provisions apply, pending determination of the  
disputed race:  
(a) When, in addition to the lodging of a complaint or appeal or the discovery of an  
alleged violation, a positive laboratory test is reported, the stewards shall order that  
money from a disputed race be held by the association. The purse money being held shall  
be deposited in an escrow account established for that purpose. The proceeds, including  
interest accrued, shall be withdrawn and distributed according to the ruling of the  
stewards or by the final order of the executive director in a contested case, once the  
period of judicial review has lapsed. However, any portion of the purse money or other  
reward, the distribution of which would not be affected by the determination of the  
dispute or contested case, may be distributed at the discretion of the stewards or  
executive director.  
(b) If purse monies or other rewards have been awarded to a licensee before the lodging  
of a complaint or appeal or the discovery of an alleged violation of the act or rules which  
20  
places the outcome of a race in dispute, the monies or reward shall be returned  
immediately to the association on orders of the stewards.  
(c) The horse that crosses the finish line first and any other horse for which the race is  
authoritatively claimed shall be liable for all penalties attaching to the winner of that race  
until the matter is finally adjudicated.  
R 431.1220 Determination of dispute.  
Rule 1220. (1) The stewards shall make a determination on all protests, objections,  
complaints, or alleged violations of the act or rules lodged or discovered after a race has  
been declared official and shall issue a ruling thereon. If the stewards find that the act or  
rule was violated, the stewards may take disciplinary action against persons responsible,  
disqualify any horses in the disputed race, and award the purse money and other rewards  
pursuant to the determined order of finish in the disputed race.  
(2) If a horse is disqualified after a race has been declared official and the  
disqualification causes a revision of the order of finish of a race, the pari-mutuel payoff  
shall not be affected.  
R 431.1230 Fines; suspensions.  
Rule 1230. (1) A fine imposed by the stewards or executive director is payable within  
10 calendar days of proper notice to the licensee fined. A licensee who fails to pay the  
fine within 10 calendar days of proper notice, if a written appeal has not been filed and a  
stay of penalty has not been granted, shall be suspended and remain suspended until the  
fine is paid.  
(2) Unless fraud has been committed, all jockeys and drivers temporarily suspended  
shall be permitted, for 2 days following the temporary suspension, to fulfill all  
engagements made before the suspension.  
R 431.1235 Appeals; stays.  
Rule 1235. (1) A person aggrieved by any ruling, action, or decision of the stewards, or  
by any disciplinary action or administrative action taken by the stewards, may have a  
review of the decision before the executive director.  
(2) A licensee may apply to the executive director for a stay of disciplinary action  
imposed by the stewards pending disposition of the appeal by the executive director.  
(3) All appeals shall be filed, in writing, with the executive director within 10 days of  
proper notice of the penalty or imposition of the discipline.  
R 431.1240 Final decisions and orders.  
Rule 1240. A final decision or order of the executive director shall be made, within a  
reasonable period, in writing or stated in the record, and shall include findings of fact and  
conclusions of law. A decision or order shall not be made except upon consideration of  
the record as a whole or the portion of the record as may be cited by any party to the  
proceedings and as supported by and in accordance with the competent, material, and  
substantial evidence. A copy of the decision or order shall be delivered or mailed to each  
party and to his or her attorney of record, if any.  
R 431.1245 Declaratory ruling.  
21  
Rule 1245. (1) Pursuant to section 63 of the administrative procedures act of 1969,  
1969 PA 306, MCL 24.263, any person may request a declaratory ruling as to the  
applicability to an actual state of facts of a statute, rule, or order administered by the  
executive director.  
(2) A request for a declaratory ruling shall be submitted in writing to the executive  
director, and shall contain all of the following information:  
(a) Specific reference to the statute, rule, or order in question.  
(b) A complete account of the facts which actually exist for which the declaratory  
ruling is sought.  
(c) Contact information and the signature of the requestor.  
(3) Within 90 calendar days after receiving a submitted request, the executive director  
shall issue a written notification by regular first-class mail to the petitioner and the  
petitioner’s legal counsel, if any, stating whether the declaratory ruling will be issued or  
denied.  
(4) The executive director may deny a request for declaratory ruling for any of the  
following reasons:  
(a) The subject matter of the request is frivolous on its face.  
(b) The statement of actual facts or issues contained in a request is indefinite,  
incomplete, or lacks specificity.  
(c) The same, or substantially similar, actual state of facts or issue of law is under  
investigation or is subject to any litigation, pending or resolved.  
(d) The issue in question is commonly accepted practice by industry wide standards.  
(e) Other reason as determined by the executive director.  
(5) After the executive director decides to issue a declaratory ruling under subrule (3) of  
this rule, the executive director may do any of the following:  
(a) Request more information from the person.  
(b) Request information from other interested persons.  
(c) Request information from experts.  
(d) Request oral or written arguments from interested parties.  
(e) Hold a hearing upon proper notice to all interested parties.  
(f) Issue a declaratory ruling.  
(g) Reconsider the decision to issue a declaratory ruling.  
(6) A declaratory ruling shall include a statement or findings of fact, conclusions of law  
supported by legal authority or reasoned opinion, and the ruling or determination made.  
(7) Once issued, a ruling is binding on the executive director and shall not retroactively  
be changed, but nothing in this rule prohibits the executive director from prospectively  
changing a ruling.  
(8) Upon a written request to the executive director, a person may inspect, copy, or  
receive a copy of a declaratory ruling.  
R 431.1250 Stewards; duties; majority vote.  
Rule 1250. (1) The stewards shall supervise and regulate the conduct of racing at each  
race meeting.  
(2) All questions to be decided by the stewards shall be determined by majority vote. A  
dissenting steward may submit a minority report.  
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R 431.1255 Stewards; qualifications.  
Rule 1255. (1) Before being appointed or approved by the executive director to serve in  
the capacity of steward, an applicant shall be certified or become certified by a national  
organization and have been employed as any of the following at a recognized meet or  
meetings for a period of not less than 60 racing days a year, during not less than 3 of the  
5 preceding calendar years unless approved by the executive director:  
(a) Steward.  
(b) Racing secretary.  
(c) Assistant racing secretary.  
(d) Official Starter.  
(e) Placing judge.  
(f) Patrol judge.  
(g) Paddock judge.  
(h) Clerk of scales.  
(i) Racing regulatory veterinarian.  
(2) If no acceptable applicant possesses the qualifications described in subrule (1) of  
this rule, a person approved or appointed shall have had prior experience in horse racing,  
such as an owner, trainer, jockey, or driver, or other related experience as the executive  
director considers pertinent.  
R 431.1260 Authority of stewards.  
Rule 1260. Stewards are authorized to do all of the following:  
(a) Make all findings of fact as to all matters occurring during an incident to the running  
of a race; determine all objections and inquiries based on the interference by a horse,  
improper course covered by a horse, foul riding by a jockey, foul driving by a driver, and  
all other matters occurring during an incident to the running of a race; and determine the  
extent of disqualification, if any, of horses in a race for a foul committed during the race.  
The findings of fact and determinations are final, but subject to appeal. In the  
performance of their duties, stewards have unrestricted access to all areas used and under  
the jurisdiction of other racing officials and to all areas used by occupational licensees for  
racing purposes.  
(b) Determine all protests, complaints, or objections concerning the conduct of racing  
which arise during a race meeting and enforce the determinations.  
(c) Fine, suspend, or rule off a participant in racing, or order ejected or excluded from  
the grounds any person, licensed or unlicensed, upon a reasonable belief that a violation  
of these rules has occurred.  
(d) Fine, suspend, or rule off a participant in racing who, in their opinion, has acted to  
the detriment of racing, and order ejected or excluded from the grounds any other  
disorderly person.  
(e) Interpret and enforce the rules of racing and determine all questions pertaining to a  
racing matter not specifically covered by these rules in conformity with justice and the  
best interest of racing, subject to the authority and orders of the executive director.  
(f) Issue decisions or rulings pertaining to the conduct of racing which shall supersede  
orders of the officers, directors, and officials of an association and which shall, if the  
stewards consider proper, vary any arrangement for the conduct of a race meeting,  
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including without limitation, postponing a race, cancelling a race, or ruling a race as no  
contest.  
(g) Request and receive assistance in the investigation of possible rule infractions from  
all of the following:  
(i) Employees of the executive director.  
(ii) Racing officials.  
(iii) Track security forces.  
(iv) State and local police.  
(v) Investigators representing trade groups to which associations may belong.  
(h) Conduct hearings on all questions, disputes, protests, complaints, or objections  
concerning racing matters.  
(i) Exclude from any race a horse which is improperly equipped, dangerous,  
unmanageable, unfit to race, liable to cause accident or injury to another horse or a  
jockey or driver in a race, or of questionable identity.  
(j) Order, at any time, an examination, by the persons as the stewards consider  
appropriate, of any horse on the grounds or eligible to race at the meeting; order the  
examination of ownership papers, certificates, documents of eligibility, contracts, or  
leases pertaining to the horse; and require an affidavit of ownership or interest in any  
horse.  
(k) Refuse, for good cause, the entry to any race of any horse which is ineligible to race  
and order any horse removed from the grounds.  
(l) Order redistribution of race purses when the stewards consider it appropriate.  
R 431.1261 Weather related race course conditions.  
Rule 1261. (1) When the condition of the race course is in question due to weather, the  
stewards may consult with the association, outrider, a representative of the certified  
horsemen’s organization, a representative of the jockey/driver community, or any other  
individuals considered appropriate by the stewards. The stewards shall determine whether  
to cancel races for that day.  
(2) Upon a decision by the stewards that race course conditions are unsafe for racing, all  
races for that day must be canceled.  
(3) Upon a decision by the stewards that race course conditions are safe for racing, only  
permitted withdrawals approved by the stewards must be allowed.  
R 431.1265 Referral to executive director.  
Rule 1265. The stewards may refer any matter within their authority to the executive  
director, summarily and without hearing, when, in their opinion, a hearing cannot be held  
under the conditions or in the manner prescribed in these rules, when a hearing is  
impractical due to the conclusion of the race meeting, or for other good and sufficient  
cause.  
R 431.1270 Detention area.  
Rule 1270. An association shall provide and maintain on its grounds an enclosure  
sufficient in size and with sufficient facilities to accommodate the stabling of horses  
temporarily detained for the taking of sample specimens.  
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R 431.1275 Taking of specimens.  
Rule 1275. (1) The stewards or official veterinarian may, at any time, order the taking  
of blood, urine, or other specimen from any horse under their jurisdiction, pre-race or  
post-race. In all instances, specimens shall be taken from the official winning horse in a  
race and any other horse or horses designated by the stewards or official veterinarian  
.
(2) The stewards or official veterinarian, at any time, may order the taking of blood,  
urine, or other specimen from any horses entered in a qualifying race, after an official  
workout, or from any horse that is qualified or has a current timed work in the state.  
R 431.1280 Specimen collection procedure.  
Rule 1280. (1) The official winning horse and any other horse ordered by the  
stewards or official veterinarian must be taken to the detention area to have  
sample specimens taken at the direction of the official veterinarian. A person other  
than the owner, trainer, driver, or horse attendant shall not be admitted into the detention  
area. No more than 2 licensees per horse are allowed in the detention barn at once.  
(2) Stable equipment, other than that necessary for washing and cooling out a horse, is  
prohibited in the detention area. A licensed veterinarian may attend a horse in the  
detention area only in the presence of the official veterinarian.  
(3) During the taking of specimens from a horse, the owner, trainer, or horse attendant  
shall be present and witness the taking of the specimen and so signify in writing. In the  
case of a claimed horse, the original owner, trainer, or horse attendant shall be present.  
(4) Urine sample collection procedure must meet all of the following requirements:  
(a) All sample containers shall arrive from the testing laboratory with a tamper  
proof seal. The laboratory seal shall not be broken except in the presence of the person  
witnessing the specimen collection.  
(b) A urine specimen taken from a horse shall be placed in a container and sealed with  
an identification label affixed. The sample must be placed in the refrigerator of the  
restricted access detention barn laboratory. One portion of the sample form bearing a  
printed identification number shall remain with the sealed container, and the other portion  
of the sample form bearing the same printed identification number shall be detached in  
the presence of the witness. The official veterinarian or his or her assistant shall, on the  
sample form, identify the horse from which the specimen was taken, and shall note the  
race and day and any other information required. The sample form shall be verified by  
the person witnessing the specimen collection. The sample form must be delivered to the  
official veterinarian’s office and placed in a secure area. Every precaution shall be taken  
to ensure that a member of the laboratory staff does not know the identity of the horse  
from which a specimen was taken before the completion of all testing and reporting  
thereon.  
(c) A horse's identity shall be confirmed by tattoo number or unique microchip. A horse  
which cannot be properly identified shall be reported immediately to the stewards.  
(d) If, after a horse remains a reasonable time in the detention area, a specimen cannot  
be taken from the horse, the official veterinarian may permit the horse to be returned to  
its barn and usual surroundings for the taking of a specimen under the supervision of the  
official veterinarian or his or her assistant. A diuretic to facilitate urination shall not be  
administered, but an alternate specimen may be taken.  
(5) Blood sample collection procedure must meet all of the following requirements:  
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(a) The official veterinarian shall confirm the blood collection tubes sent from the  
testing laboratory arrive in a sealed box and the blood collection tubes inside are sealed  
in a manner to prevent contamination. The expiration date on the blood collection tubes  
must be checked to confirm the tubes are valid until the end of the race meeting. If the  
blood collection tubes are not packaged in a manner to prevent contamination or the  
expiration date is before the end of the race meeting, all boxes of blood collection tubes  
affected shall be returned to the testing laboratory.  
(b) The official veterinarian shall select appropriate blood collection tubes to be used  
along with a single use needle guard and a sterile single use needle with secure safety  
seal. The appropriate blood collection tubes must be carried in hand to the horse’s stall.  
If needed, the assistant to the official veterinarian may assist. Sample tag information  
must be verified with the owner, trainer, or horse attendant by having that individual  
confirm that the horse’s name and identification number on the sample tag is the same as  
the horse to be sampled.  
(c) If in the process of preparing to draw blood or while drawing blood, a tube or needle  
(even if still encased in the protective cover) falls to the ground, it must be replaced with  
a new tube or needle.  
(d) When the blood draw is complete, all tubes shall be labeled with bar code stickers  
from the sample tag in the presence of the owner, trainer, or horse attendant.  
(e) Once labeled, the tubes must be placed in the restricted access detention barn  
laboratory.  
(f) The trainer shall have a horse attendant present in the detention barn that is capable  
of restraining the horse for blood collection.  
(g) Sample collection may be terminated at the discretion of the official veterinarian if  
continued attempts at the blood draw pose a risk to the horse, official veterinarian, or his  
or her assistant.  
R 431.1285 Rescinded.  
R 431.1290 Rescinded.  
R 431.1295 Trainers; responsibilities; positive test presumptions.  
Rule 1295. (1) A trainer is responsible at all times for the condition of all horses trained  
by him or her. A trainer shall not start a horse or permit a horse in his or her custody,  
care, or control to be started if he or she knows, or, through the exercise of reasonable  
care, might have known, or has cause to believe, that the horse has received a drug that  
could result in a finding of a drug. Every trainer shall assure that each horse trained by  
him or her is protected so as to prevent any horse from receiving a prohibited drug.  
(2) When a finding of a drug is reported, the following shall be presumed concerning the  
horse from which the sample was taken:  
(a) If the horse raced, that the drug was present in the horse during its race; or if the  
horse was scratched, that the drug would have been present in the horse at the time of  
the race from which scratched.  
(b) The drug was administered at such time that the pharmacological effect of the drug  
remained present in the horse.  
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(c) The drug was administered by a person or persons who had control, care, or custody  
of the horse.  
(3) Pending the outcome of a stewards’ hearing, the trainer shall remain in good  
standing, except that a horse identified with the laboratory report shall not be permitted to  
compete during the investigation and stewards’ hearing. A horse is not immune from  
resulting disciplinary action.  
(4) A trainer shall create and maintain full and accurate electronic or paper records of all  
treatments given to or performed on a horse in his or her care. The records must include  
all of the following:  
(a) The name of the horse.  
(b) The veterinary procedures performed, including when performed and by whom.  
(c) All substances and medications administered, including all of the following:  
(i) The name of the substance or medication.  
(ii) Date and time of administration.  
(iii) Dosage administered.  
(iv) Route of administration.  
(5) The records must be maintained 30 days before a live race meeting through the end  
of that race meeting. Records must be preserved for a minimum of 6 months and be  
available for inspection by the stewards or official veterinarian on demand.  
(6) A trainer must promptly notify the official veterinarian or steward of any reportable  
disease and any unusual incidence of a communicable illness in any horse in his or her  
charge.  
(7) If a horse participating in a live race meeting is seriously injured or dies, the trainer  
must promptly report the incident to the stewards or the official veterinarian. As used in  
this subrule, "participating in a live race meeting" includes 30 days before the live race  
meeting starts and continues for 30 days after the live race meeting ends.  
R 431.1301 Drugs and foreign substances.  
Rule 1301. (1) It is the intent of these rules to protect the integrity of horse racing, to  
guard the health of the horse, and to safeguard the interest of the public and the racing  
participants through the prohibition or control of all drugs and foreign substances.  
(2) With the exception of normal feed, electrolytes, vitamins, and water by mouth, no  
substance may be administered to any horse on race-day before the race in which it is  
entered, unless such treatment is authorized by the executive director. This includes any  
substance administered by injection, directly into the mouth, by inhalation, topically, or  
by any other method of administration.  
(3) A drug or foreign substance, as defined by the act, shall not be administered to a  
horse that is intended to be entered, is entered, or be present in a horse that participates, in  
a race with wagering by pari-mutuel methods or any nonbetting race or workout.  
(4) A drug or foreign substance, as defined by the act, may be administered to a horse  
that is intended to be entered, is entered, or be present in a horse that participates, in a  
race with wagering by pari-mutuel methods or any nonbetting race or workout that is  
conducted at a race meeting in the state only when authorized by the rules or written  
order of the executive director for use in the care or treatment of the horse.  
(5) Leg paints and liniments may be administered externally to a horse by topical  
application if they can be applied topically without penetrating the skin.  
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(6) A banned drug, an Association of Racing Commissioners International, Inc. (ARCI)  
class 1 drug, or a non-FDA approved drug shall not be present or carried in a horse that is  
qualified or has a current timed work in the state.  
(7) A finding by the executive director’s designated laboratory that a drug or foreign  
substance, as defined by the act, is present in a urine, blood, or any other type of sample  
that is obtained by authorized representatives of the executive director from a horse that  
is intended to be entered, is entered, or participates in a race with wagering by pari-  
mutuel methods or any nonbetting race or workout that is conducted at a race meeting or  
training center is prima facie evidence that such drug or foreign substance was present  
and carried in the body of the horse after the horse was entered in the race and when the  
sample was obtained from the horse. Such laboratory finding also constitutes prima facie  
evidence that the trainer and his or her employees or agents who are responsible for the  
care or custody of the horse have been negligent in handling, safeguarding, and caring for  
the horse before, during, and after the race before the test sample was obtained.  
(8) A finding by the executive director's designated laboratory that a banned drug, an  
ARCI class 1 drug, or a non-FDA approved drug is present in a urine, blood, or any other  
type of sample that is obtained by authorized representatives of the executive director  
from a horse that is qualified or has a current timed work in the state is prima facie  
evidence that the banned drug, the ARCI class 1 drug, or the non-FDA approved drug  
was present and carried in the body of the horse when the sample was obtained from the  
horse. Such laboratory finding shall also constitute prima facie evidence that the trainer  
and his or her employees or agents who are responsible for the care or custody of the  
horse have been negligent in handling, safeguarding, and caring for the horse before the  
test sample was obtained.  
(9) When imposing penalties for a violation of the provisions of this rule, the executive  
director, deputy directors, or the stewards shall consider all relevant factors, including,  
but not limited to, all of the following:  
(a) The nature of the unauthorized drug or foreign substance or drug paraphernalia that  
is involved and its effect or potential effect on a horse's racing performance or the  
outcome of the race.  
(b) The purpose or reason for the violator's possession or use of the unauthorized drug,  
foreign substance, or drug paraphernalia.  
(c) The availability of the drug, that is, can it be purchased over the counter, only with a  
prescription, or only with a license for controlled substances, or otherwise legally  
purchased and possessed in this country.  
(d) The experience of the violator.  
(e) Whether the violator has a past record of drug-related violations in this or any other  
jurisdiction.  
(f) What action, if any, was taken by the violator of the rules to avoid such violation.  
(g) The past performance lines of the horse in question in relation to its performance  
and reasonably expected performance in the questioned race.  
(10) The stewards are not required to articulate any of the factors listed in subrule (9) of  
this rule in their ruling, nor shall ignorance of the rules be considered a mitigating factor.  
R 431.1302 Possession and use of drugs and foreign substances.  
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Rule 1302. (1) A licensed veterinarian shall maintain veterinary records, in a manner  
approved by the executive director which accurately record all services rendered and  
medication prescribed and which include the name of the horse treated, date of the  
treatment, and name of the trainer. Such records shall be made available to the executive  
director or his or her authorized representative on demand.  
(2) A licensed veterinarian shall report to the official veterinarian or to the stewards  
internal medication given by the licensed veterinarian, or given at his or her direction, to  
a horse known by him or her to be entered in a race. The trainer shall also make such  
report to the official veterinarian or to the stewards. If a drug is to be administered  
internally before scratch time to a horse which is entered to race, such fact shall be  
reported by the trainer or the licensed veterinarian to the stewards or an authorized  
representative of the executive director before scratch time and before treatment. If  
administration of a drug is to be made after scratch time, it shall be reported to the  
stewards or an authorized representative of the executive director immediately and before  
treatment unless in the opinion of the licensed veterinarian, humane concerns indicate  
immediate treatment is required.  
(3) A licensed veterinarian shall report to the official veterinarian or to the stewards any  
racehorse in training that he or she euthanizes 30 days or less before the race meeting  
starts or that has raced at a race meeting within the previous 30 days.  
(4) Neither a licensee nor any other person other than the official veterinarian shall  
have, in his or her possession, on the grounds, any banned drug, ARCI class 1 drug, or  
non-FDA approved drug.  
(5) A person, other than a licensed veterinarian, official veterinarian, or a person with  
written permission from a steward, shall not have, in his or her possession, in his or her  
personal effects or vehicle, or in or upon premises he or she occupies or controls on the  
grounds, any drug or foreign substance, as defined by the act, for hypodermic  
administration or any hypodermic needle or syringe or other equipment for  
administration of a drug or foreign substance.  
(6) Notwithstanding the provision of subrule (5) of this rule, a person may have, in his  
or her possession, on the grounds of a race meeting, any drug or foreign substance, as  
defined by the act, for administration to his or her own person, if such possession is  
otherwise permitted under state or federal law. If state or federal law prohibits the  
dispensing of the drug or foreign substance without a prescription, then the person who is  
in possession of the drug or foreign substance shall also have, in his or her possession,  
documentary evidence that a valid prescription for the drug or foreign substance was  
issued to him or her. If the drug or foreign substance is classified or acts as a stimulant,  
depressant, anesthetic, tranquilizer, painkiller, or narcotic, then the person shall not  
possess or use the drug or foreign substance on his or her own person on the grounds of a  
race meeting unless he or she first obtains specific written permission from a steward for  
such possession and use on the grounds.  
(7) Notwithstanding the provisions of subrule (5) of this rule, a person may possess, on  
the grounds, hypodermic needles and syringes and suppositories and equipment for rectal  
infusion for the purpose of administering a prescribed drug or foreign substance to  
himself or herself if he or she has first notified a steward of his or her possession of the  
hypodermic needles, syringes, suppositories, or rectal infusion equipment and the drug or  
foreign substance to be administered and has received specific written permission from a  
29  
steward to possess and use the hypodermic needles, syringes, suppositories, or rectal  
infusion equipment and the drug or foreign substance on himself or herself while on  
grounds.  
(8) A licensed veterinarian may possess, on the grounds of a race meeting, any  
equipment and any drugs or foreign substances, as defined by the act, which are  
recognized and accepted in veterinary medicine for use in the veterinary care and  
treatment of horses and which are not otherwise prohibited by the executive director or  
under state or federal law. A licensed veterinarian shall not sell, give, or provide a  
hypodermic needle or syringe or any substance for hypodermic administration to any  
licensee on the grounds.  
(9) A licensee, other than a veterinarian, may have, in his or her possession within the  
confines of an off–track stable, shed, building, or grounds where horses are kept which  
are eligible to race in the state, therapeutic medications and equipment for the  
administration of a drug or foreign substance under the following conditions:  
(a) None of the medications may be banned drugs, ARCI class 1 drugs, or non-FDA  
approved drugs or be in violation of Michigan and federal compounding regulations.  
(b) Any drug or medication which, by federal or state law, requires a prescription must  
be validly prescribed by a veterinarian, and in compliance with Michigan statutes. All  
such allowable medications must have a prescription label that is securely attached and  
clearly ascribed to show all of the following:  
(i) The name of the product and active ingredients.  
(ii) The name, address and telephone number of the veterinarian prescribing or  
dispensing the product.  
(iii) The name of each horse for whom the product is intended/prescribed.  
(iv) The date the drug was dispensed.  
(v) The dose, dosage, duration of treatment, and expiration date of the  
prescribed/dispensed product.  
(vi) Withholding/withdrawal times.  
(vii) The name of the trainer to whom the product was dispensed.  
(10) Any non-injectable drug or medication that is used or kept on the grounds and  
which, by federal or state law, requires a prescription must have been validly prescribed  
by a veterinarian, and in compliance with the applicable state statutes. All such allowable  
medications must have a prescription label which is securely attached and clearly  
ascribed to show the information in subrule (9)(b) of this rule.  
R 431.1303 Veterinarian’s list  
Rule 1303. (1) The official veterinarian shall maintain the veterinarian’s list of all  
horses that are determined to be unfit to compete in a race due to illness, positive test or  
overage, physical distress, unsoundness, infirmity, or any other medical condition.  
Horses so listed are ineligible to race in any jurisdiction until released by an official  
veterinarian or a racing regulatory veterinarian.  
(2) A horse may be removed from the veterinarian's list when, in the opinion of the  
official veterinarian, the condition which caused the horse to be placed on the  
veterinarian’s list is resolved and the horse’s status is returned to that of racing  
soundness.  
30  
(3) The official veterinarian may require a horse to successfully qualify or perform a  
timed workout at a distance and time of his or her choosing as a condition for release  
from the veterinarian’s list.  
(4) Horses qualifying or working to be released from the veterinarian’s list must comply  
with racing medication standards and are subject to post-work biologic sample collection  
for laboratory confirmation of compliance.  
R 431.1304 Denerving and shock wave therapy.  
Rule 1304. (1) A horse shall not be intended to enter, entered, or race in a race with  
wagering by pari-mutuel methods or any nonbetting race or workout that is conducted at  
a race meeting in this state if the horse has been denerved, neurectimized, desensitized, or  
anesthetized, at or above the ankle, by surgery, cryosurgery, chemical block, or any other  
means. A horse that has been subjected to any of the procedures stated in this subrule is  
not eligible to race until the official veterinarian has determined that sensation has  
returned. A licensee who performs or orders one of the procedures stated in this subrule  
shall be subject to disciplinary action.  
(2) A horse on which any neurectomy has been performed below the ankle must be  
permitted to race if such fact is reported to the official veterinarian and designated on its  
registration certificate, electronic eligibility, or racing permit as applicable by breed.  
(3) A list of all denerved horses shall be posted in the race office. A person shall not  
report a horse as having a neurectomy when in fact a horse has not.  
(4) The use of extracorporeal shock wave therapy or radial pulse wave therapy is not  
permitted unless all of the following conditions are met:  
(a) Any extracorporeal shock wave therapy or radial pulse wave therapy machine,  
whether in operating condition or not, must be registered with and approved by the  
executive director, or his or her authorized representative before such machine is  
brought to or possessed on any grounds or stable within the jurisdiction of the executive  
director.  
(b) The use of extracorporeal shock wave therapy or radial pulse wave therapy within  
the jurisdiction must meet all of the following requirements:  
(i) Be limited to licensed veterinarians.  
(ii) Only be performed with machines that are both of the following:  
(A) Registered and approved for use by the executive director.  
(B) Used at a previously-disclosed location that is approved by the executive director.  
(iii) Be reported within 24-hours before treatment on the prescribed form to the official  
veterinarian.  
(c) Any treated horse shall not be permitted to race or perform a time workout for a  
minimum of 10 days following treatment.  
(d) Any horse treated with extracorporeal shock wave therapy or radial pulse wave  
therapy shall be added to the veterinarian’s list. This list shall be kept in the race office,  
be accessible to the jockeys and their agents during normal business hours, and be made  
available to other regulatory jurisdictions.  
(e) A horse that receives any such treatment without full compliance with this rule and  
similar rules in any other jurisdiction in which the horse was treated shall be placed on  
the veterinarian’s list.  
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(f) Any person participating in the use of extracorporeal shock wave therapy or the  
possession of the extracorporeal shock wave therapy machines, or both, in violation of  
this rule shall be subject to disciplinary action.  
R 431.1325 Bleeders.  
Rule 1325. (1) A horse that is examined and determined to be a bleeder shall be placed  
on the veterinarian’s list for not less than 14 days and shall not be permitted to race until  
the horse is examined by an official veterinarian. The veterinarian’s list shall be kept and  
maintained by the official veterinarians.  
(2) A horse that is observed and determined to have bled from within the respiratory  
tract for a second time in a 12-month time period shall again be placed on the stewards'  
list and is not eligible to participate in racing for a minimum of 30 days.  
(3) A horse that is observed and determined to have bled from within the respiratory  
tract for a third time in a 12-month time period shall again be placed on the stewards' list  
and is not eligible to participate in racing for a minimum of 180 days.  
(4) A horse that is observed and determined to have bled from within the respiratory  
tract for a fourth time in a 12-month time period shall again be placed on the stewards'  
list and is not eligible to participate in racing for a minimum of 365 days.  
(5) After the expiration of the minimum period of ineligibility set forth in subrules (2),  
(3), and (4) of this rule, the subject horse shall not start again until examined by the  
official veterinarian and released from the veterinarian’s list.  
R 431.1330 Nullification of records.  
Rule 1330. If a horse establishes a record in a race and later laboratory analysis of the  
sample taken indicates the presence of a drug or foreign substance which could affect the  
racing conditions or performance of a horse in a race, the record is null and void.  
R 431.1335 Destruction of injured horse; euthanasia permitted.  
Rule 1335. Upon a determination of the official veterinarian that a horse injured in a  
workout or a race is injured to the extent that the horse must be destroyed, the official  
veterinarian may perform humane euthanasia after receiving written permission from the  
trainer or his or her representative on a form prescribed by the executive director.  
R 431.1340 Postmortem of horses.  
Rule 1340. (1) A horse that dies on the grounds or on a premise related to a licensee’s  
participation in a live race meeting shall not be removed before notification of the  
official veterinarian and before permission is obtained. At the discretion of the  
official veterinarian, a postmortem may be required and the cost of the postmortem  
shall be paid by the owner, including the cost of transportation and examination. As  
used in this section, "a licensee’s participation in a live race meeting" includes 30 days  
before the live race meeting starts and continues for 30 days after the live race meeting  
ends.  
(2) The postmortem examination may include, but is not limited to, the submission of  
blood, urine, other bodily fluid specimens, or other tissue specimens for analysis.  
Upon completion of the postmortem examination, the carcass will be returned to the  
owner or disposed of at the owner's option.  
32  
(3) The presence of a prohibited drug or foreign substance in a specimen collected  
during the postmortem examination may subject the licensee to disciplinary action.  
R 431.1999 Rescinded.  
PART 2. MUTUELS  
R 431.2001 Definitions.  
Rule 2001. As used in this part:  
(a) “Betting interest” means a single horse, or more than 1 horse joined as a mutuel entry  
or joined in the mutuel field, on which a single pari-mutuel wager may be placed.  
(b) “Breakage” means the sum totaled from the amount wagered after takeout, payout,  
and refunds are subtracted. This sum may yield a positive or negative figure.  
(c) “Mutuel field” means a single betting interest which involves more than 1 horse and  
which is formed, when the number of horses starting in a race exceeds the number  
capacity of the totalisator, by grouping the highest numbered horse within the numbering  
capacity of the totalisator and all horses of a higher number.  
R 431.2005 Rescinded.  
R 431.2010 Pari-mutuel ticket sales payoffs.  
Rule 2010. (1) Pari-mutuel tickets shall be sold only at either regular ticket windows  
which are properly designated by signs or through authorized systems. Pari-mutuel  
tickets shall not be exchanged.  
(2) Wagers shall be paid when a race is declared official by the stewards. A race is  
official when an official sign is purposely displayed or an official announcement is made.  
Any subsequent ruling of the executive director or stewards with regard to the award of  
purse money shall have no bearing on the mutuel payoff.  
(3) Payment on winning pari-mutuel tickets shall be made only upon presentation and  
surrender of such tickets.  
(4) All winning pari-mutuel tickets may be presented for payment to the association  
concerned within 60 days after the last day of the race meeting pursuant to section 2 of  
1951 PA 90, MCL 431.252.  
(5) Tickets altered or mutilated in any way are void and worthless. Torn tickets, if  
properly identifiable, must be honored by the association. The responsibility for  
identifying tickets rests with the association.  
(6) If there is any error in calculation where the public is underpaid, the amount of the  
underpayment shall be added to the same pool on the next race. If such an error results in  
the public being overpaid, the amount of the overpayment is chargeable against the funds  
of the association.  
(7) Payments must be made only on the first 3 horses passing the finish line according to  
the official order of finish, except in the case of a dead heat, in which case payments must  
be made on all win, place and show finishers.  
(8) If a horse is excused from racing for any reason after the betting thereon has begun,  
or if a horse becomes locked in the starting gate, the money bet on that horse shall be  
refunded, except that when the horse is part of an entry or a mutuel field, there shall be no  
33  
refund if the entry or the mutuel field, as the case may be, has at least 1 actual starter, or  
if the particular wager assigns the post time favorite in place of a scratched horse.  
(9) The association shall require positive identification of a winning ticket holder before  
payment when, in the stewards' discretion, circumstances warrant the action.  
R 431.2015 Emergencies; errors.  
Rule 2015. (1) If any emergency arises in connection with the operation of the mutuel  
department and the emergency is not covered by these rules and an immediate decision is  
necessary, the mutuel manager shall make the decision, and a prompt report of the facts  
shall be made to the stewards and the executive director.  
(2) If an error is made in posting the odds or payoff figures on the public board, it shall  
be corrected promptly and only the correct amounts shall be used in the payoff,  
irrespective of the error that may have appeared on the public board. If, because of  
mechanical failure, it is impossible to promptly correct the posted payoff, a statement  
shall be made over the public address system stating the facts and corrections.  
R 431.2020 Program requirements.  
Rule 2020. (1) R 431.2001 to R 431.2015 shall be printed in not less than 6-point type  
in the daily program sold by each association. R 431.2001 to R 431.2015 shall be posted  
for the benefit of the public in not less than 2 places in the betting area of each racing  
association and in not less than 4 places in those racing associations providing a  
clubhouse area.  
(2) Mutuel department rules printed in the program or posted for the public shall be  
preceded by the following statement: “All payoffs by the pari-mutuel departments of  
associations licensed by the executive director are subject to the regulations of the United  
States Government, the Internal Revenue Service, and applicable statutes of the State of  
Michigan.”  
R 431.2025 Mutuel windows.  
Rule 2025. Mutuel windows shall open not less than 30 minutes before the first race.  
R 431.2030 Machine locking.  
Rule 2030. (1) The pari-mutuel machines shall be locked by a steward immediately  
upon the start of the race through an electrical control in the stewards' stand or before the  
start of a race through a method subject to the approval of the executive director.  
(2) If the start of the race is delayed beyond the official post time, as shown on the  
results board, without adequate reason or explanation, the stewards may, at their  
discretion, lock the pari-mutuel machines.  
(3) An association is not responsible for ticket sales which are not completed before the  
machines are locked.  
R 431.2035 Totalisators.  
Rule 2035. (1) Pursuant to section 17(2) of the act, MCL 431.317, each association  
shall use a totalisator or other mechanical device which is equal in accuracy and clearness  
to a totalisator and which is approved by the executive director. The odds board of the  
totalisator or other mechanical device shall be placed in full view of the patrons.  
34  
(2) No other method of betting, pool-making, wagering, or gaming shall be used or  
permitted.  
R 431.2036 Breakage.  
Rule 2036. All breakage retained by the association must be paid to the city or  
township in which the racetrack is located on a monthly basis. Breakage calculations that  
result in a negative figure may be carried over.  
R 431.2040 Rescinded.  
R 431.2045 Rescinded.  
R 431.2050 Betting interests; straight wagering.  
Rule 2050. (1) In all races with 5 or more separate interests which start, associations  
shall provide win, place, and show betting. In all races with 4 separate interests which  
start, associations shall provide win and place betting. In races of 3 or 2 separate interests  
which start, associations shall provide only win betting. At the request of the association,  
the stewards may cancel place or show wagering, or both, at their discretion.  
(2) If, through accident or otherwise, a horse or horses are withdrawn and the starting  
field is reduced to a point where it is necessary to cancel the show or place pool, the pool  
must be refunded. However, holders of combined tickets shall have valid wagers for that  
portion of the ticket not cancelled and a refund on the portion cancelled.  
R 431.2055 Betting interests; multiple wagering.  
Rule 2055. (1) There shall be no trifecta wagering on any race with less than 5 separate  
betting interests.  
(2) Perfecta wagering shall not be scheduled on a race unless not less than 5 separate  
betting interests are programmed. In the event of a late scratch, perfecta wagering on a  
race in which 4 separate betting interests remain is permitted if perfecta wagering on that  
particular race had commenced before the late scratch.  
(3) There shall be no perfecta wagering on any race with less than 4 separate betting  
interests.  
(4) Superfecta wagering shall not be scheduled on a race unless not less than 7 separate  
betting interests are programmed. In the event of a scratch, superfecta wagering on a race  
in which 6 separate betting interests remain is permissible.  
(5) There shall be no superfecta wagering on any race with less than 6 separate betting  
interests.  
R 431.2060 Race cancellations.  
Rule 2060. If a race is cancelled by the stewards after wagering begins on that race, or  
if a race is declared no contest by the stewards in the public interest, all monies wagered  
shall be refunded upon presentation and surrender of a valid ticket.  
R 431.2061 Rescinded.  
R 431.2070 Wagering format.  
35  
Rule 2070. All forms or variations of pari-mutuel wagering shall not be offered at a  
licensed track in this state without written permission of the executive director  
.
R 431.2075 Daily double.  
Rule 2075. (1) The daily double is not a parlay and has no connection with or relation  
to straight wagering. All tickets on the daily double must be calculated in an entirely  
separate pool.  
(2) To win a daily double, it is necessary for the purchaser of a daily double ticket to  
select the winners of each of the 2 races specified for the daily double. If either of his or  
her selections fails to win, his or her ticket is voided, except as otherwise provided.  
(3) With respect to a daily double pool, the amount wagered on the winning  
combination, such being the horse or betting interest which finishes first in the first race  
coupled with the horse finishing first in the second race of the daily double, is deducted  
from the net pool to determine the profit. The profit is divided by the amount wagered on  
the winning combination, such quotient being the profit per dollar wagered on the  
winning daily double. Payoff includes return of the amount wagered and the profit  
thereon. In addition, the following provisions apply to daily double pools:  
(a) If there is a dead heat for first involving 2 different betting interests in 1 of the 2  
daily double races, the daily double pool is distributed as if it were a place pool, with 1/2  
of the profit allocated to wagers combining the single winner of 1 daily double race and  
1 of the betting interests involved in the dead heat in the other daily double race and  
with the other 1/2 of the profit allocated to wagers combining the single winner of 1  
daily double race and the other betting interest involved in the dead heat in the other  
daily double race.  
(b) If there are dead heats for first involving different betting interests in each of the  
daily double races which result in winning combinations, the profit shall be allocated  
equally to the winning combinations after first deducting from the net pool the amount  
wagered on all winning combinations for proportionate allocation for each such winning  
daily double wager.  
(c) If no daily double ticket is sold combining the horse or betting interest which  
finishes first in 1 of the daily double races, the daily double pool is distributed as if a  
win pool, with the profit allocated to wagering combinations which include the horse or  
betting interest which finished first in 1 of the daily double races.  
(d) If no daily double ticket is sold combining the horses or betting interests which  
finished first in both the first and second race of the daily double, then the winning  
combination for distribution of the daily double profit shall be that combining the horses  
or betting interests which finished second in each of the daily double races.  
(e) If, after daily double wagering has commenced, a horse not coupled with another as  
a betting interest in the first race of the daily double is excused by the stewards or is  
prevented from racing because of failure of the starting gate to open properly, then daily  
double wagers combining such horse shall be deducted from the daily double pool and  
shall be refunded upon presentation and surrender of daily double tickets thereon.  
(f) If, after the first race of the daily double has been run, a horse not coupled with  
another as a betting interest in the second race of the daily double is excused by the  
stewards or prevented from racing because of failure of the starting gate door to open  
properly, then daily double wagers combining the winner of the first daily double race  
36  
with such horses prevented from racing in the second daily double race shall be  
allocated consolation payoffs.  
(g) Consolation daily double payoffs shall be determined by dividing the net daily  
double pool by the amount wagered combining the winner of the first daily double race  
with every horse or betting interest scheduled to start in the second daily double race,  
such quotient being the consolation payoff per dollar wagered combining the winner of  
the first daily double race with such horse prevented from racing in the second daily  
double race. Payoff includes return of the amount wagered and the profit thereon.  
(h) If for any reason the first race of the daily double is cancelled and declared no  
contest a full and complete refund shall be made of the daily double pool.  
(i) If for any reason the second race of the daily double is cancelled and declared no  
contest the net daily double pool shall be paid to the holders of daily double tickets  
which include the winner of the first race.  
R 431.2080 Rescinded.  
R 431.2090 Trifecta.  
Rule 2090. (1) The trifecta is a contract by the purchaser of a ticket to select the 3  
horses that will finish first, second, and third in the race. The trifecta must be calculated  
as an entirely separate pool.  
(2) With respect to a trifecta pool, the amount wagered on the winning combination,  
such being the horse finishing first, the horse finishing second, and the horse finishing  
third, in exact order, is deducted from the net pool to determine the profit. The profit is  
divided by the amount wagered on the winning combination, such quotient being the  
profit per dollar wagered on the winning trifecta combination. Payoff includes the  
amount wagered and profit thereon. In addition, the following provisions apply to trifecta  
pools:  
(a) If no ticket is sold designating, in order, the first 3 horses, the net pool shall be  
distributed equally among holders of tickets designating the first 2 horses in order.  
(b) If no ticket is sold designating, in order, the first 2 horses, the net pool shall be  
distributed equally among holders of tickets designating the first horse to win.  
(c) If no ticket is sold designating the first horse to win, the net pool shall be distributed  
equally among holders of tickets designating the second and third horses in order.  
(d) If less than 3 horses finish, the payoff shall be made on tickets selecting the actual  
finishing horses in order, ignoring the balance of the selection.  
(e) If there is a dead heat, all trifecta tickets selecting the correct order of finish,  
counting a horse in a dead heat as finishing in either position involved in the dead heat,  
shall be winning tickets. The payoff must be calculated as a place pool.  
(f) If no ticket is sold that would require distribution of a trifecta pool, the association  
shall make a complete and full refund of the trifecta pool.  
(3) If a horse is scratched or declared a non-starter, all trifecta tickets previously issued  
designating such horse shall be refunded and deducted from the gross pool.  
R 431.2094 Pick Three.  
Rule 2094. (1) The pick three requires selection of the first-place finisher in each of 3  
consecutive contests.  
37  
(2) The net pick three pool shall be distributed to winning wagers in the following  
precedence, based upon the official order of finish:  
(a) As a single price pool to those whose selection finished first in each of the 3  
contests.  
(b) If there are no wagers described in subdivision (a) of this subrule, as a single price  
pool to those who selected the first-place finisher in any 2 of the 3 contests.  
(c) If there are no wagers described in subdivision (a) or (b) of this subrule, as a single  
price pool to those who selected the first-place finisher in any 1 of the 3 contests.  
(d) If there are no wagers described in subdivision (a), (b), or (c) of this subrule, the  
entire pool shall be refunded on pick 3 wagers for those contests.  
(3) If there is a dead heat for first in any of the 3 contests, the pick three pool must be  
distributed as follows:  
(a) If contestants represent the same betting interest, the pick three pool shall be  
distributed as if no dead heat occurred.  
(b) If contestants represent 2 or more betting interests, the pick three pool shall be  
distributed as follows:  
(i) As a profit split to those whose selections finished first in each of the 3 contests.  
(ii) If there are no wagers described in paragraph (i) of this subdivision, as a single  
price pool to those who selected the first place finisher in any 2 of the 3 contests.  
(iii) If there are no wagers described in paragraph (i) or (ii) of this subdivision, as a  
single price pool to those who selected the first place finisher in any 1 of the 3 contests.  
(iv) If there are no wagers described in paragraph (i), (ii), or (iii) of this subdivision,  
the entire pick three pool shall be refunded.  
(4) If a wagering interest is scratched for a pick three contest, or is designated to run for  
purse money only, the association shall substitute the actual favorite, as evidenced by  
total amounts wagered in the win pool at the host association for the contest at the close  
of wagering on that contest, for the scratched betting interest for all purposes, including  
pool calculations. If the win pool total for 2 or more favorites is identical, the substitute  
selection shall be the betting interest with the lowest program number. The totalisator  
shall produce reports showing each of the wagering combinations with substituted betting  
interests which became winners as a result of the substitution, in addition to the normal  
winning combination.  
(5) If all 3 pick three contests are cancelled or declared no contest, the entire pool shall  
be refunded on pick three wagers for those contests.  
(6) If 1 or 2 of the pick three contests are cancelled or declared no contest, the pick three  
pool remains valid and shall be distributed pursuant to subrule (2) of this rule.  
R 431.2095 Rescinded.  
R 431.2096 Pick Four.  
Rule 2096. (1) The pick four requires selection of the first place finisher in each of 4  
consecutive contests.  
(2) The net pick four pool shall be distributed to winning wagers in the following  
precedence, based upon the official order of finish:  
(a) As a single price pool to those whose selection finished first in each of the 4  
contests.  
38  
(b) If there are no wagers described in subdivision (a) of this subrule, as a single price  
pool to those who selected the first-place finisher in any 3 of the 4 contests.  
(c) If there are no wagers described in subdivision (a) or (b) of this subrule, as a single  
price pool to those who selected the first-place finisher in any 2 of the 4 contests.  
(d) If there are no wagers described in subdivision (a), (b), or (c) of this subrule, as a  
single price pool to those who selected the first-place finisher in any 1 of the 4 contests.  
(e) If there are no wagers described in subdivision (a), (b), (c), or (d) of this subrule, the  
entire pool shall be refunded on pick four wagers for those contests.  
(3) If there is a dead heat for first in any of the pick four contests, the pick four pool  
must be distributed as follows:  
(a) If contestants represent the same betting interest, the pick four pool shall be  
distributed as if no dead heat occurred.  
(b) If contestants representing 2 or more betting interests, the pick four pool shall be  
distributed as a single price pool with each winning wager receiving an equal share of  
the profit.  
(4) If a wagering interest is scratched for a pick four contest, or is designated to run for  
purse money only, the association shall substitute the actual favorite, as evidenced by  
total amounts wagered in the win pool at the host association for the contest at the close  
of wagering on that contest, for the scratched betting interest for all purposes, including  
pool calculations. If the win pool total for 2 or more favorites is identical, the substitute  
selection shall be the betting interest with the lowest program number. The totalisator  
shall produce reports showing each of the wagering combinations with substituted betting  
interests which became winners as a result of the substitution, in addition to the normal  
winning combination.  
(5) The pick four pool shall be cancelled and all pick four wagers for the individual  
performance shall be refunded, if at least 3 contests included as part of a pick four are  
cancelled or declared no contest.  
(6) If at least 1 contest included as part of a pick four is cancelled or declared no contest,  
but not more than 2 contests, the net pool shall be distributed as a single price pool to  
those whose selection finished first in the greatest number of pick four contests for that  
performance.  
R 431.2100 Rescinded.  
R 431.2105 Rescinded.  
R 431.2110 Rescinded.  
R 431.2115 Rescinded.  
R 431.2120 Superfecta.  
Rule 2120. (1) The superfecta is a contract by the purchaser of a ticket to select, in  
order, the first, second, third, and fourth place horses in the designated superfecta race, as  
designated by the association with the approval of the executive director. Payment of  
winning tickets shall be made only to the holders of the tickets who have selected the  
39  
same order of finish as officially posted, except if there is a scratch or as otherwise  
provided in these rules.  
(2) Superfecta wagering has no connection with, or relation to, the win, place, and show  
betting pools and shall be calculated as an entirely separate pool. The ticket shall be  
labeled a superfecta ticket.  
(3) If a horse is scratched or excused from racing, additional tickets shall not be sold  
designating such horse, and all tickets previously sold designating such horse shall be  
refunded and the money deducted from the gross pool.  
(4) If no ticket is sold designating, in order, the first 4 horses, or if only 3 horses finish,  
the net pool shall be distributed equally among holders of tickets designating, in order,  
the first 3 horses. If no ticket is sold designating, in order, the first 3 horses, or if only 2  
horses finish, the net pool shall be distributed equally among holders of tickets  
designating, in order, the first 2 horses. If no tickets are sold designating, in order, the  
first 2 horses, the net pool shall be distributed equally among holders of tickets  
designating the winner.  
(5) If no ticket is sold designating the winner to win, the superfecta shall be declared off  
and the gross pool refunded.  
(6) If there is a dead heat or dead heats, all tickets designating the correct order of finish,  
crediting each horse in a dead heat as finishing in either position involved in the dead  
heat, shall be winning tickets, and the aggregate number of winning tickets shall be  
divided into the net pool for the purpose of determining the payoff.  
PART 3. THOROUGHBRED RACING  
R 431.3001 Definitions; A to E.  
Rule 3001. As used in this part:  
(a) “Added money” means cash, exclusive of a trophy or other award, added by the  
association to stakes fees paid by subscribers to form the total purse for a stakes race.  
(b) “Breeder” means the owner of the dam of a horse when such horse was foaled. A  
horse is bred at the place of its foaling. A registered Michigan-bred horse is defined by R  
285.810.1.  
(c) “Closing” means the time designated when all entries in a race must be and remain in  
the race, unless excused by the stewards.  
(d) “Declaration” means the withdrawal of a horse that was entered in a race before time  
of closing.  
(e) “Equipment” means accouterments other than the ordinary saddle, girth, pad, saddle  
cloth, and bridle carried by a horse and includes, but is not limited to, all of the following:  
(i) Riding crop.  
(ii) Blinkers.  
(iii) Tongue strap.  
(iv) Muzzle.  
(v) Hood.  
(vi) Noseband.  
(vii) Bit.  
(viii) Shadow roll.  
(ix) Martingale.  
40  
(x) Breastplate.  
(xi) Bandages.  
(xii) Boots.  
(xiii) Racing plates or shoes.  
(f) “Exhibition race” means a race between horses of diverse ownership for which a  
purse is offered but on which pari-mutuel wagering is not permitted.  
R 431.3005 Definitions; H to M.  
Rule 3005. As used in this part:  
(a) “Handicap” means a race in which weights are assigned to the horses by the  
handicapper for the purpose of equalizing their chances of winning.  
(b) “Horse” means an equine registered as such with the appropriate breed registry and  
designates any thoroughbred, quarter horse, Appaloosa, Arabian, and American paint  
horse irrespective of age or sex designation.  
(c) “Ineligible” means that a horse or a person is not qualified under these rules or the  
conditions of a race to participate in a specified racing activity.  
(d) “Maiden” means a horse that has never won a race on the flat at a recognized  
meeting in any country. A maiden that was disqualified after finishing first remains a  
maiden. Race conditions referring to maidens shall be interpreted as meaning maidens at  
the time of starting.  
R 431.3010 Definitions; O to S.  
Rule 3010. As used in this part:  
(a) “Optional claiming race” means a race that is restricted to horses which are entered  
to be claimed for a stated price or less and horses which are entered not to be claimed by  
the option designated in the conditions of the race. Where horses are entered to be  
claimed, the race shall be considered a claiming race, and where horses are entered under  
the option, the race shall be considered an allowance or purse race.  
(b) “Produce race” or “futurity” means a race that is to be contested by the produce of  
horses which are named or identified before the closing time of nominations.  
(c) “Purse race” means a race for money or another prize to which the owners of horses  
engaged do not contribute.  
(d) “Starter race” means an overnight race under allowance or handicap conditions  
which is restricted to horses that have previously started for the designated claiming price  
or less, as stated in the conditions of the race.  
R 431.3015 Rescinded.  
R 431.3020 Racing officials.  
Rule 3020. (1) The following positions at a race meeting are designated as officials:  
(a) Stewards.  
(b) Placing judges.  
(c) Clerk of scales.  
(d) Paddock judge.  
(e) Official starter.  
(f) Racing secretary.  
41  
(g) Assistant racing secretary.  
(h) Timer.  
(i) Official veterinarian.  
(j) Horse identifier.  
(k) Jockey room custodian.  
(2) In case of emergency, the association may provide a substitute steward, with the  
approval of the executive director, to act as the steward for the remainder of any program.  
(3) A person, other than the stewards or the placing judges, shall not be allowed in the  
stewards' and placing judges' stands during the running of a race, except with permission  
of the stewards.  
(4) A person, other than a steward, shall not be in the stewards' stand when a decision is  
being made on a foul claim or stewards' inquiry.  
(5) A racing official shall not be the owner or part owner of a horse racing at a track  
where the official is serving.  
(6) Racing officials serving in the capacity of steward, placing or patrol judges, clerk of  
scales, official starter, or horse identifier may be required to take and satisfactorily pass  
an optical examination at the request of the executive director. The examination shall  
evidence a minimum corrected vision of 20/30 and an ability to distinguish colors  
correctly.  
(7) All racing officials, with the exception of those representing the executive director,  
shall be nominated by the association, subject to the approval of the executive director  
.
The executive director reserves the right to demand a change of racing officials for what  
he or she considers to be good and sufficient reason. The successor of a racing official so  
replaced shall also be subject to the approval of the executive director  
.
R 431.3025 Stewards; duties and responsibilities; complaints against officials.  
Rule 3025. (1) In addition to the general powers specified in these rules, the stewards  
shall have all of the following specific duties and responsibilities:  
(a) Taking cognizance of all misconduct or rule infractions, whether reported or not,  
and investigating all instances of possible rule infractions. They shall take action as they  
consider necessary to prevent a rule infraction.  
(b) At least 1 steward shall be on the grounds from scratch time, or, if not a racing day,  
when entries are first taken, until entries are closed. At least 1 steward shall be present  
for the regular showing of racing films or videotapes. All 3 stewards shall be on the  
grounds for a continuous period beginning 2 hours before post time for the first race and  
ending at the conclusion of the last race. All 3 stewards shall be present when  
contemplating disciplinary action.  
(c) Inspecting all applications for licenses to participate in racing and administering, or  
causing to be administered by qualified persons, examinations of all first-time applicants  
for a trainer's license and jockey agent's license. The stewards may make  
recommendations to the executive director as to the qualifications of all applicants for  
licenses to participate in racing.  
(d) Reviewing registration certificates, contracts, papers, and other documents  
pertaining to any of the following:  
(i) The sale or ownership of a horse.  
(ii) Payment of purse money.  
42  
(iii) Jockey and apprentice jockey contracts.  
(iv) Appointment of agents.  
(v) Adoption of assumed names by stable owners.  
(vi) Determining the eligibility and appropriateness for participation in racing.  
(e) Requiring proof of eligibility of a horse or person to participate in a race if it is in  
question. In the absence of sufficient proof to establish eligibility, the stewards may rule  
the horse or person ineligible.  
(f) Supervising the taking of entries, receiving all declarations and scratches, and  
determining all questions arising from and pertaining to such entries, declarations, and  
scratches. The stewards may refuse the entry of any horse by a person, may refuse to  
permit a declaration or scratch, or may limit entries.  
(g) Assuring that the “inquiry” sign is posted on the infield odds board immediately  
after the horses have crossed the finish line in a race if any steward or patrol judge  
doubts the fairness of the running of the race. The stewards shall cause the “objection”  
sign to be posted on the infield odds board when an objection is lodged and shall cause  
the “official” sign to be posted on the infield odds board after determining the official  
order of finish for purposes of the pari-mutuel payoff.  
(h) Maintaining a stewards’ report in the manner and form prescribed by the executive  
director and reporting all actions of the stewards that arise during a race day.  
(i) Making periodic inspections of the barn area, checking track security, and making  
visits to the jockeys' room to observe and check security at the weighing out. The  
inspections and observations made shall be noted in the steward's report.  
(2) The stewards may review the video recordings of each day's races before  
commencement of the successive day's races and compile a list of riders who they feel  
should review films for instructional purposes. If a list is compiled, the stewards shall  
assure that the list is posted in the jockeys' room.  
(3) In the performance of their duties, the stewards shall have unrestricted access to all  
areas and grounds of the association.  
(4) A complaint against a racing official may be made to the stewards or to the  
executive director. Complaints made directly to the stewards shall be reported to the  
executive director, in writing, together with any action taken by the stewards.  
R 431.3030 Stewards; reversals of form; review of films; disciplinary action.  
Rule 3030. (1) The stewards shall take cognizance of marked reversal of form of all  
horses and shall, at their discretion, conduct inquiries. During inquiries, the stewards may  
take into consideration the betting action on the horse in question and films of the horse's  
previous races, and shall consider all other facts they consider relevant toward making a  
determination as to whether the horse being evaluated was deliberately restrained in any  
way by any means in previous races so as not to win or finish as near as possible to first.  
If after review the stewards make a determination that there is a reasonable probability  
that the horse in question was deliberately restrained in any way by any means in  
previous races so as not to win or finish as near as possible to first, the stewards may take  
disciplinary action against a person found to have contributed to the restraining of the  
horse.  
43  
(2) If the stewards find that a horse has been deliberately restrained in any way by any  
means in previous races so as not to win or finish as near as possible to first, these  
findings may be forwarded by the executive director to law enforcement authorities.  
R 431.3035 Racing secretary; responsibilities and duties.  
Rule 3035. (1) The racing secretary is responsible for all of the following:  
(a) The programming of races during the race meeting.  
(b) Compiling and publishing condition books.  
(c) Assigning weights for handicap races.  
(d) Receiving all entries, subscriptions, declarations, and scratches.  
(2) Duties for which the racing secretary and his or her staff are responsible include, but  
are not limited to, all of the following:  
(a) Safekeeping of registration certifications and racing permits for horses, recording  
information required thereon, and returning them to owners, or trainers if authorized by  
the owners, at the conclusion of the race meeting.  
(b) Maintaining a record of all stakes fees received and all arrearages, jockeys' fees,  
purchase money in claiming races, and any other money received incident to the race  
meeting, and paying over such monies to persons entitled thereto.  
(c) Supervising the horsemen's bookkeeper's handling of the horsemen's account.  
(d) Daily posting of entries as soon as possible after the entries have been closed and  
declarations have been made.  
(e) Assigning stall applicants stabling as the racing secretary considers proper, and  
maintaining a record of the arrival and departure of all horses stabled on the grounds.  
(f) Publishing the official daily program and insuring the accuracy of the information  
contained therein.  
(3) The published racing program shall contain all of the following information:  
(a) The sequence of races to be run and the post time for the first race.  
(b) The purse, conditions, and distance for each race and the current track record for  
such distance.  
(c) The names of owners of each horse, with an indication of which horses, if any, are  
leased.  
(d) The full name of the trainer and the jockey named for each horse, together with the  
weight to be carried.  
(e) The saddle cloth number or designation for each horse, and the post position for  
each horse if there is a variance with the saddle cloth designation.  
(f) Identification of each horse by name, color, sex, age, sire, and dam, which shall  
correspond to the foal certificate.  
(g) A description of the racing colors to be carried and other information as may be  
requested by the association or the executive director  
.
(h) A stable name with the name of at least 1 owner. If the stable represents more than 1  
owner, the joint ownership shall be indicated by the use of the name of 1 owner and the  
words “et al.”  
(4) A horse shall not appear in any official program in more than 1 race on the same day,  
except for stakes races or handicaps.  
44  
(5) The racing secretary shall designate the price spread and the distances and shall  
publish a daily up-to-date list of horses having preference and the price spread and  
distances of the races to which the preference pertains.  
(6) The racing secretary or handicapper shall append to the weights for every handicap  
the day and hour from which winners will be liable to a penalty. Alterations shall not be  
made after publication of the program, except in case of omission, through clerical error  
or oversight, of the name and weight of a horse duly entered. Where there is an omission,  
the omission may, with the permission of the stewards, be rectified by the racing  
secretary or handicapper.  
R 431.3040 Paddock judge; duties.  
Rule 3040. The paddock judge shall have general supervision over the paddock and be  
responsible for all of the following:  
(a) Keeping accurate records of all equipment a horse carried in the horse's previous  
race. Change in the equipment is permitted only with the consent of the stewards.  
(b) Assembling the horses and jockeys in the paddock not less than 15 minutes before  
the scheduled post time for the race, unless otherwise determined by the stewards.  
(c) Assuring that the saddling of all horses is orderly, open to public view where  
possible, and free from interference, and assuring that horses are mounted at the same  
time and leave the paddock for the post in proper sequence.  
(d) Reporting to assigned security guards the presence of any unauthorized persons in  
the paddock.  
(e) Promptly reporting all rule violations to the stewards.  
(f) Inspecting the bandages of a horse.  
(g) Inspecting the feet of a horse.  
(h) Paddock schooling and the paddock schooling list.  
(i) The presence or absence of trainers in the paddock as required.  
R 431.3045 Placing judges; duties.  
Rule 3045. If required by the executive director, 3 racing officials shall serve as placing  
judges and shall be in a stand directly above the finish line during the running of each  
race. The placing judges shall take special note of racing colors and distinguishing  
equipment carried by each horse. The placing judges shall determine the order of the  
horses as they cross the finish line by considering the location of the respective noses of  
such horses. The placing judges shall cause the numbers of the first 4 horses to cross the  
finish line to be flashed on the result board. A photo finish camera approved by the  
executive director shall be used as an aid by the placing judges in determining the order  
of the horses as they cross the finish line. Placing judges may request a photo to assist in  
determining margins of less than a 1/2 however, the camera and any photographic  
reproduction are merely aids to the placing judges.  
R 431.3050 Rescinded.  
R 431.3055 Clerk of scales; duties; jockey weights.  
Rule 3055. (1) The clerk of scales shall secure, regulate, and control the jockeys' room,  
the equipment therein, and the personnel permitted access thereto. The clerk of scales  
45  
shall weigh all jockeys out and weigh in not less than the first 4 finishers. The clerk of  
scales shall accurately record and publish a scratch, overweight, change of jockey, and  
any change of weight or racing colors from what is stated in the official program and  
shall promptly supply all racing officials and the mutuel department with all pertinent  
changes.  
(2) After each race, the clerk of scales shall report to the racing secretary or his or her  
representative the weights carried by each horse, with the name of each horse's jockey  
and the overweight, if any. The clerk of scales shall also report the post time and running  
time in each race and shall report any other information which may from time to time be  
required.  
(3) The clerk of scales shall promptly report an infraction of the rules with respect to  
weight, weighing, or riding equipment to the stewards.  
(4) A jockey's weight shall include all of the following:  
(a) Clothing.  
(b) Boots.  
(c) Saddle and its attachments.  
(d) Saddle cloth.  
(e) Other equipment required by the stewards.  
(5) A jockey's weight shall not include any of the following:  
(a) Riding crop.  
(b) Head number.  
(c) Number cloth.  
(d) Bridle.  
(e) Safety helmet and goggles.  
(6) The clerk of scales, with the consent of the stewards, may permit clothing allowances  
for inclement weather.  
(7) Seven pounds is the limit of overweight any horse is allowed to carry. If the weight  
of a rider exceeds the weight the horse is published to carry, the jockey shall declare the  
amount of overweight to the clerk of scales at the time designated by the stewards, and  
the clerk of scales shall have the overweight posted and announced immediately. A  
trainer has the pre-post time option of removing a jockey from a horse if the jockey is  
under his or her training and is carrying more than 2 pounds overweight. Such removal  
shall be without penalty to the trainer. The failure of a jockey to comply with this rule  
shall be reported to the stewards.  
(8) The clerk of scales shall maintain a record of the winning races of an apprentice  
jockey. At the close of the race meeting, or on departure of the jockey, the record sheet  
shall be attached to the rider's copy of his or her contract or shall be written into his or her  
certificate and shall be released to the rider. The clerk of scales shall inform the stewards  
of the expiration date of the apprentice jockey's apprentice allowance.  
R 431.3060 Official starter; duties.  
Rule 3060. (1) The official starter shall be responsible for the fair and equal start of all  
horses at the scheduled starting time by utilizing a starting gate and bell or other device  
activated by his or her signal. So far as is practical, the official starter shall cause all  
horses to be loaded in order of post position, but the official starter may, with the  
46  
permission of the stewards, load an unruly horse out of order. By permission of the  
stewards, a race may be started without a starting gate.  
(2) The official starter may employ assistant starters as he or she considers necessary  
and shall change the gate position of each assistant starter daily, without notice to the  
assistant starters, until the field for the first race enters the race course.  
(3) A horse shall not be permitted to start in a race unless approval is given by the  
official starter. The official starter shall maintain a schooling list, which shall be posted in  
the race office, of the names of all horses ineligible to start for want of adequate training  
leaving the gate. Horses shall be schooled under the supervision of the official starter or  
his or her assistants.  
(4) The official starter shall report to the stewards any disobedience of his or her orders  
or attempts to take unfair advantage at the starting gate and shall recommend penalties for  
offenders.  
(5) An assistant starter shall not handle a horse until instructed to do so by the official  
starter. An assistant starter shall not strike a jockey or use abusive language when  
addressing a jockey.  
(6) An official starter or assistant starter shall not accept any gratuity or payment other  
than his or her regular salary, directly or indirectly, for services in starting a race. An  
official starter or assistant starter shall not wager on a race.  
(7) The official starter shall maintain a written record showing the names of all starters  
during the day and the names of the assistant starters who handled each horse. Such  
record shall be made available to the stewards upon request.  
(8) The official starter shall have radio or telephone communication with the stewards  
from the time the horses leave the paddock until the field is dispatched.  
(9) The official starter may recommend to the stewards that disciplinary action be taken  
against any jockey, outrider, pony rider, or other personnel under the official starter's  
control.  
(10) Horses shall be schooled under the supervision of the official starter or his or her  
assistant. The official starter shall report horses that are sufficiently schooled to start to  
the racing secretary. Unruly horses shall be placed on the schooling list and shall not start  
until approved by the official starter. The schooling list shall be respected in all cases.  
R 431.3065 Official veterinarians; duties.  
Rule 3065. (1) The official veterinarian shall examine horses the stewards request him  
or her to examine and reexamine. The official veterinarian is responsible for approving  
for release from the veterinarian's list all horses that have been placed on the list because  
of lameness, sickness, or injury before they may be entered to race again.  
(2) An official veterinarian shall not, during the period of his or her employment, for  
compensation or otherwise, treat or prescribe for a racing horse, except in case of  
emergency. In an emergency, a full and complete treatment report shall be made to the  
stewards. An owner or trainer shall not employ or pay compensation to an official  
veterinarian, either directly or indirectly, during the period for which he or she is so  
employed by the executive director.  
R 431.3070 Pre-race examination.  
47  
Rule 3070. (1) The official veterinarian shall examine each horse listed in the overnight  
entries to determine its eligibility and fitness to race. The time of the examination is at the  
discretion of the official veterinarian on the day of the race. The trainer shall have an  
attendant present and the horse’s legs must be free from bandages and topical  
substances when the official veterinarian comes to his or her stable to make a pre-race  
examination.  
(2) The pre-race examination shall include, but not be limited to, examination of the  
horse's eyes and legs and observation of the horse while at rest and in motion, either at a  
walk or while jogging, at the discretion of the examiner.  
(3) The official veterinarian shall be in the paddock for inspection of the horses before a  
race. If, in the opinion of the official veterinarian, a horse is not fit to race, that fact shall  
be reported to the stewards immediately with a recommendation that the horse be  
scratched.  
(4) The official veterinarian shall be stationed at the starting gate to observe the fitness  
of horses as the horses warm up for the race. Any horse that breaks through the starting  
gate or runs off without effective control shall be examined by the official veterinarian.  
If, in the opinion of the official veterinarian, any horse scheduled to start is not fit to race,  
that fact shall be reported to the stewards immediately with a recommendation that the  
horse be scratched.  
R 431.3075 Workout clockers; clocking.  
Rule 3075. (1) The executive director shall employ a steward as clocker. The clocker  
shall make a record of all morning workouts or any morning trials on the race course of a  
race meeting or training center race course. A record of all workouts and trials must be  
provided to the racing secretary.  
(2) Every occupational licensee who exercises a horse shall correctly identify to the  
clockers the horse he or she is exercising and shall state the distance over which the horse  
is to be worked and the point at which the workout is intended to begin.  
(3) Horses working between races shall also be identified and their times announced. A  
horse shall not be permitted to work between races without the permission of the  
stewards and notification to necessary racing officials to ensure safety.  
(4) A horse that has not started for 45 days is ineligible to race until it has completed 1  
or more timed workouts satisfactory to the stewards before the day of the race in which  
the horse is entered. If such workouts do not appear in the daily racing form, they shall be  
published, where possible, in the track program the day of the race in which the horse is  
entered or shall be posted in 3 places in the racing plant for public inspection.  
(5) A horse that has never started shall have not less than 2 published workouts, 1 being  
from the starting gate. The gate workout must be approved by the official starter.  
(6) The stewards may scratch a horse whose recent workouts have not been properly  
recorded.  
R 431.3080 Horses; registration.  
Rule 3080. (1) A horse shall not be entered or raced in this state unless duly registered  
and named in the appropriate breed registry and unless the registration certificate or  
racing permit issued by the breed registry for such horse is on file with the racing  
48  
secretary. However, the stewards may, for good cause, waive this requirement if the  
horse is otherwise correctly identified to the stewards' satisfaction.  
(2) A horse shall not be registered for racing in this state unless the endorsement of the  
foal certificate indicates the current owner.  
(3) A horse shall not be entered or raced in this state which is designated by a name  
other than the name under which such horse is currently registered with the appropriate  
breed registry. If a horse's name is changed by the breed registry, such horse's former  
name shall be shown parenthetically in the daily race program the first 3 times the horse  
races after the name change.  
(4) A person shall not at any time cause or permit the correct identity of a horse to be  
concealed or altered and shall not refuse to reveal, to a racing official, the correct identity  
of a horse he or she owns or has in his or her care.  
(5) A horse shall not race in this state until properly identified by natural markings and  
shall not race without a legible lip tattoo number or unique microchip applied by agents  
of the Thoroughbred Racing Protective Bureau or other recognized agencies.  
(6) A horse shall not be entered or raced in this state if previously involved in either of  
the following situations involving misidentification:  
(a) A person having control of a horse knowingly entered or raced such horse while  
designated by a name other than the name under which such horse was registered with  
the appropriate breed registry.  
(b) A person having control of a horse participated in or assisted in the entry or racing  
of some other horse under the name registered as belonging to the horse in question.  
R 431.3085 Rescinded.  
R 431.3090 Horses; training hours; removal; age; breeding.  
Rule 3090. (1) A horse shall not be schooled in the paddock or taken onto a race course  
for training or workout, other than during normal training hours posted by the  
association, without the permission of the stewards.  
(2) During a race meeting, a horse shall not be removed from the grounds without  
notifying the stewards and unless released by the racing secretary. A dead or sick horse  
shall not be removed from the grounds without the prior approval of the official  
veterinarian or the stewards.  
(3) A maiden 7 years of age or older shall not be entered or start unless it has less than 6  
lifetime starts.  
(4) The name of a filly or mare that has been covered by a stallion shall be so reported to  
the racing secretary before being entered in a race. A list of all fillies and mares so  
reported, showing the names of the stallions to which they have been bred, shall be  
posted in the race office.  
R 431.3095 Horses prohibited from entry or racing.  
Rule 3095. A horse shall not be entered or raced in any of the following situations:  
(a) The horse is not in sound racing condition.  
(b) The horse is posted on a stewards' list or starter's list or is suspended in any racing  
jurisdiction.  
(c) The horse is blind or has seriously impaired vision in both eyes.  
49  
(d) The horse is not correctly identified to the satisfaction of the stewards.  
(e) The horse is owned wholly or in part by, or is trained by, an ineligible or associated  
person.  
R 431.3101 Horses; equipment; sex alteration.  
Rule 3101. (1) Blinkers shall be used in a consistent manner on a horse. Permission to  
change any equipment used on a horse from its last previous start shall be obtained from  
the stewards. A horse's tongue may be tied down during a race with a clean bandage or  
gauze. A horse's bridle shall not weigh more than 2 pounds. War bridles are prohibited. A  
horse shall not race in ordinary training shoes. Bar shoes may be used for racing. Toe  
grabs on thoroughbred and Arabian front shoes are permitted up to 2 millimeters in  
length only.  
(2) Any alteration of the sex of a horse shall be promptly reported by the horse's trainer  
to the racing secretary. The racing secretary shall note the alteration on the horse's  
registration certificate.  
R 431.3105 Entries; procedures.  
Rule 3105. (1) A horse shall not start in a race unless the horse has been and continues  
to be qualified to be entered in the race. Unless otherwise specified in the conditions of a  
race or disqualified by violation of these rules, a horse eligible at the time of entry shall  
continue to be qualified, except in an overnight race, in which it shall also be eligible at  
the time of start.  
(2) Entries, subscriptions, declarations, and scratches shall be reported to the racing  
secretary, who shall maintain a record of the time and receipt of such entries,  
subscriptions, declarations, and scratches.  
(3) Any entry shall be in the name of the horse's owner, as completely disclosed and  
registered with the racing secretary under these rules, and made by the owner, trainer, or  
the authorized agent of the owner.  
(4) Any entry shall either be in writing, by telephone, or transmitted by other electronic  
means as approved by the executive director.  
(5) An entry shall clearly designate the horse entered. When entered for the first time  
during a race meeting, every horse shall be designated by name, age, color, sex, sire,  
dam, and broodmare sire, as reflected by such horse's registration certificate.  
(6) An alteration shall not be made on an entry after the closing of entries, but an error  
may be corrected with permission of the stewards.  
(7) A horse shall not be entered at more than 1 race track when the races are to be  
conducted on the same day.  
(8) In naming an entry for a produce race or futurity, the produce is entered by  
specifying the dam and the sire or sires.  
(9) A horse may be entered while on the veterinarian’s list if the horse will be eligible at  
the time of the race.  
R 431.3110 Mutuel entries; common ties.  
Rule 3110. (1) Not more than 2 horses that have common ties requiring a mutuel entry  
shall be entered in a race. A preference for 1 of the horses shall be made when making a  
double entry. Either may be scratched up to 1 hour before post time for the first race.  
50  
Two horses that have common ties requiring a mutuel entry shall not start in a race to the  
exclusion of a single betting interest.  
(2) Horses that have common ties through ownership or training may be uncoupled in a  
race as separate betting interests when approved by the stewards.  
R 431.3115 Subscriptions.  
Rule 3115. (1) Nominations to or entry of a horse in a stakes race is a subscription. Any  
subscriber to a stakes race may transfer or declare such subscriptions before closing.  
(2) Joint subscriptions and entries may be made by any 1 of the owners of a horse, and  
each owner is jointly and severally liable for all payments due thereon.  
(3) Death of a horse or an error in its entry when the horse is eligible does not release the  
subscriber or transferee from liability for all stakes fees due thereon. Fees paid into a  
subscription to a stakes race that is run shall not be refunded, except as otherwise stated  
in the conditions of a stakes race.  
(4) Death of a nominator or original subscriber to a stakes race does not render void any  
subscription, entry, or right of entry. All rights, privileges, and obligations shall attach to  
the successor owner, including the legal representatives of the decedent.  
(5) When a horse is sold privately or at public auction or is claimed, stakes engagements  
for such horse transfer automatically with the horse to its new owner; except that if the  
horse is transferred to an ineligible person, then the subscriptions are void as of the date  
of the transfer.  
(6) All stakes fees paid toward a stakes race shall be allocated to the winner thereof  
unless otherwise provided by the conditions for such stakes race. If a stakes race is not  
run for any reason, all the subscriptions and fees shall be refunded.  
(7) The stewards shall be given a true copy of the conditions of a stakes race before the  
trials for such race.  
R 431.3120 Closings.  
Rule 3120. (1) Entries for purse races and subscriptions to stakes races shall close at the  
time designated by the association in previously published conditions for such races. If a  
race is split, an entry, subscription, or declaration shall not be accepted after such closing  
time; except that if there is an emergency or if a purse race fails to fill, then the racing  
secretary may extend such closing time.  
(2) If the hour of closing is not specified for stakes races, then subscriptions and  
declarations may be accepted until midnight of the day of closing if they are received in  
time for compliance with every other condition of such race.  
(3) Entries that have closed shall be compiled without delay by the racing secretary and,  
together with declarations, shall be posted.  
R 431.3125 Number of starters in a race.  
Rule 3125. (1) The maximum number of starters in a race shall be limited by the  
number of horses which, in the opinion of the stewards, considering the safety of the  
horses and riders and the distance from the start to the first turn, can be afforded a fair  
and equal start.  
(2) In all stakes races that draw excessive entries the race shall be split into 2 or more  
races.  
51  
(3) At race courses measuring less than a mile in circumference, not more than 10 horses  
may start in any race without the consent of the stewards, and not more than 12 horses  
may start under any circumstance.  
(4) A claiming race in the printed condition book for which 8 or more horses  
representing different betting interests are entered shall be run. All other purse races in  
the printed condition book for which 6 or more horses representing different betting  
interests are entered shall be run.  
(5) If a purse race in the printed condition book fails to fill with the minimum number of  
entries required by subrule (4) of this rule to be run, then the association may cancel or  
declare off the race. The names of all horses entered shall be made available upon  
request.  
R 431.3130 Split or divided races.  
Rule 3130. (1) If a race is cancelled or declared off, the association may split any race  
programmed for the same day and which may previously have been closed. Races printed  
in the condition book shall be filled before substitute and extra races.  
(2) When a purse race is split and it results in 2 or more separate races, the racing  
secretary shall give notice thereof not less than 15 minutes before such races are closed to  
grant time for the making of additional entries to such split races.  
(3) Division of entries upon the splitting of any race shall be made pursuant to the  
conditions under which entries and subscriptions thereof were made. In the absence of  
specific conditions, the following provisions apply:  
(a) Horses originally joined as a mutuel entry may be placed in different divisions of a  
split race unless the person making the multiple entry, at the time of entry, indicates the  
uncoupling is not desired if a race is split.  
(b) Division of entries in any split stakes race may be made according to age or sex, or  
both.  
(c) Entries for a split race not divided by any method provided in subdivisions (a) and  
(b) of this subrule shall be divided by lot to provide a number of betting interests as near  
equal as possible for each division of a split race.  
R 431.3140 Also-eligible list.  
Rule 3140. (1) If the number of entries for a purse race exceeds the number of horses  
permitted to start in a race as provided by R 431.3125, then the names of as many as 4  
horses entered but not drawn into a race as starters shall be posted on the entry sheet as  
“also-eligible” to start.  
(2) If any horse is scratched from a race for which an also-eligible list was created, a  
replacement horse shall be drawn from the also-eligible list into the race in order of  
preference. If none is preferred, a horse shall be drawn into the race from the also-eligible  
list by public lot.  
(3) A horse that draws into a straightaway race from the also-eligible list shall start from  
the post position vacated by the scratched horse.  
(4) A horse that draws into a non-straightaway race from the also-eligible list shall start  
from the outermost post position.  
(5) The owner or trainer of a horse on the also-eligible list who does not wish to start the  
horse in the race shall so notify the racing secretary before scratch time for such race.  
52  
(6) A horse that is on an also-eligible list and that also has been drawn into a race as a  
starter for the succeeding day shall not be given an opportunity to be drawn into the  
earlier race for which the horse had been listed as also-eligible.  
R 431.3145 Preference.  
Rule 3145. (1) Horses entered that are eliminated from races programmed in the printed  
condition book either by overfilling or failure to fill shall be listed by the racing secretary  
and given preference in subsequent races of similar distance and conditions.  
(2) Preference shall be given in all races, except handicaps and stakes, according to a  
horse's last previous race during the current race meeting. The preference date on a horse  
that has drawn to race and has been scratched is the date of the race from which the horse  
was scratched. When a horse is racing for the first time in the current meet, the date of the  
first entry shall be considered the horse's last racing date and preference shall be applied  
accordingly.  
(3) The preference date shall be claimed at the time of entry by indicating the date on the  
entry with the word “preferred.”  
(4) Horses that are drawn into races and those on the also-eligible list that draw into  
races must receive a running date corresponding to the date on which they are to run and  
must lose all dates previously held.  
(5) Horses on the veterinarian's list, stewards' list, or starter's list cannot establish a  
preference date.  
(6) Preference dates remain the same regardless of a change of ownership or trainer.  
(7) Horses that have established a preference date at the current race meeting lose that  
preference date if they race elsewhere. The reentry of such horses reestablishes the  
preference dates.  
(8) Horses entered in the wrong race by an owner, trainer, or authorized agent lose their  
preference dates.  
(9) There are no special preference dates for Michigan-bred horses.  
(10) Preference dates must not be carried for a period of more than 45 days. The  
stewards shall make a final determination in a matter of interpretation of preference dates.  
R 431.3155 Declarations.  
Rule 3155. Withdrawal of a horse from a race before closing by the owner, trainer, or  
authorized agent shall be made in the same manner as to form, time, and procedure as  
provided for the making of entries. Declarations are irrevocable. An association shall not  
require a declaration fee.  
R 431.3160 Scratches.  
Rule 3160. Withdrawal of a horse from a race after closing by the owner, trainer, or  
authorized agent is permitted only under the following conditions:  
(a) A horse may be scratched from a stakes race for any reason up until 45 minutes  
before post time for the race by filing, in writing, an intention to scratch with the clerk of  
scales.  
(b) A horse shall not be scratched from a purse race without approval of the stewards  
and unless the intention to scratch has been filed, in writing, with the racing secretary at  
53  
or before the time conspicuously posted as scratch time. A scratch of 1 horse coupled in a  
mutuel entry in a purse race is permitted up to 1 hour before post time for the first race.  
(c) In purse races, horses that are physically disabled shall be excused first. If more than  
10 interests remain in the 2 daily double races or trifecta races or more than 8 interests  
remain in the remainder of the races, owners or trainers may scratch to those limits by the  
specified scratch time of the day of the race. The privilege to scratch will be determined  
by lot when necessary.  
(d) Scratches are irrevocable.  
R 431.3165 Eligibility; allowances; penalties.  
Rule 3165. (1) In determining eligibility, allowances, and penalties, only reports,  
records, and statistics as published by the official database of racing information and  
statistics, a corresponding publication of a foreign country, or sworn statements as  
specified in subrule (2) of this rule shall be considered, unless otherwise provided by the  
published conditions of the race. Interpretations of the conditions of a race when in  
dispute, shall be made by the racing secretary with approval of the stewards.  
(2) If during the previous calendar year, or if at any time for a maiden race, a horse has  
started in a race which is not reported by the official database of racing information and  
statistics, the horse shall not be entered to race until the owner has furnished the racing  
secretary, not less than 48 hours before the entry, performance records showing all of the  
following information:  
(a) Where and when the horse raced.  
(b) The distance.  
(c) The weight carried.  
(d) Amount earned.  
(e) The horse's finishing position and time.  
(f) The sworn statement and signature of the owner of the horse.  
(3) Penalties and allowances are not cumulative unless so declared by the conditions of  
the race and shall take effect at the time of starting, except that in overnight races, a horse  
shall have only the allowance it was entitled to at the time of entry.  
(4) Penalties are obligatory. Allowances are optional except filly and mare weight  
allowances. As to all or any part of the allowance thereof, and, in overnight races,  
allowances shall be claimed at the time of entry.  
(5) Allowances to the produce of untried horses shall be claimed before the expiration of  
the time of the naming and shall not be lost by winning after that time.  
(6) A horse shall not receive allowances of weight or be relieved from extra weight for  
having been beaten in 1 or more races, but this rule does not prohibit maiden allowances  
or allowances to horses that have not won a race within a specified period or a race of a  
specified value.  
(7) When a race is in dispute, both the horse that finished first and any horse for which  
the race is authoritatively claimed are liable to all penalties attached to the winning of  
that race until the matter is decided.  
(8) When winners of claiming races are exempt from penalties, the exemption shall  
apply to the winners of optional claiming races only if such winner was entered to be  
claimed.  
54  
(9) For every handicap, the handicapper shall append to the weights the day and hour  
from which winners will be liable to a penalty, if any, and an alteration shall not be made  
after publication, except in case of omission through error of the name or weight of a  
horse entered. In case of such omission, and by permission of the stewards, the omission  
may be rectified by the handicapper.  
(10) Penalties shall not be recognized against horses, except maidens, or apply to  
jockeys in respect to the apprentice allowance, for winning races on minor tracks. In  
determining which tracks are minor tracks, the executive director may consider tracks  
that are not reported in the daily racing form or a corresponding publication of a foreign  
country.  
R 431.3170 Michigan-bred races; preference.  
Rule 3170. (1) Michigan-bred horses shall be allowed 5 pounds in all overnight races.  
A Michigan-bred horse, for purposes of weight allowances, breeders' awards, and state  
supplements, is defined by R 285.810.1.  
(2) Horses winning races at recognized county, district, or state fairs in Michigan shall  
not be penalized for such winnings in races run hereafter under the jurisdiction of the  
executive director. The maiden allowance, however, shall be lost by winning a race at  
any fair recognized by the Michigan department of agriculture and rural development.  
R 431.3175 Winnings; computation.  
Rule 3175. (1) Winnings include all prizes for finishing first up to the time appointed  
for the start and shall apply to all races, but do not include the value of any prize which is  
not money or which is not paid in money. Winnings during the year shall be reckoned  
from the preceding January 1.  
(2) A horse shall not be penalized for having been beaten in a race.  
(3) The winnings of a horse in a stake race shall be computed in the value of the gross  
earnings.  
(4) In determining the value of a series of races in which an extra sum of money is won  
by winning 2 or more races of the series, the extra amount shall be added to the purse of  
the last race by which the money was finally won.  
(5) If there is a dead heat, each horse shall be a winner only of the amount received by  
the owner.  
(6) Foreign winnings shall be calculated on the basis of the official rate of exchange on  
the day of winning.  
(7) If a race is not run or is declared no contest, stakes, forfeit, and entrance money shall  
be returned.  
(8) A race may be declared no contest if no qualified horse covers the course according  
to rule.  
(9) Purse money, prize money, or an award of any kind may be distributed by the  
association unless a hold is placed on the funds by the stewards. The stewards shall  
notify the association in writing if further delay is necessary.  
R 431.3180 Claiming races generally.  
Rule 3180. (1) The primary purpose of claiming races is the classification of horses.  
55  
(2) In a claiming race, a horse is subject to claim for its entered price by any owner in  
good standing who is properly licensed in this state. An owner may claim out of his or  
her initial race.  
(3) A legal entity that seeks to make a claim and that otherwise is not eligible as set forth  
in these rules may do so, after filing proper license application, and by complying with all  
of the following provisions:  
(a) Depositing an amount not less than the minimum claiming price at the race meeting  
with the horsemen's bookkeeper. Such amount shall remain on account until a claim is  
made or permission to claim has expired. If withdrawal of such amount occurs, any  
permit issued pursuant to this rule is automatically revoked and terminated.  
(b) Submitting to the stewards, in writing, the name of a trainer whose Michigan license  
is currently in full force and effect and who will represent the legal entity that desires to  
make a claim once the claim is made.  
(c) Securing from the stewards a written claiming permit which is in full force and  
effect when a claim is made by the legal entity or a trainer or authorized agent  
representing the legal entity.  
(4) Before issuing a claiming permit, the stewards shall determine that an individual  
qualifies for an occupational license and permit by the standards of occupational  
licensing. A claiming permit shall take effect upon issue and shall not be issued for more  
than 30 days.  
(5) A claim may be made on behalf of an owner by an authorized agent or trainer, but an  
authorized agent or trainer may claim only for the account of those for whom he or she is  
licensed as agent, and the name of the authorized agent as well as the name of the owner  
for whom the claim is being made shall appear on the claim slip.  
(6) A licensee shall not claim his or her own horse or cause his or her own horse to be  
claimed, directly or indirectly, for his or her own account.  
(7) A person shall not claim more than 1 horse from any 1 race. An authorized agent,  
although representing more than 1 owner, shall not submit more than 1 claim for any 1  
race. When a stable consists of horses owned by more than 1 person and trained by the  
same trainer, not more than 1 claim may be entered on behalf of such stable in any 1 race.  
R 431.3201 Claiming; form; accuracy; time of deposit; voiding a claim.  
Rule 3201. (1) A claim shall be made in writing on a form in an envelope furnished by  
the association and approved by the executive director. Both form and envelope shall be  
filled out completely and shall accurately identify the claim. A form and envelope that  
are not filled out completely or that do not accurately identify the claim render the claim  
void.  
(2) A claim shall be deposited in the claim box not less than 15 minutes before post time  
of the race to which the claim pertains. The claim box shall be removed from the counter  
of the office not less than 15 minutes before post time of the race, as determined by the  
official track clock showing post time.  
(3) Money or its equivalent shall not be put in the claim box. For a claim to be valid, the  
person making the claim shall have a credit balance in his or her account with the  
horsemen's bookkeeper of not less than the amount of the claim.  
(4) A claim is irrevocable except as allowed under these rules.  
56  
(5) The stewards or their designated representative shall open the claim envelopes for  
each race as soon as, but not until, the horses for the race enter the race course on the way  
from the paddock to post.  
(6) An official or other employee of an association shall not give any information as to  
the filing of claims except as is necessary for processing of the claims until the race has  
been run.  
(7) Title to a claimed horse shall be vested in the successful claimant when the horse  
becomes a starter. A horse is a starter when the stall doors of the starting gate open in  
front of the horse at the time the official starter dispatches the horses.  
(8) A claimed horse shall run in the interest and for the account of the owner who  
entered it.  
(9) The stewards shall be the judges of the validity of a claim. A claim that is not made  
in compliance with these rules is void.  
(10) If a claimed horse is excused by the stewards before the start of the race, a claim for  
such horse is void.  
(11) All claimed horses must be post-race drug tested whereby the horse must be taken  
to the detention area and remains under control of the original trainer, until released from  
the detention area. The claimant shall present written authorization for the claim from  
the racing secretary. Any person who refuses to deliver a horse legally claimed out of a  
claiming race shall be suspended together with the horse until delivery is made.  
(12) If more than 1 valid claim is filed for the same horse, title to the horse shall be  
determined by lot under the supervision of 1 or more of the stewards. Claimants shall be  
allowed to inspect claim forms apparatus used in the drawing of lot and be present for the  
draw.  
(13) Notwithstanding any incorrect designation of sex or age appearing in the racing  
program or in any racing publication, the claimant of a horse shall be solely responsible  
for determining the age or sex of the horse claimed.  
(14) Should the analysis of a post-race blood, urine, or other sample taken from a  
claimed horse result in a post-race positive test, or if the test results of a previous race  
have not been cleared by the date of the claim and result in a post-race positive test, the  
claimant’s trainer shall be promptly notified by the stewards and the claimant shall have  
the option to void the claim within 3 days of such notice by the claimant’s trainer. If the  
claimed horse starts in a race for the claimant, this rule may not be used to void the claim.  
An election to void a claim shall be submitted in writing to the stewards by the claimant  
or the claimant’s trainer. If the claim is voided, the horse shall be returned to the owner of  
the horse who subjected the horse to claiming in the race from which the positive test  
resulted.  
(15) A claim is void for any horse that dies during a race or is euthanized on the race  
course following a race.  
(16) A claim is voidable at the discretion of the new owner, for a horse that is placed on  
the veterinarian’s list before leaving the detention barn following the race from which it  
is claimed. An election to void the claim must be made in writing to the stewards by the  
claimant or the claimant’s trainer within one hour after verbal notification by the official  
veterinarian that the horse has been placed on the veterinarian’s list following the race  
from which it is claimed.  
57  
(17) If a horse is claimed, a blood sample may be taken by a licensed veterinarian and  
tested for equine infectious anemia. The sample shall be forwarded within 24 hours to an  
approved laboratory. Pending the receipt of a negative test for equine infectious anemia,  
the money paid for the claimed horse shall be held by the association. If the test is  
positive for equine infectious anemia, the ownership of the claimed horse shall revert to  
the owner from whom the horse was claimed, and the claiming monies shall be returned  
to the person or persons who claimed the horse. The cost of the test is to be borne by the  
claimant.  
R 431.3205 Claiming; reentry; additional restrictions.  
Rule 3205. (1) A claimed horse is not eligible to race in any other jurisdiction other  
than Michigan for a period of 60 days from the date of claim or until after the close of the  
live race meeting at which it was claimed.  
(2) A claimed horse shall not be sold or transferred, wholly or in part, to anyone within  
30 days after the day it was claimed, except in another claiming race.  
(3) A claimed horse shall not remain in the same stable or under the care or management  
of the owner or trainer from whom the horse was claimed.  
(4) When a horse is claimed, its engagements are included.  
(5) A person who enters or who allows to be entered, in a claiming race, a horse against  
which claim is held by mortgage, bill of sale, or lien of any kind is subject to disciplinary  
action, unless, when or before entering the horse, the written consent of the holder of the  
mortgage, bill of sale, or lien is filed with the racing secretary.  
(6) A person shall not enter a horse in a claiming race without disclosing the horse's true  
ownership.  
(7) A person shall not enter into or offer to enter into an agreement not to claim, or  
attempt to prevent another person from claiming, any horse in a claiming race. A person  
shall not attempt, by intimidation or otherwise, to prevent anyone from running a horse in  
any claiming race. An owner, trainer, or authorized agent shall not make an agreement  
with another owner, trainer, or authorized agent for the protection of each other's horses  
in a claiming race.  
(8) If a stable registered at a meeting is eliminated by sale or removal from the grounds,  
the right to claim is void. When a stable has been eliminated by claiming, the owner so  
affected is entitled to claim during the next 30 racing days at any live race meeting in this  
state. Stables eliminated by fire and other hazards may also be permitted by the stewards  
to claim under this rule.  
R 431.3210 Dead heats.  
Rule 3210. (1) If a dead heat is declared, regardless of the number of horses running a  
dead heat, they shall divide the dead heated finishers' prize money equally.  
(2) If the dividing owners cannot agree which owner is to have a cup or other prize  
which cannot be divided, the question shall be determined by the stewards by lot.  
R 431.3215 Weights.  
Rule 3215. (1) When the conditions of a race do not state to the contrary, the weights  
set up by the jockey club are adopted as weights by the executive director.  
58  
(2) For a race in which horses are 2 years old, the weight is 122 pounds and for 3 year  
olds or 4 year olds, 126 pounds.  
(3) Fillies 2 years old are allowed 3 pounds and mares 3 years old or over are allowed 5  
pounds before, and 3 pounds after, September 1, except in handicaps and in races where  
the conditions expressly state otherwise.  
R 431.3220 Jockeys; probationary mounts.  
Rule 3220. Any person who wishes to participate as a jockey and who has never  
previously ridden in a race may be required to ride in 5 races before being granted a  
license upgrade by the stewards. A person may only ride in the required probationary  
races if all of the following conditions have been satisfied:  
(a) A trainer certifies, in writing, to the stewards that such person has demonstrated  
sufficient horsemanship to be permitted such probationary mounts.  
(b) The official starter has schooled such person in breaking from the starting gate with  
other horses and approves such person as capable of starting a horse properly from the  
starting gate in a race.  
(c) The stewards, in their sole discretion, are satisfied such person intends to become a  
licensed jockey, possesses the physical ability, and has demonstrated sufficient  
horsemanship to ride in a race without jeopardizing the safety of horses or other riders in  
such race. A person shall not be permitted to ride in any such probationary races without  
prior approval of the stewards.  
R 431.3225 Jockeys; licensing qualifications.  
Rule 3225. In addition to rules applicable to licensees in part 1 of these rules, a holder  
of a license as a jockey or apprentice jockey shall comply with all of the following  
provisions:  
(a) Be 16 years of age or older.  
(b) Be licensed under his or her legal name, which shall be listed in the daily race  
program.  
(c) Have ridden in a number of races considered satisfactory by the stewards.  
(d) When required by the stewards, provide a medical affidavit certifying that the  
applicant is physically and mentally capable of performing the activities and duties of a  
licensed jockey.  
(e) Be under contract or have an apprentice certificate.  
R 431.3230 Apprentice allowance and contract.  
Rule 3230. (1) Any person 16 years of age or older who has never been previously  
licensed as a jockey in any country and who is qualified under the provisions of R  
431.3225 may claim in all purse races, except stakes and handicaps, the following weight  
allowances:  
(a) Except as otherwise provided in this subrule, five pounds. This allowance shall  
continue for 1 year from the date of the apprentice jockey's fifth win. If the apprentice  
has not ridden 40 winners in the 1-year period, the allowance shall continue for a period  
of not more than 3 years from the date of the apprentice's first win until he or she has  
ridden 40 winners. Wins at recognized meetings where the rules do not permit  
apprentice allowances shall not count as wins with respect to this subdivision.  
59  
(b) After completion of the conditions specified in subdivision (a) of this subrule, a  
contracted apprentice, for 1 year, may claim 3 pounds when riding horses owned or  
trained by his or her original contract employer. The holder of the contract when an  
apprentice rides his or her first winner shall be considered the original contract  
employer.  
(2) An apprentice jockey may enter into a contract with an owner or trainer qualified  
under R 431.3235 for a period of not less than 3, nor more than 5, years. Such contracts  
shall be approved by the stewards and filed with the executive director. Such contracts  
shall be binding in all respects on the signatories thereof. An apprentice who is not  
contracted shall be given an apprentice jockey certificate on a form furnished by the  
executive director.  
(3) If an apprentice is unable to ride for a period of 14 consecutive days or more because  
of service in the Armed Forces of the United States, physical disablement, or restrictions  
on racing, the stewards, after consultation with the racing authority which first approved  
the original apprentice contract or certificate, may extend the time during which such  
apprentice weight allowance may be claimed for a period not longer than the period such  
apprentice jockey was unable to ride.  
(4) After satisfying the conditions specified in subrule (1) of this rule, a rider shall be  
issued a license as a jockey before accepting subsequent mounts. Under these  
circumstances, the executive director may waive collection of an additional license fee.  
R 431.3235 Jockey contracts.  
Rule 3235. A contract between an owner or trainer and an employee jockey is subject  
to the rules of racing. All riding contracts for terms longer than 30 days, as well as any  
amendments thereto or cancellation or transfer thereof, shall be in writing and shall  
contain notarized signatures of all parties to the contracts. A contract shall be approved  
by the stewards and filed with the executive director. The stewards may approve a riding  
contract and permit persons to participate in racing in this state if the stewards find that  
all of the following provisions are satisfied:  
(a) The contract employer is an owner or trainer who owns or trains not less than 3  
horses which are eligible to race at the time of execution of such contract.  
(b) The contract employer possesses the character, ability, facilities, and financial  
responsibility conducive to developing a competent race jockey.  
(c) The contract provides fair remuneration, adequate medical care, and an option  
equally available to both employer and jockey to cancel such contract after 2 years  
from date of execution.  
R 431.3240 Rescinded.  
R 431.3245 Calls and engagements.  
Rule 3245. (1) Any jockey who is not prohibited by prior contract may agree to give  
first or second call on his or her racing-riding services to any owner or trainer. Such  
agreements, if for terms of more than 30 days, shall be in writing, approved by the  
stewards, and filed with the executive director.  
60  
(2) A jockey employed by a racing stable on a regular salaried basis shall not ride  
against the stable which employs him or her. An owner or trainer shall not employ or  
engage a jockey to prevent him or her from riding another horse.  
R 431.3250 Jockeys' room; reporting.  
Rule 3250. (1) A jockey who has engagements to ride shall, upon entering the grounds,  
report directly to the scale room at the time designated by the clerk of scales. After  
making weight, a jockey shall not leave the jockeys' room, except to ride in scheduled  
races, until all of his or her engagements for the day have been filled, except as approved  
by the stewards. Immediately before mounting, a jockey shall test his or her weights on  
the scales provided for that purpose. Failure to test his or her weights subjects a jockey to  
possible disciplinary action.  
(2) A jockey shall not reenter the jockeys' room once his or her day's engagements are  
completed.  
(3) A jockey shall wear the colors of the owner of the horse he or she is riding, unless  
permitted by the stewards to do otherwise.  
(4) The association shall make arrangements for valets to attend the jockeys. Valets shall  
be paid for their services by the association. The valets shall work on a rotation system  
prepared by the jockeys’ room custodian.  
(5) The valets shall be uniformly and neatly attired in uniforms provided by the  
association and approved by the executive director.  
R 431.3255 Jockeys' room custodian; duties.  
Rule 3255. (1) It is the duty of the association, through the services of the jockeys'  
room custodian, to assure that order, decorum, and cleanliness are maintained in the  
jockeys' and scale rooms.  
(2) The custodian shall assist the clerk of scales as the clerk desires.  
(3) The custodian shall make certain that persons other than racing officials,  
representatives of the executive director, and the necessary jockeys' room attendants are  
not admitted to the jockeys' room after the designated time of a race day without the  
consent of the stewards for each time of entry.  
(4) The custodian shall oversee the care and storage of all racing colors.  
(5) The custodian shall oversee the jockey valets.  
(6) The custodian shall report any irregularities to the clerk of scales that occur in his or  
her presence.  
(7) The custodian shall make certain that jockeys are neat in appearance when they  
leave, with the approval of stewards, to observe the running of a race. Gambling and  
games of chance are not permitted in the jockeys' room.  
(8) A person employed in the jockeys' room shall not make a bet for himself or herself  
or place a bet for another on any race under penalty of disciplinary action, including  
license revocation.  
R 431.3260 Racing and safety equipment.  
Rule 3260. (1) Any person mounted on a horse or stable pony on the grounds must  
wear a properly secured safety helmet at all times. Additionally, all members of the  
61  
starting gate crew must adhere to this rule at all times while performing their duties or  
handling a horse.  
(2) Any person mounted on a horse or stable pony on the grounds must wear a  
properly-secured safety vest at all times. Additionally, all members of the starting gate  
crew must also adhere to this rule at all times while performing their duties or handling  
a horse.  
(3) The association shall make available for use approved helmets, safety vests, and any  
other safety equipment as required by the executive director for association employees  
mounted on a horse or stable pony or members of the starting gate crew.  
(4) A safety helmet or a safety vest must not be altered in any manner and the product  
marking must not be removed or defaced.  
(5) A riding crop, number cloth, or blinkers are not allowed on the scales. A bridle or  
safety helmet approved by the executive director must not be weighed.  
(6) The use of spurs is prohibited.  
(7) As used in this rule, "member of the starting gate crew" means any person licensed  
as an assistant starter or any person who handles a horse in the starting gate.  
R 431.3265 Wagering; attire; film review.  
Rule 3265. (1) A jockey shall not place a wager, cause the placement of a wager placed  
on his or her behalf, or accept any ticket or winnings from a wager on any race, except on  
his or her own mount and except through the owner or trainer of the horse he or she is  
riding.  
(2) A jockey who is proven, to the satisfaction of the executive director, to have engaged  
in any forbidden wagering transaction or to have received any remuneration, gratuities, or  
incentive in connection with a horse race from persons other than the owner or trainer of  
a horse ridden by such jockey shall be subject to disciplinary action.  
(3) Upon leaving the jockeys' room, until all of their engagements for the day have been  
filled, a jockey shall be neat and clean in appearance and wear the traditional jockey silks  
with all jacket buttons and catches fastened. A jockey shall wear the cap and jacket racing  
colors registered in the name of the owner of the horse he or she is to ride, stock tie,  
white breeches, top boots, safety helmet approved by the executive director, and a  
number on his or her right shoulder corresponding to his or her mount's number shown on  
the saddle cloth and in the daily racing program. In an emergency, an association may  
provide substitute colors.  
(4) A jockey shall check the film list posted by the stewards in the jockeys' room the day  
after riding in a race. The posting of the list is notice to all riders whose names are listed  
thereon to present themselves at the time designated by the stewards to view the patrol  
films or videotapes of races.  
R 431.3270 Jockey fees.  
Rule 3270. (1) A dispute as to whether or not the jockey has earned his or her fee after  
he or she has weighed out for the race must be determined by the stewards according to  
the circumstances in each case.  
(2) When a jockey weighs out and does not ride in a race for which he or she has been  
engaged because an owner or trainer engaged more than 1 rider for the same race, the  
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owner or trainer may be required to pay an appropriate fee to each rider engaged for such  
race. A jockey shall honor his or her contractual agreements.  
R 431.3275 Jockey agents; restrictions.  
Rule 3275. (1) Jockeys may make their own engagements or the engagements may be  
made by a licensed jockey agent or contract employer. A jockey agent may act for 2  
jockeys and 1 apprentice jockey.  
(2) A jockey agent shall not be allowed in the paddock or jockeys' room at any time.  
(3) A jockey agent shall maintain separate and accurate records of all engagements  
contracted for jockeys he or she represents and shall, at all times, have these records  
available for examination by the executive director or his or her authorized  
representative.  
(4) Inaccuracies or the failure to maintain records may result in disciplinary action,  
including license revocation.  
(5) When a jockey dismisses a jockey agent, the jockey shall give immediate notice to  
the stewards in writing. Failure of the jockey to give written notice to the stewards may  
result in disciplinary action.  
(6) A jockey agent shall not enter a horse in any race unless he or she has given first or  
second call to the owner or trainer. A jockey agent's license is invalid if he or she is not  
representing a jockey currently participating at the race meeting.  
R 431.3290 Paddock to post.  
Rule 3290. (1) A horse shall not start unless the trainer and the owner are licensed by  
the executive director. A trainer who is absent from his or her stable or from the grounds  
where his or her horses are racing for more than 2 consecutive racing days, and whose  
horses are entered or are to be entered, shall provide a trainer to assume complete  
responsibility for the horses being entered or running. Such trainer shall sign, in the  
presence of the stewards, a form furnished by the executive director accepting complete  
responsibility for the horses entered or running.  
(2) Every horse entering the paddock to race shall be inspected as to its shoeing, if any.  
An unshod horse may race with permission of the stewards and must be noted on the  
program or announced to the public.  
(3) All horses shall parade and carry their weight from the paddock to the starting post.  
A horse that fails to do so may be disqualified by the stewards.  
(4) After entering the race course, not more than 12 minutes shall elapse in the parade of  
horses to the post, except in cases of unavoidable delay. After passing the stand once,  
horses are allowed to break formation and canter, warm up, or go as they please to the  
post. When horses have reached the post, they shall be started without unnecessary delay.  
(5) Each association shall employ not less than 2 outriders to escort starters to the post  
and to assist in the returning of all horses to the unsaddling area. An outrider shall not  
lead any horse unless it has demonstrated unruly behavior, but shall assist in the control  
of any horse which might cause injury to a jockey or others. Outriders are required to be  
present on the race course, mounted, and ready to assist in the control of any unruly horse  
or to recapture any loose horse at all times horses are permitted on the race course for  
exercising or racing.  
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(6) The horses are under the control of the official starter after they leave the paddock  
until the start and are not entitled to further care from their attendants, except that, in case  
of an accident, the official starter may permit jockeys to dismount and may permit horses  
to be cared for during the delay. Other than this exception, a jockey shall not dismount.  
Unruly horses shall be placed on the schooling list.  
(7) The official starter is required to load horses in the starting gate in order of post  
position. Any exception to this must be approved by the stewards.  
(8) An owner or trainer who desires that his or her horse not be tailed or tonged at the  
starting gate shall make, at time of entry, a written request to the official starter and the  
horse shall not be tailed or tonged.  
(9) Horses shall be schooled under the supervision of the official starter or his or her  
assistant. The official starter shall report horses that are sufficiently schooled to start to  
the racing secretary. Unruly horses shall be placed on the schooling list and shall not start  
until approved by the official starter. The schooling list shall be respected in all cases.  
(10) Before becoming a starter, a horse may be excused by the stewards because of  
physical disability, incorrigibility, or because of having been improperly entered in the  
race.  
(11) If a horse is excused by the stewards before becoming a starter, or if the doors at the  
front of the stall gate do not open when the official starter dispatches the field, which  
causes a horse to be left, or if any horse is disqualified for bringing in underweight, the  
money bet on any horse or horses thus eliminated shall be deducted from the pool and  
refunded to the purchasers of tickets on such horse or horses. However, if 1 horse of an  
entry or 1 of the horses grouped in the field leaves the stall gate and brings in proper  
weight, there shall not be a refund on the entry or on the field.  
(12) When a loose horse leaves the race course the horse shall be scratched.  
R 431.3295 Disqualification.  
Rule 3295. (1) A leading horse is entitled to any part of the race course, but if any horse  
swerves or is ridden to either side so as to interfere with or impede another horse, it is a  
foul and the horse may be disqualified at the discretion of the stewards. If the stewards  
determine the foul was intentional or due to careless riding, they shall take disciplinary  
action against the offending jockey.  
(2) The stewards may determine the extent of disqualification in case of fouls. The  
stewards may place the offending horse behind the horses which, in their judgment, it  
interfered with or the stewards may place the offending horse last.  
(3) When a horse is disqualified under this rule, the stewards may disqualify a horse in  
the same race belonging wholly or partly to the same owner or trained by the same  
trainer.  
(4) The stewards shall take cognizance of foul riding, whether or not an objection is  
made.  
(5) A person shall not assist a jockey in taking his or her equipment off his or her horse,  
except with permission of the stewards.  
(6) A person shall not throw any covering over any horse at the place of dismounting  
until the horse's equipment is removed.  
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(7) A jockey shall weigh in at the same weight as that which he or she weighed out. If  
short of the weigh-out weight by 2 pounds or more, the jockey's mount may be  
disqualified and a refund of wagers on the horse may be ordered.  
(8) A horse that does not carry its jockey across the finish line is disqualified.  
(9) A jockey who willfully strikes another jockey or horse with his or her riding crop or  
who grabs the clothing, equipment, or person of another jockey or horse may be subject  
to disciplinary action and his or her mount may be disqualified.  
R 431.3300 Riding crops  
Rule 3300. (1) All riding crops are subject to inspection and approval by the stewards  
and the clerk of scales. Riding crops must meet all of the following requirements:  
(a) Riding crops shall have a shaft and a flap and shall be allowed in flat racing,  
including training, only if all of the following specifications are met:  
(i) Maximum weight of eight ounces.  
(ii) Maximum length, including flap, of 30 inches.  
(iii) Minimum diameter of the shaft of 3/8 inch.  
(iv) Smooth shaft contact area with no protrusions or raised surface, and covered by  
shock absorbing material that gives a compression factor of at least 1 millimeter  
throughout its circumference.  
(b) The flap is the only allowable attachment to the shaft and must meet all of the  
following specifications:  
(i) Length beyond the end of the shaft a maximum of 1 inch.  
(ii) Width a minimum of 0.8 inch and a maximum of 1.6 inches.  
(iii) No reinforcements or additions beyond the end of the shaft.  
(iv) No binding within 7 inches of the end of the shaft.  
(v) Shock absorbing characteristics similar to those of the contact area of the shaft.  
(2) Use of riding crop is subject to all of the following requirements:  
(a) Although the use of a riding crop is not required, any jockey who uses a riding crop  
during a race shall do so only in a manner consistent with exerting his or her best efforts  
to win.  
(b) In all races where a jockey will ride without a riding crop, an announcement of such  
fact shall be made over the public address system.  
(c) No electrical or mechanical device or other expedient designed to increase or retard  
the speed of a horse, other than the riding crop approved by the stewards, shall be  
possessed by anyone, or applied by anyone to the horse at any time on the grounds of the  
association during the race meeting, whether in a race or otherwise.  
(d) Riding crops shall not be used on two-year-old horses before April 1 of each year.  
(e) The riding crop shall only be used for safety, correction, and encouragement.  
(f) All riders should comply with the following when using a riding crop:  
(i) Showing the horse the riding crop and giving it time to respond before hitting it.  
(ii) Having used the riding crop, giving the horse a chance to respond before using it  
again.  
(iii) Using the riding crop in rhythm with the horse’s stride.  
(g) Prohibited uses of the riding crop include, but are not limited to, striking a horse in  
any of the following manners:  
65  
(i) On the head, flanks, or on any other part of its body other than the shoulders or hind  
quarters except when necessary to control a horse.  
(ii) During the post parade or after the finish of the race except when necessary to  
control the horse.  
(iii) Excessively or brutally causing welts or breaks in the skin.  
(iv) When the horse is clearly out of the race or has obtained its maximum placing.  
(v) Persistently even though the horse is showing no response under the riding crop.  
(h) The riding crop may not be used to strike another rider or other horse.  
(3) After the race, horses are subject to inspection by the official veterinarian looking for  
cuts, welts, or bruises in the skin. Any adverse findings shall be reported to the stewards.  
(4) The giving of instructions by any licensee that if obeyed would lead to a violation of  
this rule may result in disciplinary action also being taken against the licensee who gave  
such instructions.  
R 431.3301 Jockey’s best effort to win and diligence in riding.  
Rule 3301. (1) A jockey shall give his or her best effort to win in all races in which he  
or she participates and shall exercise due diligence in riding a race. If, in the opinion of  
the stewards, a jockey does not put forth his or her best effort to win or does not use due  
diligence in the riding of a race, the jockey shall be subject to disciplinary action.  
(2) Every horse in every race shall be ridden so as to win or finish as near as possible to  
first and demonstrate the best and fastest performance of which it is capable at the time.  
A horse shall not be eased up without adequate cause, even if it has no apparent chance to  
earn a portion of the purse money. A jockey who unnecessarily causes a horse to shorten  
stride may be subject to disciplinary action at the discretion of the stewards. Stewards  
shall take cognizance of marked reversal of form of all horses and shall conduct inquiries  
of the owner, trainer, and all other persons connected with such horse suspected of  
unusual racing. If the stewards find that such horse was deliberately restrained or  
impeded in any way by any means so as not to win or finish as near as possible to first,  
any person found to have contributed to such circumstances may be subject to  
disciplinary action at the discretion of the stewards.  
R 431.3305 Scheduling of races for Michigan-bred horses.  
Rule 3305. (1) At least 1 race for Michigan-bred horses shall be scheduled on each full  
thoroughbred program.  
(2) Entries may be accepted from non-Michigan-bred horses into the race for Michigan-  
bred horses creating a pool of entries for a Michigan-bred preferred race.  
(3) If an approved Michigan-bred horse race does not fill by a time agreed upon by the  
racing secretary and designated CHO representative, then the Michigan-bred preferred  
race may be substituted by the racing secretary with the approval of the designated CHO  
representative.  
(4) Michigan-bred supplements may be awarded in Michigan-bred preferred races to  
those Michigan-bred horses finishing first, second, or third with the approval of the  
director of the Michigan department of agriculture and rural development or his or her  
designated representative.  
R 431.3310 Mixed thoroughbred breed horse and quarter horse breed horse races.  
66  
Rule 3310. Upon proper application, the stewards may approve races under the  
thoroughbred rules in which both thoroughbred and quarter horses compete in the same  
race. Charted wins are valid records.  
PART 4. STANDARDBRED RACING  
R 431.4001 Definitions; C to E.  
Rule 4001. As used in this part:  
(a) “Classified race” means a race in which, regardless of the eligibility of horses, entries  
are selected on the basis of ability or performance.  
(b) “Conditioned race” means an overnight race to which eligibility is determined  
according to specified qualifications. Such qualifications may be based upon the  
following:  
(i) Money winnings in a specified number of previous races or during a specified period  
of time.  
(ii) Finishing position in a specified number of previous races or during a specified  
period of time.  
(iii) Age, sex, or number of starts during a specified period of time.  
(iv) Special qualifications for foreign horses that do not have a representative number  
of starts in the United States or Canada.  
(v) Any combination of the qualifications listed in this subdivision.  
(c) “Current charted line” means written documentation of a horse's performance  
recorded on the horse's electronic eligibility by a licensed charter or licensed clerk of the  
course, within 45 days of the date of the race for which the horse is entered. A current  
charted line shall include all of the following information and the symbols for free-  
legged, breaks, and park outs shall be used where appropriate:  
(i) Date of race.  
(ii) Location.  
(iii) Race course size, if other than 1/2 mile.  
(iv) Race course condition.  
(v) Type of race.  
(vi) Distance of race.  
(vii) Fractional times of the leading horse, including race time.  
(viii) Post position.  
(ix) Position at first quarter.  
(x) Position at half.  
(xi) Position at three-quarters.  
(xii) Position at head of stretch with lengths behind leader.  
(xiii) Position at finish with lengths behind leader.  
(xiv) Individual race time of horse.  
(xv) Closing dollar odds.  
(xvi) Name of driver.  
(xvii) Dead heats.  
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(d) “Dash” means a race decided in a single trial. Dashes may be given in a series of 2 or  
3 governed by 1 entry fee for the series, in which event a horse shall start in all dashes.  
Positions may be drawn for each dash.  
(e) “Declaration” means the naming of a particular horse to a particular race as a starter.  
Declarations shall be taken not more than 4 days in advance for all races, except those  
for which qualifying dashes are provided.  
(f) “Early closing race” means a race for a definite purse to which entries close not less  
than 6 weeks preceding the race. The entrance fee may be on the installment plan or  
otherwise and all payments are forfeits. Payments on 2-year-olds in early closing races  
are not permissible before February fifteenth of the year in which the horse is a 2-year-  
old.  
(g) “Elimination heats” means heats of a race split according to these rules which  
qualify the contestants for a final heat.  
(h) “Exercise driver” means a person licensed as such, hired to warm up a horse  
participating on a given day.  
R 431.4005 Definitions; H to M.  
Rule 4005. As used in this part:  
(a) “Handicap” means a race in which performance, sex, or distance allowance is made  
and in which post positions may be assigned or, in the case of a handicap claiming race,  
determined by claiming price.  
(b) “Heat” means a single trial in a race 2 in 3 or 3-heat plan.  
(c) “Horse” means a standardbred horse registered as such with the United States  
Trotting Association (USTA), and is a term used in these rules to designate any  
standardbred irrespective of age or sex designation.  
(d) “Kick” means any contact between the driver’s foot and the horse.  
(e) “Late closing race” means a race for a fixed amount to which entries close less than 6  
weeks, but more than 3 days, before the race is to be held.  
(f) “Maiden” means a horse that has never won a heat or race at the gait at which it is  
entered to start and for which a purse is offered. Races or purse money awarded to a  
horse after the “official” sign has been posted shall not be considered winning  
performances or affect a horse's status as a maiden.  
R 431.4010 Definitions; R to S.  
Rule 4010. As used in this part:  
(a) “Record” means the fastest time made by a horse in a heat or dash which the horse  
won or is a performance against time. A standard record is a record of 2:20 or faster for  
2-year-olds and 2:15 or faster for all other ages.  
(b) “Sulky” means a dual-shaft, dual-wheel racing vehicle. The use of any sulky in  
competition at any harness race track shall be subject to the approval of the stewards.  
R 431.4015 Racing officials.  
Rule 4015. (1) The following positions at a race meeting are designated as officials:  
(a) Stewards  
(b) Patrol judges.  
(c) Paddock judge.  
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(d) Official starter.  
(e) Clerk of course.  
(f) Timer/photo finish operator.  
(g) Horse identifier.  
(h) Racing secretary, and such assistants as he or she may require.  
(i) Official veterinarian.  
(2) In case of an emergency, the association may provide a substitute steward, with the  
approval of the executive director, to act as the steward for the remainder of any program.  
(3) A person, other than the stewards, shall not be allowed in the stewards' stands during  
the running of a race, except with permission of the stewards.  
(4) A person, other than the stewards, shall not be in the stewards' stand when a decision  
is being made on a foul claim or stewards’ inquiry.  
(5) Racing officials serving in the capacity of steward, patrol judges, clerk of course,  
official starter, and horse identifier may be required to take and satisfactorily pass an  
optical examination at the request of the executive director. The examination shall  
evidence a minimum corrected vision of 20/30 and an ability to distinguish colors  
correctly.  
(6) All racing officials, with the exception of those representing the executive director,  
shall be nominated by the association. All of the racing officials are subject to the  
approval of the executive director. The executive director reserves the right to demand a  
change of racing officials for what he or she considers good and sufficient reason. The  
successors of a racing official so replaced shall also be subject to the approval of the  
executive director.  
(7) A racing official shall not be the owner or part owner of a horse racing at a track  
where the official is serving.  
R 431.4020 Stewards; duties and responsibilities.  
Rule 4020. (1) In addition to the general powers specified in these rules, the stewards  
shall have the following specific duties and responsibilities:  
(a) Exclude from the race any horse that, in their opinion, is improperly equipped,  
dangerous, or unfit to race.  
(b) Investigate any act of cruelty seen by them or reported to them, whether a horse  
subjected to the alleged cruelty is stabled on or off the grounds.  
(c) Immediately thereafter open an investigation of any accidents to determine the  
cause thereof.  
(d) Closely observe the performance of the drivers and the horses to ascertain if there  
are any violations of racing rules, particularly interference, helping, or inconsistent  
racing, and exhaust all means possible to safeguard the contestants and the public.  
(e) Notify a summoned party of a hearing as soon as possible.  
(f) Be in the stand 15 minutes before the first race.  
(g) Observe the preliminary warming up of horses and scoring, noting all of the  
following:  
(i) Behavior of horses.  
(ii) Lameness.  
(iii) Equipment.  
(iv) Conduct of the drivers.  
69  
(v) Changes in odds.  
(vi) Any unusual incidents pertaining to horses or drivers participating in races.  
(h) Designate 1 steward to lock the pari-mutuel machines immediately upon the horses  
reaching the official starting point.  
(i) Be in communication with the patrol judges, by use of patrol phones or radio, from  
the time the official starter picks up the horses until the finish of the race. A recording  
may be made and preserved of all communications between the patrol judges and the  
stewards' stand.  
(j) Cause the “objection” sign or “inquiry” sign to be posted in the case of an objection  
or possible rule violation, and immediately notify the announcer of the objection and the  
horse or horses involved. In addition, the stewards shall cause the “inquiry” sign to be  
posted when there has been an accident during the race. As soon as the stewards have  
made a decision, the posted sign shall be removed, the correct placing displayed, the  
“official” sign flashed, the announcer provided with an explanation of the decision for  
announcement, and a video displayed on racetrack monitors.  
(k) Display the “photo” sign if the order of finish among the contending horses is less  
than 1/2 length or a contending horse is on a break at the finish. After the photo has been  
examined and a decision made, true copies shall be made and posted or projected for  
public inspection.  
(l) May review the video recordings of the races conducted the previous race day and,  
in instances of a possible rule infraction or for instructional purposes, show and explain  
such films to drivers on a daily basis at a time designated by the stewards.  
(m) Maintain a daily stewards’ report in the manner and form prescribed by the  
executive director and report all actions of the stewards that arise during a race day.  
(2) In the performance of their duties, the stewards shall have unrestricted access to all  
areas and grounds of an association.  
(3) A complaint against a racing official may be made to the stewards or to the executive  
director. Complaints made directly to the stewards shall be reported to the executive  
director, in writing, together with any action which has been taken by the stewards.  
R 431.4025 Reversals of form.  
Rule 4025. (1) The stewards shall take cognizance of any marked reversal of form of all  
horses and shall, in their discretion, conduct inquiries. During inquiries, the stewards may  
take into consideration the betting action on the horse in question and films of the horse's  
previous races, and shall consider all other facts they consider relevant toward making a  
determination as to whether the horse being evaluated was deliberately restrained in any  
way by any means in previous races so as not to win or finish as near as possible to first.  
If after such review the stewards make a determination that there is a reasonable  
probability that the horse in question was deliberately restrained in any way by any  
means in previous races so as not to win or finish as near as possible to first, the stewards  
may take disciplinary action against a person found to have contributed to the restraining  
of the horse.  
(2) If the stewards find that a horse has been deliberately restrained in any way by any  
means in previous races so as not to win or finish as near as possible to first, these  
findings may be forwarded by the executive director to law enforcement authorities.  
70  
R 431.4030 Patrol judges; duties.  
Rule 4030. (1) A patrol judge shall take a position designated by the stewards. He or  
she shall report all fouls and improper conduct immediately by phone or radio. The result  
of a heat or dash shall not be announced until sufficient time has elapsed to receive the  
reports of the patrol judges. Where there is a patrol car, only 1 patrol judge is required.  
(2) The stewards may require a patrol judge to submit to the stewards a daily written  
report of his or her observations.  
(3) In the absence of a patrol judge, the official starter shall assume the patrol judge  
duties.  
R 431.4035 Official starter; duties.  
Rule 4035. The official starter shall be in the starting gate 15 minutes before the first  
race. He or she shall have control over horses and shall have authority to recommend  
penalties to the stewards for any violation of the rules from the formation of the parade  
until the word “go” is given.  
R 431.4040 Clerk of course; duties.  
Rule 4040. The clerk of the course has the following duties:  
(a) At request of the stewards, assist in drawing positions.  
(b) Record in the stewards’ book all of the following information:  
(i) All horses entered and their electronic eligibility numbers.  
(ii) Names of owners and drivers and drivers' United States Trotting Association license  
numbers.  
(iii) The charted lines.  
(iv) The money won by horses at that track.  
(v) Drawn or ruled out horses.  
(vi) Each horse's time in minutes, seconds, and fifths of seconds.  
(c) Check electronic eligibility before and after the race, and enter all information  
provided for thereon, including the horse's position in the race.  
(d) Verify the correctness of the stewards' book, including race time, placing and money  
winnings, and reasons for disqualifications, if any, and see that the book is properly  
signed.  
R 431.4045 Timer/photo finish operator; duties.  
Rule 4045. (1) The timer/photo finish operator shall verify the correctness of the  
electric timing device. All times shall be announced and recorded in fifths of seconds.  
(2) The timer/photo finish operator shall be in the stand 15 minutes before the first heat  
or dash is to be held. The timer/photo finish operator shall start his or her watch when  
the first horse leaves the point from which the distance of the race is measured. The time  
of the leading horse at the quarter, half, three-quarters, and finish shall be taken. If odd  
distances are raced, the fractions shall be noted accordingly.  
(3) The timer/photo finish operator shall record images of all horses as they cross the  
finish line and provide those images to the stewards.  
R 431.4050 Paddock judge; duties.  
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Rule 4050. The paddock judge shall have general supervision over the paddock and be  
responsible for all of the following:  
(a) Getting the fields on the race course for post parades pursuant to the schedule given  
to him or her by the stewards.  
(b) Inspection of horses for changes in equipment, broken or faulty equipment, or saddle  
pads.  
(c) Supervision of paddock gate attendants.  
(d) Supervising the proper check in and check out of horses and drivers at the times  
designated and reporting any infractions to the stewards.  
(e) Ensuring that the horse identifier checks the identification of all horses coming into  
the paddock, including the tattoo number, unique microchip, color, and markings.  
(f) Direction of the activities of the paddock blacksmith.  
(g) Notifying the stewards of anything that could in any way change, delay, or otherwise  
affect the racing program.  
(h) Ensuring that only properly authorized persons are permitted in the paddock.  
(i) Ensuring that, except for warm-up trips, no horse leaves the paddock until called to  
post.  
(j) Informing drivers when breathalyzer tests are being conducted.  
R 431.4055 Racing secretary; duties.  
Rule 4055. (1) Duties of the racing secretary include, but are not limited to, all of the  
following:  
(a) Be familiar with the age, class, and competitive ability of all horses racing at the  
track.  
(b) Where the rules require, classify and reclassify horses pursuant to the rules.  
(c) Write conditions and schedule the daily racing programs to be presented at the track.  
(d) Provide for the listing of horses in the daily program and examine all entry blanks  
and declarations to verify all information set forth therein and select the horses to start  
and the also-eligible horses from the declarations pursuant to the rules governing these  
functions.  
(e) Examine nominations and declarations in early closing and stake races to verify the  
eligibility of all declarations and nominations and to compile lists thereof for  
publication.  
(2) The racing secretary may reject the declaration on any horse whose past performance  
indicates that the horse would be below the competitive level of other horses declared.  
(3) A 2-year-old shall not be permitted to start in a dash or heat exceeding 1 mile in  
distance, and a 2-year-old shall not be permitted to race in more than 2 heats or dashes in  
any single day.  
(4) Races or dashes shall be given at a stated distance in units not shorter than 1/16 of a  
mile. The length of a race and the number of heats shall be stated in the conditions. If the  
distance or number of heats is not specified, all races shall be a single mile dash.  
R 431.4060 Official veterinarians; duties; recordkeeping.  
Rule 4060. (1) The official veterinarian shall examine horses the stewards request him  
or her to examine. The official veterinarian is responsible for approving for release from  
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the veterinarian’s list all horses that have been placed on the list because of lameness,  
sickness, or injury before they may be entered to race again.  
(2) An official veterinarian shall not, during the period of his or her employment, for  
compensation or otherwise, treat or prescribe for a racing horse, except in case of  
emergency. In an emergency, a full and complete treatment report shall be made to the  
stewards. An owner or trainer shall not employ or pay compensation to an official  
veterinarian, either directly or indirectly, during the period for which he or she is  
employed by the executive director.  
(3) The official veterinarian shall observe the training and warming up of horses on the  
grounds, shall examine any horse that appears ill or injured, and shall report such  
information to the stewards.  
(4) The official veterinarian shall observe the horses in the paddock and warming up for  
the racing program, observe the race, and observe the horses pulling up after the race.  
They shall investigate and examine such horses that appear to be ill or injured, and shall  
report such information to the stewards.  
(5) The official veterinarian shall examine, where possible, and where not possible to  
personally examine, shall confirm, the condition of horses intended to be scratched from  
a race so that such horses will be certified as unfit to race. A horse having been certified  
as unfit and scratched from a race shall not be entered again until certified as fit by the  
official veterinarian.  
R 431.4070 Program information.  
Rule 4070. (1) A printed program shall furnish all of the following information:  
(a) Horse's name and sex.  
(b) Color and age.  
(c) Sire and dam.  
(d) Owner's name.  
(e) Driver's name and colors.  
(f) In claiming races, the price for which the horse is entered to be claimed, with  
allowances for age and sex.  
(g) Not less than the last 5 performances and accurate chart lines. An accurate chart line  
shall include all of the following information:  
(i) Date of the race and place.  
(ii) Size of the race course if other than a half-mile race course.  
(iii) Symbol for free-legged paces.  
(iv) Symbol for trotting hobbles.  
(v) Race course condition plus allowances.  
(vi) Type of race.  
(vii) Distance.  
(viii) The fractional times of the leading horse, including race time.  
(ix) Post position.  
(x) Position at one quarter; one-half; three quarters; the stretch, with lengths behind the  
leader; and at the finish, with lengths behind the leader.  
(xi) Individual time of the horse.  
(xii) Closing dollar odds.  
(xiii) Name of the driver.  
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(xiv) Names of the horses placed first, second, and third by the stewards. The standard  
symbols for breaks and park-outs shall be used, where applicable.  
(h) Identification of drivers racing with a provisional license.  
(i) Identification of pacers that are racing without hobbles.  
(j) Identification of trotters racing with trotting hobbles.  
(k) A summary of the starts in purse races, earnings, and the best win time for the  
current and preceding year. A horse's best win time may be earned in either a purse or  
non-purse race.  
(l) The name of the trainer.  
(m) The consolidated line, which shall carry all of the following information if the race  
is not at 1 mile:  
(i) Date, place, and time of the race.  
(ii) Driver finish.  
(iii) The race course condition and distance.  
(n) A stable name with the name of at least 1 owner. If the stable represents more than 1  
owner, the joint ownership shall be indicated by the use of the name of 1 owner and the  
words “et al.”  
(2) Owners, drivers, or others found guilty of providing inaccurate information on a  
horse's performance or attempting to have misleading information given in a program  
shall be subject to disciplinary action.  
R 431.4075 Charting of races.  
Rule 4075. The charting of races shall be done by a United States Trotting Association  
certified person who shall be responsible for providing a complete and accurate chart.  
R 431.4080 Paddock rules.  
Rule 4080. (1) Horses shall be in the paddock at the time prescribed by these rules or  
by the stewards, but, in any event, at least 1 hour before post time of the race in which the  
horse is to compete. Except for warm-up trips, a horse shall not leave the paddock until  
called to the post.  
(2) All of the following persons are entitled to admission to the paddock:  
(a) Owners of horses competing on the date of the race.  
(b) Not more than 2 members of a registered stable, other than the driver, on any 1  
racing day.  
(c) Trainers of horses competing on the date of the race.  
(d) Drivers of horses competing on the date of the race.  
(e) Grooms and caretakers of horses competing on the date of the race.  
(f) Officials whose duties require their presence in the paddock.  
(g) A licensed horsemen's representative.  
(h) Exercise drivers.  
(3) A driver, exercise driver, trainer, or groom, once admitted to the paddock, shall not  
leave the paddock, other than to warm up a horse, without approval from the paddock  
judge or stewards, until the race or races for which the driver, exercise driver, trainer, or  
groom was admitted are completed.  
(4) A licensee shall not return to the paddock after horses in their stable have completed  
racing until all races of that program have been completed.  
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(5) Drivers shall report to the paddock judge 1 hour before post time for the driver's first  
race.  
R 431.4085 Horse identification.  
Rule 4085. (1) A horse shall not be permitted to race unless it is fully identified. The  
burden of establishing a horse’s identity rests with the owner or trainer and must be  
verified by a racing official.  
(2) A racing official will rely on the following characteristics to verify a horse’s identity:  
(a) Lip or freeze tattoo numbers.  
(b) Unique microchip.  
(c) Photographs of night eyes.  
(d) Color.  
(e) Markings.  
(f) Size.  
(g) Gait.  
(h) Any combination of the factors listed in this subrule. If submitted, an electronic  
eligibility issued by the United States Trotting Association may be considered as an aid to  
proper identification.  
(3) A horse that has not been tattooed or microchipped shall not start in a race. Any  
licensee refusing to allow a horse to be tattooed or microchipped by a United States  
Trotting Association representative may be subject to disciplinary action.  
R 431.4090 Horse eligibility certification.  
Rule 4090. (1) A horse shall not be permitted to start any race unless current electronic  
eligibility at the proper gait is obtained.  
(2) The stewards may permit a horse to start without current electronic eligibility being  
recorded if they are satisfied that both of the following requirements have been met:  
(a) The issuance of the electronic eligibility for the horse is verified.  
(b) The eligibility of the horse to the race is established.  
(3) Applications for United States Trotting Association electronic eligibility shall state  
name and address of the owner and the sex, age, and breeding of the horse and shall be  
accompanied by such other information, membership application, and fees as required by  
the United States Trotting Association.  
(4) Any horse on lease shall race in the name of the lessee. An electronic eligibility shall &n