The rule set is not new, and the amendment does not create new costs. Costs to individuals associated with the rule
set have been in place for decades. No fees are associated with permit applications. Some individuals may incur
costs associated with surveys for threatened and endangered species and measures to avoid, minimize and mitigate
adverse impacts to those species. The annual statewide costs to individuals vary according to the location, scope, and
nature of proposed projects.
A. How many and what category of individuals will be affected by the rules?
All citizens are required to comply with Public Act 451 of 1994, Part 365, however only a small proportion of
citizens are affected by the rule set in a regulatory manner. Only those individuals whose proposed projects have
potential impacts to threatened and endangered species will be affected by the rules.
B. What qualitative and quantitative impact do the proposed changes in rules have on these individuals?
There are no qualitative or quantitative impacts as it relates to the actual statewide compliance costs of the proposed
rules because the proposed rules are not expected to increase or decrease costs.
30. Quantify any cost reductions to businesses, individuals, groups of individuals, or governmental units as a result
of the proposed rules.
There are no costs reductions for businesses, individuals, groups of individuals, or governmental units as a result of
the proposed rules.
31. Estimate the primary and direct benefits and any secondary or indirect benefits of the proposed rules. Please
provide both quantitative and qualitative information, as well as your assumptions.
The rule set, in conjunction with Public Act 451 of 1994, Part 365, confers legal protection to threatened and
endangered species. It helps prevent decline in population sizes and distribution of rare species, helps prevent the
extirpation of some species within Michigan, and helps conserve the ecosystems on which they depend.
Conservation of rare species and their ecosystems has ecological, educational, cultural, and economic benefits.
Persistence of rare species is an indicator of a healthy ecosystem. Healthy ecosystems perform several critical
functions, such as nutrient cycling, gas cycling, and water filtration, that would cost billions of dollars to replace.
Conservation of rare species and their ecosystems provides opportunities for people to study, experience, and
appreciate unique components of the natural world. These opportunities often translate into local economic benefits
because people travel to local communities to study or observe wildlife and for other outdoor recreation.
32. Explain how the proposed rules will impact business growth and job creation (or elimination) in Michigan.
The proposed rules are not expected to have a significant impact on business growth, job growth, or job elimination.
33. Identify any individuals or businesses who will be disproportionately affected by the rules as a result of their
industrial sector, segment of the public, business size, or geographic location.
Collectively, threatened and endangered species have a statewide distribution. Therefore, the rule set could affect
individuals or businesses in any region of Michigan. The rule set is not expected to have a disproportionate impact
on individuals or businesses due to their industrial sector or segment of the public.
34. Identify the sources the agency relied upon in compiling the regulatory impact statement, including the
methodology utilized in determining the existence and extent of the impact of the proposed rules and a cost-
benefit analysis of the proposed rules.
Species Taxa Technical Advisory Committees, which included biologists from agencies, universities, and non-
governmental organizations; supervisors with direct experience with the rule set; the Federal Endangered Species Act
and the Federal List of Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; personal experience with the rule set and
working knowledge of the department’s Threatened & Endangered Species Program.
A. How were estimates made, and what were your assumptions? Include internal and external sources, published
reports, information provided by associations or organizations, etc., that demonstrate a need for the proposed
No estimates were made because the proposed rules have no measurable economic impact on individuals, businesses,
or governmental units of the state.
Alternative to Regulation
35. Identify any reasonable alternatives to the proposed rules that would achieve the same or similar goals.
There are no reasonable alternatives to the proposed rules that would achieve the same or similar goal.